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principle, to have added, that his the main question is often greatly order was peremptorý to print it obscured. That an argunjent-uponverbatim, or not at all. Now it is the faith of the Port-Royal writers quite ridiculous to suppose, that no should have procured us an erudite option should be left us with respect table of the relative height of the to the insertion of a pamphlet of principal mountains of Europe 55 pages. It is obvious, that if the (p. 27), and a sketch of the leading editor of a periodical work be de- points of discrimination between pied the libertv, if not of re- various Proteslant sects (p. 31); trenching or altering the articles that it should have involved a cenwhich are submitted to him for in- sure upon fine ladies, smart chapels, sertion, at least of wholly rejecting gilt prayer-books, and the Church such whose spirit would discredit of England Liturgy (p. 28); that it his pages, his censorial office would should have conducted the imaginabe rendered merely nominal. tion of our autbor up the craggy
The author chooses to take it for heights of Snowdon, while yet engranted, that his vindication was veloped in wintry mist, or bave pot inserted because it convicted suggested the more cheering idea our Review of many “ blunders.” of the nymphs who wear immortal If the spirit of the pamphlet had garlands around the Heliconian not been strikingly at variance with spring, may perhaps appear, to ore that which seemned to breathe dinary minds, no less incongruous through the Tour to Alet, we cer- than the taste of the painter whom lainly should not have objected to Horace ridiculus, because, forsooth, its insertion, merely on the ground of its convicting us of “ blunders.”
Delphinum silvis ad pingit, fluctibus Our blunders we shall always be
aprum. happy to confess and amend, as the As we profess ourselves, however, best reparation for having com
to be of that old-fashioned school, mitted them. Whether their detec- who prize the maxim of the same lion in the present instance will great poet, justify the author's tricynph, may be seen in the sequel of this article.
sit quid vis, simplex duntaxas In the construction of his pamph
et unum, let, ihe author appears to bave pro- shall make no apology for fited by the maxim of Dr. Bentley, keeping close to the argument, that to raise a cloud of dust around leaving to more penetrating minds an opponent is one of the great the task of pointing out the relaarts of controversy. To no other tions which may, perhaps, after all, cause can we attribute the variety connect the above subjects with the of extraneous matter which swells recluses of Port Royal. his pages, and by means of which All the objections which we urged Alet first wrote to us on the 18th of Fe. against the Tour to Alet, may be bruary, stating, that an answer to our cri- considered as included in these two : tique would be " forwarded in a few days First, That it protestantized the or a week ;" and, although the engagement Roman Catholic religion. Secondly, was not exactly kept, yet the answer is ac- That the author had completely detually dated the 28th of February. Is it parted, not only from the letter, then quite ingenuous to say, that an amicable but even from the spirit of Lanceexplanation, which could not possibly have loi's narrative, by framing a long been seen by him before the 1st or 2d of series of conversations between the March, would have precluded the necessity of an answer promised on the 18th of Fe Bishop of Alet and others, which bruary, and actually dispatched on the
were not only in the main wholly. 28th? Had be expected, as he would intis fictitious, but also uncharacteristic ante, such an explanation, why did he not of the Port-Royal School. delay his answer for two days longer?
The author commences his an
swer to the first of these charges, In this large and comprehensive by censuring our use of the word sense, then, we would be understood “protestantize.” Without trying the as accusing the author of protespatience of our readers, by entering tantizing the Roman Catholic reli. into a laboured defence of the gion; and the line of conduct which term, we shall briefly observe, that we have in consequence pursued we used it in reference to the doc. has been equally due to all parties. trine of the first Reformers, which, We shall now consider the represtill continues, both in the Church sentation the author has given of of England and among the greater the faith of the Port-Royalists upon Đumber of Protestants, to be the the doctrine of justification; this standard of appeal for the princi- being one important particular ples of Protestantism.
