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Angild. The legal estimated value

of a man or a chattel. Angleterre. England. Angliae jura in omnia casu libertati

dant favorem. In every case English laws are favorable to

liberty. Anglice. English. Anguish. Extreme mental or phy

sical pain. Anient. Void. Anientisemont. Waste. Animal. Any animate thing not human endowed with power of vol.

untary motion.—Bouv. Animalia fera, si facta sint mansu

eta et ex consuetudine eunt et redeunt volant et revolant, ut cervi, cygni, etc., eo usque nostra sunt. et ita intelliguntur quandiu habuerunt animum revertendi. Wild animals, if they are tamed and are accustomed to go forth and to return, to fly out and fly back, such as deer, swans, etc., we understand to be ours as long as they have the intention to return.

See 7 Coke, 16. Animo. With intent. Animo cancellandi. With intent to

repudiate or cancel. Animo custodiendi. With intent to

take care of. Animo defamandi. With intent to

defame. Animo differendi. With intent to

delay. Animo donandi. With the intention

of making a gift. Animo et corpore. With intent and

act. Animo felonico. With felonious in.

tent. Animo furandi With intent to steal. Animo lucrandi. With the intent to

profit. Animo manendi. With intent to re:

main. Animo morandi. With intent to

delay. Animo possidendi. With intent to

possess. Animo recipiendi. With intent to


Animo remanendi. With intent to

stay away. Animo republicandi. With the in.

tention of republishing. Animo revertendi. With a disposi

tion to come back. Animo testandi. With the intention

of making a will. See 28 Am. St.

Rep. 495 Animus. Mind; intent. Animus ad se omne jus dicit.

Every law is addressed to the spirit

of the thing. Animus hominis est anima scripti

The intention of a man is the

spirit of his writing. Ann. The amount of a minister's

stipend due his heir upon his

death; year. Ann. Cas. American Annotated

Cases. Annals. The Year-books. Annates. The first year's profits

paid to the pope by the holder of

a benefice. Anne. Queen of England from 1702

to 1714; year. Annexation. The affixing of chattels

to land in such manner that they become in law a part of it. See

14 Cal. 64. Anni et Tempora. An old name for

the Year-books. Anni nubiles. Marriageable age of

a girl. Anniculus. A one year old child. Anniculus trecentesimo sexagesimo

quinto die dicitur, incipiente plane non exacto die, quia annum civiliter non ad momenta temporum sed ad dies numeramur. A child is said to be a year old on the 365th day, after the beginning of the day, not at the end of it, because we reckon the civil year not

by moments, but by days. Anniented. Abrogated; set at

naught. Anno Domini. In the year of our

Lord; since the birth of Christ. Annona. Yearly contributions of

food for one's support.. Annonae civiles. Annual rents paid

to monasteries.




Annoyance. A nuisance.
Annua nec deditem judex non sepa-

rat ipse. A judge himself does pot sever either a debt or an an.

nuity. Annuities of tiends. Annuities of

titles. Annuity. A personal obligation to

make a certain annual payment. · See 24 N. J. Eq. 358. Annuity tax. An annual tax levied

in Scotland for the support of

ministers of the gospel. Annul. To nullify; to set at naught;

to make void. See 22 Mo. 24. Annulus et baculus. The ring and

the staff, symbols used in the in

vestiture of a bishop. Annus. A year. Annus deliberandi. The year which

the Scotch law gives the heir to determine whether he will take an

inheritance. Annus est mora motus quo suum

planeta pervolat circulum. A year is the time of motion in which

a planet revolves in its orbit. Annus et dies. A year and a day. Annus inceptus pro completo habetur.

The beginning of a year is consid

ered to be the completion of it. Annus luctus. The year of mourn

ing immediately succeeding a husband's death and during which his widow could not remarry. See 1

Bl. Comm. 456. Annuus reditus. An annuity; an

annual rent. Annus utilis. A year of advantage. Anoyer. To annoy. Answer. A pleading by way of de

fense raising an issue of fact. Antapocha. A signed acknowledg.

ment of a debt by which the

debtor is bound. Ante. Before. Ante exhibitionem billae. Before

suit is filed. Ante factum. A former act. Ante gestum. A former act. Ante litem motam. Before the filing

of the suit. Ante occasum solis. Before sunset.

Ante omnia. Before all other

things. Ante-date. , To date back. Ante-nuptial. Before marriage. Ante-nuptial contract. One made

before marriage. Antecessor. An ancestor. Antejuramentum. An oath required

of the plaintiff that he would prosecute and of the defendant that he

was innocent. Antenati. Those born prior to a

great political event; those born here before the Declaration of

Independence. Antichrisis. A Roman pledge under

which the lender took the use of

the property in lieu of interest. Anticipation. The premature doing

of an act. Antigraph. A copy. Antigraphus. A Roman officer who

supervised the control of public moneys. Antinomia. A real or apparent con

tradiction in a law. Antiqua custuma. Certain statutory

duties on wool and leather. Antiqua Statuta. English statutes

from 1189 to 1327. Antiquare. To preserve the old law,

a Roman law term. Antiquum dominicum. Ancient de

mesne. Antithetarius. One seeking to es

cape punishment for a crime by

charging his accuser therewith. Antrustio. A confidential vassal. Apartment. A part of a house oc

cupied by one person while the rest is occupied by another or others.

