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Cessante causa, cessat effectus. The Cestuy que doit inheriter al pere

cause ceasing, the effect ceases. doit inheriter al fils. He wbo Cessante ratione legis cessat, et ipsa

would have been heir to the father lex. When the reason for a law

is heir to the son. ceases to exist, the law itself Cet. (French) That. ceases. See 141 Cal. 116, 99 Am.

Ceux. (French) Those.
St. Rep. 35, 64 L. R. A. 236, 70
Pac. 663, 74 Pac. 766.

Cf. Abbreviation for confer, comCessante statu primitivo, cessat de

pare. rivativus. The primary state ceas

Chace. A chase. ing, the derivative ceases.

Chacea. A chase. Cessare. To cease; to stop.

Chacea est ad communem legem. A Cessavit per biennium. An old writ chase exists by the common law.

to recover land from a tenant in Chaceable. Animals which might be fee who had ceased to pay rent hunted. or service for two years.

Chafewax. A chancery officer who Cesse. Same as Cess.

attended to the wax used in seal

ing writs. Cesser. A ceasing or stopping.

Chaffer. Goods; wares; merchanCesset executio. An order directing

dise. a stay of execution.

Chain of causation. Such a succesCesset processus. An order direct

sion of events as link an act or ing a stay of proceedings.

legal cause with a result or damCessio. A cession.

age. Cessio bonorum. An assignment for Chain-gang. A number of convicts the benefit of one's creditors.

chained together, usually for labor. Cession. A surrender; a giving up. Chairman. The presiding officer at Cession des biens. (French) An as a meeting of any deliberative signment for the benefit of one's

body. creditors.

Chaldron. A coal measure of 36 Cessionary. An assignee.

bushels. Cessionary bankrupt. An assignor

Challenge. An objection; an excepfor the benefit of his creditors.

tion; to object; to take exception

to. Cessment. An assessment or tax.

Challenge for cause. An objection Cessor. A tenant who by neglect

to a juror for a reason stated, as to pay rent was liable to a writ

distinguished from a peremptory of cessavit.

challenge. See 114 Ga. 421, 40 S. Cessure. Same as Cesser.

E. 308. Cestui, or cestuy. He.

Challenge for favor. Same as ChalCestui que trust. The beneficiary of lenge to the favor. a trust.

Challenge propter affectum. An obCestui que use. He for whose use jection to a juror because of bias. land is held by another.

Challenge propter defectum. An obCestui que vie. He for whose life j ection to a juror because of disan estate is to exist.


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Challenge propter delictum. An ob- Champerty. An agreement between

jection to a juror by reason of the owner of a claim and a volunhis having committed some of; teer, that the latter may take the fense.

claim and collect it at his own ex

pense, dividing the proceeds with Challenge propter honoris respectum.

the owner. See 67 Vt. 233, 48 Am. A challenge to a juror by reason

St. Rep. 233, 31 Atl. 315. of bis position.

Champion. One who enters a comChallenge to the array. An objec

bat or battel for another. See 3 tion to the jury panel as a whole.

Bl. Comm. 339. See 130 N. C. 229, 41 S. E. 293.

Champion of the King or Queen. Challenge to the favor. One grounded

One who announces at a coronaon facts arousing suspicion of par

tion that he will in combat defend tiality. See 109 Ga. 272, 34 S. E.

the title of the newly crowned

sovereign. Challenge to the polls. An objec

Chance. An accident without design. tion to an individual jury. See 8

See 4 B). Comm. 26.
Watts (Pa.), 304.
Chamber of accounts. A French court

Chancellor. A judge of a court of

chancery; in Scotland, the forecorresponding to the English court

man of a jury. of exchequer. Chamber of commerce. A board of

Chancellor of diocese. An assistant

to the bishop in legal affairs and trade.

is delegated by him to hear eccleChamber of deputies. The second siastical causes. house of the English parliament;

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancasthe assembly in France, Italy and

ter. The presiding officer in the Spain.

law and equity courts of LancasChamber-counselor. A lawyer who counsels and advises but does not

Chancellor of the exchequer. The appear in court.

chief financial minister of EngChamberlain. A treasurer.

