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as a cause to the plaintiff's own Conventio. An agreement or coveinjury. See 59 Conn. 261, 21 Am. nant. St. Rep. 104.
Conventio privatorum non potest Controller. An officer in charge of publico juri derogare. An agree
financial affairs of a public or pri ment of private parties cannot vate corporation.
derogate from public right. Controlment. The checking of an Conventio vincit legem. The con. account.
tract controls the law. See 14 Controver. An inventor of false
Gray (Mass.), 446. news.
Convention. A contract; a coveControversy. The claim of a liti
nant; an agreement. gant before a court for adjudica- Convention in unum. A meeting of tion by regular proceedings estab. the minds. lished for protection and redress.
Conventional. Based or founded See 154 U. S. 447, 38 L. Ed. 1047,
upon contract. 14 Sup. Ct. Rep. 1125.
Conventional estates. Estates other Contubernium. A marriage of than for life or of inheritance slaves.
created by acts of the parties. Contumace capiendo. See De con. Conventional obligation. One aristumace capiendo.
ing out of contract. Contumacy. Contemptuous dis. Conventional subrogation. The right
obedience of a judicial order. of subrogation springing from an Contumax. An outlaw.
express agreement with a debtor Contusion. A bruise without a
that the security shall be kept
alive for the benefit of the maker breaking of the skin.
of the payment. See 168 Ill. 618, Contutor. A coguardian.
: 61 Am. St. Rep. 146, 48 N. E. 161. Conus. Known.
Conventioné. A writ for breach of Conusance. Same as Cognizance.
covenant. Conusance of pleas. Exclusive ju Conventual church. A church atrisdiction.
tached to a convent. Conusant. Having notice or knowl. Conventus. A contract; an agreeedge.
ment. Conusee. One to whom a recogni. Conventus juridicus. A Roman zance is made.
civil court. Conusor. One entering into a re- Conversantes. Conversant with; incognizance.
formed upon. Convalescere. To become valid. Conversation. See Criminal con. Convenable. Suitable; proper.
versation. Convene. (Civil Law) To file an Conversion. An unlawful exercise action.
of dominion over, an intentional
change in the nature or destrucConvenire. To covenant; to sue.
tion of the chattel of another. Convenit. It is agreed.
See 24 Am. St. Rep. 795, note, Conventicle. A prayer-meeting of Changing realty to personalty, or dissenters,
Convey. To transfer.
Coparcenary, estates in. Estates inConveyance. A transfer of prop
herited by two or more jointly. erty; the document effecting a Coparceners. Joint heirs of an estransfer. See 21 Barb. (N. Y.) tate. 551.
Coparticeps. A coparcener. Conveyance by record. One evi.
Copartner. A partner. denced by a court's order.
Copartnership. A partnership. Conveyancer. One making a business of conveyancing.
Copartnery. (Scotch) A partnerConveyancing. Preparing docu
ship. ments for the transfer of prop- Cope. A duty on lead from Derby. erty and investigating the title. shire mines. thereto. See 3 Mass. 487.
Copeman. A chapman or peddler. Convicia si irascaris tua divulgas;
Copesmate. A merchant. spreta exolescunt. If you are
Copia. A copy; opportunity. angered by insults, you publish them; despised, they are forgot
Copia vera. A true copy. ten.
Copia libelli deliberanda. (Eccles.)
A writ commanding the defendant Convicium. Insult; slander.
to furnish the plaintiff with a Convict. One who is undergoing copy of the complaint. sentence for crime.
Coppa Crops stacked for tithing. Convict lease. A letting out of con- Coppice, or copse. A thicket. victs to serve a contractor.
Copula. Sexual intercourse. Conviction. Finding guilty one ac
Copulatio verborum indicat acceptacused of crime. See 48 La. Ann.
tionem in eodem sensu. Coupling 109, 35 L. R. A. 701, 18 South. 943.
of words indicates their use in the Convivium. A land tenure by ser
samo sense. See 11 Allen (Mass.), vice of providing food and drink 470. to the lord.
