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HONESTY AND DECEPTION.
of all the Capulets. The difficulty is to
know where to begin. NEW SEEDS, NEW FLOWERS,'
“ We are assured that all the influential
and respectable members of both the nursery There is so much deception used amongst and seed trade, are desirous of a curtailment gardeners, seeds-men, and florists generally, being made in the numberless kinds of the that it is only right to give a passing hint to flower and vegetable seeds required to be kept the publie to take care of their pockets.” in stock ; entailing, as it does, an enormous
No one, perhaps,can speak more to the pur- expense, without any proportionate return to pose than we can; for, in early days, believing themselves, or to their purchasers. There that what certain advertisements stated was can be no possible good in retaining so many really true, we purchased a vast number of kinds. Why do we require peas and cab“ new and remarkable" strawberry plants, bages by the hundred sorts ? Surely the raspberry canes, &c., on their recommenda- most fertile imagination cannot conceive cirtion; and found they were even inferior to cumstances that should require a tenth of the what were then growing in our garden! The number to meet every demand. fact is, all “ novelties " must be viewed with " The fault is evidently with private pursuspicion. The dealers know John Bull's chasers. While they exhibit a morbido deweak point, and they live by his ignorance. mand—and it is a morbid demand—for nov
Then, as to the seeds purchased to make elties, there will always be found those who your garden look gay and animated, -three
are ready to meet it, no matter how, or by fourths of them are old and useless. You what means. Look at the advertising cocomplain; and are told the soil was too dry, lumns of all our agricultural and horticultural or too heavy, &c., &c. All those packets of periodicals, and it is at once evident that seeds, so carefully done up in brown paper, the raising, or at least announcing, novelties, and exposed for sale, with the names of the is a ' winning game;' or the poor superlaflowers on them, are refuse seed. They tives of our mother tongue would not be so never come up, and we hardly need say they tortured and heaped one upon the other as are perfectly valueless. Yet are they sold they are, to palm off some unknown upstart in hundreds. The public buy, and the of a kidney bean or a dwarf cabbage on the dealer laughs at them.
public. This subject has lately been taken up by “ We have heard that a distinction may the Gardeners' Journal, whose Editor has exist without a difference. We believe it, very honestly exposed the tricks of the trade. and undertake to demonstrate it to the satis“We would not for a moment,” he says, faction of everybody. Take up any one of "discourage the introduction of valuable the seed lists now lying upon our table, and novelties, either of plants or seeds. On the you shall find ten distinctions in name with contrary, we are always pleased to give our no difference in the quality of the things repremeed of praise where praise is and to sented. Now we must confess to a decided do all in our power to recommend novelty objection to this kind of trickery. The poet when we are convinced that it possesses quali- has said ties worthy of such recommendation. But our “A rose by any other name would smell as sweet;' position demands that we should be firm in and so a quart of ordinary peas, or an ounce our opinions, and discriminating in our of common brocoli seeds, would doubtless judgments, when such matters are subjected be the same thing if called by any other to us ; and, no doubt, we sometimes offend
To this change, if it were necessary by condemning where we were expected to and advisable, we should have no objection; praise.
And every day increases our re- but when under this new name we are called sponsibility in this respect, and renders it
upon to puy four times the amount for either, necessary that we should be more watchful.
that we should if it had only its own proper For our own part, we believe that matters appellation attached to it, we become inhave been already carried too far.
dignant. “ There are too many kinds of peas, of * We can sit under Houdin, or Anderson, or brocoli, of cabbages, and so on, of all other Robin, or any other · Wizard' of like celeculinary plants, with few exceptions. And brity in the Cabalistic art, and be fooled to in Aorists' flowers a like evil is apparent. In the top of our bent,' and even feel a degree fuchsias, in geraniums, in pansies, in holly of pleasure in the process. We go to be hocks, in verbenas, in chrysanthemums, we cheated; and we should be disappointed if have lists of worthless or but duplicate we were allowed to depart otherwise. But, kinds thrust upon our notice as novelties when we are sold some cucumber seeds, for worthy of cultivation. We would have instance, at a shilling each, the plant from those lists submitted to a severe jury, who which we are assured will produce splendid should thin overcrowded ranks without pity, and magnificent' fruit; or a dozen strawand consign them in hundreds to the tomb | berry plants for a guinea, which we are in.
