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Concurrent promises. Those where A beneficial condition which cre
the acts to be performed are ates an estate, ought to be intersimultaneous. See 16 Pet. (U. S.) preted favorably, according to the 169, 10 L. Ed. 925.
intent of the language; but an Concurrent resolution. One adopted
odious condition which destroys
an estate, should be construed by both houses of Congress and
strictly according to the letter. not requiring the President's signature.
Conditio dicitur, cum quid in casum sentences.
qui potest tendere ad
esse aut non esse, confertur. It running concurrently, not seriatim.
is called a condition when someConcurrent writs. Writs issued for thing is given on an uncertain the same purpose to be used in
event which may or may not different places or in respect to happen. different persons.
Conditio illicita habetur pro non adConcurso. (Civil Law) A proceeding
jicta. An unlawful condition is resembling interpleader. See 52
held not to be binding. La. Ann. 2070, 28 South. 217.
Conditio praecedens adimpleri debet Concursus. Same as Concurso.
priusquam, sequatur effectus. A Concuss. To exercise threats or
condition precedent is to be fulduress.
filled before the effect can follow. Concussio. Extortion.
Conditio sine qua non. An indisConcussion. Extortion; compulsion pensable condition.
by threats and without force. Condition. A restriction; a circumCondemn. To adjudge guilty; to stance as distinguished from a
pass sentence upon; to adjudge cause. See 29 Fla. 590, 10 South. unfit for use; to take private prop 590. erty for public use.
Condition inherent. A condition not Condemnation. Passing sentence newly imposed but previously ex
upon one convicted; to adjudge as isting. unfit for use, as a ship or a build Condition meritorious. Where the ing; the taking of private prop event upon which the obligation erty for public use. See 101 Cal.
becomes payable is in the power 15, 40 Am. St. Rep. 17, 35 Pac. of the obligee. See 2 Southard 353.
(5 N. J. L.), 756. Condere. To make; to establish. Condition precedent. Such as must Condescendence. (Scotch) A plain- happen or be performed before
tiff's written statement of his either contracting party is bound. cause of action.
See 96 U. S. 24, 24 L. Ed. 644. Condictio. An action; a summons. Condition resolutory. Same as ConConditio. A condition.
dition subsequent. Conditio beneficialis, quae statum Condition subsequent. One which construit, benigne, secundum ver
follows the principal act or obliborum intentionem est interpre
gation, often as a defeasance. See tanda; odiosa autem, quae statum 34 N. J. L. 496, 3 Am. Rep. 256. destruit, stricte, secundum ver- Condition suspensive. Same as Con: borum proprietatem, accipienda. dition precedent.
Conditional acceptance. A qualified Cone and key Accounts and keys,
acceptance of a bill of exchange a symbol of the fitness of a woman whereby the drawee assents to lia to assume the care of a house. bility on the happening of a con
Confarreatio. An ancient Roman tingency.
marriage ceremony. Conditional fee. A fee limited to
Confectio. Execution of a written descend to a particular class of heirs. See 2 Bl. Comm. 110.
instrument. Conditional limitation. The limita. Confederacy. A contract or agree
tion of the duration of an estate ment for mutual support, a conby the happening of a contin. federation. gency. See 2 Bl. Comm. 155.
Confederation. An agreem":nt; a Conditional obligation. One depend
compact. ing upon the existence of a condi
Confessio facta in judicio omni protion.
batione major est. A confession Conditional pardon. A pardon in
made in court is greater than all effective until a condition has
proof. been performed. See 1 Nev. 319.
Confession. The voluntary declaraConditional sale. One wherein title
tion of a person who has comdoes not vest in the vendee until
mitted crime, to another, of his full payment or the performance of some other condition; one con
participation therein. See 6 Am. ditioned for repurchase by the
St. Rep. 242, note. vendor. See 1 Pa. St. 190, 44 Am. Confession and avoidance. Used of Dec. 121.
a plea which admits but alleges Conditional stipulation. A stipula facts which justify, excuse or ob
tion dependent upon a condition. viate the admission. See 9 Minn. Conditionem testium tunc inspicere
194, 86 Am. Dec. 93. debemus cum signarent, non mortis Confession of judgment. A formal tempore. We ought to consider acknowledgment of an obligation the condition of witnesses as of or indebtedness before a court, the time when they signed, not at upon which a judgment may be the time of the testator's death.
entered against the maker. See Conditiones quaelibet odiosae; max
53 Barb. (N. Y.) 615. ime autem contra matrimonium et Confessor. A priest who hears concommercium. Any conditions are fessions. odious; especially those against Confessus in judicio pro judicato marriage and commerce.
habetur et quodammodo sua senConditions of sale. The terms and tentia damnatur. One who conconditions of an auction sale.
fesses in court is held to have Condominium. Joint ownership.
been adjudged and in a manner Condonacion. (Spanish) Forgive
is condemned by his own sen
tence. ness of a debt.
