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fort of life depends. But though nothing could exceed his mildness in familiar conversation, which made friends of all who ever knew him, he was firm as a rock on every point of duty, and no fear of slander or injury, nor even of exile or bondage, could induce him to refrain from expressing his convictions, or retract one word which he had deliberately spoken to the world. In these respects, he was tried, and not found wanting; and the cause of civil and religious freedom numbers him among those noble spirits, who, in every age, have put forth their gigantic strength to break the arm of the oppressor and to set the prisoner free. His death, October 28, 1704, was a worthy close to such a life, — it was like the translation of one who had walked with God; he saw that his path was sloping gently downward to the tomb, but his heart did not faint nor his step falter ; he kept calmly and steadily onward till he laid himself down to die ; and then, with a gentle and willing farewell, he left the world and gave his spirit up to God. We would say, May our end be like his ; may we be saved from that excitement of disease, which is so often mistaken for the inspiration of Heaven; may there be strength and clearness in our souls in the closing hour; may our hopes of eternity be bright and fervent, and our faith be mightier than the grave !'

Art. X. - A Catechism of Natural Theology. By I. Nich

OLS, D. D., Pastor of the First Church in Portland.
Second Edition, with Additions and Improvements.
Boston. William Hyde. 1831.

1831. 12mo. pp. 215.

This work was much wanted, especially for the higher classes in our Sunday schools, to which Paley's admirable treatise on the same subject is, on many accounts, not fitted. The general style of the latter, it is true, is incomparable, and many

of the author's illustrations are among the most striking and beautiful that can be adduced ; and of these Dr. Nichols has availed himself freely, and,

for the most part, without altering the expression. But Paley committed a serious error in the very outset, considering his work as one to be - N. S. VOL. VI. NO, III,

52

VOL. XI.

put into the hands of the young, by plunging into some of the most abstruse and difficult metaphysical questions in the atheistical controversy ; questions for which his readers are not prepared, and questions too, it must be confessed, which he has not treated with much ability, nor even with his accustomed clearness, nor with fairness. Paley, also, as is well known, was not an adept in the natural sciences ; in consequence of which, several defects, and a few serious blunders occur in his work, which are but imperfectly corrected and supplied by Paxton's Illustrations, and the excellent notes in the last Boston edition. Dr. Nichols has had this edition before him, and other recent and valuable treatises on the same and kindred subjects, and particularly Dr. Bell's two admirable numbers, in The Library of Useful Knowledge,' on Animal Mechanics. With these materials, he has given us a compilation, which, for the learning it displays, and the devotional spirit breathing through its pages, as well as for its literary execution and general appearance, merits a much higher distinction than is commonly awarded to works of this class.

The present edition is a great improvement on the first as regards the mechanical execution. The text has also been enlarged about one seventh part; most of the additions consisting of further and important illustrations, under the different heads, borrowed from comparative anatomy. Many passages, given in the first edition as formal quotations, in consequence of which the work had too much of a patchwork look, are now moulded into the compiler's own style and manner, and condensed. The work, however, still retains, very injudiciously, as it seems to us, the form of a dialogue. This has none of the few advantages belonging to the catechetical mode, properly so called, and at the same time is not made to contribute in any way, so far as we can discern, to the ease and spirit of the discussion.

INDEX.

ing, 43.

A.

Chrysostom, 58 — his death, 59 -
Anastasius, Pope, condemns Origen his opinion of the Psalms of David,
and Rufinus, for heresy, 59.

101.
Angels, notions of Origen concern- Clement of Alexandria, his views on

the nature of Christ, 34.
Athenagoras on the supremacy of the Coleridge and Kant compared, 375.
Father, 29.

Conversation, religious, 214 et seq.
Arians and Athanasians, both claim-
ed Origen, 56.

D.
Atoning Sacrifice, the, a display of Death of Christ, influence of, as an
love, not of wrath, 312.

example, 315, 323.
Augustine, once a Manichæan, 60, Demons, Origen's doctrine of, 42 et
note.

seq:

Du Deffand's Letters, Editor of, on
B.

the Social Life of England and
Baillie, Joanna, notice of her book France, 70.

on the Nature and Dignity of
Jesus Christ, 141 — extracts from

E.
the same, 143, 144 — remarks on England, History of, remarks on the,
her statement respecting the So- 337–347— importance of the study
cinian or Humanitarian form of be- of, to Americans, 337 — particu-
lief, 143.

larly interesting at this moment,
Beecher, Dr., his notions of law and 340 — true permanence of a system

government controverted by Dr. of government, 341 --- history of
Worcester, 313, 314.

