LAND OR SQUARE MEASURE. A. R. P. Sq. ft. Sq.it 121 7 127 6 136 109 114 3 124 age? Questions to exercise Addition. 1. A man was born in the year 1800; I demand when he will be 52 years of Ans. in 1852. 2. Bought 6 barrels of whiskey, each barrel containing 32 galions; bow many gallons in all ? Ans. 192. 3. I have owing me 25 eagles, 12 dolls. 47 dolls. 4 dimes, 32 dollars and 50 cents; how much is the whole amount? Ans. 341 dollars 90 cents. 4. My son, James G. Connolly, was born in the year 1821, on the 28th Feb. I demand when he will be 21 years old? Ans. 28th Feb. 1842. 5. My second son, Thomas L. Connolly, was born 21st Aug. 1823; I demand when lie will be 21 years old? Ans. 21st Aug. 1844. 6. There are two numbers, whose difference is 31, and the lesser number 62; which is the greater number 1--Ans. 93. 7. I sent to Wheeling a wagon loaded with 12 bags of wheat, each bag containing 3 bushels 3 pecks; how many bushels in the whole ? Ans. 45 bushels. 8. Bought 8 bars of iron, each bar weighing 28 lbs. how much is the whole weight? Ans. 2 cwt. 9. I borrowed a sum of money, and paid in part 25 dollars 62 cents, and the remainder is 142 dollars 184 cents, I demand the whole süm borrowed ? Ans. 167 dollars 814 cents. 10. What is the sum of 4 dimes, 60 cents, 6 dimes and 40 cents ? Ans. 2 dollars. 11. I sold to A 6 acres 2 roods, to B 3 acres 1 rood 20 perches, to C 8 acres 3 roods 20 perches of land; how much did I sell in all ? Ans. 18 acres 3 roods. 12. Bought 18 barrels of flour from one man for 36 dolls. 31 barrels from another for 62 dolls. 87 cts. from another 75 barrels for 196 dollars 12 cents. How many barrels of flour did I receive, and what did they cost me ? Ans. 124 barrels, and cost 295 dollars. 13. A man took several contracts of the national turnpike road, between Washington, (Ohio,) and Zanesville, viz. the first was 62 rods, the second 87 rods, the third 197 rods, the fourth 216 rods, the fifth 317 rods. What was the whole length of his contracts ? Ang. 879 rods. 14. A man had his wagon one week working on the turnpike road, for which he is to get 1 dollar 37} cents per day. What is the week's hire ? Ans. 8 dollars 25 cents. 15. Bought 4 loads of hay; the first load weighed 5 cwt. 3 qrs. 14 lbs. the second, 6 ewt. 1 qr. 18 lbs. the third, 6 cwt. 3 grs. 27 lbs. and the fourth, 5 cwt. 1 qr. 22 lbs. What did the four loads weigh altogether? Ans. 24 cwt. 2 qrs. 25 lbs. 16. Sold 6 silver spoons, weight and prices as follows: the first weighed 6 dwt. 14 grs. for 2 dollars 37 } cents; the second, 7 dwt. 16 grs. for 3 dolls. 12}cts. and the other four, each 8 dwt. 10 grs. for 3 dls. 874 cts. apiece. How much money do the spouns come to, and what is their weight? Ang. 21 dollars; weight 47 dwt. 22 grs. 17. If a man gets 62 cents for one day's work, how much is his wages for four days? Ans. 2 dolls. 50 cts. 18. Paid Wm. Rabe, for 12 yds. 2 qrs. of cloth, 36 dolls. 124 cts. for 6 yds. calico, 5 dolls. 87} cts. for 3 yds. 3 qrs. 2 na. of velvet, 10 dolls. 314 cts. What quantity of cloth, calico and velvet, did I get, and how much is the amount ? Ans. 22 yds. 1 qr. 2 na.-Amount, 52 dolls. 31 cts. 19. Sold to sundry persons, viz. to one, 8 bushels 3 pecks of wheat, to another, 81 bushels 2 pecks corn, to another, 110 bush. oats, and to another, 39 bush. buckwheat. How many bushels did I sell in all é Ans. 239 bush. I pk. 20. Rought 5 pieces of linen; the first contained 521 yds. the second, 47 yds. 2 qrs. the third, 57 yds. 3 qrs. 2 na. the fourth, 51 yds. 2 qrs. 2 na. the fifth, 50 yds. 2 qrs. How many yards were in the whole ? Ans. 260 yds. 21. Bought 8 sheep: for two I paid i dol. 124 cts. apiece, for three I paid 2 dolls. 184 cts. apiece, and for the other three I paid 2 dolls. 37 ) cts. apiece. How much money did I pay in all ? Ans. 15 dolls. 93 cts. SUBTRACTION Teacheth how to take a less number from a greater of the same denomination, and shew the remainder or difference, as 8 from 12, the remainder is 4. RULE. Place the least number under the greater, units under units, tens under tens, &c. and draw a line under them. Begin at the right hand, and take each figure in the lower line from the figure above it, and set down the remainder. If the lower figure is greater than that above it, add 10 to the upper figure, and from that figure so increased take the lower, and set down the remainder, carrying 1 to the next lower figure, with which proceed as before, and so on till the whole is finished. Proof. Add the remainder and lowest line together, and if the sum be equal to the upper line, the work is right: or, cast the 9's out of the upper line, and put the excess in the upper fork of a cross, and cast the 9's out of the lowest or least line, and the 9's out of the remainder. These two last excesses, added together, you will put in the under fork of the same cross; and if it be equal to the upper excess, the work is right. This last method will do in whole numbers only. C EXAMPLES. Proof. From 876583 1 Rem. 330232 Here the excess of 9's, in the upper line, is 1, and the excess of 9's in the lower line, and remainder, is 1, which I set down as is directed, and proves the question right. OF MONEY. Rule. Place the numbers under each other, according to their value, that is, dollars under dollars, dimes under dimes, cents under cents, and subtract as in whole numbers. dolls, ets, Here I take one-quarter from one-half, From 9767 871 or two-quarters, and there remains oneTake 7198 314 quarter, which I set down in its fractional form, as }, and proceed with the rest as Rem, 2569 564 in whole numbers: but if the lower frac tion be more or greater than the upper one, take the lower fraction from 4, (as 4 quarters of any whole number make a whole number,) and add the remainder taken from 4 to the upper fraction, and set it down. Always be sure to carry i to the next whole number, when it happens that the lowest fraction is the greatest, and then proceed as in whole numberg. TROY WEIGHT. lbs. oz. drwt. lbs. oz. dwt. From 6 11 19 lhs. oz. dwt. gr. 18 10 12 Take 7 12 7 6 4 Rem. 168. 02. dwt. gr. From 1091$ $ 0 iD Take 4097 6 9 20 lbs. oc, dwt.gr. 9143701 1 10 3 7049627 9 16 19 Rem. |