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CONTROLLER

CONVERSION

as a cause to the plaintiff's own Conventio. An agreement or coveinjury. See 59 Conn. 261, 21 Am. nant. St. Rep. 104.

Conventio privatorum non potest Controller. An officer in charge of publico juri derogare. An agree

financial affairs of a public or pri ment of private parties cannot vate corporation.

derogate from public right. Controlment. The checking of an Conventio vincit legem. The con. account.

tract controls the law. See 14 Controver. An inventor of false

Gray (Mass.), 446. news.

Convention. A contract; a coveControversy. The claim of a liti

nant; an agreement. gant before a court for adjudica- Convention in unum. A meeting of tion by regular proceedings estab. the minds. lished for protection and redress.

Conventional. Based or founded See 154 U. S. 447, 38 L. Ed. 1047,

upon contract. 14 Sup. Ct. Rep. 1125.

Conventional estates. Estates other Contubernium. A marriage of than for life or of inheritance slaves.

created by acts of the parties. Contumace capiendo. See De con. Conventional obligation. One aristumace capiendo.

ing out of contract. Contumacy. Contemptuous dis. Conventional subrogation. The right

obedience of a judicial order. of subrogation springing from an Contumax. An outlaw.

express agreement with a debtor Contusion. A bruise without a

that the security shall be kept

alive for the benefit of the maker breaking of the skin.

of the payment. See 168 Ill. 618, Contutor. A coguardian.

: 61 Am. St. Rep. 146, 48 N. E. 161. Conus. Known.

Conventioné. A writ for breach of Conusance. Same as Cognizance.

covenant. Conusance of pleas. Exclusive ju Conventual church. A church atrisdiction.

tached to a convent. Conusant. Having notice or knowl. Conventus. A contract; an agreeedge.

ment. Conusee. One to whom a recogni. Conventus juridicus. A Roman zance is made.

civil court. Conusor. One entering into a re- Conversantes. Conversant with; incognizance.

formed upon. Convalescere. To become valid. Conversation. See Criminal con. Convenable. Suitable; proper.

versation. Convene. (Civil Law) To file an Conversion. An unlawful exercise action.

of dominion over, an intentional

change in the nature or destrucConvenire. To covenant; to sue.

tion of the chattel of another. Convenit. It is agreed.

See 24 Am. St. Rep. 795, note, Conventicle. A prayer-meeting of Changing realty to personalty, or dissenters,

the reverse.

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CONVEY

COPYRIGHTED

Convey. To transfer.

Coparcenary, estates in. Estates inConveyance. A transfer of prop

herited by two or more jointly. erty; the document effecting a Coparceners. Joint heirs of an estransfer. See 21 Barb. (N. Y.) tate. 551.

Coparticeps. A coparcener. Conveyance by record. One evi.

Copartner. A partner. denced by a court's order.

Copartnership. A partnership. Conveyancer. One making a business of conveyancing.

Copartnery. (Scotch) A partnerConveyancing. Preparing docu

ship. ments for the transfer of prop- Cope. A duty on lead from Derby. erty and investigating the title. shire mines. thereto. See 3 Mass. 487.

Copeman. A chapman or peddler. Convicia si irascaris tua divulgas;

Copesmate. A merchant. spreta exolescunt. If you are

Copia. A copy; opportunity. angered by insults, you publish them; despised, they are forgot

Copia vera. A true copy. ten.

Copia libelli deliberanda. (Eccles.)

A writ commanding the defendant Convicium. Insult; slander.

to furnish the plaintiff with a Convict. One who is undergoing copy of the complaint. sentence for crime.

Coppa Crops stacked for tithing. Convict lease. A letting out of con- Coppice, or copse. A thicket. victs to serve a contractor.

Copula. Sexual intercourse. Conviction. Finding guilty one ac

Copulatio verborum indicat acceptacused of crime. See 48 La. Ann.

tionem in eodem sensu. Coupling 109, 35 L. R. A. 701, 18 South. 943.

of words indicates their use in the Convivium. A land tenure by ser

samo sense. See 11 Allen (Mass.), vice of providing food and drink 470. to the lord.

