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sheriff's sale. Adjudication. Judgment. Adjunction. The uniting of one
article or material with another by which the lesser becomes a part
of the greater. Adjunctum. An adjunct. Adjustment. The settlement of an
insurance loss. Adjuvari quippe nos, non decipi,
beneficio oportet. We should be aided and not injured by that
which is intended for our benefit. Adlegiare. Purgation by means of
an oath. Admeasurement of dower. A writ
which an heir had against the widow who has received more than she is entitled to. See 1 Pick.
(Mass.) 314. Admeasurement of pasture. A writ
for the proper division of rights of
common. Adminicular. Auxiliary. Administered. Voluntarily and in
tentionally although mistakenly
administered. See 31 L. R. A. 686. Administrare. To administer; to
take charge of. Administration Management; care
and control. Administration ad colligendum. Ad ministration for temporary pres
ervation of an estate. Administration suit. An action by
a creditor to subject a decedent's
estate to the payment of his claim. Administrator. One who by court
appointment administers an es
tate of a decedent. Administrator cum testamento an
nexo. An administrator with the
will annexed. Administrator de bonis non. An
administrator who succeeds to one who has not completed his admin
istration. See 65 Ala. 442. Administrator with the will annexed.
One who administers an estate of a testator who named no executor
or whose named executor cannot or will not act. See 109 Fed. 847,
54 L. R. A. 680, 48 C. C. A. 692. Admiralty. Courts having jurisdic
tion in maritime cases. Admittance. A method of transfer.
fering a copyhold estate. See 2
Bl. Comm. 370. Admittendo in socium. A writ asso
ciating certain persons to justices
of assize. Admixture. The mingling of goods
by accession or confusion. Admonitio trina. A warning which
was given to a prisoner standing
mute. Adnepos. The son of a great-great
grandson. Adneptio. The daughter of a great
great-granddaughter. Adnihilare. To annul. Adoption. A proceeding whereby
one assumes the legal relation of
parent toward a minor. Adpromisor. A surety. Adrectare. To correct; to make
amends. Adrogation. A Roman law adoption
of one who has not reached the
age of puberty. Ads. Ad sectam. Adscripti glebae. Running with the
land. Adscriptitii. Slaves. Adsessores. Special judges appointed
to sit with or for the regular
judges. Adulter. The traducer of a married
woman. Adultera. A female adulterer. Adulterer. One who commits adul
tery. Adulterine. A child born of adul.
terous intercourse. Adulterium. A fine imposed for
adultery. Adultery. Sexual intercourse of a
married man with a woman not his wife, whether married or single. See 18 L. R. A. (N. S.) 580; also
26 Am. Rep. 21. Advancement. Whatever is given
by a parent to a child as a por
tion of the child's inheritance. Advowson appendant. An advowSee 40 Am. St. Rep. 532.
son annexed to the possession of a Advances. Payments made before manor. they are due.
Advowson collative. An advowson Advena. An unnaturalized alien, wherein the patron is the bishop. Advent. The period from the Sun. Advowson donative. An advowson day nearest November 30th until
whereby the patron may give a Christmas.
church or a chapel without presAdventitius. Adventitious; unusual. entation, institution or induction. Adventure. The shipment of goods
Advowson in gross. An advowson an. in charge of an agent to be sold
nexed to the person of the owner by him for the shipper at the best
and not to his manor or lands.
Advowson presentative. An advowprice obtainable; marine insur
son whereby the patron has a ance risk. See 14 Fed. 233.
right of presentation to the bishop Adverse enjoyment. The use of an
or ordinary. easement under claim of right.
has an interest in conflict with the Aedes. A dwelling-house.
intervenor. See 21 Ann. Cas. 1273. not build on his own land what Adverse possession. Open and no may injure another.
torious possession and occupation Aedificatum solo, solo cedit. A of real property under an evident building goes with the land on claim or color of right. See 35 which it stands. L. R. A. (N. S.) 755, note.
Aedificia solo cedunt. Buildings Advisory opinion. An opinion of a pass with the land.
higher court upon a point before a Aedile. A Roman officer who sulower one.
perintended the care of public Advocate. A barrister; one who buildings, streets, weights and may plead causes in a court.
measures, funerals, games and the Advocati. In Roman law, patrons, prices of provisions. pleaders.
Aedilitum edictum. A Roman law Advocatio. An advowson.
which provided the purchaser a Advocation. A Scotch method of remedy for the unsoundness of a appeal.
slave or animal sold with knowl. Advocatus est, ad quem pertinet edge of the defect.
jus advocationis alicujus ecclesiae, Ael. A grandfather. ut ad ecclesiam, nomine proprio, Aequior est dispositio legis quam non alieno, possit praesentare. A hominis. The law's disposition of patron is one who has the right of a matter is more just than that of presentation to a church and who a man. can present to the church in his Aequitas. Equity.
own name and not that of another. Aequitas agit in personam. Equity Advocatus fisci. A fiscal advocate. acts against the person. See 59 Advowee. The holder of an advow. L. R. A. 907. son.
