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ance of a contract. See 16 N. J.

Eq. 256. Bill in chancery. The complaint in

suit in equity. Bill in equity. Same as Bill in

chancery. Bill obligatory. A promissory note

under seal. See 2 Serg. & R.

(Pa.) 114. Bill of adventure. A statement

signed by shipper that the goods are those of another and are

shipped at the latter's risk. Bill of advocation. (Scotch) A

petition praying to the supreme court to transfer to it a cause from

a lower court. Bill of appeal. A writ of appeal;

the complaint in an appeal of

felony. Bill of attainder. A statute attaint

ing a person. See 18 L. Ed.

(U. S.) 366. Bill of certiorari. A bill in equity

for the removal of a suit to a

higher court. Bill of conformity. A bill in equity

by which an executor or administrator seeks the aid of a court of equity in administering an in

volved estate. Bill of costs. A statement of the

items of à party's costs in an ac

tion. See 22 N. H. 217. Bill of credit. Paper issued by au

thority of a state, on the faith of the state, designed to circulate as money. See 9 L. Ed. (U. S.) 709. Bill of debt. An old term including

promissory notes and bonds for the

payment of money. Bill of discovery. A bill in equity

seeking the disclosure of papers or facts within the defendant's possession or knowledge. See 139

Cal. 469, 73 Pac. 145. Bill of entry. A written description

of imported or exported goods filed

with the customs officials. Bill of exceptions. A statement of

a party's objections to rulings of a trial court. See 8 L. Ed. (U.S.) 92.

Bill of exchange. A written order

by the maker to the payee to pay a sum therein named to a third person. See 35 L. R. A. 647; also

16 Am. St. Rep. 718. Bill of gross adventure. (French)

A written contract of bottomry, respondentia, or other maritime

loan, Bill of health. A statement of a

proper official certifying the healthful condition of a ship, its

cargo and crew. Bill of indemnity. A statute reliev

ing officers from the failure to take their official oaths. Bill of indictment. A written ac

cusation of crime presented to a grand jury. See Rice (S. C.), 1,

33 Am. Dec. 90. Bill of information. An informa

tion. Bill of interpleader. A bill in

equity by which the plaintiff, hav, ing no claim against the defendants, seeks to compel them to litigate their claims in respect to property in his hands and thus to relieve himself of responsibility.

1 Cow. (N. Y.) 691. Bill of lading. A receipt issued by

a carrier to the shipper reciting the contract of carriage. See 44 L. Ed. (U. S.) 929; also 37 Am. St.

Rep. 572. Bill of Middlesex. A kind of capias

directing the sheriff to have the defendant in court on a certain day to answer an action of tres

pass. See 8 Leigh (Va.), 479. Bill of mortality. A copy of a publ ic record of deaths in a given

community. Bill of pains and penalties. A statute sentencing one to punishment for some high crime. See 71 U. S.

277, 18 L. Ed. 356. Bill of parcels. An invoice. Bill of particulars. An itemized

statement of accounts or matters set forth generally in a pleading. See 12 Misc. Rep. 457, 34 N. Y. Supp. 255.




Bill of peace. A bill in equity to Bill to marshal assets. A bill in

enjoin a multiplicity of suits. See equity to compel creditors to ex. 10 Ga. 395.

haust the property on which they Bill of privilege. A special form of

have claims before resorting to action against attorneys and other

other assets. court officers exempt from arrest.

Bill to marshal securities. A bill Bill of proof. A third party claim

in equity to compel creditors se

cured by two funds to exhaust one to the subject matter of a suit.

of them before resorting to the Bill of review. A bill in equity to

other. have an equity suit reviewed. See

Bill to perpetuate testimony.
Bill to

A bill 85 Mich. 243, 48 N. W. 505.

in equity to secure and preserve Bill of revivor. A bill in equity to testimony for use in an action not

continue a suit which has been yet pending. See 1 Del. Ch. 133. abated. See 37 U. S. 164, 9 L. Ed. Bill to remove cloud upon title. A 1041.

bill in equity to confirm a valid Bill of revivor and supplement. A title by one in possession against

bill in equity to revive an abated possible claimants. suit and to introduce and plead Bill to suspend a decree. A bill in new matters which could not be equity to set aside or suspend a supplied by amendment. See 5 decree.

Johns. Ch. 334, 9 Am. Dec. 306. Bill to take testimony de bene esse. Bill of rights. A statute declaring A bill in equity to secure the tes

rights and liberties reserved to the timony in a pending action of a people. See 11 Ark. 481.

witness whose testimony cannot Bill of sale. A writing evidencing be taken in court. See 4 Del. Ch.

transfer of title to chattels. See 269. 14 Am. St. Rep. 266.

Bill, true. See True bill. Bill of sight. A lawful custom Billa. A bill.

house entry of goods which with Billa cassetur. That the bill be holds full information from the quashed. importer.