Copulative condition. A condition Convocation. An assembly of the

depending upon the happening of English clergy.

each of several events. Convoy. A naval escort for a mer- Copyhold. An English land tenure chantman.

in which the tenant held under a Co-obligor. One of two or more per copy of the roll in the lord's court; sons jointly obligated.

the land so held. See 2 Bl. Comm. Cooling time. The time after a

95. provocation during which the Copyholder. A tenant who held by provocation is deemed

deemed active.

active. copyhold. See 3 Gratt. (Va.) 594, 46 Am. Copyright. An exclusive right or Dec. 196.

privilege of publishing one's literCo-operative business corporations. ary or artistic works. See 99

Those authorized to divide profits U. S. 674, 25 L. Ed. 308. with persons other than the stock. Copyrighted. A term implying that holders.

the protection applicable to copyCo-opertus. Covered.

rights has been secured. See 16

CORAM

CORPOREAL

Colo. 388, 25 Am. St. Rep. 279, 26

Pac. 556. Coram domino rege ubicunque tuns

fuerit angliae. Before our lord the king wherever he may then be

in England. Coram ipso rege. In the presence of

the king himself. Coram me vel justiciariis meis. Be.

fore me or my justices. Coram nobis. In our presence; be

fore us. Coram non judice. Acts done with

out jurisdiction. See 1 Conn. 40,

6 Am. Dec. 200. Coram paribus. In the presence of

peers or equals. Coram paribus de vicineto. Before

his peers in the neighborhood. Coram sectatoribus. Before the

suitors. Coram vobis. Before you. Corespondent. One accused in di

vorce of adultery with the defendant. Corf. A box coal carrier used in

mining coal. Corium forfisfacere. Forfeiture of

skin; punishment by flogging. Corn laws. Statutes regulating

commerce in grain. Cornage. A tenure by the service

of blowing a horn to warn of a

Scotch invasion. Corn-rents. Rents paid in corn. Corodium. Corody. Corody. An incorporeal hereditament allowing means of suste

nance to the holder. Corona. A crown. Coronare. To crown; to make one a

priest. Coronare filium. To make one's son

a priest. Coronator. Coroner.

Coroner. An officer charged with

the duty of holding inquests over the bodies of persons dying by

violence. See 20 Ga. 336. Corporal. Pertaining to the body. Corporal oath. Swearing on the

Bible. Corporale sacaramentum. A corporal

oath. Corporalis injuria non recipit aestimationem de futuro. Bodily injury does not look to future pro

ceedings for compensation. Corporation. A corporation is an

artificial being, invisible, intangible, and existing only in contemplation of law. See 17 U. S. 518, 4 L. Ed. 629. Corporation aggregate. A corpora

tion composed of more than one

person. Corporation de facto. One organized

and operated under color of law, but not legally constituted. See

80 Tex. 344, 26 Am. St. Rep. 743. Corporation de jure. One whose right

to exercise a corporate function is proof against quo warranto proceedings. See 40 Neb. 470, 24

L. R. A. 259. Corporation sole. A corporation

having but one member. See 23

Wend. (N. Y.) 103. Corporator. One joining in the for

mation of a corporation. Corpore et animo. In body and

mind. Corporeal. Having substance; tan

gible. Corporeal hereditaments. Such in

heritable property as may be perceived by the senses, e. g., land.

See 2 BI. Comm. 19. Corporeal property. Property which may be perceived by the senses, as land.

CORPS

COTENANCY

Corps diplomatique. The diplomatic Corsned. (Anglo-Saxon Law) A corps.

piece of bread given to an acCorpse. A dead human body.

cused person. Corpus. A body.

Cortes. The national legislature of

Portugal. Corpus comitatus. The body or in

Corvée. (French) An exaction of habitants of a county.

·labor for repair of roads, bridges, Corpus corporatum. A corporation. etc., of the inhabitants of a disCorpus cum causa. See Habeas cor

trict. pus cum causa.

Cosa juzgada. (Spanish) Res adjuCorpus delicti. The body of the dicata.

crime; the fact that the crime Cosbering. The lord's right to sleep charged has been committed. See and eat at the tenant's house. 43 Miss. 472.

Cosduna. A custom; a tribute. Corpus humanum non recipit aesti Cosen, or cozen. To cheat. mationem. The human body is

Cosening. Cheating. not susceptible of valuation.