land. Chamberlaria. The office of a cham- Chancellor, the Lord High. The berlain.-Cowell.

highest judicial officer of the king. Chambers. A judge's private room Chance-medley. A violent but unapart from the courtroom.

premeditated affray; a killing in Chambers of the king. The harbors self-defense upon a sudden, unpreof England.

meditated attack. Champart. (French) A grant on Chancery. Equity; a court of equity.

condition that the grantee will de- Chantry. A church endowed with liver to the grantor a portion of

land for the support of priests the crops.—Bouv.

who prayed and sang for the wel. Champarty. Same as Champerty. fare of the soul of one named in Champertor. One who commits cham the gift. perty.

Chapel. A small church. Champertous. Partaking of or tainted Chapel of ease. A secondary church with champerty.

for the use of parishioners living




at a distance from the principal Charges. Costs and expenses of a one.

litigation. Chapelry. The legal precincts of a Charge-sheet. A police station blotchapel.

ter for the names of and charges Chapitre. A summary of matters

against and accusers of prisoners. to be inquired of by, or presented Charging order. A court order subbefore, justices in eyre, justices of jecting the judgment debtor's assize, or justices of the peace; stock or funds in a public comarticles delivered orally or in writ pany toward satisfaction of the ing by the justice to the inquest. judgment. - Wharton.

Charging part. That part of a bill Chaplain. One officiating in a chapel. in equity which anticipates the Chaplaincy. The office of a chap

defense. lain.

Charitable trust. A trust for the Chapman. An itinerant merchant.

benefit of an indefinite class of

persons, sufficiently designated to Chap-money. Money repaid by a indicate the donor's intention aud seller upon full payment.

constituting some portion or class Chappelage. The vicinity or pre

of the public. See 171 Ill. 462, 63 cinct of a chapel.

Am. St. Rep. 241, 40 L. R. A. 730,

49 N. E. 527. Chapter. A bishop's council. Chap-woman. A female trader.

Charitable trusts acts. Statutes for

the administration of charities. Character. The qualities which con

stitute the individual. See 130 Charitable uses. Same as Charities. Am. St. Rep. (Ill.) 288.

Charitable uses act. An English Charge. A debit entry in an ac statute of 1861 favoring convey

count; an accusation; an encum ances for charitable uses. brance or lien; a court's instruc

Charity. A gift to a general public tion to a jury.

use. See 24 How. (U. S.) 465, 16 Charge and discharge. The com L. Ed. 701. plainant's delivery of his account

Charity child. One reared by a to the master in chancery and the

charity. defendant's filing of his defense thereto.

Charlatan. A cheat or impostor. Charge and specifications. The gen

Charles. Charles I, King of Eng. eral allegation, the defendant's

land 1625-1649. Charles II, King commission of a crime and the de

of England 1660–1685. tailed facts thereof.

Charnel. A charnel-house; a place Charge d'affaires. An inferior diplo

where dead bodies are thrown. mat of a foreign country.

Charta. A charter; a deed. Charge to enter heir. (Scotch) A Charta communis. An indenture. writ summoning an heir to take Charta cyrographata. A deed exepossession on the death of his an cuted in two parts.-Stimson. cestor.

Charta de Foresta. A charter calcuChargeable. Liable to a charge or lated to redress grievances and accusation,

encroachments of the crown in the CHARTA


execution of forest law. See 4 Charue. A plough. Bl. Comm. 423.

Chase. A game preserve other than Charta de non ente non valet. A

a park or a forest; the hunting of deed of a thing not in being is

game. void. Charta partita. A charter-party.

Chastise. To punish corporally. Chartae libertatum. The Magna

Chastity. Sexual righteousness. Charta and the Charta de Foresta. Chattel. An article of personal See 4 Bl. Comm. 423.

property. Chartarum super fidem, mortuis testi- Chattel interest. Any interest in bus, ad patriam de necessitudine,

land of less dignity than a freerecurrendum est. If the wit

hold. nesses are dead, the credibility of deeds must of necessity be re

Chattel mortgage. A mortgage of ferred to the country.

personal property. See 137 Am.