England a series of innovations
Bigelow, Andrew, his Travels in and revolutions, 342 — remarks on

Malta and Sicily, noticed, 259– the present contemplated reform,
263.

345.
Brazil, Walsh's Notices of, reviewed, Epiphanius, 58 — his death, 59.

with copious extracts, 150–168. Eusebius and Pamphilus, their Apol-
British West India Colonies, slavery ogy for Origen, 57.
in, 109 et seq.

Example of our Saviour's death, im-

portance of, 315, 323.
C.
Calvin's Catechism, its history in

F.
Geneva, 231.

Family worship, importance of, 211.
Christ, his inferiority to the Supreme Fathers, use of the study of the, 55.

Being maintained by all the early Follen, Charles, his Inaugural Dis-
fathers, 24 et seq: - not an object course, reviewed, 373-380.
of prayer, according to Origen, 37 Forms, religious, importance of, 196.

Fox's Sermons on his Mission, Fox, W. J., his Sermons on the Mis-
Character, and Doctrine, 168 — his sion, Character and Doctrine of
death, importance of, as an exam- Christ, noticed, and extracts given,
ple, 315.

168-178.
Christianity and Christ, misappre- Fuller, Thomas, his Holy and Pro-

hensions of, 382 et seq. — true and fane States, in vol. I. of the Libra.
manly character of, 384 et seq. ry of Old English Prose Writers,
VOL. XI. -N. S. VOL. VI. NO. III.

53

reviewed, 15 - extracts from, 20, Logos, doctrine of the Fathers con-
21.

cerning the, 25 et seq.
Future state, Origen's views of the, Lord's Supper, observance of, 201 et

seq.

49 et seq.

et seq.

G.

M.
Gaussen, M., account of discussions Mackintosh, Sir James, his History

between the Pastors of Geneva of England, review of, 337-347.
and, 225 et seq.

McVickar, Rey. John, his Memoir of
Geneva, account of recent events in, the Rev. Mr. Griffin, 270.
225, 240.

Malta and Sicily, Bigelow's Travels
German literature, philosophy, and in, noticed, 259, 263.

theology, remarks on, 373 et seq. Marriage contract, anecdote showing
Godwin, William, his Thoughts on the simplicity of the, in this coun-

Man, noticed, and extracts given, try, 81.
263–270.

Mather, Cotton, his conduct in re-
Griffin, Rev. Edmund D., his Re- gard to the Salem Witchcraft, 245
mains, noticed, 270-274.

- extracts from his private

journal, 246 et seq.
H.

Martineau, Harriet, notice of her
Harvard University, Divinity School Essential Faith of the Universal

in, the proper place of education Church, with extracts, 147 et seq.
for the Gospel ministry, 91 et seq.

her belief in the Humanitarian doc-
Holy Spirit, opinions of Origen con- trine, 148 — her Traditions of
cerning the, 39.

Palestine or Times of the Saviour,

noticed, with an extract, 292
I.

Methodius, bishop of Tyre, first cen-
Irenæus, on the inferiority of the sures the

doctrines of Origen,

56.
Son, 29, 30.

Ministry, Education for the, Prof.

Palfrey's Address on, 84-99.
J.
Justinian, the Emperor, causes Ori-

N.
gen to be anathematized, 59. Nichols, Rev. Dr., his Catechism of
Justin Martyr, on the distinction be- Natural Theology, noticed, 403.
tween the Father and the Son, 27. Noyes, George R., his Translation of

the Psalms, reviewed, 9.1–109.
K.

Noyes, Rev. Mr., of Salem, his part
Kant and Coleridge compared, 375. in the Salem Witchcraft delusion,
King, Lord, his Life of Locke, re- 245 — his repentance, 253.
viewed, 380.

0.
L.

Old books, and old writers, English,
Library of the Old English Prose remarks upon, 1 et seq.

their ex-
Writers, vol. I., reviewed, 1, 22. cellences, 4 et seq.-

their faults,
Liturgy of King's Chapel in Boston, 12.
third edition, 195.

