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ance of a contract. See 16 N. J.
Eq. 256. Bill in chancery. The complaint in
suit in equity. Bill in equity. Same as Bill in
chancery. Bill obligatory. A promissory note
under seal. See 2 Serg. & R.
(Pa.) 114. Bill of adventure. A statement
signed by shipper that the goods are those of another and are
shipped at the latter's risk. Bill of advocation. (Scotch) A
petition praying to the supreme court to transfer to it a cause from
a lower court. Bill of appeal. A writ of appeal;
the complaint in an appeal of
felony. Bill of attainder. A statute attaint
ing a person. See 18 L. Ed.
(U. S.) 366. Bill of certiorari. A bill in equity
for the removal of a suit to a
higher court. Bill of conformity. A bill in equity
by which an executor or administrator seeks the aid of a court of equity in administering an in
volved estate. Bill of costs. A statement of the
items of à party's costs in an ac
tion. See 22 N. H. 217. Bill of credit. Paper issued by au
thority of a state, on the faith of the state, designed to circulate as money. See 9 L. Ed. (U. S.) 709. Bill of debt. An old term including
promissory notes and bonds for the
payment of money. Bill of discovery. A bill in equity
seeking the disclosure of papers or facts within the defendant's possession or knowledge. See 139
Cal. 469, 73 Pac. 145. Bill of entry. A written description
of imported or exported goods filed
with the customs officials. Bill of exceptions. A statement of
a party's objections to rulings of a trial court. See 8 L. Ed. (U.S.) 92.
Bill of exchange. A written order
by the maker to the payee to pay a sum therein named to a third person. See 35 L. R. A. 647; also
16 Am. St. Rep. 718. Bill of gross adventure. (French)
A written contract of bottomry, respondentia, or other maritime
loan, Bill of health. A statement of a
proper official certifying the healthful condition of a ship, its
cargo and crew. Bill of indemnity. A statute reliev
ing officers from the failure to take their official oaths. Bill of indictment. A written ac
cusation of crime presented to a grand jury. See Rice (S. C.), 1,
33 Am. Dec. 90. Bill of information. An informa
tion. Bill of interpleader. A bill in
equity by which the plaintiff, hav, ing no claim against the defendants, seeks to compel them to litigate their claims in respect to property in his hands and thus to relieve himself of responsibility.
1 Cow. (N. Y.) 691. Bill of lading. A receipt issued by
a carrier to the shipper reciting the contract of carriage. See 44 L. Ed. (U. S.) 929; also 37 Am. St.
Rep. 572. Bill of Middlesex. A kind of capias
directing the sheriff to have the defendant in court on a certain day to answer an action of tres
pass. See 8 Leigh (Va.), 479. Bill of mortality. A copy of a publ ic record of deaths in a given
community. Bill of pains and penalties. A statute sentencing one to punishment for some high crime. See 71 U. S.
277, 18 L. Ed. 356. Bill of parcels. An invoice. Bill of particulars. An itemized
statement of accounts or matters set forth generally in a pleading. See 12 Misc. Rep. 457, 34 N. Y. Supp. 255.
Bill of peace. A bill in equity to Bill to marshal assets. A bill in
enjoin a multiplicity of suits. See equity to compel creditors to ex. 10 Ga. 395.
haust the property on which they Bill of privilege. A special form of
have claims before resorting to action against attorneys and other
other assets. court officers exempt from arrest.
Bill to marshal securities. A bill Bill of proof. A third party claim
in equity to compel creditors se
cured by two funds to exhaust one to the subject matter of a suit.
of them before resorting to the Bill of review. A bill in equity to
other. have an equity suit reviewed. See
Bill to perpetuate testimony.
A bill 85 Mich. 243, 48 N. W. 505.
in equity to secure and preserve Bill of revivor. A bill in equity to testimony for use in an action not
continue a suit which has been yet pending. See 1 Del. Ch. 133. abated. See 37 U. S. 164, 9 L. Ed. Bill to remove cloud upon title. A 1041.
bill in equity to confirm a valid Bill of revivor and supplement. A title by one in possession against
bill in equity to revive an abated possible claimants. suit and to introduce and plead Bill to suspend a decree. A bill in new matters which could not be equity to set aside or suspend a supplied by amendment. See 5 decree.
Johns. Ch. 334, 9 Am. Dec. 306. Bill to take testimony de bene esse. Bill of rights. A statute declaring A bill in equity to secure the tes
rights and liberties reserved to the timony in a pending action of a people. See 11 Ark. 481.
witness whose testimony cannot Bill of sale. A writing evidencing be taken in court. See 4 Del. Ch.
transfer of title to chattels. See 269. 14 Am. St. Rep. 266.
Bill, true. See True bill. Bill of sight. A lawful custom Billa. A bill.
house entry of goods which with Billa cassetur. That the bill be holds full information from the quashed. importer.