formed will far outstrip in reality every su- circumstances; if he has no particular business perlative, Latin or otherwise--it is probable to pursue, he will not accomplish much. Perthe name ends in issima—and that, after haps he has a father abundantly able to support proving them, we find they are old familiar bim. Perhaps that father has labored hard to friends in a new dress, with the addition of a obtain a competence that is sufficient for his sons little gilding by the way-we certainly can
to live in idleness. Can they go abroad with not subscribe to the sentiment conveyed in the money which their fathers have earned by
any degree of self-complacency, squandering away the Hudibrastic couplet, that
hard labor? No one who has the proper feelings the pleasure is as great
of a citizen, who wishes to be ranked among the In being cheated as to cheat."
useful members of society, would live such a
life. “ But, joking apart, reformation is needed ;
Be something. Don't be a drone. You may and the sooner it is commenced the better. rely upon your present possessions, or on your If the practice of seizing upon every little future prospects." But these riches may fly away, variation in the appearance of a flower or a or hopes may be blighted; and if you have no vegetable, as of sufficient importance to force place of your own, in such case, ten to one you it into public notice, and to demand a high will find your path beset with thorns. Want price for it, is to be followed up, when and may come upon you before you are aware of it; where is it to terminate ? The practice and, having no profession, you will find yourself ought, and must be condemned sooner or
in anything but an enviable condition. It is, later; but, while it is allowed to be a lucra- therefore, important that you should be some
thing. Don't depend upon
she is a fickle tive speculation, there is no chance of its
support, which often fails when you lean upon dying out."
her with the greatest confidence. Trust to your
own exertions. INDUSTRY AND IDLENESS.
Be Something. Pursue that vocation for which
you are fitted by nature. Pursue it faithfully WE RECENTLY FELL IN WITH a very sensi. and diligently. You have a part to act, and ble travelling companion, in the form of a
the honor in performing that part depends upon New York Magazine. There was one short yourself. It is sickening to see a parcel of idle paper in this magazine which pleased us so
boys hanging around å father; spending the money
which he has earned by his industry, much, that we were determined to let the without attempting to do anything for themselves. readers of our JOURNAL share our plea
"Be something," should be their motto. The writer says, when speaking of Every one is capable of learning some art, the part we are all called upon to play in trade, or mystery," and can earn a competence the world :
for himself. He should be something, and not It is the duty of every one, to take some active bring down the grey hairs of his father to the part as actor on the stage of life. Some seem to grave. He should learn to depend upon himself. think that they can vegetate, as it were, without Idle boys, living upon a parent, without any probeing anything in particular. Man was not made fession or employment, are ill qualified for good to rust out his life. It is expected he should “act members of society. And we regret to say, it well his part." He must be something. He has is too often the case that it is the parents' fault a work to perform, which it is his duty to attend that they are thus brought up. They should be to. We are not placed here to grow up, pass taught to be something to know how to provide through the various stages of life, and then die for themselves in case of necessity; and if they act without having done anything for the benefit of well their part—they will reap the honor which the human race.
therein lies. It is a principle in the creed of the Mahometans, that every one should have a trade. No
CORRECT TASTE IN ART. Christian doctrine could be better than that. Is
FLOWER - PATTERNS. a man to be brought up in idleness ?