Confidence game. Any swindling Condonation. Forgiveness.
operation in which advantage is Conductio. A hiring.
taken of confidence reposed by the Conduct-money. A witness' reim victim in the swindler. See Ann. bursement for expenses.
Cas. 1912A, 758, note.
Confidence man. A swindler; a Confirmation of executor. (Scotch) trickster.
The formal clothing of the execuConfidential communication. One
tor with title. concerning which the receiver Confirmation of title. A conveyance need not testify.
of some right to one who has posConfidential relations. Such as at
session or some estate in the land.
See 95 U. S. 551, 24 L, Ed. 456. torney and client, physician and patient, guardian and ward, in Confirmavi. I have confirmed or which high trust should prevail. ratified.
See 87 Md. 377, 40 Atl. 256. Confirmee. One to whom a right is Confirmare est id quod prius in
prins in confirmed. firmum fuit simul firmare. To Confirmor. One who makes a conconfirm is to make firm what was firmation. previously infirm.
Confiscare. To confiscate. Confirmare nemo potest prius quam confiscate. To adjudge forfeited;
jus ei acciderit. No one can con to appropriate property. See 3 firm a right before it has fallen U. S. 199, 1 L. Ed. 568. to him.
Confiscation cases. Cases construConfirmat usum qui tollit abusum.
ing the Confiscation Act of 1861. He confirms a use who removes
See 7 Wall. (U. S.) 454, 19 L. Ed. an abuse.
196; 20 Wall. (U. S.) 92, 22 L. Ed.
320. Confirmatio. A confirmation. Confirmatio chartarum. A statute
Confisk. To confiscate. confirming Magna Charta and
Confitens reus. One charged with Carta de Foresta.
crime who confesses. Confirmatio crescens. A confirma- Conflict of laws. Conflicting diftion increasing a rightful estate.
ferences in laws of different juris
dictions as affecting one controConfirmatio diminuens. A confirma
versy. tion releasing part of the services supporting a tenure.
Conformity. Adherence to the Confirmatio est nulla, ubi donum
Church of England. praecedens est invalidum. A con Conformity, bill of. A bill in equity firmation is a nullity, where the
to marshal assets filed by an expreceding gift is invalid.
ecutor. Confirmatio omnes supplet defectus, Confrairie. A brotherhood.
licet id quod actum est ab initio Confrontation. The practice of non valuit. Confirmation supplies bringing a witness to face one all defects, though what has been whom he accuses. done was not valid at the begin- Confusio. The mingling of goods ning.
of different owners. Confirmatio perficiens. A confirma. Confusion. The merger of titles in
tion making valid a defeasible one person; an extinction of an title.
obligation by the merger of obliConfirmation. Ratification; affirm. gor and obligee; the mingling of
ance; the cure of a defective title goods of different owners. See by a conveyance. See 14 Cal. 279. 101 Am. St. Rep. (Pa.) 904.
Confusion of rights. A merger of
obligor and obligee in one person. Congé. Leave to depart. Congé d'accorder. Leave to agree
with the plaintiff in levying a fine. Congé d'appel. (Civil Law) Leave
to appeal. Congé de défaut. Dismissal by rea
son of the plaintiff's default. Congé d'emparler. Leave to im
parl, i. e., to settle an action ami
cably. Congé d'eslire. Leave to choose a
bishop. Congeable. Lawful. Congius. An old Roman measure
of about a gallon. Congress. The United States na
tional legislature; any formal
gathering of representatives. Conjectio causae. A statement of
the case. Conjecture. A guess upon slight
evidence. Conjoints. Persons owning jointly;
husband and wife. Conjugal rights. Rights of husband
and wife, as such. Conjugium. Marriage." Conjunct. Concurrent; joint. Conjuncta. Joined; united. Conjunctim. Jointly. Conjunctim et divisim. Jointly and
severally. Conjunctio mariti et feminae est de
jure naturae. The union of husband and wife is according to the
law of nature. Conjunctive. Together; jointly. Conjuratio. A conspiracy. Conjuration. Conspiracy; a crim
inal plot. Conjurator. A conspirator.