St. Rep. 472, note. Charte partie. (French) A charter

Chattel personal. Tangible perparty. Chartel. A challenge to single com

sonal property.

Chaud-medley. A killing in an afbat.

fray in the heat of passion. See Charter. An instrument or au

4 Bl. Comm. 184. thority from a sovereign power bestowing rights or privileges.

Chauntry. Same as Chantry. See 16 Wall. (U. S.) 244, 21 L. Ed. Cheat. Any deceitful practice, in 326.

cozening another by artful means. Charter of pardons. A charter See 4 Bl. Comm. 156; also escheat,

which see. granting a pardon. Charter of the Forest. See Charta

Check. See Bank check. See, also, de Foresta.

Ann. Cas. (Ky.) 1912A, 327. Charter rolls. Old records of char Check-book. A book of blank bank ters.

checks. Charterer. One who charters a ship; Checker. (Scotch) Exchequer. a freeholder.

Chef. (French) A head or chief. Charter-land. Land held by char. Chemin. (French) A road; a highter.

way. Charter-master. A coal mining con- Cheque. Same as check. tractor.

Cherif. (French) A sheriff. Charter-party. A contract by which Chevage. Same as chiefage. a ship or part of it is let to a mer

Chevantia. A loan of money. chant, to convey goods on a de

Chevisance. An agreement; an un. termined voyage to one or more places. See 22 How. (U. S.) 330,

lawful contract. 16 L. Ed. 249.

Chicane. Trickery; fraud. Chartis reddendis. A writ to se Chief justice. The presiding justice cure the return of deeds.

of the court. Chartophlyax. A keeper of rec- Chief. A head; a principal.

ords or public instruments.-Spel- Chief baron. The chief justice of man.

the exchequer.



Chief justiciar. In Norman times,

the next lower in rank to the king; afterward chief justice of

the king's bench. Chief lord. The highest lord of the

fee in the feudal system. Chief pledge. The borsholder or

chief of the borough.—Spelman. Chief rents. Rent paid by a free

holder in full discharge of all ser

vice. Chiefage. An annual payment by

villeins to their lord; a poll tax. Chiefry. Rent paid to the lord para

mount. Childermas. Holy Innocents Day,

December 28th. Childnit. The customary fine paid

by a bastard's reputed father to

the lord.—Cowell. Chiltern hundreds. Certain hun.

dreds of which the crown may appoint a steward and thus enable a member of parliament to

resign as the appointee. Chimin. Same as Chemin. Chiminage. A toll paid on a forest

road. Chiminus. Private or other road

over which the king, his subjects and those under his protection might pass. Chimney-money. An old English

tax on chimneys. Chippingavel. A toll for buying

and selling. Chirgemote or chirchgemote. An

ecclesiastical court. Chirograph. An indenture; a deed

in two parts which must fit and

correspond. See 2 Bl. Comm. 296. Chirographer of fines. An officer in

the common pleas who engrossed

fines of land. Chirographum. A writing evidenc

ing a debt; a written obligation.

Chirographum apud debitorem reper

tum presumitur solutum. A written obligation found in the hands of the debtor is presumed to have been paid. Chirographum non extans presumi

tur solutum. A written obligation which does not exist is pre

sumed to have been paid. Chirurgeon. A surgeon. Chit. (China, Japan) A promissory

note. Chivalry. Knight service. Chivalry, court of. See Court of

chivalry. Chivalry. tenure by. Tenure by

knight's service. Choke-bail. Nonbailable. Choosing-stick. A divining-rod. Chop. (India, China) A clearance

permit, Chop-church. A priest who ex

changed his benefice for a bonus. Chorepiscopi. Bishops with limited

powers. Chose. A thing; a chattel; a per

sonal right. Chose in action. A right enforce

able by action; a right to sue.

See 76 U. S. 387, 19 L. Ed. 736. Chose in possession. A chattel in

one's possession. Chose local. A chattel which is in

a fixed location. Chose transitory. A movable chat

t el. Chosen freeholders. A board hav

ing charge of the affairs of the

county. Christian. A believer in the teach

ings of Christ. Christian name. One's baptismal

name. Christianitatis curia. Court Chris.


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