in which we conceived that his He next supposes, that in em- work was the vehicle of erroneous ploying this term, we allude to " the statements. use of the Scriptures, and the doc- The natural and obvious. infer-' trine of justification” (p. 31). In- ence to be drawn from the theolostead, however, of restricting it to gical sentiments expressed throughanyone or two particulars, we out the Tour to Alet, would be, that would be understood as compre- the faith of the Port-Royalists, upon hending by it, not less what he has the important point in question, enomitted, than what he has added. tirely accorded with ihat of the Not only has he maintained a Church of England. In her XIth guarded silence upon those absur- Article, she distinctly states, in dities and superstitions which pre. strict harmony with the sentiments vailed even in the Port-Royal of the whole body of Reformers, School, but he has been equally that “ we are accounted righteous reserved on points of greater mo- before God only for the merits of ment, and bas not even hinted at the Lord and Saviour Jesus peculiar modification which the re- Christ, by faith, and not for our ligious exhortations of the writers in own works or deservings: wherequestion derived from their opinions fore that we are justified by faith upon penance, absolution, and the only is a most wholesome docintercession of saints. He altempts trine,” &c. &c. But the Portto answer this charge by the plea, Royal School, instead of maintainthat he gave no expectation in his ing, as our author by the tenor of Preface of entering into such parti- both his works would lead us to culars. This material defect in his believe, a similar doctrine, ascribes plan we noticed in our former crie a meritorious efficacy to good tique; and it requires no argument to works as uniting, with ibe merits of prove, that by their omission he has Christ, to place the sinner in a jusopened a wide door to mistaken tified state. views and false impressions, in the In illustration of these assertions, case of those to whom the original we shall now present our readers documents are not accessible. with a few extracts from various
The general impression likely to Port-Royal authors; beginning with Tesult from the Tour to Alet, (and De Sacy and the celebrated Nicole, such we know has, in more ihan the two writers to whom our author one instance, been its effect,) is to especially refers on the subject of excite the question; " If this be the justification. Roman Catholic religion, why are we Protestants ?." But sure we are Nothing is more essential to a Chris. that such a question could never tian than the love of the poor, and the care have occurred to the same persons, with which we ought to assist them. Of had the portrait of that religion been this we may see an admirable example in faithful and characteristic.
the book of Tobit, where it appears that the
Holy Spirit refers all the virtoes to this one : his.”-Nicole, edition of La Haye, vol. vii. without which, indeer, the greatest would be p. 148. useless, and by means of which we may “ It is nothing more than a daty common obtain of God all the rest. We see also in to the most incocent, to give their super, the Gospel, that it will be charity to the poor Auities to the poor. But a penitent, beyond which will at the last judgment open the gate this duty, is obligated 10 give his superfluities of heaven; and that the kingdom of God to satisfy the justice of God, and to repair will be the recompence of those who shall have the abuse which he bas inade of his worldly assisted Jesus Christ himself in the persons blessings."—Ib. p. 205. of the poor, whom lie calls his brethren, and
“ Bat while this penitent purifies berself members of his body."De Sacy's Lettres from her sins by the tears which her love spirituelles, vol. i. p. 254.
causes her to skied on tbe feet of Jesus “ I doubt not you are carefully preparing Christ, and by the good works which she yourself for the festival of the holy Virgin, practises, the Pharisee renders himself which is the chief of all. It is the festival guilty hy the onjust judgment both of her of her glory, the measure of which is that of and of Jesas Christ, into which he is led by her humility, which is only exceeded by that his temerity."_Ib. p. 207. of her Son. She is the mother of chastity and “ The darts (of our spiritual enemies) are apildness, and from her it is that we are fiery darıs, according to St. Paul, which are bound frequently to ask for those great vir- not only capable of piercing the heart, but tues which comprehend all the rest, by say of burning up and reducing to ashes all that ing to her with the Church, Make us who it may have amassed of merits and virtues." are freed from sin mild and chaste.'” After -Ib. vol. viii. p. 5. some remarks upon the excellence of vir
“ The apostle Peter teaches us (1 Pet. ginity, be adds, “ How great, then, is this iv. 8.) that the most efficacious method of virtue (humility) which not only REPAIRS providing against the decay of our virtues the odiousness of the greatest vices, but is the continual practice of charity towards which alone is lhe ornament of the most
our neighbours; because, this virtue covering lovely of all the virtues!”—Ib. p. 161.
our sins, it of course prevents these sins from As long as complaisance is merely a na. injuring us, or from causing God to separale tural virtue in a person who is not of God, himself from us. Therefore the greatest it is useless or injurious: because the princi- mark of the love of God to a soul is, when be ple or the end of action is defective. But fills it with charity towards its neighbours. when the person is of God, God sanctifies He may leave it subject to many faults, in these human qualities: lie then makes use
order to bumble it; but they who judge it of them to do good with the greater fa
to be imperfect, because of these faults, cility, and to increase the merit of our good often judge rashly: because these faults works." Ib. vol. ii. p. 541.