Aequitas casibus medetur. Equity Advowson. A right of presentation relieves against accidents.
to a church or benefice. See 2 Bl. Aequitas curiae cancellariae, quasi Comm. 21.
filia conscientiae, obtemperat se11
cundum regulas curiae Equity as makes some exception from a the daughter of conscience com- broad legal principle. plies with rules of court.
Aequitas ignorantiae opitulatur, osciAequitas defectus supplet. Equity tantiae non item. Equity assists supplies defects,
ignorance, but not carelessness. Aequitas erroribus medetur. Equity
Aequitas in eum
qui vult summo corrects errors.
jure agere summum jus intendit. Aequitas est aequalitas. Equity is
Equity gives the power of the law equality.
to him who wishes to observe it. Aequitas est correctio legis generaliter latae, qua parte deficit.
Aequitas in paribus causis paria Equity corrects a law which is too
jura. Equity requires like laws broad in that particular in which
for like cases. it is defective. See 5 L. R. A. Aequitas jurisdictiones non con340.
fundit. Equity does not confuse A equitas est correctio. quaedam legi jurisdiction.
adhibita, quia ab ea abest aliquid Aequitas liberationi et seizinae propter generalem sine exceptione favet. Equity favors livery and comprehensionem. Equity is a seisin. certain correction applied to the Aequitas naturam rei non mutat. law, because on account of the Equity does not change the nature law's general comprehension, with of a thing. out any exception, something is Aequitas neminem juvat cum injuria lacking.
alterius. Equity aids no man to Aequitas est perfecta quaedam ratio the injury of another.
quae jus scriptum interpretatur et Aequitas non facit jus, sed juri emendat; nulla scriptura compre auxiliatur. Equity does not make hensa, sed solum in vera ratione the law but assists the law. consistens. Equity is a certain Aequitas non medetur defectu eorum perfect reasoning, which inter quae jure positivo requisita alium. prets and amends the written law Equity does not cure defects in not embraced in any writing but positive requirements of the law.
consisting simply in true reason. Aequitas non sinit eum qui jus verum Aequitas est quasi aequalitas. Equity
tenuit, extremum jus persequi. is a sort of equality.
Equity does not suffer him who Aequitas est verborum legis suffi holds a true right to prosecute it
ciens directo, quae una res sollum to extremes. modo, cavetur werbis, ut omnis Aequitas non sinit ut eandem rem alia in aequali genere, iisdem ca duplici via simul quis persequatur. vetur verbis. Equity is the plain Equity does not permit one to get interpretation of words of law in double satisfaction for the same such manner as that where one grievance. thing only is guarded against by Aequitas non supplet ea quae in the words, all other things of the manu orantis esse possunt. Equity same kind are also guarded against does not supply those things which by these words.
may be in the hands of the petiAequitas est virtus voluntatis, cor tioner.
rectrix ejus in quo lex propter uni Aequitas non vaga atque incert est, versalitatem deficit. Equity is the sed terminos habet atque limites virtue of the will, the corrector of praefinitas. Equity is not vague that in which the law on account and certain but has fixed boundof its universality is deficient.
aries and limits. Aequitas ex lege generaliter lata ali- Aequitas nunquam contravenit legis. quid excipit. Equity generally Equity never contravenes the law.
Aequitas nunquam liti ancillatur ubi Affeeror. One appointed to tax an
remedium potest dare. Equity amercement. See 4 Bl. Comm.
Affer. Cattle; horses.
tionibus favet. Equity favors the Afferer. To appraise.
Affiant. The maker of an affidavit Aequitas rem ipsam intuetur de or deposition.
forma et circumstantiis minus Affidare. To swear. anxia. Equity regards form and Afidatio. A pledge of fealty. circumstance as of less conse Afidatus. An ally under the feudal quence than the subject matter system. itself.
Affidavit. A signed statement sworn Aequitas sequitur legem. Equity to before an authorized officer. follows the law.
See 50 Am. St. Rep. 162. Aequitas supervacua odit. Equity Affidavit of defense. See Affidavit dislikes superfluity.
of Merits. Aequitas uxoribus, liberis, creditori- Affidavit of merits An affidavit
bus maxime favet. Equity favors stating that the defendant has
wives, children and creditors most. stated his case and all of the facts Aequitas vult omnibus modis, ad veri of his case to his attorney and is
tatem pervenire. Equity wishes by him informed and verily be
by all means to arrive at truth. lieves that he has a good defense Aequitas vult spoliatos, vel deceptos, to the merits of the action. See
vel lapsos ante omnia restituti. 20 Pa. 387, 59 Am. Dec. 728. Equity wishes the despoiled, the Affidavit to hold to bail. An affideceived and the ruined before all davit prerequisite to a civil arrest. things to have restitution.
