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Cessante causa, cessat effectus. The Cestuy que doit inheriter al pere

cause ceasing, the effect ceases. doit inheriter al fils. He wbo Cessante ratione legis cessat, et ipsa

would have been heir to the father

is heir to the son.
lex. When the reason for a law
ceases to exist, the law itself Cet. (French) That.
ceases. See 141 Cal. 116, 99 Am.

Ceux. (French) Those.
St. Rep. 35, 64 L. R. A. 236, 70
Pac. 663, 74 Pac. 766.

Cf. Abbreviation for confer, com.

pare, Cessante statu primitivo, cessat derivativus. The primary state ceas

Chace. A chase. ing, the derivative ceases.

Chacea. A chase. Cessare. To cease; to stop.

Chacea est ad communem legem. A Cessavit per biennium. An old writ

chase exists by the common law. to recover land from a tenant in Chaceable. Animals which might be fee who had ceased to pay rent

hunted. or service for two years.

Chafewax. A chancery officer who Cesse. Same as Cess.

attended to the wax used in seal

ing writs. Cesser. A ceasing or stopping.

Chaffer. Goods; wares;

merchanCesset executio. An order directing dise. a stay of execution.

Chain of causation. Such a succesCesset processus.

An order direct- sion of events as link an act or ing a stay of proceedings.

legal cause with a result or damCessio. A cession.

age. Cessio bonorum. An assignment for Chain-gang. A number of convicts the benefit of one's creditors.

chained together, usually for labor. Cession. A surrender; a giving up. Chairman. The presiding officer at Cession des biens. (French) An as

a meeting of any deliberative signment for the benefit of one's

body. creditors.

Chaldron. A coal

of 36 Cessionary. An assignee.

bushels. Cessionary bankrupt. An assignor

Challenge. An objection; an excepfor the benefit of his creditors.

tion; to object; to take exception

to. Cessment. An assessment or tax.

Challenge for cause. An objection Cessor. A tenant who by neglect

to a juror for a reason stated, as to pay rent was liable to a writ

distinguished from a peremptory of cessavit.

challenge. See 114 Ga. 421, 40 S. Cessure. Same as Cesser.

E. 308. Cestui, or cestuy. He.

Challenge for favor. Same as ChalCestui que trust. The beneficiary of lenge to the favor. a trust.

Challenge propter affectum. An obCestui que use. He for whose use jection to a juror because of bias. land is held by another.

Challenge propter defectum. An obCestui que vie. He for whose life jection to a juror because of disan estate is to exist.





Challenge propter delictum. An ob- Champerty. An agreement between

jection to a juror by reason of the owner of a claim and a volunhis having committed some of, teer, that the latter may take the fense.

claim and collect it at his own exChallenge propter honoris respectum.

pense, dividing the proceeds with

the owner. See 67 Vt. 233, 48 Am. A challenge to a juror by reason

St. Rep. 233, 31 Atl. 315. of bis position.

Champion. One who enters a comChallenge to the array. An objec

bat or battel for another. See 3 tion to the jury panel as a whole.

Bl. Comm. 339. See 130 N. C. 229, 41 S. E. 293.

Champion of the King or Queen. Challenge to the favor. One grounded

One who announces at a coronaon facts arousing suspicion of par

tion that he will in combat defend tiality. See 109 Ga. 272, 34 S. E.

the title of the newly crowned 579.

sovereign. Challenge to the polls. An objec

Chance. An accident without design. tion to an individual jury. See 8

See 4 B). Comm. 26.
Watts (Pa.), 304.
Chamber of accounts. A French court

Chancellor. A judge of a court of corresponding to the English court

chancery; in Scotland, the foreof exchequer.

man of a jury. Chamber of commerce.