See 10 Pick. (Mass.) 293. Apatisatio. A contract. Aperta brevia. Unsealed writs. Apertum factum. An overt act. Apertus. Open. Apex juris. A subtlety of the law. Aphasia. A mental affliction where

by one loses comprehension of the sense of words and of familiar

objects. Apices juris non sunt jus. The ex

tremes of the law are not the law. See 6 L. R. A. (N. S.) 494.




Apices litigandi. Extremes of the Appearance day. The day on which law.

or before which one must appear. Apiscimur possessionem animo et cor See 26 S. W. (Tex.) 282.

pore, neque per se animo aut per Appearned heir. See Apparent Heir. se corpore. We obtain possession

Appellant. One who files an appeal; of a thing with both the mind

the complaining party in an apand the body, not with the mind

peal of felony. alone nor with the body alone. Apocae. A receipt for payment.

Appellate. Pertaining to appeals. Apochae oneratoriae. Bills of lad. Appellate jurisdiction. Jurisdiction ing.

to hear and determine an appeal Apocrisarius. A messenger; an am from a lower court. See 65 Mo. bassador.

App. 543.
Apostata capiendo. A writ under Appellatio. An appeal.
which an apostate was seized by

Appellee. One
Annallee One

against whom a the sheriff and brought before the

cause is appealed; the defendant abbott.

in an appeal of felony. Apostles. Letters granted to an appellant in admiralty stating that

Appello. I appeal; the Roman law the record will be transmitted.

form of making an appeal. . Apostoli. See Apostles.

Appellor. One who prosecutes an Apothecary. One who makes a busi

appeal; one who accuses his conness of compounding and selling

federates in crime. drugs. See 72 Ky. 569.

Appellour. An appealing party. Apparator. A process server of the Appendant. Affixed or belonging to ecclesiastical courts.

something more important. Apparent heir. One who will inherit Appenditia. Appurtenances. if he survive the ancestor.

Appensura. Payment in money by Apparent maturity. The time when weight.

a negotiable paper on its face ap- Appertinances. An old form of appears to be due.

purtenances. Apparere. To appear.

Appliances of transportation. RoadApparitio. An appearance.

bed, tracks, cars, engines, and all Apparitor. See Apparator.

other machinery and equipment Apparura. Furniture; implements. furnished by the carrier and used Appeal. The transfer of a cause to in connection with the conduct and

a higher court for review or for a management of its business, but new trial, used also to denote not including property of passen“Appeal of felony."

ger brought by him into a car. Appeal of felony. An old English See Ann. Cas. 1913B, 811.

proceeding in the nature of a pri- Applicare. To fasten, to moor a vate prosecution wherein a relative ship. of the injured or deceased person Applicatio est vita regulae. The apwas usually the plaintiff or appel plication is the life of a rule. lant.

Application. A petition or request. Appear. Under statute requiring Application of payments. The credit

firm name to appear conspicuously by the creditor of payments made on place of business, word means on account of a particular indebtobvious and manifest. See Ann. edness or part thereof. See 94 Cas. 1913B, 913.

N. Y. 467. Appearance. A notification that a Appointee. One who has been ap

party to an action or his attor- pointed to an office or trust. ney for him is before the court.. Appointment. The selection of a See 83 Ky. 529.

person to some office or trust. 22




Appointor. The person appointed by Approvement. Confessing a capital

a donor under the Statute of Uses offense after indictment and beto execute a power.

fore pleading and accusing anApportionment. Partition into other of it. See 26 III. 344. shares.

Approver. One indicted for a capiApportum. The revenue derived

tal offense who confessed before from a right such as a corody or plea and accused another person a pension.

of it. See 26 Ill. 173. Apposal of sheriffs. The charging



Appruare. See Approbare. them with money received on ac

Appulsus. A driving toward. count of the exchequer. Apposer. An officer who supervised Appurtenances. Things which are

the accounts rendered to the ex appurtenant. See 64 Am. St. Rep. chequer by the sheriffs.

107. Appraise. To value.

Appurtenant. Belonging to; inciAppraiser. An officer appointed by dent to; accessory to.

a court to appraise property. See Aprés. After. 19 R. I. 499; 34 Atl. 1112.

Après midi. Afternoon. Appreciare. To appraise.

Aprés que. After that. Apprehension. Arrest.