Connivance. A spouse's consent to
the other's act which is ground for divorce. See 121 Cal. 12, 53 Pac.
403. Connoissement. (French) A bill of
lading. Connubium. Marriage. Conocimiento. (Spanish) A bill of
lading. Conpossessio. A joint possession. Conquereur. The first purchaser of
an estate. Conqueror. William the Conqueror,
King of England, 1066–1087; a
purchaser. Conquest. (Feudal Law) Acquisition
otherwise than by inheritance;
the Norman Conquest, which see. Conquestus. Acquisition. Conquets. (Civil Law) Same as
Acquest. Conquisitio. Acquisition. Conquisitor. A purchaser;, a con
queror. Consanguineous. Of the same
blood; descended from the same
ancestor or parent. Consanguineous frater. A brother
born of the same father. Consanguineus. Related by blood. Consanguineus est quasi eodem san
guine natus. One related by consanguinity is, as it were, born
of the same blood. Consanguinity. Blood relationship. Conscience. One's internal judgm ent of right and wrong. See 7
Cal. 140. Conscience, courts of. See Courts of
Conscience. Conscience money. Money paid in
settlement of an obligation previ
ously evaded or concealed. Conscientia dicitur a con et scio,
quasi scire cum deo. Conscience
is called from con and scio, as it consensus tollit errorem. Consent were to know with God.
waives a mistake. See 11 Allen Conscientia rei alieni. Knowledge
(Mass.), 138. of another's ownership.
Consensus voluntas multorum ad
quos res pertinet, simul juncta. Conscientiae detrimentum. Ship
Consent is the will of several joinwreck of conscience. See 5 Rep.
ing simultaneously in one affair. , (Eng.) 125.
Consent. A meeting of the minds Conscionable. According to hon on the same matter. esty.
Consent rule. A confession filed by Consecratio est periodus electionis;
a defendant in ejectment admitelectio est praeambula consecra
· ting all essential facts. See 4 tionis. Consecration is the ter Johns. (N. Y.) 311. mination of election; election is consentientes et agentes pari poena the preamble of consecration.
plectentur. Consenting persons Conseil. Counsel.
and those acting are subject to
the same penalties. Conseil de famille. (French) Sanc- Consentire matrimonio non possunt tion of the family.
infra annos nubiles. They cannot Conseil judiciaire. (French) A sort consent to marriage who are un
of guardian appointed by a court der marriageable age.
to protect a spendthrift's estate. Consentire videtur qui tacet. Silence Consensual. Depending upon con
makes consent. sent.
Consequentiae non est consequentia.
A consequence is not the result of Consensual contract. (Civil Law) A
a consequence. contract enforceable by reason of
Consequential damages. the mere consent of the parties.
mediately resulting from an act. Consensus est voluntas plurium ad
Conservator. A guardian. quos res pertinet, simul juncta. Consent is the joint will of many
Conservators of the peace. Officers persons to whom the thing be
formerly appointed in England to
preserve the public peace. longs. Consensus facit legem. Consent
Conservatrix. A female conservamakes law. See 54 Ark. 101, 11
tor. L. R. A. 452, 15 S. W. 18.
Consessimus. We have granted. Consensus, non concubitus, facit Consideratio curiae. The court's
matrimonium. Consent, not co- judgment. habitation, constitutes a marriage. Consideration. Inducement; quid See 25 Utah, 129, 95 Am. St. Rep.
pro quo; motive. 821, 58 L. R. A. 723, 69 Pac. 660.
Consideratum est per curiazn. It is Consensus, non concubitus, facit
considered by the court. nuptias vel matrimonium, et con
Consideratur. It is considered. sentire non possunt ante annos
Consign. To send goods to one for nubiles. Consent, not cohabita
sale or for custody. tion, makes nuptials or marriage and those under marriageable age
Consignatio. A consignment. cannot consent.