Billa excambii. A bill of exchange. Bill of store. A custom-house license Billa exonerationis. A bill of lad
exempting a ship's stores and sup ing. plies from duty.
Billa vera. A true bill. Bill of sufferance. A license exempt- Billet de change. (French) A con
ing from duty a merchant trading tract to furnish a bill of exchange. between English ports.
Billeta. A bill or petition exhibited Bill payable. Commercial paper in parliament.-Cowell. which one is bound to pay
Bind out. To apprentice. Bill penal. A written promise to Bind over. To hold on bail for trial, pay more than one's debt.
or in default of sureties, to keep Bill quia timet. A bill in equity the peace.
filed by the owner of a future es- Bipartite. In two parts; in duplitate to prevent injury thereto. cate. See 6 Lans. (N. Y.) 356.
Birretum, or birretus. The cap of a Bill receivable. Commercial paper judge or sergeant. which one holds.
Birth. The fact of being wholly Bill, single. A written promise to born, alive. pay a certain sum at a certain
rtain sum at a certain Bis. Twice. time.
Bis dat qui cito dat. He gives twice Bill to carry a decree into execution. who gives quickly.
A bill in equity in aid of the Bis idem exigi bona fides non paexecution of a decree.
titur, et in satisfactionibus, non 41
permittitur amplius fieri quam semel factum est. Good faith does not suffer the same thing to be exacted twice, and in giving satisfaction it is not permitted that more should be done than to
do so once. Bi-scot. A fine for failure to repair
banks, ditches and causeways.
Blount. Bishop. An officer in charge of a
diocese of the Church of England. Bishopric. The jurisdiction of a
bishop. Bishop's court. An ecclesiastical
court held in each diocese of the
English church. Bissextile. The day added to Feb
ruary in leap years. Black acre and white acre. Fic
titious names of parcels of land used in the discussions of lawwriters. Black Act. An English statute
passed in 1722 to suppress bands known as “the blacks." Black acts. Scotch statutes enacted
in the sixteenth century and writ
ten in black letter. Black book of the admiralty. An
old English commentary on admiralty law. Black book of the exchequer. A
book in the English exchequer containing treaties, conventions
and charters. Black game. Heath fowl, as dis
tinguished from red game, as
grouse.-Black. Blackmail. Tribute levied by ma
rauders who operated on the
Scotch border. Black rents. Rent payable in pro
luce. Black rod. An official messenger of
the house of lords. Black ward. A feudal subvassal. Blada. Corn; grain; crops. Blada crescentia. Growing corn,
grain or crops. Bladarius. A corn dealer. Blanc seign. A blank signed by the
principal intended to be filled out as a power of attorney by the
appointee. See 6 Mart. (O. S.)
(La.) 707. Blanch-holding. A Scotch land ten
ure. Blanche firme. Rent payable in
silver. Blancus. Blank. Blank. A space in a document in
tended to be filled to complete the meaning. Blank acceptance. Mere signing his
name across the face of a bill of
exchange by the drawee. Blank bar. Common bar, which see. Blank bonds. (Scotch) Securities
payable to bearer, abolished by
statute. Blank indorsement. One which does
not name an indorsee. Blanket-ballot. A ballot on which
all the names of candidates to be
voted for at the election appear. Blanket-patent. Letters patent in
cluding several devices each of
which would be patentable. Blanket-policy. An insurance policy
covering generally the interest of the insured without describing particular property. See 23 Ls. Ed.
(U. S.) 869. Blasarius. An incendiary. Blasphemy. Contumelious reproaches
of God. See 22 L. R. A. 353. Blees scies. Grain which has been
cut. Blench-holding. Same as Blanch
holding. Blended fund. The proceeds of an
executor's sale of all his testator's realty and personalty under the
will. Blinks. Broken boughs thrown
where deer are likely to pass.
Jacob. Blockade. The closing of a port or
coast by an enemy so as to prevent egress or ingress. See 2 Am.
Dec. 209. Blood. Relationship; kindred. See
5 Ann. Cas. 511; also 29 L. R. A.
544. Blood-brother. A brother by birth. Blood-frenzy. An irresistible im
pulse for bloodshed.
Blood money. The price paid to Bolting. Moot courts held at Inns cause one's death.
of Court. Bloodwit. An amercement for blood. Bon. Good. shed.
Bona. Goods; chattels; property.
Bona confiscata. Property forfeited Bloody hand. A hand stained with
to the crown. See 1 Bl. Comm. deer's blood, evidence of trespass.
299. Blue laws. Strict laws passed in
Bona et catalla. Goods and chatNew England including obsery
tels. ance of the Sabbath and other re
Bona felonum. Goods of felons. ligious matters.