Chancellor of diocese. An assistant

A board of trade.

to the bishop in legal affairs and

is delegated by him to hear eccleChamber of deputies. The second siastical causes. house of the English parliament;

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancasthe assembly in France, Italy and

ter. The presiding officer in the Spain.

law and equity courts of LancasChamber-counselor. A lawyer who ter. counsels and advises but does not

Chancellor of the exchequer. The appear in court.

chief financial minister of EngChamberlain. A treasurer.

land. Chamberlaria. The office of a cham

Chancellor, the Lord High. The berlain.-Cowell.

highest judicial officer of the king. Chambers. A judge's private room Chance-medley. A violent but unapart from the courtroom.

premeditated affray; a killing in Chambers of the king. The harbors self-defense upon a sudden, unpreof England.

meditated attack. Champart. (French) A grant on Chancery. Equity; a court of equity. condition that the grantee will de

Chantry. A church endowed with liver to the grantor a portion of land for the support of priests the crops.-Bouv.

who prayed and sang for the welChamparty. Same as Champerty. fare of the soul of one named in Champertor. One who commits cham

the gift. perty.

Chapel. A small church. Champertous. Partaking of or tainted Chapel of ease. A secondary church with champerty.

for the use of parishioners living



at a distance from the principal Charges. Costs and expenses of a one.

litigation. Chapelry. The legal .precincts of a Charge-sheet. A police station blotchapel.

ter for the names of and charges

against and accusers of prisoners. Chapitre. A summary of matters

to be inquired of by, or presented Charging order. A court order subbefore, justices in eyre, justices of jecting the judgment debtor's assize, or justices of the peace; stock or funds in a public comarticles delivered orally or in writ- pany toward satisfaction of the ing by the justice to the inquest. judgment. -Wharton,

Charging part. That part of a bill Chaplain. One officiating in a chapel. in equity which anticipates the

defense. Chaplaincy. The office of a chaplain.

Charitable trust. A trust for the

benefit of an indefinite class of Chapman. An itinerant merchant.

persons, sufficiently designated to Chap-money. Money repaid by a indicate the donor's intention and seller upon full payment.

constituting some portion or class Chappelage. The vicinity or pre

of the public. See 171 Ill. 462, 63 cinct of a chapel.

Am. St. Rep. 241, 40 L. R. A. 730,

49 N. E. 527. Chapter. A bishop's council. Chap-woman. A female trader.

Charitable trusts acts. Statutes for

the administration of charities. Character. The qualities which con

stitute the individual. See 130 Charitable uses. Same as Charities. Am. St. Rep. (I11.) 288.

Charitable uses act. An English Charge. A debit entry in an

statute of 1861 favoring conveycount; an accusation; an encum

ances for charitable uses. brance or lien; a court's instruc

Charity. A gift to a general public tion to a jury.

use. See 24 How. (U. S.) 465, 16 Charge and discharge. The

L. Ed. 701. plainant's delivery of his account

Charity child. One reared by a to the master in chancery and the

charity. defendant's filing of his defense

Charlatan. A cheat or impostor. thereto. Charge and specifications. The gen

Charles. Charles I, King of Eng. eral allegation, the defendant's

land 1625-1649. Charles II, King commission of a crime and the de

of England 1660–1685. tailed facts thereof.

Charnel. A charnel-house; a place

where dead bodies are thrown. Charge d'affaires. An inferior diplomat of a foreign country.

Charta. A charter; a deed. Charge to enter heir. (Scotch) A

Charta communis. An indenture. writ summoning an heir to take Charta cyrographata. A deed exepossession on the death of his an- cuted in two parts.-Stimson. cestor.

Charta de Foresta. A charter calcuChargeable. Liable to a charge or lated to redress grievances and accusation.

encroachments of the crown in the









execution of forest law. See 4 Charue. A plough. Bl. Comm. 423.

Chase. A game preserve other than Charta de non ente non valet. A

a park or a forest; the hunting of deed of a thing not in being is game. void.

Chastise. To punish corporally. Charta partita. A charter-party. Chartae libertatum. The Magna

Chastity. Sexual righteousness. Charta and the Charta de Foresta. Chattel. An article of See 4 Bl. Comm. 423.

property. Chartarum super fidem, mortuis testi

Chattel interest. Any interest in bus, ad patriam de necessitudine,

land of less dignity than a freerecurrendum est.

If the

hold. nesses are dead, the credibility of

Chattel mortgage. A mortgage of deeds must of necessity be referred to the country.

personal property. See 137 Am.

