« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
BY ELIZA COOK.
delicate and perishable kinds. The specimens, I
THE SONG OF JUNE. am told, will be carefully preserved, with as much attention to neatness in displaying them as circumstances will admit. The filiform kinds will be dis
Oh, come with me, whoever ye be, played on white paper. Dr. Harvey's first collections will be made in Western Australia, at various The strong and the hale-the poor and the pale
Come from the palace, and come from the cot; points along the coast, from Swan River to King
Ah, sad is the spirit that follows me not ! George's Sound. Three or four months will be devoted to this locality. He will then proceed to Old December lighted his pyre, Sydney and Van Diemen's Land ; and it is his And beckoned ye in to the altar blaze ; present intention to visit the coast of Chili. He hung up his misseltoe over the fire, NANNETTE. .
And pressed soft lips upon Christmas days. Can Fishes See?-I heard an argument the Ye welcomed him with his eyes so dim, other day, Mr. Editor, touching the vision of fish. When I wander about, and whistle you out,
But I know ye have more love for me, One party strongly insisted upon it that fishes
With my blackbird pipers in every tree. were more accessible to sound than to light; whilst the other maintained the direct contrary. Which Oh, come from the town, and let us go down was right?- William C., Eton.
To the rivulet's mossy and osiered brink ; [Fishes are no doubt moderately possessed of the 'Tis pleasant to note the lily queen float, power of hearing ; but their sight is wonderfully The gadfly skim, and the dappled kine drink. acute, and it far surpasses any other instinctive gift. The eyes of fishes are much more perfectly Oh, let us away where the ring doves play, formed than their other organs of sense, and we
By the skirts of the wood in the peaceful shade ; are much better acquainted with their action. And there we can count the squirrels that mount, They even observe a very minute object when the
And the flocks that browse on the distant glaule. water is dark and the surface ruffled. But, on a
And if we should stay till the farewell of day, clear day, river-fishes can see a shadow passing Its parting shall be with such lingering smile, along the water, and are alarmed by it. Their eyes That the western light, as it greeteth the night, are admirably formed, both for protection and for
Will be caught by the eastern ray peeping the readiness in the use. The surface is in general while. flat, and the common integument passes over the eye, without any duplicature or eyelid, except in Little ones come, with your chattering hum, a very few peculiar species; and thus the most And the bee and the bird will be jealous full violent agitation of the water produces much less effect upon the eye of fish than a gentle brecze does For no music is heard like the murmuring word upon the human eye. Such an eye could not, in. Of a child, as it treads 'mid the flowers of deed, exist exposed to the air, or to any drying ele
June. ment; and hence in all eyes that are to be used in Ye who are born to be weary and worn the air, there are either moveable eyelids, as in With labor or sorrow, with passion or pain,the mammalia; or nictitating membranes, as in Come out for an hour, there's balm in my bower, birds; by the application of which, the coat of the
To lighten and burnish your tear-rusted chain. eye is kept moist and transparent. But tho
of à fish from the nature of its element, and the Oh, come with me, wherever you be, adaptation of the structure to that element, is And beauty and love on your spirits shall fall; always ready; and in all states of the water, in The rich and the hale, the poor and the pale, which the muscular action of the fish can keep its FOR LADY JUNE SCATTERS HER JOYS FOR place, the eye can see the smallest substance.
ALL! Turbid water, or even rolling pebbles, can do little injury to an eye so flat. But in proportion as the external surface of the eye is flat, the crystallino
LOVE OF CHILDREN. lens is convex. It is, indeed, nearly a perfect sphere ; and thus the eye has great magnifying It is a false and mistaken notion altogether, that power; although it appears to have considerable men of great mind and intense thought are easily range of focal length. The eye of a fish is one of wearied or annoyed by the presence of children. the most curious varieties of that most interesting The man who is wearied with children, must of organs.]
always be childish himself in mind; but alas ! not
young in heart. He must be light, superficial, How can I Cure the Toothache ?_If you can though perhaps inquiring, and intelligent; but help a sufferer, do; pray do !--C., Long Acre. neither gentle in spirit, nor fresh in feeling. Such
(A mixture of two parts of the liquid ammonia men must always soon become wearied with chilof commerce with one of some simple tincture, is dren; for very great similarity of thought and of recommended as a remedy for toothache, so often mind—the paradox is but seeming—is naturally uncontrollable. A picee of lint is dipped into this wearisome in another: while, on the contrary, mixture, and then introduced into the carious tooth, similarity of feeling and of heart is that bond which when the nerve is immediately cauterised, and binds our affections together. Where both simipain stopped. It is stated to be eminently suc- larities are combined, we may be most happy in cessful, and in some cases is supposed to act by the society of our counterpart ; but where the link neutralising an acid product in the decaying between the hearts is wanting, there will always tooth.]
be great tediousness in great similarity.