Bona fide. In good faith. Blue sky law. A statute for the Bona fide holder. One receiving the
regulation of investment com instrument in the ordinary course panies.
of business, in good faith, and for Board. To furnish with food; meals; a valuable consideration. See 26
a body having the control or man L. R. A. (N. S.) 849. agement of public or private Bona fide possessor facit fructus affairs.
consumptos suos. A possessor by Board measure. The number of feet good faith makes fruits consumed
of board produced by a log when his own. See 5 L. Ed. (U. S.) 547.
sawed. See 40 Am. St. Rep. 265. Bona fide purchaser. A buyer at a Board of health. A public body in fair price and without notice of
charge of the sanitary and hy. any outstanding claim of title or gienic affairs of a community.
interest. See 82 Am. St. Rep. Board of supervisors. The govern 211; also 31 L. R. A. 612.
ing body of a county, in many Bona fides. Good faith. states.
Bona fides exigit ut quod convenit Board of trade. An association of fiat. Good faith requires that
tradesmen founded to benefit com what has been agreed upon shall mercial interests of a community. be done. Board of works. A public body hav. Bona fides non patitur, ut bis idem ing charge of public works.
exigatur. Good faith does not Boarder. One who contracts for suffer one to exact his price twice meals at an agreed price.
for the same thing. See 4 Johns. Boc. A book; a written instrument. | Ch. (N. Y.) 143. Boc horde. A place where books or Bona forisfacta. Goods forfeited.
written instruments were kept. Bona fugitivorum. Goods of fugi. Boc land. Land held by deed.
tives. Bodily heirs. Heirs of the body. Bona gestura. Good behavior. See Ann. Cas. 1912 A, 540.
Bona gratia. With good grace; Bodmerie, bodemerie, or boddemerey. freely. Bottomry.
Bona immobila. Immovable propBody. Person; a corporation; an erty.
unincorporated association; a Bona memoria. With good memury. board; a code of laws.
Bona mobilia. Movable goods. Body corporate. A corporation. See Bona nota bilia. Goods of a decedent 24 Am. St. Rep. 67.
worth administering upon. Body politic. A municipal corpora Bona patria. (Scotch) A jury of tion. See 24 Am. St. Rep. 67.
countrymen. Boilery. Salt water from a well of Bona peritura. Perishable goods. one not owning the land.
Bona, sed impossibilia non cogit lex. Bois. A wood.
Neither honesty nor law requires Bolhagium, or boldagium. A little the performance of impossibilities. house or cottage.--Blount.
See 23 L. R. A. (N. S.) 1. 43
Bond. An instrument under seal whereby one binds himself to do or not to do a certain act; bail; a surety. See 26 L. Ed. (U. S.)
886. Bond and disposition in security.
(Scotch) A mortgage of realty. Bond tenants. Copyholders or cus.
tomary tenants. Bonda. A boundary. Bondage. Involuntary personal ser
vitude. Bonded debt. Debt secured by bond
issues. Bonded warehouse. One in which
goods subject to duty or internal revenue are stored until with drawn for export or upon payment of the duty or revenue. See 20
L. Ed. (U. S.) 726. Bondsman. A surety. Bones gents. Good men. Boni et legales homines. Good and
lawful men. Boni homines Good mer. Boni judicis est ampliare jurisditi
onem. A good judge should dig. nify his jurisdiction. See 68 L.
R. A. 956. Boni judicis est causas litium diri. mere. A good judge should dis
sipate the causes of litigation. Boni judicis est judicium sine dilatione mandare executioni. A good judge should order the execution of a judgment without delay. Boni judicis est lites dirimere, ne lis
ex lite oritur, et interest reipublicae ut sint fines litium. A good judge should end litigation lest
suit grow out of suit, and it is of interest to the state that litigation should end. Bonis non amovendis. A writ re
straining a judgment debtor from removing his goods pending a writ
of error. Bonitarian (Roman Law) A land
title which was not wholly valid. Bonne. Good. Bono et malo. For good or evil. Bonus. Not a gift or a gratuity, but
a sum paid for services or upon a consideration, in addition to that which would ordinarily be given.
See 21 L. Ed. (U. S.) 319. Bonum defendentis ex integra causa;
malum ex quolibet defectu. A defendant's good comes out of a good cause, his disaster from some de
fect. Bonum necessarium extra terminos
necessitatis non est bonum. That which is good of necessity is not good beyond the limits of neces
sity. Bonus judex secundum aequum et
bonum judicat, et aequitatem stricto juri praefert. A good judge decides according to that which is just and good, and pre
fers equity to strict law. Boodle, Money fraudulently ob
tained in public service. See 34
Am. St. Rep. 318. Book debt. A statutory action based
upon book accounts. Book land. Land held by deed. . Book of acts. Surrogate court rec
ords. Book of adjournal. (Scotch) Rec.
ords of the court of Justiciary. Book of rates. A list of statutory
duties and tariffs. Book of responses. (Scotch) An
account kept by the director of the
exchequer. Boon days. Days appointed for base
services of copy hold tenants. Boot. Same as Bote. Boothage. Duty paid on a market
booth. Booting-corn. Rent paid in corn. Booty Goods captured in war.