Billa excambii. A bill of exchange. Bill of store. A custom-house license Billa exonerationis. A bill of lad

exempting a ship's stores and sup ing. plies from duty.

Billa vera. A true bill. Bill of sufferance. A license exempt- Billet de change. (French) A con

ing from duty a merchant trading tract to furnish a bill of exchange. between English ports.

Billeta. A bill or petition exhibited Bill payable. Commercial paper in parliament.-Cowell. which one is bound to pay

Bind out. To apprentice. Bill penal. A written promise to Bind over. To hold on bail for trial, pay more than one's debt.

or in default of sureties, to keep Bill quia timet. A bill in equity the peace.

filed by the owner of a future es- Bipartite. In two parts; in duplitate to prevent injury thereto. cate. See 6 Lans. (N. Y.) 356.

Birretum, or birretus. The cap of a Bill receivable. Commercial paper judge or sergeant. which one holds.

Birth. The fact of being wholly Bill, single. A written promise to born, alive. pay a certain sum at a certain

rtain sum at a certain Bis. Twice. time.

Bis dat qui cito dat. He gives twice Bill to carry a decree into execution. who gives quickly.

A bill in equity in aid of the Bis idem exigi bona fides non paexecution of a decree.

titur, et in satisfactionibus, non 41



permittitur amplius fieri quam semel factum est. Good faith does not suffer the same thing to be exacted twice, and in giving satisfaction it is not permitted that more should be done than to

do so once. Bi-scot. A fine for failure to repair

banks, ditches and causeways.

Blount. Bishop. An officer in charge of a

diocese of the Church of England. Bishopric. The jurisdiction of a

bishop. Bishop's court. An ecclesiastical

court held in each diocese of the

English church. Bissextile. The day added to Feb

ruary in leap years. Black acre and white acre. Fic

titious names of parcels of land used in the discussions of lawwriters. Black Act. An English statute

passed in 1722 to suppress bands known as “the blacks." Black acts. Scotch statutes enacted

in the sixteenth century and writ

ten in black letter. Black book of the admiralty. An

old English commentary on admiralty law. Black book of the exchequer. A

book in the English exchequer containing treaties, conventions

and charters. Black game. Heath fowl, as dis

tinguished from red game, as

grouse.-Black. Blackmail. Tribute levied by ma

rauders who operated on the

Scotch border. Black rents. Rent payable in pro

luce. Black rod. An official messenger of

the house of lords. Black ward. A feudal subvassal. Blada. Corn; grain; crops. Blada crescentia. Growing corn,

grain or crops. Bladarius. A corn dealer. Blanc seign. A blank signed by the

principal intended to be filled out as a power of attorney by the

appointee. See 6 Mart. (O. S.)

(La.) 707. Blanch-holding. A Scotch land ten

ure. Blanche firme. Rent payable in

silver. Blancus. Blank. Blank. A space in a document in

tended to be filled to complete the meaning. Blank acceptance. Mere signing his

name across the face of a bill of

exchange by the drawee. Blank bar. Common bar, which see. Blank bonds. (Scotch) Securities

payable to bearer, abolished by

statute. Blank indorsement. One which does

not name an indorsee. Blanket-ballot. A ballot on which

all the names of candidates to be

voted for at the election appear. Blanket-patent. Letters patent in

cluding several devices each of

which would be patentable. Blanket-policy. An insurance policy

covering generally the interest of the insured without describing particular property. See 23 Ls. Ed.

(U. S.) 869. Blasarius. An incendiary. Blasphemy. Contumelious reproaches

of God. See 22 L. R. A. 353. Blees scies. Grain which has been

cut. Blench-holding. Same as Blanch

holding. Blended fund. The proceeds of an

executor's sale of all his testator's realty and personalty under the

will. Blinks. Broken boughs thrown

where deer are likely to pass.

Jacob. Blockade. The closing of a port or

coast by an enemy so as to prevent egress or ingress. See 2 Am.

Dec. 209. Blood. Relationship; kindred. See

5 Ann. Cas. 511; also 29 L. R. A.

544. Blood-brother. A brother by birth. Blood-frenzy. An irresistible im

pulse for bloodshed.




Blood money. The price paid to Bolting. Moot courts held at Inns cause one's death.

of Court. Bloodwit. An amercement for blood. Bon. Good. shed.

Bona. Goods; chattels; property.

Bona confiscata. Property forfeited Bloody hand. A hand stained with

to the crown. See 1 Bl. Comm. deer's blood, evidence of trespass.

299. Blue laws. Strict laws passed in

Bona et catalla. Goods and chatNew England including obsery

tels. ance of the Sabbath and other re

Bona felonum. Goods of felons. ligious matters.