BEAUTIES OF JULY,
The heat of June has brought everything WILD FLOWERS.
so forward, that we now behold flowers of
every hue, and of every shape, in the most Dearly I love the field-flowers ! yes,
abundant variety. At every step we take, Because they are a blessing given
the blue flowers of different shad of the E'en to the poorest little one Who wanders 'neath the vault of Heaven.
common speedwell (the plant does look as if The garden-flowers are rear'd for few,
uttering a blessing upon us) meets the eye. And to that few belong alone; But flowers that spring by vale or stream,
There are nineteen different species of the Each one may claim them for His own.
speedwell indigenous to this country; some
very rare, but others as plentiful as can be ANY PEOPLE IMAGINE that desired. Some grow in pools and running it is absolutely necessary
brooks, while others love the shade of woods for them to become regu
or the dry sand of hills. One species has lar botanists, before they never done flowering through both the sum can feel a love for flowers mer and the winter, and often may its little or venture to talk of them blossom be seen hermetically sealed in ice. with enthusiasm ! This is
In the centre of the flower bud, there exists perfectly absurd. Why, the sight of a flower
a white ring, and from the brightness of the growing under a hedge in July, with its little colors together, may have been suggested innocent head modestly peeping forth to woo
to the poet the lines upon this plant : the passing stranger, has charms paramount
“ Or caught from Eve's dejected eye to all so-called philosophy. Let botanists
The first repentant tear.' call these summer debutantes what they will, Here, in this field from which the rye has and bestow on them the hardest and ugliest just been carried, is a pansy or heart's-ease. of Latin names—WE will love them still the Who, to look at this small plant, with its same, whilst we worship theın in our own blue, yellow, and white flower, would suppose vernacular. Oh, Nature! blessed mother! it the origin of the beautiful ornaments of thou art the loveliest of the lovely, the kind- our garden, which bear the same name; yet est of the kind. Would that we could live in such is the fact : if the seeds are sown in a thy service for ever! But this cannot be light loamy soil, a hundred different colored Die we must; yet even on our death-bed may and larger flowers will be obtained next year. we be found warbling thy praises !
The pansy is equally variable as to its duraSuch weather as we are now enjoying, and tion; it may live only one year, as is usual such sights as are now unfolded and still daily with what are strictly' annual flowers, or it unfolding to our wondering eyes, have surely may extend over a series of years, perhaps charms sufficient to make us all “ good.” We the effect of accident. In this field you may will not believe that any heart, only com- also see the remains of that pest to agrimonly instructed in the knowledge of good culturists, the common mustard or charlock. and evil, can associate with birds, flowers, Its yellow flowers cast even the corn of that trees, plants, buds, blossoms, insects, and all next field into the shade. Gay as it looks, the happy summer tribes who are now in the it is a vile weed. Beside it, is the handsomest very zenith of their glory, without being of all our wild flowers, the corn-cockle, with wrought upon, naturally, to “ love one its beautiful pink blossoms striped with a another," and to rejoice in the feeling of uni. darker shade, and the segments of its calyx versal benevolence. Oh, that we could cross or cup, which supports the flower high above the path of every one of those who at this the blossoms. The plant is very graceful, season are “halting between two opinions." and, though not loved by the agriculturist, is We would entreat them to ramble abroad too beautiful for us to say a word against it. with us for a day or two, and never leave In this stagnant pool of water is the waterthem till we had made converts of them all. plantain, with its rose-colored Aowers, on a Some may smile at the idea in which we so long stem, and looking so graceful and cool ! fondly indulge; yet have we ere now been The not-very-inviting-looking yellow flower very successful this way, and enjoyed many is the iris, or fleur de lis ; it possesses a large a triumph. The victory is worth striving for. root, always lying horizontal, and a piece of It is not, we admit, easily won. Still, “ kind- it held between the teeth is said to cure the ness" is such a weapon !
tooth ache. It is very acrid, is used for But we were going to speak of wild- making ink, and we suspect its chief virtue flowers, which just now are in all their beauty. consists in its acrid quality, which, causing Let us seek them in company; for there must the saliva to flow, may cool the mouth. now be only “one" heart amongst the chil. In this adjoining thicket, it is very likely dren of one great and good Father. His we shall find another species, with smaller sweet voice reaches our ear in every tree; and purple flowers. It has a very English and his bountiful hand scatters blessings name, the “roast-beef” plant, from a fancied upon us wherever we tread.
