« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
Bord. (Saxon) A dwelling-house; Bothna. (Scotch) A pasture. a cottage.
Botless. Same as Boteless. Bordage. A feudal tenure by which Bottom. The national registry of a one held a cottage.
vessel. Bordagium. Bordage.
Bottomry. The mortgage of a ship Bordarii. Tenants in bordage.
as security for a loan. See 4 Border warrant. (Scotch) A war. Binn. (Pa.) 244, 5 Am. Dec. 404.
rant for the arrest of a debtor on Bottoms. A slang term used by per
the English side of the border. sons who deal in forged notes to Bord-halfpenny. Duty paid to main denote paper for making them. tain a market stall.
See Rex v. Dade, 1 Mood. 307. Bord-land. Land held by a tenant Bouche. A feudal allowance for in bordage.
supplies during · active military Bordlode. Rent service rendered by service; mouth. bordarii.
Bought and sold notes. Memoranda Bord-service. Bordage.
given by a broker to the respective Borel folk. Laymen as distinguished parties on effecting a sale. from the clergy.
Boulevard. A public driveway reBorg. Same as Borgh.
served for light vehicles. Borgesmon. (Saxon) The name given Bound bailiff. A sheriff's deputy
to the head of each family com bound to him for faithful performposing a tithing.–Black.
ance of his duties. See 1 Bl. Borgh. A suretyship; a pledge.
Comm. 345. Borghbrech. (Saxon) Breach of a Boundary. The making or bounding pledge.
line dividing two parcels of land. Born. Wholly delivered from the See 25 L. R. A. (N. S.) 649.
mother. See 1 Brit. Rul. Cas. 568; Bounded tree. A tree marking the also 11 L. R. A. 825.
corner of a tract of land. Borough. A fortified town; a munici- Bounders. Boundary marks. :
pal corporation. See Ann. Cas. Bounty. An addition to ordinary 1912A, 339.
compensation for an act or serBorough council. The managing vice; a premium. See 46 Am. St. board elected by the voters of the Rep. 221. borough.
Bounty lands. Land donated as a Borough-English. A descent to the bounty. youngest son.
Bounty of Queen Anne. A fund proBorrowe. (Scotch) A pledge.
vided by statute to aid the smaller Borough court. A court of a borough church livings.
held by prescription, charter or Bourg. A fortified town. statute.
Bourgeois. The inhabitant of a bourg. Borough reeve. The governor of a Bourse. A stock exchange. borough.
Bouwerye. (Dutch) A farm. Borough sessions. Sessions of a Bouwmeester, or Bouwmaster. borough court.
(Dutch) A farmer. Borsholder. The head of a borough. Bovata terrae. Land tillable by one Boscage. Tree leaves and bushes as ox. cattle feed.
Bow-bearer. A sort of forest police. Boscaria. Cattle-sheds.
Boxing-match. Generally, a sparring Boscus. Growing wood.
match of a limited number of Bote. Compensation; a fine; satis rounds, as distinguished from a faction.
prize-fight or a fight to a finish. Boteless. Without a remedy.
Boycott. An attempt by persons Botha. A market stall or booth. acting in combination to coerce one Bothagium. Same as Boothage.
to follow a prescribed line of con45
duct by compelling others to shun him in business. See 63 L. R. A.
753; also 90 Am. St. Rep. 451. Boys. A wood. Bozero. (Spanish) An advocate. Brabant. An English coin current
in the 13th century. Brace de la mer. An arm of the sea. Bracelet. A handcuff. Brachium maris. An arm of the sea. Bradlaugh's Case. A case involving
the form of oath required of members of the house of commons.
See 14 L. R. Q. B. D. 667. Branch. A line of descent from a
common ancestor. Brand. To mark with a hot iron;
a mark so made. Branding-helmet. A helmet for
branding on the cheek one who
pleaded benefit of clergy. Branks. A bridle used as a punish
ment for scolds. Brass knuckles. A metal weapon
held in the hand and projecting along the back of it. See 22 Tex.
App. 679, 3 S. W. 477. Brawl. A noisy quarrel. Breach. To break; a break; a viola
tion. Breach of arrestment. (Scotch) The
unlawful delivery of arrested
goods to the debtor. Breach of close. A trespass on land. Breach of contract. The failure to
perform a contractual obligation. Breach of covenant. A failure to
comply with the conditions of a covenant or bond. See 3 Bl. Comm.
156. Breach of pound. Breaking a pound
to take out impounded animals. Breach of prison. A breaking out
of prison. Breach of privilege. An excess or
abuse of the privilege of a legis
lator. Breach of promise of marriage. Vio.
lation of an agreement to marry. Breach of the peace. Any act dis
turbing the peace, quiet or good order of a neighborhood. See 13 L. R. A. 163; also 24 Am. St. Rep. 116.
