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ance of a contract. See 16 N. J. Bill of exchange. A written order Eq. 256.

by the maker to the payee to pay Bill in chancery. The complaint in

a sum therein named to a third suit in equity.

person. See 35 L. R. A. 647; also Bill in equity. Same

16 Am. St. Rep. 718.

as Bill in chancery.

Bill of gross adventure. (French)

A written contract of bottomry, Bill obligatory. A promissory note under seal. See 2 Serg. & R.

respondentia, or other maritime (Pa.) 114.

Bill of health. A statement of a Bill of adventure. A statement


official signed by shipper that the goods

certifying the

healthful condition of a ship, its those of another and shipped at the latter's risk.

cargo and crew. Bill of advocation. (Scotch) A

Bill of indemnity. A statute relievpetition praying to the supreme

ing officers from the failure to court to transfer to it a cause from

take their official oaths. a lower court.

Bill of indictment. A written acBill of appeal. A writ of appeal; cusation of crime presented to a

the complaint in an appeal of grand jury. See Rice (S. C.), 1, felony.

33 Am. Dec. 90. Bill of attainder. statute attaint- Bill of information. An informa

ing a person. See 18 L, Ed. tion. (U. S.) 366.

Bill of interpleader. A bill in Bill of certiorari. A bill in equity equity by which the plaintiff, hav,

for the removal of a suit to a ing no claim against the defendhigher court.

ants, seeks to compel them to Bill of conformity. A bill in equity litigate their claims in respect to

by which an executor or nin- property in his hands and thus to istrator seeks the aid of a court relieve himself of responsibility. of equity in administering an in- 1 Cow. (N. Y.) 691. volved estate.

Bill of lading. A receipt issued by Bill of costs. A statement of the a carrier to the shipper reciting

items of à party's costs in an ac- the contract of carriage. See 44 tion. See 22 N. H. 217.

L. Ed. (U. S.) 929; also 37 Am. St. Bill of credit. Paper issued by au- Rep. 572.

thority of a state, on the faith of Bill of Middlesex. A kind of capias the state, designed to circulate as directing the sheriff to have the

money. See 9 L. Ed. (U. S.) 709. defendant in court on a certain Bill of debt. An old term including day to answer an action of trespromissory notes and bonds for the


See 8 Leigh (Va.), 479. payment of money.

Bill of mortality. A copy of a pubBill of discovery. A bill in equity lic record of deaths in a given

seeking the disclosure of papers or community. facts within the defendant's pos- Bill of pains and penalties. A statsession knowledge. See 139 ute sentencing one to punishment Cal. 469, 73 Pac. 145.

for some high crime. See 71 U.S. Bill of entry. A written description 277, 18 L. Ed. 356.

of imported or exported goods filed Bill of parcels. An invoice. with the customs officials.

Bill of particulars. An itemized Bill of exceptions. A statement of statement of accounts or matters

a party's objections to rulings of set forth generally in a pleading. a trial court. See 8 L. Ed. (U. S.) See 12 Misc. Rep. 457, 34 N. Y. 92.

Supp. 255. 40




Bill of peace. A bill in equity to

Bill to marshal assets. A bill in enjoin a multiplicity of suits. See equity to compel creditors to ex10 Ga. 395.

haust the property on which they Bill of privilege. A special form of

have claims before resorting to action against attorneys and other

other assets. court officers exempt from arrest.

Bill to marshal securities. A bill Bill of proof. A third party claim

in equity to compel creditors seto the subject matter of a suit.

cured by two funds to exhaust one

of them before resorting to the Bill of review. A bill in equity to

other. have an equity suit reviewed. See

Bill to perpetuate testimony. A bill 85 Mich. 243, 48 N. W. 505.

in equity to secure and preserve Bill of revivor. A bill in equity to testimony for use in an action not continue a suit which has been

yet pending. See 1 Del. Ch. 133. abated. See 37 U. S. 164, 9 L. Ed. Bill to remove cloud upon title. A 1041.

bill in equity to confirm a valid Bill of revivor and supplement. A title by one in possession against

bill in equity to revive an abated possible claimants. suit and to introduce and plead Bill to suspend a decree. A bill in new matters which could not be equity to set aside or suspend a supplied by amendment. See 5 decree.

Johns. Ch. 334, 9 Am. Dec. 306. Bill to take testimony de bene esse. Bill of rights. A statute declaring A bill in equity to secure the tes

rights and liberties reserved to the timony in a pending action of a people. See 11 Ark. 481.

witness whose testimony cannot Bill of sale. A writing evidencing be taken in court. See 4 Del. Ch.

transfer of title to chattels. See 269. 14 Am. St. Rep. 266.

Bill, true. See True bill. Bill of sight. A lawful custom- Billa. A bill.

house entry of goods which with- Billa cassetur. That the bill be holds full information from the quashed. importer.

Billa excambii. A bill of exchange. Bill of store. A custom-house license Billa exonerationis. A bill of lad

exempting a ship's stores and sup- ing. plies from duty.

