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and of the public. The philosophi- || Convention without delay.This cal apparatus attached to the Col-l transfer has doubtless before this lege is, we understand, worthy of time been made, and we presume comparison with that of any of our the Convention will feel a peculiar older institutions.

satisfaction in devoting this donaIn looking back to the Report of tion to the use of the Columbian the Trustees made to the Conven-College. tion 'in 1823, I have been gratified I observe also, that up to observe, that the pecuniary con-| riod of the Report of the Trustees, cerns of the College were in so fa- | the tuition money received from vourable a condition. I regretted | students was sufficient to meet the exceedingly to see it stated, that salaries of the existing faculty. " the multiplicity of the Treasur. Since that time, although the Preser's labours prevented him from ident has entered upon his duties, bringing up his accounts to the and thus the expenses of instrucpresent date.”

The Convention || tion have been somewhat augmenineets only once in three years ; || ted, yet as the number of students and it is inost surely the business | has so considerably increased, there of the Treasurer to be prepared at can be from this source no very least on that occasion." If his la-i considerable deficiency. bours were too great to allow of his On the contrary, there have been writing, and posting books, this several sources from which the revmight have been done by a clerk. enues of the College must have conBook-keeping is a simple business. | siderably augmented. Funds to a Figures have a definite language, considerable amount have been rethe language we suppose always in-ceived for the endowment of 1st. tended to be spoken, and always The Presidency; 2d, The Profeseasily understood by financial men. I sorship of Ecclesiastical History;

But passing this informality, the | 3d, The Professorship of LanguaBoard inform the Convention, wit ges and Biblical Criticism; and 4th, is certain that the accounts will not The Professorship of Mathematics vary essentially from the following and Natural Philosophy. Now as estimate.

Gross expenses of the each of these funds must, as soon whole establishment, $70,000. | as it is commenced, become more Debt, 830,000. In uncollected or less productive, as they are of subscriptions due the College, up-1 course invested in some suitable wards of $20,000. Notes due the stock, the expenditures for instrucTreasurer, about $5000. Banktion must be somewhat lessened, Stock, 87,500. Due College from and the surplus may be applied to the Convention on account of Ben- the liquidation of the debts. How eficiaries, $6000. Total due the much may have been received since, College, $38,500 which is $8,500 we have not observed ; but we noabove the debts of the Institution. | tice (in the Number for June, 1823,) Now if we only suppose $11,500 of that about $2,600 have been acthe $20,000 subscribed to have knowledged as received by the been paid, the Institution must be Agent for the Professorship of Lanin effect clear of debt.

guages, and about 2,300 for that But I observe in the Report of of Eeclesiastical History. Besides the Agent to the same Convention, these, there have been some subthat he had secured to the Conven- scriptions solicited for the general tion two good houses in Washing-| purposes of the Institution, and ton, worth $10,000, by appropria- some Agents employed to solicit. ting to their purchase all the avails To what extent these have succeedof his salary and services for years. ed, we are unable to ascertain. " These he purposed to deed to the But it would seem from these data, APRIL, 1826,


if the financial concerns of the In- || as well as I can describe, the evils stitution have been managed with which an active and intriguing man ordinary prudence, that its funds might bring upon the Convention must now be in as favourable aby an abuse of this arrangement. state as they were at the last meet-|I hope the time will never arrive ing of the Convention. With these when any man among us will be prospects, under the fostering hand disposed to intrigue in the cause of

the Convention, we should hope Christ; but still it will not be that the Columbian College will doubted, that leaving the possibility soon rise to eminence among our of such an event open, is an objecliterary institutions. We hope that tion to any arrangement, which it the Report of the Trustees at the would be wise in us to obviate if it next meeting will justify these ex- be in our power. pectations of the public.