Breach of trust. The violation of
the duties of his trust by one act
ing as a fiduciary. Break. To separate; to divide; to
violate. Breaking. The removal of any pro
tection against intrusion for the purpose of effecting an unlawful
entry. See 7 Am. Rep. 556. Breaking bulk. The division or
separating of the contents of a package or container. See 1 Pick.
(Mass.) 375. Breaking of arrestment. Same as
Breach of arrestment. Breast of the court. The judgment
or mind of the court. Bredwite. (Saxon) An amercement
or fine. Brehon. (Irish) An hereditary
judge. Brehon law. The old system of
Irish law. Brenagium. Same as Brennage. Brennage. A tenure by furnishing
bran for the lord's hounds. Brephotrophi. (Roman Law) Care
takers of foundling asylums. Brethwalda, or Bretwalda. An An
glo-Saxon king. Bretts and Scots. See Laws of the. Breva. Same as Breve. Breve. A writ; a brief. Breve de recto. A writ of right. Breve innominata. A writ reciting
the cause of action in general
terms. Breve ita dicitur, quia rem de qua
agitur, et intentionem potentis, paucis verbis breviter enarrat. A writ is so called, because it states the controversy and the purpose of the plaintiff briefly in a
few words. Breve judiciale debet sequi suum
originale, et accessorium suum principale. A judicial writ ought to follow its original, and an ac
cessory its principal. Breve judicale non cadit pro de
fectu formae. A judicial writ does not fall by reason of a defect in form.
Breve nominatum. A writ reciting prepared for the court; to prepare
the cause of action with particu a brief. See 43 Ind. 356. larity.
Brief a l'evesque. An ecclesiastical Breve originale. An original writ. writ for the removal of the incum. Breve perquirere. To purchase a bent of a living. writ.
Brief of title. An abstract of title. Breve testatum. A memorandum at Brieve. (Scotch) A writ.
tested by witnesses evidencing a Briga. Strife; contention; litigagrant of land. See 2 Bl. Comm. tion. 307.
Brigbote. (Saxon) Contribution for Brevet (French) Letters patent. bridge repairs. Brevia. Writs, plural of Breve. Bringing money into court. DeBrevia adversaria. Adversary writs positing an amount admitted to be to recover land.
due an adversary into the court's Brevia amicabilia. Writs obtained custody. See 59 Neb. 353, 80 by consent of the other party.
N. W. 1045. Brevia anticipantia. Writs of pre- Bris. Wreck; wreckage. vention.
Bristol bargain. A contract by Brevia de cursu. Writs of course. which A lends B £1,000 on good Brevia formata. Writs of estab security, and it is agreed that lished form.
£500, together with interest, shall Brevia judicialia. Judicial writs. be paid at a time stated, and, as Brevia magistralia. Writs drawn to the other £500, that B, in conby masters in chancery.
sideration thereof, shall pay to A Brevia selecta. Selected writs.
£100 per annum for seven years.Brevia, tam originalia quam judi Wharton.
ciali, patiuntur anglica nomina. Brit. Rul. Cas. British Ruling Cases. Original writs as well as judicial Brocage. Brokerage. writs bear English names.
Brocarius, or brocator. A broker. Breviarium alaricianum. A Roman Brocella. A copse; a thicket.
code adopted about 506 A. D. Broker. An agent employed to buy, Breviate. An abstract or synopsis_ sell or hypothecate, without cusBrevibus et votulus liberandis. A tody or possession. See 23 L. Ed.
writ ordering a sheriff to turn (U. S.) 421; also 34 Am. Dec. 558. over all the paraphernalia of his Brokerage. A broker's compensaoffice to his successor.
tion, Bribe. An offer to give or a giving Brossus. Wounded or bruised.
of something of value as a reward Brothel. A home of prostitutes. for an illegal act; the act of offer Bruarium. A place where heath ing or giving a bribe; the thing so grows. given or offered. See 97 Mich. Brugbote. Same as brigbote. 136, 56 N. W. 361.
Bruillus. A thicket or copse. Bribery. The crime of giving or of Bruise. A bodily injury wherein
fering a bribe. See 57 Am. St. the skin is unbroken; usually no Rep. 847.
more than a temporary contusion. Bribour. A thief; a robber.
See 79 Mich. 7, 44 N. W. 158. Bridewell. A house of correction. Brukbarn. (Swedish) A legitimized Bridge-masters. Officers in charge child conceived in rape. of public bridges.