resemblance to the smell of our national dish,
which is emitted from the bruised leaves. "And honeysuckle loves to crawl
says the poet ; and we may say it is always pool is the myosotis, or forget-me-not, the a welcome sight in an English hedge-row. emblem of friendship and something more, What a field for botanical research the throughout Europe. There are six other
rows we have passed would afford ! Here are species common to this country, which go by nineteen distinct species, indigenous to Great the more homely sobriquet of" mouse-ear,'
Britain, besides innumerable varieties. It a contrast to the extra sentiment of "forget- would require a whole number of our JOURme-not." The plant, properly, so called, is NAL to give even the leading characteristics always found near pools of this kind, although of each. Near the end of that long branch every myosotis found by the roadside gets of the common dog-rose is a curious monthe name. Its flowers are larger, the leaves strosity, in the shape of a tuft of moss—instead fresh-looking and shining ; not hairy, as in of a new shoot. It is one of those freaks of most of the other species. We have only nature in which she delights occasionally to alluded to it for the benefit of those inclined indulge. The whole rose tribe of plants are to sentiment, that they may not make a
so liable to vary with soil and climate, that mistake in bestowing such a favor on their their study is one of great difficulty: friends ; as the "forget-me-not " is too fa- At this season of the year our fields, pasmous in verse for us to bestow upon it more tures, and chalk-pits, are ornamented with a glory.
most beautiful and interesting tribe of plants, Along this hedgerow we shall find some the orchidaceous. The variety of form and of the trailing and climbing plants; and let color which they exhibit, are so singular as to us point out the difference between climbing have rendered them general favorites ; the and trailing. This light green-looking plant tropical orchids being the mania of the day: is the black briar; the flowers are about the The orchis plants are common in Kent, Sufsame color as the leaves, and are succeeded folk, Surrey, and Middlesex, and, indeed, by a red berry, Near to each leaf, you will spread over the entire country. . In most see a thread-like appendage, called a tendril, instances, they take their specific names and it has taken hold of a branch of the from a resemblance, more or less close, to thorn-hedge; thus supporting the plant, and animals. Thus we have the monkey-orchis, enabling it to push the branch still higher up the bee-orchis, the lizard-orchis, the butterthe hedge. Near to it is the nightshade, fly-orchis, the man-orchis, and many others. with its dark purple flowers and yellow The forms in many are almost ludicrously streamers. This is a trailing plant, as it has like, and they will amply repay the trouble no tendrils, and no hold of the hedge, except of finding and examining: the support it derives from the closeness of
To pursue our ramble further, would the latter. The nightshade belongs to the same genus of plants as the potato, the is it necessary.
occupy more space than we can afford ; nor
One peep at the flower flowers of both being very much alike. The itself, is better than a whole written chapter berry of the nightshade is now green, but setting forth its excellences and beauties. will soon assume the more gay and attractive Let us add that we are indebted for several color of red. It is a deadly poison, and “ hints” in this article to an unknown pen. mothers cannot be too careful with whom The fair writer has inoculated us with her they trust their children in their walks
summer feelings, and we have endeavored to during the autumn. We have often warned improve upon the text which she has brought servants of the danger, on seeing their little under our eye. charges plucking the dangerous and beautiful
Let us all drink deeply into the spirit of berry. Its effect is to cause most excru
this loving season ; and whilst we wander ciating pains, and ultimate death, if an anti- abroad happily and lovingly, accompanied by dote is not speedily applied.
our friends, let us endeavor to make others This cup-shaped large white flower is called think as we think, feel as we feel, and see the convolvulus, or bindweed, and sometimes the same indescribable beauties in all animate “heave-bine." Though not furnished with nature. tendrils, it twines itself round any stem that it can reach, and is altogether a most elegant
THE VITAL POINT. plant. From the roots spreading very rapidly, it is not much of a favorite with gardeners, Sciences it was demonstrated by a learned acade
At a recent sitting of the French Academy of as it is apt to climb upon and choke, as the phrase is, more precious plants. The honey. brain of animals, that the motive power of the
mician, from various careful experiments on the suckle you will see also in this hedge. Its respiratory mechanism, the vital point of the fragrant blossoms are now in perfection, nervous system, is not bigger ir. size than a pin's although they have long flowered in gardens head. Upon this tiny speck depends the life of the and on walls :
nerves, which is the life of the animal.
BY HELEN HETHERINGTON.