Billa vera. A true bill. Bill of sufferance. A license exempt. Billet de change. (French) A con

ing from duty merchant trading tract to furnish a bill of exchange. between English ports.

Billeta. A bill or petition exhibited Bill payable. Commercial

paper in parliament.-Cowell. which one is bound to pay.

Bind out. To apprentice. Bill penal. A written promise to

Bind over. To hold on bail for trial, pay more than one's debt.

or in default of sureties, to keep Bill quia timet. A bill in equity

filed by the owner of a future es- Bipartite. In two parts; in duplitate to prevent injury thereto. cate. See 6 Lans. (N. Y.) 356.

Birretum, or birretus. The cap of a Bill receivable. Commercial paper judge or sergeant. which one holds.

Eirth. The fact of being wholly Bill, single. A written promise to born, alive.

pay a certain sum at a certain Bis. Twice. time.

Bis dat qui cito dat. He gives twice Bill to carry a decree into execution. who gives quickly.

A bill in equity in aid of the Bis idem exigi bona fides non paexecution of a decree,

titur, et in satisfactionibus, non 41

the peace.




permittitur amplius fieri quam appointee. See 6 Mart. (O. S.) semel factum est. Good faith (La.) 707. does not suffer the same thing to Blanch-holding. A Scotch land tenbe exacted twice, and in giving ure. satisfaction it is not permitted Blanche firme. Rent payable in that more should be done than to silver. do so once.

Blancus. Blank. Bi-scot. A fine for failure to repair Blank. A space in a document in

banks, ditches and causeways. — tended to be filled to complete the Blount.

meaning. Bishop An officer in charge of a Blank acceptance. Mere signing his

diocese of the Church of England. name across the face of a bill of Bishopric. The jurisdiction of exchange by the drawee. bishop.

Blank bar. Common bar, which see. Bishop's court. An ecclesiastical Blank bonds. (Scotch) Securities

court held in each diocese of the payable to bearer, abolished by English church.

statute. Bissextile. The day added to Feb- Blank indorsement. One which does ruary in leap years.

not name an indorsee. Black acre and white acre. Fic- Blanket-ballot. A ballot on which

titious names of parcels of land all the names of candidates to be used in the discussions of law- voted for at the election appear. writers.

Blanket-patent. Letters patent inBlack Act. An English statute cluding several devices each of

passed in 1722 to suppress bands which would be patentable. known as "the blacks."

Blanket-policy. An insurance policy Black acts. Scotch statutes enacted covering generally the interest of

in the sixteenth century and writ- the insured without describing ten in black letter.

particular property. See 23 L. Ed. Black book of the admiralty. An (U. S.) 869.

old English commentary on ad- Blasarius. An incendiary. miralty law.

Blasphemy. Contumelious reproaches Black book of the exchequer. A of God. See 22 L. R. A. 353.

book in the English exchequer Blees scies. Grain which has been containing treaties, conventions cut. and charters.

Blench-holding. Same as BlanchBlack game. Heath fowl, as dis- holding tinguished from

as Blended fund. The proceeds of an grouse.-Black.

executor's sale of all his testator's Blackmail. Tribute levied by ma- realty and personalty under the rauders who

operated the will. Scotch border.

Blinks. Broken boughs thrown Black rents. Rent payable in pro

where deer are likely to pass.duce.

Jacob. Black rod. An official messenger of Blockade. The closing of a port or the house of lords.

coast by an enemy so as to preBlack ward. A feudal subvassal. vent egress or ingress. See 2 Am. Biada. Corn; grain; crops.

Dec. 209. Blada crescentia. Growing corn, Blood. Relationship; kindred. See grain or crops.

5 Ann. Cas. 511; also 29 L. R. A. Bladarius. A corn dealer.

544. Blanc seign. A blank signed by the Blood-brother. A brother by birth. principal intended to be filled out Blood-frenzy. An irresistible ima power of attorney by the pulse for bloodshed.


red game,






Blood money. The price paid to Bolting. Moot courts held at Inns cause one's death.

of Court. Bloodwit. An amercement for blood

Bon. Good. shed.

Bona. Goods; chattels; property.

Bona confiscata. Property forfeited Bloody hand. A hand stained with

to the crown. See 1 Bl. Comm. deer's blood, evidence of trespass.

299. Blue laws. Strict laws passed in

Bona et catalla. Goods and chatNew England including observ

tels. ance of the Sabbath and other re

Bona felonum. Goods of felons. ligious matters.

Bona fide. In good faith. Blue sky law. A statute for the Bona fide holder. One receiving the regulation of investment

instrument in the ordinary course panies.

of business, in good faith, and for Board. To furnish with food; meals; a valuable consideration. See 26

a body having the control or man- L. R. A. (N. S.) 849. agement of public or private Bona fide possessor facit fructus affairs.

consumptos suos. A possessor by Board measure. The number of feet good faith makes fruits consumed of board produced by a log when

his own.