Copulative condition. A condition Convocation. An assembly of the
depending upon the happening of English clergy.
each of several events. Convoy. A naval escort for a mer- Copyhold. An English land tenure chantman.
in which the tenant held under a Co-obligor. One of two or more per copy of the roll in the lord's court; sons jointly obligated.
the land so held. See 2 Bl. Comm. Cooling time. The time after a
95. provocation during which the Copyholder. A tenant who held by provocation is deemed
active. copyhold. See 3 Gratt. (Va.) 594, 46 Am. Copyright. An exclusive right or Dec. 196.
privilege of publishing one's literCo-operative business corporations. ary or artistic works. See 99
Those authorized to divide profits U. S. 674, 25 L. Ed. 308. with persons other than the stock. Copyrighted. A term implying that holders.
the protection applicable to copyCo-opertus. Covered.
rights has been secured. See 16
Colo. 388, 25 Am. St. Rep. 279, 26
Pac. 556. Coram domino rege ubicunque tuns
fuerit angliae. Before our lord the king wherever he may then be
in England. Coram ipso rege. In the presence of
the king himself. Coram me vel justiciariis meis. Be.
fore me or my justices. Coram nobis. In our presence; be
fore us. Coram non judice. Acts done with
out jurisdiction. See 1 Conn. 40,
6 Am. Dec. 200. Coram paribus. In the presence of
peers or equals. Coram paribus de vicineto. Before
his peers in the neighborhood. Coram sectatoribus. Before the
suitors. Coram vobis. Before you. Corespondent. One accused in di
vorce of adultery with the defendant. Corf. A box coal carrier used in
mining coal. Corium forfisfacere. Forfeiture of
skin; punishment by flogging. Corn laws. Statutes regulating
commerce in grain. Cornage. A tenure by the service
of blowing a horn to warn of a
Scotch invasion. Corn-rents. Rents paid in corn. Corodium. Corody. Corody. An incorporeal hereditament allowing means of suste
nance to the holder. Corona. A crown. Coronare. To crown; to make one a
priest. Coronare filium. To make one's son
a priest. Coronator. Coroner.
Coroner. An officer charged with
the duty of holding inquests over the bodies of persons dying by
violence. See 20 Ga. 336. Corporal. Pertaining to the body. Corporal oath. Swearing on the
Bible. Corporale sacaramentum. A corporal
oath. Corporalis injuria non recipit aestimationem de futuro. Bodily injury does not look to future pro
ceedings for compensation. Corporation. A corporation is an
artificial being, invisible, intangible, and existing only in contemplation of law. See 17 U. S. 518, 4 L. Ed. 629. Corporation aggregate. A corpora
tion composed of more than one
person. Corporation de facto. One organized
and operated under color of law, but not legally constituted. See
80 Tex. 344, 26 Am. St. Rep. 743. Corporation de jure. One whose right
to exercise a corporate function is proof against quo warranto proceedings. See 40 Neb. 470, 24
L. R. A. 259. Corporation sole. A corporation
having but one member. See 23
Wend. (N. Y.) 103. Corporator. One joining in the for
mation of a corporation. Corpore et animo. In body and
mind. Corporeal. Having substance; tan
gible. Corporeal hereditaments. Such in
heritable property as may be perceived by the senses, e. g., land.
See 2 BI. Comm. 19. Corporeal property. Property which may be perceived by the senses, as land.
Corps diplomatique. The diplomatic Corsned. (Anglo-Saxon Law) A corps.
piece of bread given to an acCorpse. A dead human body.
cused person. Corpus. A body.
Cortes. The national legislature of
Portugal. Corpus comitatus. The body or in
Corvée. (French) An exaction of habitants of a county.
·labor for repair of roads, bridges, Corpus corporatum. A corporation. etc., of the inhabitants of a disCorpus cum causa. See Habeas cor
trict. pus cum causa.
Cosa juzgada. (Spanish) Res adjuCorpus delicti. The body of the dicata.
crime; the fact that the crime Cosbering. The lord's right to sleep charged has been committed. See and eat at the tenant's house. 43 Miss. 472.
Cosduna. A custom; a tribute. Corpus humanum non recipit aesti Cosen, or cozen. To cheat. mationem. The human body is
Cosening. Cheating. not susceptible of valuation.