THE WORLD, A BEAUTIFUL WORLD. sufferer. The pillow is pressed by the pallid cheek
of a child over whom five summers seem scarcely
to have passed. The anxious watcher, so silently 'Tis a Beautiful World! With gypsy glee,
moving across the room, is the sleeper's mother. I roam over mountain and moor;
The fever spot hath passed, and the little girl is The white-foaming waves bring joy to me,
slowly recovering; but the doating parent hardly As they merrily dance on the shore.
ventures to breathe with confidence. The approach
of death has been so near that the fearful consumMy heart is light and my thoughts are gay,
mation still seems inevitable. I welcome the sunshine, and shower;
The invalid has sunk into what promises to be I rise with the lark at break of day,
a sound refreshing slumber; and, after a fervent And rove with the evening hour.
prayer for its welfare, the young mother seats her
self by the bedside, and ponders over the hearts Nature, too, smiles; and she welcomes me, she has loved, and thinks of those that still beat As a mother the child she loves best;
to return the affection. My heart from care and distress is free,
Presently she reaches a casket containing the As I peacefully sleep on her breast.
little heir-looms, forget-me-nots, and keepsakes, When the soft wind sighs o'er the seaman's grave, takes therefrom three morocco cases. They enclose
that she has treasured up from girlhood. She And night has succeeded the dayI watch the gay moonbeams that dance on the the departed, the absent, and the sleeping girl
miniatures. They are daguerreotype portraits of wave, And gambol the midnight away.
present. Reader! canst thou not sympathise with
that devoted creature's emotions ? 'Tis a beautiful world! the stars talk to me
She is tracing the lineaments of a dear mother's Of those who are far, far above ;
face; that mother who has been laid in the cold The soft gentle twilight steals o'er the lea,
grave now some nine moons wasted. What meWith thoughts of the friends that I love.
mories, what thoughts, what affections, rush
through her mind, as she gazes on the features so I roam hand-in-hand with the bright days of vividly stamped on the daguerreotype! Every Spring,
dimple and every line are retained, with a fidelity Through valley, glen, forest, and brake; that fairly staggers the beholder,—and makes her And Summer's light breezes new joys seem to scarcely credit that the life-like form and life-like bring,
smile so exquisitely pourtrayed on the silver tablet As they waft my light bark on the lake. are for ever gone! There's a ray of hope in the darkest day,
Perhaps, when the picture was taken, it was A joy that the heart loves to borrow;
lightly esteemed, -the receiver little dreaming And bright happy thoughts, as the clouds
how soon death would desolate her hearth. If so, pass
a deep atonement has been made by the priceless away, Awaken to welcome the morrow.
worth since set upon the trifle. It is now one of the
most valued gems the owner possesses. Nothing Every tree, every leaf, prove a power supreme, could replace it; neither could the ingenuity of
And when their bright buds are uncurled, - man or the wealth of worlds, produce so complete When clusters of fruit in the clear sunlight a monument to the memory of the dead. gleam,
Sadly closing the eloquent record of a mother's Oh, this 18 A BEAUTIFUL WORLD!'
being, our friend opens the second case. Oh!
the tell-tale eye, how it brightens! How the color GEMS AT HOME.
comes and goes, as the young wife views the manly
form of her early love, -the father of her child! HOME is the spot of earth supremely blest
He is thousands of miles away, under the scorching A dearer, sweeter spot than all the rest.
sun of India, little conscious of his daughter's
danger or its mother's grief. Perhaps he, too, is HOME is a casket of the rarest gems that can suffering,--but no; do not fill the cup of misery glitter in the noon-day sun. Whether we instance to the brim. His return is expected; perchance the palace of royalty, or the equally sacred roof of he is hastening on bis way home,—with the same the cottager, matters but little. Every room, every bright eye, the same well-knit form, and the same nook, every corner abounds with gems of the richest frank expression so faithfully caught by the magic value to the properly constituted mind. It requires pencil of the photographist. Either way it is a no particularly retentive memory to call to mind consolation of no small extent to realise his form so the varied treasures of a given home. It needs no palpably before the eye. vivid imagination to pourtray the many cherished The third case is opened, and another phase of objects that are held dear by brothers, sisters, human love is stirred to its depths. What now fathers, and mothers, -not so much for their in- greets the eyes of the loving woman? it is the trinsic worth, as for the ties of love, affection, and cherub-like face of the little invalid there, -taken duty that they recall.