exist not in the sight of God, being conti“You add, that you often open to God, in Dually effaced by the charity which God the bitterness of your soul, the most secret re- leads it to practise.”—Ib. p. 169. cesses of your conscience; and that you would be overwhelmed with grief, if his goodness did not give you an entire confi- of extracts similar to the above; but
It would be easy to swell the list dence in his niercy, which has never abandoned you, and if you did not address your.
our readers will already be able to self to the saints with sentiments of respect, judge whether the Port-Royal divias though you saw with your eyes what faith nity is the same as that of the Tour obliges yon to believe of their blessedness, in to Alet. They now can understand the assurance that their charity for souls how far the sketches of its author will not refuse you the assistance you ask, are characteristic of the originals, to obtain the mercy of God by their inter- and in what degree our assercession and meriis. "-Ib. p. 410.
lions merit the confidence of the “ Jesus Christ humbled himself as bear.
public. ing the sins of men, and we ought 10 hum
Under this bead, it may be well ble ourselves as being in truth sinners. For Jesus Christ, in humbling himself for the sins to mention, in allusion to a singular of men, did not intend to exerapt us from definition of Jansenism, (Tour to humility; but he chose to sanctify our bumili Alet, p. 122,) that “in doctrine" ations by the merit of his, and to render it was ' the Calvinism, and in practhem capable of being received by God as a tice the Methodism, of the Romish satisfuction for our sins, being united to Church;" that the great Arnauld
published, among many other pieces had the same weakness to fear, and the against the Calvinists, the two fol. same enemies to cumbat. Had they conlowing: 1st, “ The subversion of quered them by their own force, we might the moral law of Jesus Christ by the have said, that they were strong, and we errors of the Calvinists upon justifica. weak. But since it is God who did all in tion." 2dly, “ Calvinism again con
them, and who promises to do all in us, let
us take them for our intercessors, and God victed of impious doctrines." The first of these works, as is clear from all from him who can do in us all that to
for our refuge and strength; aud let us hope the title, would serve to confirm the ourselves would be impossible, and who can proofs which we have already urged do it with an almighty facility. But as it in support of our censures, though is very common to consider the saints ratber we can hardly suppose that our au- (as examples) to admire than to think of thor will regard it as equally prove imitating them, there are other saints more ing the first part of the above proportioned to us, which are those of purdefinition. As for the latter gatory."-1b. p. 265. Clause, we do not rery clearly souls
was more the fruit of her" (the Holy
" One may say, that the conversion of understand it.
Virgin !) “ prayers and the ardour of her That our readers may enter more charity, than of the words and the labours fully into our meaning, when we
of so many great saints."--Ib. p. 280. veptured to blame the author of the
“ The ashes of the bodies of the saints Tour to Alet, for maintaining a derive their principal dignity from that seed guarded silence upon the Catholic of life, wlrichs remains to them from their peculiarities which occur in the having touched the immorial and vivifying Port-Royal writers ; we shall now
flesh of Jesus Christ.”—Amauld sur freintroduce series of extracts, quente Communion, chap. xl. which will reflect light upon that
“ The manner of profitably offering up criticism, and explain the modifi. the sacrifice of the mass
, which is the same
as that of Jesus Christ upon the cross, decation which those peculiarities im- pends not principally upon the devotional parted to their sentiments respecting thoughts which are present to us during the the doctrines of grace.
sacrifice, nor on the prayers which we form. « I entreat Saint Luce, whom the Church For even should we, by involuntary distracthis day honoura, to do for you what she did tion, be deprived of these aids, provided God für her mother, through the intercession of beholds in us the desire of these future Saint Agatha, which is to oblain for you good things, and of this eternal life, we bodily health. But I farther ask her to ob- co-operate in the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, taia of God for you, by her prayers, that you and we sacrifice with the priest." —Nicole, may be of the number of those concerning
vol. vii. p. 126 whom it is said, • they who live in chastity and piety, are the temples of the Holy Spirit.'"-De Sacy's Lettres spirituelles, Though our censures of the Tour to vol. i. p. 196.
