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EXAMPLES.

Multiply 37 by 23.

2)37

231

Multiply 48 by 24.

48
2

181 111 74

24=1 12= 96

ton ?

869Answer.

132 Ans. 3. Multiply 211 by 504.

Ans. 106551 4. Multiply 2464 by 87.

Ans. 205331 5. Multiply 345 by 191

Ans. 6598 6. Multiply 6497 by 5%.

Ans. 33413} Questions to exercise Multiplication and Division. 1. What will 9 tons of hay come to, at 14 dollars a

Ans. $1365 2. If it takes 320 rods to make a mile, and every rod contain 5) yards; how many yards are there in a mile ?

Ans. 1760. 3. Sold a ship for 11516 dollars, and I owned of her; what was my part of the money ? Ans. $8637.

4. In 276 barrels of raisins, each 3 cwt. how inany hundred weight?

Ans. 966 cwt. 5. In 36 pieces of cloth, each piece containing 241 yards; how many yards in the whole ? Ans. 873 yds. 6. What is the product of 161 multiplied by itself?

Ans. 25921 7. If a man spends 492 dollars a year, what is that per calendar month ?

Ans. $41. 8. A privateer of 65 men took a prize, which being equally divided among them, amounted to 1191. per man; what is the value of the prize?

Ans. £7735. 9. What number multiplied by 9, will make 225 ?

Ans. 25. 10. The quotient of a certain number is 457, and the divisor 8; what is the dividend ?

Ans. 3656. 11. What cost 9 yards of cloth, at 3s. per yard ?

Ans. 278 12. What cost 45 oxen, at 8l. per head ! Ans. £360.

13. What cost 144 lb. of Indigo, at 2 dols. 50 cts or 250 cents per lb.

Ans. $360. 14. Write down four thousand six hundred and seventeen, multiply it by twelve, divide the product by nine, and add 365 to the quotient, then from that sum subtract five thousand five hundred and twenty-one, and the remainder will be just 1000. Try it and see.

COMPOUND ADDITION

Is tne adding of several nụmbers together, having different denominations, but of the same generic kind, as pounds, shillings and pence, &c. Tons, hundreds, quarters, &c.

RULE.*

1. Place the numbers so that those of the same denomination may stand directly under each other.

2. Add the first column or denomination together, as in whole numbers ; then divide the sum by as many

of the same denomination as make one of the next greater, setting down the remainder under the column added, and carry the quotient to the next superior denomination, continuing the same to the last, which add, as in simple addition.

1. STERLING MONEY

Is the money of account in Great Britain, and is reckoned in Pounds, Shillings, Pence and Farthings. See the Pence Tables.

* The rcason of this rule is evident: For, addition of this money, as I in the pence is equal to 4 in the farthings: 1 in the shillings, to 12 in the pence; and 1 in the pounds, to 20 in the shillings; therefore carrying as directed, is the arranging the money, arising from each column, properly in the scale of denominations : and this reashing will hold good in the addition of compound mumbers of any denoinination whatever.

EXAMPLES. What is the sun total of 471. 138. 6d.—191. 28 91d.-141. 10s. 114d. and 121. 9s. 1 d.

Thus

£. S. d. 47 13 6 19 2 9 14 10 11 12 9 13

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L. s. d.

11. Find the amount of the following sums, viz. 421. 13s. 5d.-111. 10s.-41. 178. 8d.—131. 03. 7d.-19s. 4d.---271. and 151. 68.

Ans: £115 7 03

12. Add 3041. 58. and Old.---341. 19s. "7d.---71. 185. 5d..--2471. Os. 11d.---19s. 6d. Iqr. and 451. together.

Ans. £640 3s. 5 d. 13. Find the sum total of 141. 195. 6d.--.111. 45. 9d. 251. 108..-.41. 0s. 6d.-.-31. 58. 8d.--.19s. 6d. and 08. 6d.

Ans. £60 Os. 5d. 14. Find the amount of the following sums, viz. Forty pounds, nine shillings,

£.
Sixty-four pounds and nine pence,
Ninety-five pounds, nineteen shillings; -
Seventeen shillings and 4 d.

s. d.

Ans. £201 6 1]

16. How much is the sum of
Thirty-seven shillings and six pence,
Thirty-nine shillings and 41d.
Forty-four shillings and nine pence,
Twenty-nine shillings and three pence,
Fifty shillings,

Ans. £10 Os. 101d.

16. Bought a quantity of goods for 1251. 10s. paid for truckage, forty-five shillings, for freight, seventy-nine shillings and six pence, for duties, thirty-five shillings and ten pence, and my expenses were fifty-three shil. lings and nine pence; what did the goods stand me in?

Ans. £136 4s. ld. 17. Six men took a prize, and having divided it equally among them, each man shared two hundred and Torty pounds, thirteen shillings and seven pence; how much money did the whole prize amount to?

Ans £1444 19. Od.

16.

Ib.
16
4

21

2. TROY WEIGHT. 03. pwt. gr.

oz. prl. ge 11 19 23 8 11 19 21 4 16

6 10 16 8 8 19 14 7 8 17 21 9 14 17 4 6 8 23

10 7 9 an 14 17 in 11 12 7 9 13:10

dr.

cwt.qr. lb. 2 3

27 1 1 17 4 2 26 6 1 13 3 3

15 6 2 16

3. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT.
16.
OZ.
T. cut. qr.

16.

oz. dr. 24 13 14 91 17 2 24 13 14 17 12 11 19 9 0 17 10 12 26 12 15 14 13 2 04

g 11 16 8 7 47 11 3 19 14

5 24 10 12 69 1 00 00 12 11 12 12 77 19 3 27 15

00

B gr.

3 3 3 gr.

17
9

3 9 1 3 2 6 1 4 0 5 2 6 1

4. APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT.

1b 3 3 3 gr; 10 m 2 19

12 11.6 1 15 6 3 0 12

4 9 0 12 ng 6 1 many

9 10 1 2 16 9 5 2 12

4 8 1 2 19 6 1 0 16

9 001 10 9 2 19

4 9 2 1 6

17

16 12 10

yd. gr. na. 71 3 3 13

2 1 16 1 42 3 3 57 2 2 49 2 2

5. CLOTH MEASURE
E. E. gr. na.

44 3 2
49 4 3
06 2 3
84 4 1
07 0 0
61 2 1

E. F. gr. na.

84 2 1 07 1 3 76 0 2 52 2 3 53 2 2

2 3

09

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