when the rosy hue of health bedecked its cheek, See yonder room, and mark how the better feel and before it had reached its third summer. Tears ings of our nature embalms a memento which the gush into the fond parent's eyes, as she once more thoughtless would jeer at. It is a sick chamber. beholds her darling, --whose very movement seems Albeit the blinds are down, the brilliant light of a to have been caught in the picture. The little May morning pierces the apartment, as if nature creature is laughing, and looks its mother full in herself was greeting the convalescence of a little the face, whilst she gazes on the portrait. The
tiny hands of the infant are extended as if inviting little dust. Thin, subtle, invisible air, clear the embrace of the beholder,--and altogether the colorless, tasteless water, and fine dust ! miniature bears the soul and life about it that Such, however, is the case ; as may be proved could only be secured by an almost instantaneous beyond dispute, by burning a leaf, a piece work of nature. Such indeed it was. The mother's reverie is at length disturbed by are dispersed, and we have nothing left save
of wood or flesh, until both air and water the waking of the invalid“ Ma! ma! said the child, “have you not
a morsel of ash. This ash or dust, though been crying?”
it plays an important part in vegetable lite, Crying, dear? what should make me cry, now may conveniently be left out of considerathat my darling is getting well?" and she im- tion for the present, merely premising of it, printed a fervent kiss on the brow of her offspring. that it seldom amounts to more than from
“ You were crying,” resumed the child. I've two to five per cent. of the entire weight of been awake and saw you kiss papa's picture.” the plant.
The accusation was too much for the full heart of the fond mother. She buried her face in her
Having then for a time got rid of that hands, and gave vent to her feelings in a flood of which is solid and tangible, we have now
only to do with the air and water, or the Reader! there is more truth in this little scene bodies which the plant procures from them. than may at first sight be imagined. Nay it is These are four in number, are gaseous in true to the letter. The picture is drawn from form, and universal in diffusion, forming life!
according to the character of their union T. H. C.
with each other, either gases, liquids, or solids. The names applied to
these POPULAR SCIENCE,
elements by chemists, are Carbon, Hydrogen,
Oxygen and Nitrogen ; and in scientific VEGETABLE PHYSIOLOGY.
writings, they are represented by their initial
letters C. H. 0. N., a practice which I proNo. 1.- THE CHEMISTRY OF PLANTS. pose to adopt in these papers. Carbon (C.]
is not found as a gas, except in combination IN THESE DAYS, everybody is desirous with something else, and is seldom to he of knowing a little about everything ; not met with at all in a pure state. Indeed, it so much from the desire of becoming rivals is said that the diamond is the only instance to that class of “ dabblers ” who continually in which it is found pure. Charcoal is a bore you with cramp names in common con- more familiar example, though there it is versation, and tell you everything they mixed up with the dust or ash of the plant, know-and a great deal which they don't, and not unfrequently with other gases. but for the laudable purpose of understanding Hydrogen (H.] is the lightest of all gases; what is every day spoken about, and every and, unlikethe former, is inflammable, burning day seen. To aid such as desire a little with a sepulchral yellow flame, and an intense information regarding that fairest half of heat. In combination with C. it constitutes creation, the vegetable kingdom, in some the gas which is burned in our houses ; and knowledge of the mysteries of non-animated with Oxygen, forms water. It is never life, I will endeavor, in the course of tive found pure in nature, but is readily prepared easy lessons, to convey a little useful know- in chemistry. Oxygen (0.) is the great ledge as free as possible froin those dread life-sustaining gas; without it, life would scholastic barriers, scientific technicalities. instantly become extinct. So slender is the
It is unnecessary to tell the reader that thread of our existence! It supports complants are objects endowed with life, but bustion. With C. it forms that most not animated"; that they differ from animals deleterious gas, carbonic acid, with H. in wanting volition and sensation; that water; and with the next in order, makes while they live by food and have a regular up the great bulk of the atmosphere. circulation, they possess neither stomach Nitrogen (N.) exists less plentifully in plants nor heart. These facts are self-evident, than in aniinals, and to its presence, is and need not be dwelt upon. More impor- chiefly attributable the unwholesome smell tant, however, is the different sphere of emitted by decaying matter. action of each of the two kingdoms, as The ash of plants, or as it is generally regards the grand economy of nature. This termed the inorganic part, consists of a much subject will be treated of hereafter.
greater number of elements than that which What are plants composed of? What we have been considering, or the organic. are animals composed of? Here are two They do occur, however, in sinall quantities. most interesting questions; and few we The potato contains about eleven parts of think would credit if roundly told that the ash in a thousand of the tuber ; the turnip, majestic oak, the humble lichen, even Man, ten; beetroot, ten; parsley, twenty-seven ; the noblest of God's works-consist of and French beans, only six. The quantity nothing more than air and water, with a found in fruit is still lower. The strawberry