Bona fide. In good faith. Blue sky law. A statute for the Bona fide holder. One receiving the

regulation of investment com instrument in the ordinary course panies.

of business, in good faith, and for Board. To furnish with food; meals; a valuable consideration. See 26

a body having the control or man L. R. A. (N. S.) 849. agement of public or private Bona fide possessor facit fructus affairs.

consumptos suos. A possessor by Board measure. The number of feet good faith makes fruits consumed

of board produced by a log when his own. See 5 L. Ed. (U. S.) 547.

sawed. See 40 Am. St. Rep. 265. Bona fide purchaser. A buyer at a Board of health. A public body in fair price and without notice of

charge of the sanitary and hy. any outstanding claim of title or gienic affairs of a community.

interest. See 82 Am. St. Rep. Board of supervisors. The govern 211; also 31 L. R. A. 612.

ing body of a county, in many Bona fides. Good faith. states.

Bona fides exigit ut quod convenit Board of trade. An association of fiat. Good faith requires that

tradesmen founded to benefit com what has been agreed upon shall mercial interests of a community. be done. Board of works. A public body hav. Bona fides non patitur, ut bis idem ing charge of public works.

exigatur. Good faith does not Boarder. One who contracts for suffer one to exact his price twice meals at an agreed price.

for the same thing. See 4 Johns. Boc. A book; a written instrument. | Ch. (N. Y.) 143. Boc horde. A place where books or Bona forisfacta. Goods forfeited.

written instruments were kept. Bona fugitivorum. Goods of fugi. Boc land. Land held by deed.

tives. Bodily heirs. Heirs of the body. Bona gestura. Good behavior. See Ann. Cas. 1912 A, 540.

Bona gratia. With good grace; Bodmerie, bodemerie, or boddemerey. freely. Bottomry.

Bona immobila. Immovable propBody. Person; a corporation; an erty.

unincorporated association; a Bona memoria. With good memury. board; a code of laws.

Bona mobilia. Movable goods. Body corporate. A corporation. See Bona nota bilia. Goods of a decedent 24 Am. St. Rep. 67.

worth administering upon. Body politic. A municipal corpora Bona patria. (Scotch) A jury of tion. See 24 Am. St. Rep. 67.

countrymen. Boilery. Salt water from a well of Bona peritura. Perishable goods. one not owning the land.

Bona, sed impossibilia non cogit lex. Bois. A wood.

Neither honesty nor law requires Bolhagium, or boldagium. A little the performance of impossibilities. house or cottage.--Blount.

See 23 L. R. A. (N. S.) 1. 43



[blocks in formation]

Bond. An instrument under seal whereby one binds himself to do or not to do a certain act; bail; a surety. See 26 L. Ed. (U. S.)

886. Bond and disposition in security.

(Scotch) A mortgage of realty. Bond tenants. Copyholders or cus.

tomary tenants. Bonda. A boundary. Bondage. Involuntary personal ser

vitude. Bonded debt. Debt secured by bond

issues. Bonded warehouse. One in which

goods subject to duty or internal revenue are stored until with drawn for export or upon payment of the duty or revenue. See 20

L. Ed. (U. S.) 726. Bondsman. A surety. Bones gents. Good men. Boni et legales homines. Good and

lawful men. Boni homines Good mer. Boni judicis est ampliare jurisditi

onem. A good judge should dig. nify his jurisdiction. See 68 L.

R. A. 956. Boni judicis est causas litium diri. mere. A good judge should dis

sipate the causes of litigation. Boni judicis est judicium sine dilatione mandare executioni. A good judge should order the execution of a judgment without delay. Boni judicis est lites dirimere, ne lis

ex lite oritur, et interest reipublicae ut sint fines litium. A good judge should end litigation lest

suit grow out of suit, and it is of interest to the state that litigation should end. Bonis non amovendis. A writ re

straining a judgment debtor from removing his goods pending a writ

of error. Bonitarian (Roman Law) A land

title which was not wholly valid. Bonne. Good. Bono et malo. For good or evil. Bonus. Not a gift or a gratuity, but

a sum paid for services or upon a consideration, in addition to that which would ordinarily be given.

See 21 L. Ed. (U. S.) 319. Bonum defendentis ex integra causa;

malum ex quolibet defectu. A defendant's good comes out of a good cause, his disaster from some de

fect. Bonum necessarium extra terminos

necessitatis non est bonum. That which is good of necessity is not good beyond the limits of neces

sity. Bonus judex secundum aequum et

bonum judicat, et aequitatem stricto juri praefert. A good judge decides according to that which is just and good, and pre

fers equity to strict law. Boodle, Money fraudulently ob

tained in public service. See 34

Am. St. Rep. 318. Book debt. A statutory action based

upon book accounts. Book land. Land held by deed. . Book of acts. Surrogate court rec

ords. Book of adjournal. (Scotch) Rec.

ords of the court of Justiciary. Book of rates. A list of statutory

duties and tariffs. Book of responses. (Scotch) An

account kept by the director of the

exchequer. Boon days. Days appointed for base

services of copy hold tenants. Boot. Same as Bote. Boothage. Duty paid on a market

booth. Booting-corn. Rent paid in corn. Booty Goods captured in war.


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