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Gross weight is the whole weight of goods, together with the cask, box, bag, or any other thing, which contains such goods.

Tare is an allowance made to the buyer for the weight of the cask, box, bag, &c. which contains the goods bought, and is either so much per cask, &c. or so much per

hundred weight, or so much in the whole weight.

Tret is an allowance of 4 pounds, on every 104 pounds, for dust, and for retailing in smalls.

Cloff is an allowance of 2 lbs. upon every 3 cwt.

Suttle is what remains after one or two allowances have been deducted.

RULE. Add the gross weight into one sum, and the tare into another; then subtract the total tare from the whole or total gross, and the remainder will be the neat or suttle weight.

EXAMPLES.

1. Bought six barrels of flour, each weighing 226 pounds gross, tare 14 lbs. per barrel. How much is the neat weight, and how much must I pay for the flour, at 4 dollars 64 cents per 100 pounds?

Ans.

Neat weight 1272 lbs.

{ 5 m.

per cwt. ?

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2. How much is the neat weight of 16 hhds. of tobacco, each weighing 5 cwt. I qr. 19 lbs. gross, tare 100 lbs. per hogshead, and what does it come to, at 8 dollars 96 cents

Ans.

s Neat weight 72 cwt. 1 qr. 20 lbs.

Amount 647 dollars 36 cents. 3. In four hogsheads of sugar, two of which weighed each 9 cwt. and the other two each 11 cwt. 3 qrs. 12 lbs. gross, tare 75 lbs. per hogshead, how much is the amount, at 64 cents per pound, and what is the neat weight? Ans.

Amount $ 273 25 cts.

? Neat weight 39 cwt. Oqr. 4 lbs. 4. What is the neat weight of four barrels of sugar, weight as follows, and the cost, at 7 dolls. 84 cts. per 112lbs. ? cwt. qrs. 168.

los. No. 1. 4 1 0 Tare 37 2. 3 3 12

28 3. 4 0

26

33 4. S 3

34
Ans.

Neat weight 15 cwt. Oqr. 11 lbs..
Cost 118 dollars 37 cents.

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5. What is the amount of four tierces of rice, gross Scwt. 2 qrs. 14 lbs. tare 21 lbs. per tierce, at 4 dollars the 100 lbs. and how much is the neat weight?

Ans.

S Amount 79 dolls. 52 cts.

Neat weight 17 cwt. 3 qrs. 6. Bought four chests of tea, each weighing gross 1 cwt. 12 lbs. tare 21 lbs. per

chest. What is the neat weight, and what does the tea come to, at of a dollar per pound?

Neat weight 3 cwt. 2 qrs. 20 lbs. Ans. 7. Sold 214 firkins of butter, 100 of which weighed each 2 qrs. 16 lbs. and the remainder weighed 2 tons 17 cut. gross; tare on the first hundred firkins, 14 lbs. each, and on the remainder, 12 lbs. each. How much is the neat weight, and what does the butter come to, at 8 dollars 96 cents the hundred weight?

Ans.

S Neat weight 4 tons 16 cwt. 2 qrs. 8 lbs.

Amount 865 dollars 28 cents. 8. At 21 cents per pound, what will 6 hhds. of coffee come to, and what is the neat weight, being marked and numbered as follows: cwt. qrs. lbs.

163. No. 1. 7 1 10 Tare 96 2. 8 2 25

100 3. 7 1 24

93 4. 6 3 27

86 5. 7 0 24

93
6. 8 1 6

100
Cost 963 dollars 48 cents.

Neat weight 2 tons 3 qrs. 24 lbs. 9. Bought 4 hhds. of brandy; each hogshead had leaked; but the merchant of whom I bought, to save the trouble of gauging them, allows a deduction of 15 per cent on the whole. How many gallons am I to pay for, and what is the amount, at 1 dollars the gallon?

2144 gallons.

Amount 294 dolls. 52 cts. 5 m.
NOTE. I count the hogshead at 63 gallons.

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When tret is allowed with the tare. Rule. Find the tret first, and subtract it from the gross and the remainder is called suttle. Then find the tret by dividing the suttle by 26, as 4 lbs. is the as part of 104 lbs. which subtract from the suttle, and the remainder will be the neat weight.

{ Amount"$

: 450 75 cts.

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1. In a hogshead of tobacco, weighing gross 10 cwt. 1 qr. 12 lbs. tare 14 lbs. per 112 lbs. tret 4 lbs. per 104 lbs, how much neat weight?

Ans. 8 cwt. 2 qrs. 24 lbs. 2. How much is the gross weight of the above hogshead of tobacco, at the above tret and tare?

Ans. 10 cwt. 1 qr. 12 lbs. 3. In 25 barrels of Nantz currants, weighing gross 18cwt. 3 qrs. tare 12 lbs. per 112 lbs. tret 4 lbs. per 104 lbs. how many pounds neat, and how much is the amount, at 25 cts. per pound

lbs. neat.*

Ans. 4. What is the neat weight of two hogsheads of sugar, each weighing gross 7cwt. I qr. 7 lbs. tare 16 lbs. per 112 Tbs. tret 4 lbs. per 104 lbs. and what is the amount, at 7 dollars 84 cents per 112 lbs. ?

S Neat weight 12 cwt. 6 lbs.
Ans.

Amount 94 dollars 50 cents. 5. What is the gross weight of a hogshead of sugar, weighing neat 11 cwt. 1 qr. tare 14 lbs. per cwt. ?