Is he to live upon the wealth which his ancestors have acquired by frugal industry? Is he placed here to pass through life like an automaton? Has he TO ARRIVE AT ANY DEGREE OF EXCELnothing to perform as a citizen of the world ? LENCE in the arrangement of flower-patterns, A man who does nothing, is useless to his it is important to possess a knowledge of country as an inhabitant. A man who does Botany: this, whether as regards muslin, nothing is a mere cipher., He does not fulfil damask, or wall papers. the obligations for which he was sent into the world; and when he dies, he has not finished the pattern which most nearly represents the
It is quite certain that true taste will prefer the work that was given him to do. He is a mere blank in creation.
natural flowers, with all their peculiarities of
Some are born with riches and honors upon their heads. But does it form, and in their true colors. The stems, follow that they have nothing to do in their career
in nature, may be stiff and angular: if they through life ? "There are certain duties for every be so, it is vain to attempt, in the pattern, to one to perform. Be something. Don't live like give them graceful bends, and to hope, by a hermit, and die unregretted.
so doing, to please the eye. To represent See that young man. No matter what are his branches of hawthorn flowers on the twining
BY DR. W. H. HARVEY.
stems of a convolvulus, would be monstrously are more diffused among the class engaged absurd. And yet faults as glaring are fre- in executing ornamental designs. quently committed by ignorant draftsmen, Our workmen have as much inventive when they attempt the composition of floral talent, but it requires to be educated. At patterns.
present, it wastes itself for want of proper Of course, I am not now speaking of the direction and instruction. combinations of "fancy flowers"_blossoms that exist wholly in the brain of the calico
SENSIBILITY. printer or the paper-stainer—these may be as fantastic as you please. But I speak of
SENSIBILITY is that susceptibility of feeling the unnatural distortion of real flowers, re- which lies at the foundation of all rational enjoysulting from the ignorance of the
ment. It however requires to be kept under pro
proper proportion and number of their parts. Why feeling of which the human soul is susceptible.
per regulation. Sensibility is the most exquisite is it that floral patterns on wall papers are when it prevades us we feel happy ; and, could it out of fashion, or are driven up to the bed- last unmixed, we might form some conjecture of rooms on the third landing, or to the back the bliss of those Paradisaical days when the obeparlor of the country inn? It is not, surely, dient passions were under the dominion of reason, that flowers are out of fashion; or that the and the impulses of the heart did not need cortaste for them is less general than it was rection. It is this quickness, this delicacy of feel. formerly. But it is, that the taste of the ing which enables us to relish the sublime touches public is not properly ministered to: it has of the poet and the painter. It is this which exoutrun that of the manufacturer.
pands the soul, and gives an enthusiastic greatness, In a rude state of education, bright colors mixed with tenderness, when we view the magni. and gracefully-bended branches on the walls ficent objects of nature, or hear of a good action. will please the eye that does not stop to when we hail the returning sun, and the con
The same effect we experience in the Spring, question their propriety. But as refinement sequent renovation of nature—when the flowers increases, truth in form will be preferred to untold themselves, and exhale their sweets, and brilliancy in color; and the twining of branches the voice of music is heard in the land. Softened that is not natural, will be no longer thought by tenderness, the soul is disposed to be virtuous. graceful. It will be no longer regarded as a Is any sensual gratification to be compared to twining but a twisting-perverting nature for that of feeling the eyes moistened, after having a false effect. This is the true reason why comforted the unfortunate ? Sensibility is, indeed,
the foral patterns in wall papers are now so
very foundation of all our earthly happiness. much out of favor; and why, when selecting But these raptures are unknown to the depraved the paper for a room, one is forced (I speak sensualist, who is only moved by what strikes his from experience), after turning over books of gross thoughts and harmonises with his vicious
propensities. As the embellishments of nature patterns till you are weary, to take refuge escape his neglected notice, so likewise do all the in some arabesque design-some combination gentle and interesting affections. Sensibility can of graceful curves of no meaning—as an only be felt ;
it escapes discussion. escape from the frightful compositions that are called flower-patterns.