See 5 L. Ed. (U. S.) 547. sawed. See 40 Am. St. Rep. 265. Bona fide purchaser. A buyer at a Board of health. A public body in fair price and without notice of

charge of the sanitary and hy- any outstanding claim of title or gienic affairs of a community.

interest. See 82 Am. St. Rep. Board of supervisors. The govern- 211; also 31 L. R. A. 612.

ing body of a county, in many Bona fides. Good faith. states.

Bona fides exigit ut quod convenit Board of trade. An association of fiat. Good faith requires that

tradesmen founded to benefit com- what has been agreed upon shall

mercial interests of a community. be done. Board of works. A public body hav- Bona fides non patitur, ut bis idem ing charge of public works.

exigatur. Good faith does not Boarder. One who contracts for suffer one to exact his price twice meals at an agreed price.

for the same thing. See 4 Johns. Boc. A book; a written instrument. Ch. (N. Y.) 143. Boc horde. A place where books or Bona forisfacta. Goods forfeited.

written instruments were kept. Bona fugitivorum. Goods of fugi. Bcc land. Land held by deed.

tives. Bodily heirs. Heirs of the body. Bona gestura. Good behavior. See Ann. Cas. 1912A, 540.

Bona' gratia. With good grace; Bodmerie, bodemerie, or boddemerey. freely. Bottomry.

Bona immobila. Immovable propBody. Person; a corporation; an erty. unincorporated association;

Bona memoria. With good memory. board; a code of laws.

Bona mobilia. Movable goods. Body corporate. A corporation. See Bona notabilia. Goods of a decedent 24 Am. St. Rep. 67.

worth administering upon. Body politic. A municipal corpora- Bona patria. (Scotch) A jury of tion. See 24 Am. St. Rep. 67.

countrymen. Boilery. Salt water from a well of Bona peritura. Perishable goods. one not owning the land.

Bona, sed impossibilia non cogit lex. Bois. A wood.

Neither honesty nor law requires Bolhagium, or boldagium. A little the performance of impossibilities. house or cottage.—Blount.

See 23 L. R. A. (N. S.) 1. 43




Bona utlagatorum. Goods of out- suit grow out of suit, and it is of laws.

interest to the state that litigaBona vacantia. Unclaimed or aban. tion should end. doned goods.

Bonis non amovendis. A writ reBona waviata. Goods abandoned by straining a judgment debtor from a thief in escaping.

removing his goods pending a writ Bonae fidei. Of good faith.

of error. Bonae fidei emptor. A purchaser in Bonitarian. (Roman Law) A land good faith.

title which was not wholly valid. Bonae fidei possessor in id tantum Bonne. Good.

quod ad se pervenerit tenetur. A Bono et malo. For good or evil. possessor in good faith is bound Bonus. Not a gift or a gratuity, but for only so much as has come to a sum paid for services or upon a him.

consideration, in addition to that Bond. An instrument under seal which would ordinarily be given.

whereby one binds himself to do See 21 L. Ed. (U. S.) 319. or not to do a certain act; bail; a Bonum defendentis ex integra causa; surety. See 26 L. Ed. (U. S.) malum ex quolibet defectu. A de886.

fendant's good comes out of a good Bond and disposition in security. cause, his disaster from some de

(Scotch) A mortgage of realty. fect. Bond tenants. Copyholders or cus- Bonum necessarium extra terminos tomary tenants.

necessitatis non est bonum. That Bonda. A boundary.

which is good of necessity is not Bondage. Involuntary personal ser- good beyond the limits of necesvitude.

sity. Bonded debt. Debt secured by bond Bonus judex secundum aequum et issues.

bonum judicat, et aequitatem Bonded warehouse. One in which stricto juri praefert. A good

goods subject to duty or internal judge decides according to that revenue

stored until with- which is just and good, and predrawn for export or upon payment fers equity to strict law. of the duty or revenue. See 20 Boodle. Money fraudulently obL. Ed. (U. S.) 726.

tained in public service. See 34 Bondsman. A surety.

Am. St. Rep. 318. Bones gents. Good men.

Book debt. A statutory action based Boni et legales homines. Good aud upon book accounts. lawful men.

Book land. Land held by deed. Boni homines Good men.

Book of acts. Surrogate court recBoni judicis est ampliare jurisditi- ords.

onem. A good judge should dig. Book of adjournal. (Scotch) Recnify his jurisdiction. See 68 L. ords of the court of justiciary. R. A. 956.

Book of rates. A list of statutory Boni judicis est causas litium diri- duties and tariffs.

mere, A good judge should dis- Book of responses. (Scotch) An sipate the causes of litigation.

account kept by the director of the Boni judicis est judicium sine dila- exchequer.

tione mandare executioni. A good Boon days. Days appointed for base judge should order the execution services of copyhold tenants. of a judgment without delay.

Boot. Same as Bote. Boni judicis est lites dirimere, ne lis Boothage. Duty paid on a market

ex lite oritur, et interest reipubli- booth. cae ut sint fines litium. A good Booting-corn. Rent paid in corn. judge should end litigation lest Booty. Goods captured in war.



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