Brutum fulmen. An empty threat. Bridle. An instrument of punish. Bubble act. A statute to prevent ment for common scolds.
corporate frauds such as the South Brief. An outline of the case of one Sea Bubble. of the parties; a written argument Buckstall. A net to trap deer.
Buggery. A term applied to both Burgess. An inhabitant of a town; bestiality and sodomy. See 10 a borough magistrate; a town Ind. 355, 71 Am. Dec. 331.
representative in parliament. Building. Anything erected by art, Burgh-English. Same as Borough
and fixed upon or in the soil, com English. posed of different pieces connected
Burgh Engloys. Same as Boroughtogether, and designed for per
English. manent use in the position in
Burgh-halfpenny. Same as Bord. which it is so fixed. See 2 Am. St. Rep. 373.
Burghbrech, or Burghbreche. A fine Building lease. A lease of land by
for breach of the peace levied on which the lessee undertakes to
the borough. erect buildings thereon.
· Burghmote. (Saxon) A burg court Bulk. Merchandise in an unmeas held semi-annually and presided ured or uncounted mass.
over by the lord or bishop. Bulletin. A published official report Burglar. One who commits burglary.
of a matter or fact of public in Burglariously. With intent to comterest.
mit burglary. Bullion. Uncoined gold and silver. Burglary. The crime of breaking Bum-bailiff A dun; a bailiff's
and entering a dwelling-house in deputy.
the night-time with intent to com
mit a felony. See 2 Am. St. Rep. Bunda. A boundary.
383. Bundle. The act of a man and a Burgomaster. The chief magistrate
woman sleeping in one bed with of German or Dutch town. out undressing.
Burgwhar. A burgess. Bull. A papal edict.
Burke. To murder by smothering. Bulla. Seals used by the Roman em- Burking, or Burkism. Murder for perors.
the purpose of selling the corpse; Bumboat act. An English statute murder by suffocating.
(1761) aimed at harbor thieves. Burlaw. (Scotch) An old system of Burden of proof. The onus of estab- appointment of judges by neigh
lishing certain facts by the produc bors. tion of evidence. See 33 L. R. A. Burlaw courts. (Scotch) Courts in (N. S.) 1089; also 71 Am. St. Rep. which the Burlaw was admin169.
istered. Bureau. A business office; a govern Burning in the hand. A practice of ment department.
branding to prevent a second Bureaucracy. A government by claiming of benefit of clergy. bureaus or departments.
Burrochium. A dam or fish-trap weir. Burg, or burgh. A borough.
Burr's Case. Aaron Burr's prosecuBurgage. A tenure wherein lands tion for treason against U. S.,
were held of the king or the lord 1807. See 2 L. Ed. (U. S.) 684. for a yearly rent.
Bursary. The treasury of a college. Burgage-holding. (Scotch) A ten- Burse. A bourse; a purse.
ure held under the crown by watch. Bury. A borough; a castle; a manor ing and warding service.
house. Burgator. A burglar.
Bushel. A measure established in Burgbote. Contributions for main England in 1701, containing tenance of town walls.
2,150.42 cu. in., was called the Burgenses. Inhabitants of a bor Winchester Bushel; one estabough.
lished there in 1826 contains 48
2,118,192 cu. in.; here the measure
varies in different states. Burying alive. An old punishment
for sodomy and dealing with Jews. Burying-ground. A cemetery. Business hours. That portion of the
day in which business is ordinarily transacted. See 18 Minn.
133. . Business month. Thirty days, as
distinguished from the calendar
month. Bussa. (Old English) A ship of large
size and clumsy construction.
Spelman. Butlerage. An hereditary crown
duty of two tons of wine from every ship importing twenty tons
or more. See 1 Bl. Comm. 315. Butt. A ridge left in ploughing; an
archery target; a measure of one
hundred and ten gallons. Buttals. End boundary lines. Butted and bounded. Abutting and bounded; bounded.
Butts and bounds. Boundaries. Butty. A coal mining contractor. Buying of titles. Purchasing inter
ests of land claimants who are not
in possession. See 22 Mass. 348. By estimation. An expression used
in conveyancing signifying “more
or less." By God and my country. The formal
answer of a defendant upon arraignment in answer to a question
as to how he will be tried. By the by. A condition existing
when a defendant was in the custody of the court in another ac
By-bidding. False bidding at an
auction in order to raise the price. By-laws. Ordinances of a town or
city; rules made by the stock holders of a corporation for its ad
ministration. See 3 L. R. A. 261. Byrlaw. Same as Burlaw. By-road. A public road off the main