Coshering. (Irish) An old custom Corpus juris canonici. The decrees by which the lord of the manor of the Roman church.
might feast at a tenant's house. Corpus juris civilis. The whole Cosinage, cousinage, or cosenage.
body of the Roman law, being the Collateral relationship.
Costs. Court and official charges Correction, house of. See House of usually included in the judgment Correction.
in a cause. See 58 Ala. 578. Corregidor. (Spanish) The chief Costs de incremento. Costs found magistrate of a town.
by the court above those found by Correi credendi. Joint creditors. the jury. See 13 How. (U. S.) Correi debendi. Joint debtors.
372, 14 L. Ed. 186. Corroborate. To testify in confir- Costs of prosecution. Costs inmation of other testimony.
curred by the plaintiff. Corruptio optimi est pessima. Cor- Costs of the day. Costs taxed
ruption of the best is the worst. against a party in a proceeding See 221 U. S. 263, 55 L. Ed. 729, incidental to the main action. 31 Sup. Ct. Rep. 555.
Costs to abide event. Costs to be Corruption. Official dishonesty,
borne by the losing party on a such as bribery. See 43 Wis. 344.
new trial. See 50 Hun (N. Y.), Corruption of blood. Disqualifica
441, 3 N. Y. Supp. 297. tion to inherit, as by attainder.
Costumbre. (Spanish) Custom. See 110 N. Y. 317, 6 Am. St. Rep. Cosurety. One of two or more sure
368, 1 L. R. A. 264, 18 N. E. 148. ties jointly obligated. Corruptive. Unlawfully; corruptly. Cotarius. A cottager. Corse-present. A gift to the priest Cotenancy. Exists if two or more
from the decedent's property at are entitled in such manner that the burial of his body.
they have undivided possession,
but several freeholds. See 96 Mich. 459, 35 Am. St. Rep. 617,
56 N. W. 16. Coterelli. Robbers. Coterellus. A cottager holding at
the will of the lord. Coteswold. A place bare of wood. Cotland. Land appendant to a cot
tage. Cotset. A householder or tenant
under an old English service
tenure. Cotsethland. Same as Cotland. Cotsetus. Same as Cotset. Cottage, cota, or cottagium. The
service to which a cotset was bound; a dwelling. Couchant. Lying down. Couchant et levant. Lying down
and getting up. Coucher. A banker; a factor. Coucher de soel. Sunset. Council. The title of the governing
body of many cities. Council of censors. A council
elected every seven years to examine into the conduct of state officials and constitutional viola
tions. Council of conciliation. An arbitra
tion council for trade and labor
disputes. Council of the north. A court es
tablished under Henry VIII in the
northern counties of England. Counsel. A counselor; an attorney;
the attorneys representing a liti
gant. See 15 N. J. L. 269. Counselor at law. An attorney admitted to practice; an advising
lawyer. Count. The statement of one of two
of one of two or more causes of action contained in one pleading; to plead. See 5 Johns. (N. Y.) 430.
Count palatine. (Old Eng.) The
proprietor of a county. Countee. An earl. Countenance. Credit. Counter. An attorney at law em
ployed to conduct litigation. Counter-affidavit. An affidavit in
rebuttal. Counter-appeal. A cross-appeal by
the appellee. Counter-bond. A bond indemnify
ing a surety. Counterclaim. A defendant's af
firmative claim pleaded as an offset of the plaintiff's. See 35 Wis. 618. Counterfeasance. Counterfeiting. Counterfeit. A fraudulent imita
tion of a genuine article. See 42 Me. 392. Counterfeiting. The crime of mak
ing spurious coin in imitation of
the genuine. Counterfoil. The part of a docu
ment, torn off and retained by the
maker, as a check stub. Counter-letter. A defeasance by a
separate instrument. See 11 Pet.
(U. S.) 351, 9 L. Ed. 746. Countermand. To revoke a previous
order. Counterpart. A duplicate; one of
the parts of an indenture. See 17
Misc. Rep. 323, 40 N. Y. Supp. 381. Counter-plea. A replication or plea
in reply to another plea. Counter-roll. A duplicate record. Counter-security. Indemnification of
a surety. Countersign. To authenticate by an
additional signature. See 33 Am.
St. Rep. 712. Countez. Count; Count the jury. Country. The public; a jury; any
place out of court. See Settlement in pais.