Affilare. To file. Aequivocum. Doubtful meaning. Affiliation. Ascertainment of paAequumet bonum, est lex legum. ternity of a bastard child.
That which is just and good is Affines. Relatives by marriage. the law of laws.
Afinis. Relative by marriage. Aequus. Equal; just.
Affinis mei affinis non est mihi affinis. Aererer. To plough.
A relative of my relative by marAes. Money.
riage is not my relative. Aes alienum. A debt.
Affinitas. Related by marriage. Aes suum. His own money.
Affinity. Tie between a husband Aestimatio capitis. Value of the and the blood relations of the
head; the fine for committing a wife, and between a wife and the murder.
blood relations of the husband but Aestimatio praeteriti delicti ex post not between the blood relations of
remo facto nunquam crescit. The either and those of the other. See gravity of a crime is never en 6 L. R. A. 713; also 79 Am. St. hanced by subsequent occurrences. Rep. 195. Affaire. To do; to make.
Affirm. To confirm a former judg. Affectio tua nomen imponit operi m ent or order of court. See, also,
tuo. Your disposition gives char Affirmation. acter to your work.
Affirmance. Confirmation of a judgAffectus punitur, licet non sequatur ment or order of court, as on an effectus. The attempt is punish
appeal. able although the result does not Affirmance-Day-General. A day apfollow.
pointed for the general affirmance Affeer. To appraise; to assess.
or reversal of judgments in the Affeere. Same as Afeer.
court of exchequer. 13
Affirmant. One who affirms in lieu
of swearing. Affirmanti, non neganti, incumbit
probatis. The burden of proof is upon the party affirming, not on
him who denies. Affirmantis est probatio. The burden
of proof is upon him who asserts. Affirmare. To affirm; to assert. Affirmation. A statement having
the same effect and consequences as an oath, but not sworn to. See
16 Pick. (Mass.) 153. Affirmative. That which states as
a fact, affirmatively. Affirmative pregnant. An affirm
ative allegation implying a negative in favor of the adverse party.
See 134 Ind. 46, 32 N. E. 780. Affixus. Affixed; annexed. Afforare. To appraise; to assess; to
estimate. Afforce the assize. To compel jurors
to agree by starving them or by
adding jurors until twelve agreed. Afforciare. To increase or strengthen. Afforest. To make into a forest. Afforestare. To afforest. Affra. See affer. Affranchise. To set free. Affray. A public fight. Affrectamentum. Affreightment. Affreightment. A contract for the
hiring of a vessel. Affri. See Affer. Aforethought. Premeditated. After. In connection with time, the
word may have an inclusive or ex clusive meaning, according to subject matter, context and purpose. See Ann. Cas. 1912A, 796; also 49
L. R. A. 200. Aftermath. A crop subsequent to
the first; the right to such a crop. Age. See Full age. Age of consent. The age below
which the law presumes a girl in capable of consenting to the sexual
act. See 115 Cal. 132, 46 Pac. 915. Age prayer. A request of an infant
party to a real action for a stay of proceedings until his majority.
Aged. More than fifty years old.
See 65 Am. St. Rep. 306; also 39
L. R. A. 710. Agency. The relation existing be
tween a principal and his agent.
See 46 L. R. A. 334. Agens. A manager; a plaintiff. Agent. One who is authorized to
bind his principal contractually or by representations. See 3 Am. St. Rep. 693; also Ann. Cas. 1913B, 84,
and 2 L. R. A. 808, note. Agent and patient. One who does a
thing and who suffers it to be done
to him. Agent by estoppel. One whose au
thority to bind a principal, the latter is by his conduct estopped to deny. See 12 Wall. (U. S.)
681, 20 L. Ed. 436. Agentes et consentientes pari poena
plectentur. Those doing and those consenting are liable to the same
punishment. Ager. A field. Agger. A dam; a dike; a bank. Aggravation. That which enhances
the gravity of a criminal or tortious act; allegations in a declaration which tend to enhance
damages. See 19 Vt. 107. Aggregatio mentium. A meeting of
the minds of parties contracting.
See 95 N. Y. 428, 47 Am. Rep. 64. Aggrieved. Subjected to loss or in
jury. See 25 L. R. A. (N. S.) 155,
note; also 62 L. R. A. 700. Agillarius. A cowherd. Agistamentum. Agistment. Agister. The bailee of cattle pas
tured on his land. Agistment. The pasturing of the
cattle of another on one's land. Agnati. Romans who traced their
name and lineage through the male line to a common deceased
ancestor. Agnatio. Agnation. Agnation. Relationship through
males. Agnomen. A popular appellation
often appended to one's true name. Agrarian. Pertaining to land.