St. Rep. 472, note. Charte partie. (French) A charter

Chattel personal. Tangible perparty.

sonal property. Chartel. A challenge to single com

Chaud-medley. bat.

A killing in an af

fray in the heat of passion. See Charter. An instrument

4 Bl. Comm. 184. thority from a sovereign power bestowing rights privileges.

Chauntry. Same as Chantry. See 16 Wall. (U. S.) 244, 21 L. Ed. Cheat. Any deceitful practice, in 326.

cozening another by artful means. Charter of pardons. A charter

See 4 Bl. Comm. 156; also escheat,

which see. granting a pardon. Charter of the Forest. See Charta

Check. See Bank check. See, also, de Foresta.

Ann. Cas. (Ky.) 1912A, 327. Charter rolls. Old records of char

Check-book. A book of blank bank ters.

checks. Charterer. One who charters a ship;

Checker. (Scotch) Exchequer. a freeholder.

Chef. (French) A head or chief. Charter-land. Land held by char- Chemin. (French) A road; a highter.

way. Charter-master. A coal mining con- Cheque. Same as check. tractor.

Cherif. (French) A sheriff. Charter-party. A contract by which Chevage. Same as chiefage. a ship or part of it is let to a mer

Chevantia. A loan of money. chant, to convey goods on a determined voyage to one

Chevisance. An agreement; an un.

lawful contract. places. See 22 How. (U. S.) 330, 16 L. Ed. 249.

Chicane. Trickery; fraud. Chartis reddendis. A writ to se

Chief justice. The presiding justice cure the return of deeds.

of the court. Chartophlyax. A keeper of

Chief. A head; a principal. ords or public instruments.—Spel- Chief baron. The chief justice of

the exchequer.

or more








Chief justiciar. In Norman times, Chirographum apud debitorem reper

the next lower in rank to the tum presumitur solutum. A writ. king; afterward chief justice of ten obligation found in the hands the king's bench.

of the debtor is presumed to have

been paid. Chief lord. The highest lord of the fee in the feudal system.

Chirographum non extans presumi

tur solutum. A written obligaChief pledge. The borsholder

tion which does not exist is prechief of the borough.-Spelman.

sumed to have been paid. Chief rents. Rent paid by a free

Chirurgeon. A surgeon. holder in full discharge of all service.

Chit. (China, Japan) A promissory Chiefage. An annual payment by

note. villeins to their lord; a poll tax. Chivalry. Knight service. Chiefry. Rent paid to the lord para

Chivalry, court of. See Court of mount.

chivalry. Childermas. Holy Innocents Day,

Chivalry, tenure by. Tenure December 28th.

knight's service. Childnit. The customary fine paid

Choke-bail. Nonbailable. by a bastard's reputed father to

Choosing-stick. A divining-rod. the lord.—Cowell. Chiltern hundreds. Certain hun

Chop. (India, China) A clearance dreds of which the crown may

permit. appoint a steward and thus en- Chop-church. A priest who able a member of parliament to changed his benefice for a bonus. resign as the appointee.

Chorepiscopi. Bishops with limited Chimin. Same as Chemin.

powers. Chiminage. A toll paid on a forest

Chose. A thing; a chattel; a perroad.

sonal right. Chiminus. Private or other road

Chose in action. A right enforceover which the king, his subjects able by action; a right to sue. and those under his protection

See 76 U. S. 387, 19 L. Ed. 736. might pass.

Chose in possession. A chattel in "Chimney-money. An old English one's possession. tax on chimneys.

Chose local. A chattel which is in Chippingavel. A toll for buying

a fixed location. and selling.

Chose transitory. A movable chatChirgemote chirchgemote. An

tel. ecclesiastical court.

Chosen freeholders. A board havChirograph. An indenture; a deed

ing charge of the affairs of the in two parts which must fit and county.

correspond. See 2 Bl. Comm. 296. Christian. A believer in the teachChirographer of fines. An officer in ings of Christ.

the common pleas who engrossed Christian name, One's baptismal

fines of land. Chirographum. A writing evidenc- Christianitatis curia. Court Chris ing a debt; a written obligation. tian.



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