Coshering. (Irish) An old custom Corpus juris canonici. The decrees by which the lord of the manor of the Roman church.

might feast at a tenant's house. Corpus juris civilis. The whole Cosinage, cousinage, or cosenage.

body of the Roman law, being the Collateral relationship.
Digest, the Institutes, the Code Costipulator. A joint promisor.
and the Novellae of Justinian.

Costs. Court and official charges Correction, house of. See House of usually included in the judgment Correction.

in a cause. See 58 Ala. 578. Corregidor. (Spanish) The chief Costs de incremento. Costs found magistrate of a town.

by the court above those found by Correi credendi. Joint creditors. the jury. See 13 How. (U. S.) Correi debendi. Joint debtors.

372, 14 L. Ed. 186. Corroborate. To testify in confir- Costs of prosecution. Costs inmation of other testimony.

curred by the plaintiff. Corruptio optimi est pessima. Cor- Costs of the day. Costs taxed

ruption of the best is the worst. against a party in a proceeding See 221 U. S. 263, 55 L. Ed. 729, incidental to the main action. 31 Sup. Ct. Rep. 555.

Costs to abide event. Costs to be Corruption. Official dishonesty,

borne by the losing party on a such as bribery. See 43 Wis. 344.

new trial. See 50 Hun (N. Y.), Corruption of blood. Disqualifica

441, 3 N. Y. Supp. 297. tion to inherit, as by attainder.

Costumbre. (Spanish) Custom. See 110 N. Y. 317, 6 Am. St. Rep. Cosurety. One of two or more sure

368, 1 L. R. A. 264, 18 N. E. 148. ties jointly obligated. Corruptive. Unlawfully; corruptly. Cotarius. A cottager. Corse-present. A gift to the priest Cotenancy. Exists if two or more

from the decedent's property at are entitled in such manner that the burial of his body.

they have undivided possession,

COTERELLI

COUNTRY

but several freeholds. See 96 Mich. 459, 35 Am. St. Rep. 617,

56 N. W. 16. Coterelli. Robbers. Coterellus. A cottager holding at

the will of the lord. Coteswold. A place bare of wood. Cotland. Land appendant to a cot

tage. Cotset. A householder or tenant

under an old English service

tenure. Cotsethland. Same as Cotland. Cotsetus. Same as Cotset. Cottage, cota, or cottagium. The

service to which a cotset was bound; a dwelling. Couchant. Lying down. Couchant et levant. Lying down

and getting up. Coucher. A banker; a factor. Coucher de soel. Sunset. Council. The title of the governing

body of many cities. Council of censors. A council

elected every seven years to examine into the conduct of state officials and constitutional viola

tions. Council of conciliation. An arbitra

tion council for trade and labor

disputes. Council of the north. A court es

tablished under Henry VIII in the

northern counties of England. Counsel. A counselor; an attorney;

the attorneys representing a liti

gant. See 15 N. J. L. 269. Counselor at law. An attorney admitted to practice; an advising

lawyer. Count. The statement of one of two

of one of two or more causes of action contained in one pleading; to plead. See 5 Johns. (N. Y.) 430.

Count palatine. (Old Eng.) The

proprietor of a county. Countee. An earl. Countenance. Credit. Counter. An attorney at law em

ployed to conduct litigation. Counter-affidavit. An affidavit in

rebuttal. Counter-appeal. A cross-appeal by

the appellee. Counter-bond. A bond indemnify

ing a surety. Counterclaim. A defendant's af

firmative claim pleaded as an offset of the plaintiff's. See 35 Wis. 618. Counterfeasance. Counterfeiting. Counterfeit. A fraudulent imita

tion of a genuine article. See 42 Me. 392. Counterfeiting. The crime of mak

ing spurious coin in imitation of

the genuine. Counterfoil. The part of a docu

ment, torn off and retained by the

maker, as a check stub. Counter-letter. A defeasance by a

separate instrument. See 11 Pet.

(U. S.) 351, 9 L. Ed. 746. Countermand. To revoke a previous

order. Counterpart. A duplicate; one of

the parts of an indenture. See 17

Misc. Rep. 323, 40 N. Y. Supp. 381. Counter-plea. A replication or plea

in reply to another plea. Counter-roll. A duplicate record. Counter-security. Indemnification of

a surety. Countersign. To authenticate by an

additional signature. See 33 Am.

St. Rep. 712. Countez. Count; Count the jury. Country. The public; a jury; any

place out of court. See Settlement in pais.

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