THE ELOQUENCE OF FLOWERS. It is surely high time that our manufacturers should seek to correct this evil. These Amongst all the pleasant things of life-and are not days in which any one can afford to the all-bountiful hand of Providence has scattered be left a step behind the rest of the world. the path of our days with innumerable pleasant He that once loses his place in the foremost things, if man would but enjoy them-amongst rank, is pushed aside and lost; in the crowd all the pleasant things of life, there are few more that is eagerly pressing forward, and almost pleasant than a walk in the flower-garden before
breakfast treading on his heels. Already French wall
on a eun-shiny morning. papers are in extensive use. They have less creatures—we mean the blossoms, opening
To see those mute and still, though not motionbrought down the prices of the home manu- their painted bosoms to the beneficent rays facture considerably, and they will undoubt- which give them their color and their loveliness, edly drive home-made papers out of the welcoming the calm blessing of the light, as if market altogether, if the manufacturers do with gratitude, and seeking, in their tranquil state not exert themselves to produce more artistic of being, for nothing but the good gifts of Godpatterns than they commonly originate at might well afford å monitory lesson. Everypresent. The French have been before us thing in nature has its hömily, to the eager in the establishment of Schools of Design. hunters after fictitious enjoyment. How calm do At their schools artistic botany, or correct the blossoms stand in their loveliness ; how placid flower drawing, is regularly taught; hence pourish them! How, in their splendid raiment,
in their limited fruition of the elements that the great superiority of their flower-patterns, do they sparkle in the sun ; how do they drink up whether on china, on silk, on muslins, or on wall papers. It is not that French taste is and perfume in return! Avoid that man, or that
the cup of dew, and gratefully give back honey superior to Irish or English taste; but it is woman, who can see nothing beautiful in buds, that, in France, the principles of correct taste blossoms, flowers, and children.
HINTS TO AMATEUR GARDENERS. of the lower one, for this reason : when the layer
is bent down, after the incision is made at top, THE CALENDAR FOR JULY.
the strain is upon the stem, which will stretch a
little without breaking; but when made at the We are now beginning to reap some of the under side, the strain is on the flat-sided wound, advantages of our toil, and to be in a great mea- which readily snaps. Where the carnation stems sure reconciled to our early disappointments in are very numerous, it may worth while to put the fruit and flower garden. We have lost many some in as pipings, in the same manner as reof our pets, we grant; but they are replaced by commended for pinks, about the first of the month; others. It is true philosophy to take things as we these are much less certain than layers, but are find them, and to be thankful that matters are no said to make healthier and stouter plants when Ours is a singular climate !
they do strike ; a gentle bottom-heat would be of advantage to them. The opening flowers must
be protected from sun and rain, the calyx tied or If it is intended to make new plantations of secured, and the petals arranged as has been reStrawberries, select now some of the strongest commended for pinks. If seedlings were raised runners for that purpose ; by planting out during last year, they will now be in flower ; select those showery weather at this season, they become well worth keeping: established before winter, and usually produce a Dahlias. - Thin out weak branches, and keep few fine fruit the following season, which can the plants neatly and securely tied; cuttings hardly be the case when delayed until spring. may now be struck, for preserving in pots during Cherries, Peaches, or Plums, may now be bedded. winter. Examine grafts, and remove any shoots or suckers
HEARTSEASE.- Plant out seedlings, and propathat may withdraw nourishment from the scion, gate choice kinds by cuttings, in a shaded situaand keep it secure from injury by winds. Trained
tion. Pears, Plums, Apples, or Cherries, should have
HYDRANGEAS may be increased at this season all the summer growths, except those intended to by cuttings, or by layers, making the tongue at be trained in, shortened back to two or three eyes the origin of this season's young wood, and to encourage the formation of fruit-buds.