Ans. 12 cwt. 3 qrs. 12 lbs. 6. In 70 bales of silk, each 317 lbs. gross,

bale 16 lbs. how many pounds neat? Ans. 21070 lbs.

7. In 12 hhds. of sugar, weighing gross 177 cwt. 22 lbs, tare 9 lbs. per awt. tret 4 lbs. on every 104 lbs. how many hundred weight neat? Ans. 156 cwt. 2 qrs. 22 lbs.

8. In a hogshead of lard, weight gross 8cwt. 3 qrs. 20 lbs. tare 38 lbs. tret 4 lbs. per 104 lbs. what is the neat weight, and what does it come to, at i cents a pound?

Ans.

Neat weight 8cwt. 1 qr. 1 lb.

Cost 46 dollars 25 cents. 9. Bought 4 hhds. of sugar, weighing gross 41 cwt. 3 qrs. 13.Ibs. tare 321 lbs. tret + lbs. on every 104 lbs. cloff 2 lbs. on every 3 cwt. How much neat, and what is the amount, at 7 dollars per cwt. ?

Neat weight 4175 lbs.
Ans.

Amount $260 93%cts.

tare per

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BARTER Is the exchanging of one commodity for another, and directs merchants and others how to make an exchange, without loss to either party.

• I did not work for the fraction.

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Rule. Find the value of the commodity, whose quantity is given; then find what quantity of the other, at the proposed rate, can be bought for the same money, and that will be the answer.

EXAMPLES.

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1. What quantity of flax, at 61 cents a pound, must I give for 12 lbs. of coffee, at 25 cents a pound? Here you must find how much the coffee comes to, by saying, 16.

lbs. If 1

3 dollars. Now, you have the amount of the coffee; then you must find how many pounds of fax, at 64 cents a pound, will come to $ 3; by saying,

16. dolls. If 64 :

48 lbs. Ans. 2. How much wheat, at 1 dol. 25 cts. a bushel, may be given for 50 bushels of rye, at 70 cents per bushel?

Ans. 28 bushels. 3. How many barrels of herrings, at 2 dollars per barrel, must I give in barter for 140 barrels of flour, at 4 dollars 70 cents the barrel?

Ans. 329 barrels. 4. A buys of B 4 barrels of whiskey, each containing 32 gallons, at 25 cents per gallon, for which I am to give him rye, at 37 cents a bushel. How many bushels of rye am I to give B for said whiskey?

Ans. 851 bushels. 5. C barters 4 hhds. of tobacco, weighing 1 ton 18 cwt. 2 2 qrs. 14 lbs. neat, at 9 cts. per pound, with D, for 96 dolls. in cash, and the balance in corn, at 314 cts. a bushel. How many bushels of corn is D to receive?

Ans. 938,00

86, bushels. 6. A bought of B the hull of a schooner, of 70 tons burthen, at 16 dollars per ton, and paid him in cash 500 dolls. 3 hhds. of molasses, containing each 1164 gallons, at 6 dimes 4 cents per gallon, and the balance he is to pay in gin, at 74 cents a gallon. How many gallons of gin is B to receive?

Ans. 535.17 gallons. 7. B has tea, which stands him a dollar per pound; but, bartering with C for coffee, he will charge i dollar 25 cents a pound. C's coffee stands him 20 cts. a pound. At what rate per pound must C charge his coffee, to make the barter

Ans. 25 cents. 8. F bartered with G 8cwt. of tobacco, at 12 cents per pound, for which G gave him 18 cwt. of flour. How was the flour rated a pound? Ans. 5 cents nearly.

equal ?

9. A las salt at 5 dollars per barrel, which he barters to B, at a profit of 25 per cent. for rum, which cost 1 dollar 25 cents a gallon. At what rate must C sell bis rum, to make an even barter ?

Ans. I dol. 564 cts. 10. C barters with D 36 lbs. 8 oz. of cloves, at i dollar 50 cents per pound, for flax, at 61 cents a pound. How much flax is C to receive ? Ans. 7cwt. 3 qrs, 8 lbs.

11. A and B barters: A has muslin that cost him 20 cts. a yard, and he puts it at 25 cents; B has calico, which stands him 30 cents a yard. . At what price must he put it, to gain 10 per cent. more than A?

Ans. 411 cents. 12. C has 300 yards of Irish linen, which stands him a dollar per yard : this he barters with D, at I dollar 5 cents. a yard, for rum, which stands D 1 dollar 9 cents a gallon. * How many gallons of rum is C to receive in barter, and at what price, that their gains may be equal ?

Ans. 262-7 gallons, at 81 142 cts. a gallon.

PROFIT AND LOSS Is a Rule by which merchants and traders discover their profit or loss, in buying and selling goods. It also instructs them how to rise or fall in the price of their goods, so as to gain or lose so much per cent. &c.

EXAMPLES.

1. Bought a barrel of whiskey, containing 52 gallons, for 8 dollars, and afterwards I retailed it out, at 37 cents per gallon. How much did I gain on the barrel ? gal.

galle.
If : 37 ::

12 dollars:
Sold for 12 dollars.
Bought for 8

cts.

32

:

Gained 4 dollars.

2. Bought 100 peaches, at 2 for a cent, and 100 apples, at 3 for a cent; and afterwards I sold thein all, at 5 for cents, Whether do I gain or lose by this trade ?

Ans. I lose 3} cents. 3. Bought 3} cwt. of iron for 15 dollars 68 cents, and retailed it out at 61 cents a pound. How much is my gain on the whole, and how much per pound?

Whole gain 88 82 cts.
Ans.

Gain per pound 21 cents.

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