Opinions, Essays on the Formation
Locke, John, his character and writ- and Publication of, recommended,

ings, 380 — an example of the true 275.
Christian character, 381 — value of Origen, article on his opinions, 22–
his Christian profession, 390 — 611 — his views of the Deity, 23
his connexions of friendship, 392 of the nature of Christ, 35 ct seq.
his exile, 393 — his residence with his Unitarianism, 39 — his opin-
Lord Ashley, 395 — his Essay on ions concerning the Holy Spirit, 39
the Understanding, 396 — his Let- - concerning the Logos, 40 ef
ters on Toleration, 397 — his Rea- ficacy of Christ's death, 41 - sys-
sonableness of Christianity, 400. tem of rational natures, 43-

tent of the redemption, 45 - on

ex-
et seg.

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189 et seq.

the effects of Adam's sin, and hu-

R.
man ability, 46, 47 — election and Roman Catholics, Miss Martineau's
predestination, 48 — his views of Essential Faith, &c., an Essay
the resurrection, 49 — his belief in addressed to them, 147.
a final restoration, 49 — his ideas of Rufinus, a translator of Origen, 59.
the future state, 50 et seq. — fate of
his doctrines, 56, 60— charges

S.
against him by his enemies, 57, Salem Witchcraft, Upham’s Lectures
note — violent controversy concern- on, reviewed, 240-259.
ing his orthodoxy, 58— anathema- Self-Education, thoughts on, 295 —
tized, 59.

direct instruction unavailing with-

out it, 297 — all that is original in
P.

human knowledge must be refer-
Palfrey, John G., his Address before red to it, 300 — practical improve-

the Society for promoting Theo- ment of the subject, 303 — applica-
logical Education, 84–99.

tion to our national literature, 304
Pestalozzi, Henry, Account of his

Life and Writings, by Dr. Biber, re- Sewall, Judge, his repentance for the
viewed, 347–373 — his parentage part taken by him in the Salem
and childhood, 349 — studies di- Witchcraft delusion, 254.
vinity and afterwards the law, 350 Skeptical tendencies, Unitarianism

his first publication, 350 - be- vindicated against the charge of,
comes an apprentice to a farmer, 178-195 not to be found in Uni-
351 — his establishment at Neuhof, tarianism itself, 183 — nor in what
and marriage, 351 — his first exper- it omits or rejects, 185– nor in
iment in the education of the poor, the manner in which it is arrived
352 — various publications by him, at, or defended and maintained,
353 — his despondency, 354 - his
establishment at Stantz, 355 at Slavery in the British West India
Burgdorf, 361 — at Yverdun, 363 Colonies, article on, 109–138 — in

- his death, and character, 367 et Brazil, 154
seq. — principles of his system, Social Life, essay on, 70–83— its

tranquillity here, 71 — its equality,
Plato, borrowed his doctrines from 72

property, 74 - fashion, 78.
Moses, according to Clement of Society for the promotion of Theo-
Alexandria, 34.

logical Education, 84 et seq:
Platonists, Egyptian, their ideas on Stability in the Christian faith, 275
the eternity of matter, 24, note.

consistent with doubts and anx-
Platonizing Fathers, their views of ieties, 278 — its principle is not
the Logos, 39.

bondage but freedom, 280 — a de-
Priestley, Dr., on the ancient doctrine cision of many speculative ques-
of the Logos, 39, note.

tions not important to it, 281
Profession of religion, article on, some great and sustaining truths

195–225 - - as expressed by usages essential to it, 284 — as the being,
and forms, 196 — by an assumed perfection, and providence of God,
character, 199 — by observance and the fact of a revelation, 285 et
of the Lord's Supper, 201 seq. devotedness of the heart
by family worship, 211 – by con- to received truths requisite to sta-
versation, 214 – consideration of

bility, 289.
objections, 220 et seq.

Stephen, James, his work on the
Psalms of David, Noyes's Transla- Slavery of the British West India

tion of, reviewed, 99, 109 Colonies, notice of, with copious
marks on their beauties, 99 et seq.

extracts, 109–138.
Psalterium Americanum, a curious Sun, moon, and stars, placed among

and quaint translation of the the rational natures by Origen, 42.
Psalms, 99— specimen of, 100,
note - another, 107, te.

371 et seq.

-re-

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