Vines shortening the top. must be regularly looked over, and have all weak,
PELARGONIUMS which have flowered may be useless shoots removed, as last month: if the cut down, and cuttings of the best kinds put in ; smallest berries are thinned out regularly, and they will readily root now. carefully with a pair of scissors, the remaining berries will swell' much larger, and in favorable decayed flowers removed.
Pinks.- Pipings may be still put in, and the seasons be scarcely distinguishable from hot-house
Roses may be budded if the bark rises freely. fruit. Currants and Gooseberries should have the stems which have flowered should be cut any of their summer wood that may shade the down to a good eye. A succession of flowers will fruit, cut out.
be thus encouraged ; examine the earliest buds,
that the ties are not pinching. Annuals, during showery weather, may be
STOCKS.-In leaving single-flowered plants to thinned out, and the thinnings planted.
produce seed, choose those containing the greatest Bulbs.—Continue to take up as their foliage number of petals. decays, and supply their places with annuals or When double-flowering herbaceous plants are other plants.
going out of flower, they will be usually found in CARNATIONS.—Towards the middle or end of the fittest state for increase. Clip Box-edgings the month is the most proper time to layer these, –also, deciduous bedges. Keep creepers neatly for which choose dry weather; the shoots are trained up, and allow no weeds to be seen. then much less liable to snap off, when bending them after the incision is made. The operation
TAKE CARE OF YOUR EYES. is performed as follows: First remove the leaves from the part of the stem to be buried in the soil, LET all who value their eye-sight, be careful how and about an inch of the extreme points of the they trifle with it. The eye is easily damaged; terminal leaves ; then, with a sharp knife make an and a hint or two to the thoughtless may be in incision a short distance below the most eligible season. Looking into the fire is very injurious joint, to be found within about two or three of the to the eyes, particularly if a coal fire. The top; the cut should pass half through the stem, stimulus of light and heat united, soon destroys and then upwards, nearly to the joint above, and the eyes. Looking at molten iron will soon destroy cut the small portion of stem remaining on the the sight. Reading in the twilight is injurious to tongue immediately below the joint; then bend the eyes, as they are obliged to make great exerthe shoot down to the soil, which has been tion. Reading or sewing with a side light, injures loosened for its reception, and secure it there with the eyes; as both eyes should be exposed to an equal a small hooked stick-covering it with some finely- degree of light. The reason is--the sympathy broken soil, an inch deep, made tolerably firm between the eyes is so great, that if the pupil of about it; after this, a watering rendlers the opera- one is dilated by being kept partially in the shade, tion complete. All common layering is managed the one that is most exposed cannot contract itself on the same principle, a layer being “a cutting sufficiently for protection, and will ultimately be not separated from the parent plant until it has injured. Those who wish to preserve their sight, emitted roots for its own support.” In layering should preserve their general health---by correct many kinds of brittle plants, it will be found a good habits, and give their eyes just work enough, with plan to make the cut upon the upper side, instead | a due degree of light.
ARE 80 INDUSTRIOUSLY
MODERN IMPOSTORS, –
The Doctor has, we fear, fallen into bad hands. WOMEN, AND THE “SPIRITS.”
He is older than we are, and ought to know more than we do of Woman's power. When good, she
is an angel of mercy. When bad, she is the Try the Spirits.--Book OF WISDOM.
let the Doctor fill up the chasm ; for he must be
All the shelves, well aware of the “ Media" by this time !
Women first draw us in with flattering looks
Sometimes, like syrens, charm us with their songs,
Dance on the waves, and show their golden locks ;
But when the tempest comes, then, then they leave us,
PUT FORTH, Or rather help the new calamity.
We throw this out as a kind hint,-for the fright the town from its propriety game cannot last very long. Pere -that we feel called upon to step
We have said, we love Philosophy. But can in, and enter a formal caveat any one bring a philosophical countenance to bear
against the reigning imposture of upon such a ludicrous picture as we have brought the day. The world, we have said, is mad, ever upon the tapis?. We think not. That the Doctor has been mad; but is going even beyond this! is sincere in his confession of faith, we readily We will not be wearisome; but as ours is avowedly believe. This makes us feel his lost position in a Jouenal of Nature, we must vindicate what society the more. His Letter is a great mistake. is natural, and put down what is not.