Alet have principally related to its sketches « Therefore we ought to address our of Port-Royal
, we have to prefer against its selves to these holy virgizis” (Saint Agnes author a similar charge, in having protesand others)“ who were the glory of Jesus taptized the sentiments of the Abbe de Christ, of the church, and of their ser; and Rance and his disciples. Various work. to say to them, • Give us, by your interces are before us, from which it would be easy, sion, of the sacred oil which burns in your did our limits allow it, to illastrate this general lamps, because ours are always in danger of remark; but we shall be content with rebeing extinguished, not only by the tempest questing, our readers to compare (Tour to of affilictious, but also by the water of indif- Alet) page 59, 11th line, to the end of the ference, and by the wind of complaisance," page, with the spirit of the following extract &c.- Ib. vol. ii. p. 139.
from a work by the Abbè de Rancè, entitled, " It seems, indeed, that nothing (be here " De la Sainteté," vol. i. p. 299:-" Ecclealludes to preceding remarks) ought so much siastical communities are assemblies of perto excite us as the example of so many sons who, never having broken the sacred saints of each sex, of all conditions and seal of the holy covenant which they ages. They were such as we are. They bave contracted with Jesus Christ, nor
With respect to the extracts from without any reference to the authoFontaine, &c. relative to the Holy rity of tradition. Scriptures, they certainly prove, The authorities to which we could WHAT WE NEVER DENIED, that the refer upon this question, are so Bible was allowed by the Porto numerous, that we scarcely know Royalists, to be read without a com- which among them to seleci. mentary* They prove also, that a few words, which we used (vide
“ As to what you say about original sin Christ. Obs. p. 34), expressive of the observes M. dc Sacy, Lettres spirituelles, caution with which the Scriptures instance, as in relation 10 all the other
vol. ii. p. 218), it is necessary to do in this were put into circulation at the mysteries inconceivable to the human mind; period in question, were too strong that is, lo have recourse first to the authority if applied to the sentiments of the of tradition. We must take pleasure in Port-Royal writers. But the sub- submitting the shallowness of our minds to stance of our censure remains wholly the greatness of God, to the certitude of unshaken. It was grounded upon
our faith, and to the immobility of that Rock this positive fact, ihat the Port- upon which the church is established." Royalists were all of one mind, in
The Bishop of Alet may be introregarding the writings of the fathers, duced upon the scene, in support of and the decrees of the councils, as “ the only legitimate interpreters of ment which this prelate wrote,
his own orthodoxy. In the docuthe Bible in all points of faith.” We, expressive of bis approbation of the therefore, conceived the passage celebrated work by Nicole and commencing “ May we all become Arnauld, “ De la Perpetuité, &c.," more and more Bible Christians," he alludes to the work upon frequent &c. decidedly improper, because it communion, which he expressly was put into the mouth of the
praises, because it proves, " by the Bishop of Alet by the author, un
Oracles of the Scriptures, by the senaccompanied by any explanation, timents of the fathers, and by the and therefore Jést his readers at full decrees of the councils," with what liberty to imagine that the good purity Christians ought to approach Bisbop conceived every individual the holy Eucharist. was permitted to model bis faith and
In a piece entitled, “Quatrieme conduct simply by his own inter- Factum pour les Curés de Paris," pretation of the Holy Scriptures, the joint production, according to sullied the white robe which they have
the celebrated mathematician Bossu, received in baptism from the hand of this of Pascal, Arnauld, and Nicole, the beavenly Spouse, preserve themselves in following passage occurs (Cuvres his charity and love, by preserving this first de Pascal, tom. iii. p. 127). innocence which they have never violated. They are children who, baving always con
“ Our religion has former foundations, tinued faithful in the respect and love wbich
As it is wholly divine, it is on God that it they owe to their Father, want not the help it has received froin him through the channel
rests; it holds no other doctrine iban what of their tears, nor of severe punisiments, of tradition, which is our true rule, which nor of humiliating mortifications, to appease distingnishes us from all the heretics in the kis anger, since they have never irritated world, and which is a guard to us against all him." * Had this been our assertion, we could the errors which may spring up in the
church itselt. Let us be tried by this rule ; have mentioned to the author of the Tour to
and should they wish to show that the Alet, a fact by which he might have tri.
church itsell holds these maxims, let them Duphandy refuted it: viz. that the great
shew that the fathers and the councils liave Arnauld was engaged in a controversy, anno held them, and we siall then be obliged to 1680, with M. Mallet, the object of which was, to prove that the Church never intended recognize them as our own.” to withhold from the people cbe Holy Scrip The inferences, to be deduced Eures.
from the preceding extracts, are so