Apt. Fit; suitable; proper. Apprentice. One bound by contract Apta viro. A girl of marriageable

to the service of another and who age. receives instruction in a trade Apud. With; at the house of; at; therefor. See 3 N. J. L. 422.

among. Apprentice en la ley. Barristers. Apud acta. Among the recorded Apprenticii ad legem. Barristers.

acts. Apprenticius ad legem. A law stu- Aqua. Water. dent.

Aqua aestiva. Water used only in Approach. The right to visiting a summer.

ship to ascertain her nationality. Aqua cedit solo. The water goes See, also, 32 L. R. A. 588.

with the land. See 30 L. R. A. Approbare. To approve.

820. Approbate and reprobate. To ac- Aqua currens. Running water.

cept one part and reject another. Aqua currit debet currere ut curAppropriated. Under constitutional rere solebat ex jure naturae.

provision, water held not appro- Water runs and should run as it priated until applied to beneficial is wont to run by natural right. use. See 4 L. R. A. 767.

See 30 L. R. A. 820. Appropriation. The annexation of Aqua ductus. The right to run

a benefice to the use of a church water through the land of another. corporation.

Aqua dulcis. Fresh water. Appropriation of payments. See Aqua fontanea. Spring water. Application of payments.

Aqua frisca. Fresh water. Approval. By a committee means Aqua profluens. Flowing water.

exercise of discretion by com- Aqua quotidiana. Water available mittee as a whole and cannot be at all times. affected by delegation. Sce Ann. Aqua salsa. Salt water. Cas. 1912B, 495.

Aquae haustus. The right to draw Approve. To cultivate; to reclaim water from the land of another. waste land.

Aquae immittendae. The easement Approved indorsed notes. Notes in- of dripping water.

dorsed by one other than the Aquage. Toll charged for carrying maker by way of added security. water. See 20 Wend, (N. Y.) 431.

Aquagium. A waterway. 23




Aquatic rights. Rights of fishing Archaionomia. A compilation of

and navigation and in the soil Saxon law published about 1600. under the sea and rivers.

Archbishop. The head of the eccleArabant. They ploughed.

siastical power in his province. Aralia. Arable land.

Archdeacon. An ecclesiastical officer Arare. To plough.

subordinate to a bishop. Aratia. See Aralia.

Archdeacon's court. An English ecAratrum terrae. Land ploughable

clesiastical court with jurisdiction with one plough.

in probate, administration and Arbiter. An arbitrator; formerly

ecclesiastical matters within the one who was governed by law and

archdeaconry. See 3 Bl. Comm. 64. equity in his decisions rather than

Archery. A feudal service of mainby his own judgment.

taining a bow for the defense of

the castle. Arbitration and award. A plea

Arches court. An ecclesiastical court raising the defense that the mat

of appeal and of original jurisdicter has been settled by an arbi

tion. tration.

Archetype. An original document. Arbitramentum aequum tribuit cui

Archiepiscopus. An archbishop. que suum. A just arbitration ren.

Arcta et salva custodia. In safe cus

Areta ders to each what is his.

tody. Arbitrary. That which is decided Ardour. An incendiary.

by the judge on his own judgment Area. An open space within a house and not under a statute.

or an adjoining inclosure. Arbitration. The submission of a Arenales. Sandy beaches.

cause to an arbitrator. See 42 Arenifodina. In Roman law, a sand

Am. St. Rep. 200.
Arbitration of exchange. Payment Arentare. To rent.

in one country by a bill of ex- Arer et semer. To plough and sow. change drawn upon another.

Aretro. In arrears. Arbitrator. One chosen to decide a Arg. Abbreviation for arguendo.

controversy out of court by mu- Argentarii. Money lenders. tual consent. See 57 Am. St. Rep. Argentarius. A money lender; a 312.

banker. Arbitrium. An arbitration award. Argentarius miles. A porter who Arbitrium est judicium. · An award carried money in the exchequer. is a judgment.

Argentum. Silver. Arbitrium est judicium boni viri, Argentum album. Uncoined silver;

secundum aequum et bonum. An silver coin. award is the judgment of a good Argentum dei. An earnest given to man according to equity and good, bind a bargain. ness.

Arguendo. In argument; by way of Arbor. A tree.

argument. Arbor civilis consanguinitatis. A Argumentative. Inferential. family-tree.

Argumentum. Argument. Arbor dum crescit, lignum dum cres Argumentum a communiter accidenti

cere nescit. It is a tree while bus in jure frequens est. An argugrowing, wood when not growing. ment from common occurrences is See 12 Johns. (N. Y.) 239.

frequent in law. Arbor finalis. A boundary line tree. Argumentum a divisione est fortissiArca. A money chest.

mum in lege. An argument from a Arcana imperii. State secrets.

division of the matter is very Arcarius. A treasurer.

strong in law. 24

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