It will be used against him, and against the good The Public need not now be told of what is cause he has until recently been so anxious to daily going on at the west end of the town, in the promote—both far and near. way of humbug, -patronised, too, by the haut ton.
To show the state of Dr. Ashburner's mind, we We allude to the eleight-of-hand performances of will conclude with some few of his observations a notorious female juggler. We would have left at Page 8. He says, after recording his imaginary this widc-awake, vulgar woman, to fleece her conversations with certain ghosts, -—" These are visitors at her pleasure, -had she not secured to only a small part of the numerous proofs I have herself the sanction of so great an authority'
had of the identity of persons with whom I had for her imposture as Dr. Ashburner. We regret, been acquainted years ago. I have, in subsequent with the rest of his friends, that this worthy and séances, had many opportunities of holding intervery clever man should have been made the dupe course with a score of other persons now in the of such a shallow artifice ; for his was a fine mind. upper magnetic regions of space surrounding the We judge him,—not from hearsay, but from his earth,-intelligences, some of whom were friends oron printed Letter to G. J. Holyoake, Esq. Let here, and some of whom were individuals of whom us join in the general remark, —“Alas, how are
I had been desired to learn facts that turned out the mighty fallen!"
to be marvellously true.” Festus said of St. Paul, the Apostle," Much
It will be seen that the Doctor numbers his learning bath made thee mad." The remark was interviews with ghosts" by the score,"—like hernot true in that instance, however applicable it rings. A few more, or a few less, are of little might be now. Nobody loves philosophy more consequence. He whistles to them, and, singing than we do. Nobody takes greater pleasure in sweetlytracing every natural occurrence
They come to his call, source; but we deem it a mark of true wisdom like the birds in the song of “ Home, sweet to let our inquiries have reference to the present Home." But we drop the curtain here ; lamenting world only. All beyond this, we consider it deeply the publication of such a document. unlawful to pry into; and when we mark the
Litera scripta manet. "consequences” of doing so, we feel quite satisfied of the correctness of our views. “ Thus far sbalt No argument, now, can do away with what is inthou come,-but no farther."
delibly impressed upon paper. We shall not attempt to analyse Dr. Ashburner's Impiety like this ; and so supreme a contempt Letter. Everybody should read it. But we will for the Maker of Heaven and Earth, whose love offer one or two observations upon it. We pass for his children, and their everlasting happiness, over his experiments in omnibuses-inducing cer- is more boundless than the ocean,-needs only to tajn passengers,“ by the power of his will, to fall be brought into view to be received as it ought to asleep, and put their hands into his; besides doing be, ---with undisguised horror. other ridiculous things.” He says " he has often Before quitting this sad subject--for it is sad to done it." That may be. We certainly should see such a prostitution of time and intellect-may not like any of our woman-kind to journey by the we ask, how so very many respectable mothers of same conveyance as the worthy Doctor. We may families can persist in encouraging the imposbe singular,—but we speak our feeling on the ture? If their own self-respect be of no conpoint.
sequence, let them,-pray let them consider their Dr. Ashburner then goes on to say, that he lost innocent children, and not initiate them in vice. his father fifty-five years ago; and he tells us When we lay aside this mortal coil, no fear gravely how, by entering into a coalition with shall we have of being subject to exorcism by Mrs. Hayden, the latter brought up the parental strolling vagabonds, who can make spectres of us ghost,-also, what the ghost said, totidem verbis. at will. Oh-no! The God we worship does We think we behold the vision now. “Oh, my not deal after this fashion. So let us now leave the prophetic soul,-my Father !"
whole crew to their meditations.
to its very