These difficulties have suggested Another subject of equal impor- to many of our wisest brethren, the tance will probably be at this time idea of having the second article of agitated. It is the Constitution of the Constitution so altered, that all the Convention. This Corporation members of the General Convenis formed, as is well known, by | tion shall be appointed by State delegates from Missionary and Ed - Conventions. These have been ucation Societies, who contribute formed in most of the United States, to its funds. It has been doubted and are already in successful opeby some of our most judicious men, ration. To have delegates sent in whether this was the best method | this manner would be attended with of fixing the representation. It is many and manifest advantages. certainly very unequal in its ope- The State Convention could always ration, and is very far from collect-bear, with trifling exertion, the exing with certainty the united wis- | penses of its delegation, and thus a dom of our brethren. The funds more general attendance might be of almost any individual society expected. Those who attend would are small, and to send a delegate each, in fact, represent the feelings from a remote State would fre- of that portion of our churches by quently exhaust its whole contribu- whom they were delegated. The tions for the year.

Thus from the || General Convention would thus beremote States, it could scarcely be come a strong bond of connexion expected that any, or at most but between all the different portions of one or two delegates would be our denomination scattered over present, and these would represent this widely extended country, and a society of 25 or 30 individuals, would bind them together in, it may instead of the whole State from be hoped, indissoluble union. The which they come. But to illustrate General Convention being thus comthe practical effect of the present i posed of delegates from the State system, it will be sufficient to refer | Conventions, and the State Convento the Minutes of the last Conven- tions of delegates from Associations, tion. There were present in all but and these last of delegates from 51 delegates. Of these, 14, that is, hurches, it would be the heart to five more than appeared from all the whole system, and might send New-England, and nearly one third a pulse of healthy influence to eveof the whole body, resided in the ry church and to every individual District of Columbia. Now if well in the land.

in the land. The arrangement of proceed upon the principle that tax- combination would then be perfect, ation and representation shall be and we should unite, in the purpoproportioned to each other, this ar- ses of benevolence, the whole feeling rangement is most manifestly un- in our country. Just Your readers will imagine, I have detained your readers,

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Messrs. Editors, longer, and have i delegates who may be present, I
gone much more into detail, than I have ventured to throw out these
at first designed. I hope that the hints for their consideration. May
freedom I have used will be excu- | God grant to all the members, that
sed. I had seen nothing upon these wisdom which is profitable to di-
subjects in any of our publications; rect.
and knowing the importance of
some reflection upon them to the


With esteem, I am, &c.



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It is a long time since we gave an ac described them as being then dragged to
count of the state of Missions in South eternal misery without being sensible of
Africa. In the absence of all intelligence their danger. The second made 'some
from India, we think the following nar sarcastic remarks on those who formerly
rative of the blessed effects of the gospel said, the Hottentots were not men, but a
in elevating the moral character and civil superior order of baboons; that the Hot-
'condition of the Hottentots, will be inter tentots were not made by God, but by,
esting to all our readers.

the Devil, and that this is the cause of the
difference between the Hottentots and

Europeans. But, he said, “my friends, I

now see that Hottentots can think, and

feel, and act, like other men. What do I

now behold-a Missionary Society form-
ed among Hottentots ?" A third noticed
with much good sense, the present awful

state of a great proportion of the HottenExtract of a Letter from Rev. George tots; and having lately visited Caffreland, Barker, Theopolis, dated 4th August, he described the condition of the Caffres, 1825.

and hence inferred the necessity for " On the 10th of June last, we formed strenuous exertions on behalf of the Mis, a Society denominated the Theopolis | sionary cause. But a fourth, in a strain Auxiliary Missionary Society ; Messrs. of feeling not to be described, compared Helm and Read came from Bethelsdorp | the newly formed Society to a child, and to assist us. Mr. Helm preached in the the Parent Society to its mother, and said, morning from Luke x. 27. " Go thou “ He wished to impress on the minds of and do likewise ” In the afternoon the all present, that the members of this new, Society was formed, Mr. Wright in the ly formed Society had been long nurtur. chair. The first resolution was to ap-ed by the mother Society; and the meetprove of the object and exertions of the ling had been told that her other children

London Missionary Society. The second, (meaning Auxiliary Societies) had in the [ that the Inhabitants of Theopolis, feeling mean time supported her. If this Society

their obligation to God, for the labours of did not exert itself to assist in supportMissionaries, desire to establish an Aux-ing its mother, the consequence would iliary Missionary Society here. The other be, she would become enfeebled in her resolutions appointed the officers of the efforts, if not die in grief; hence he ex. Society, &c. Our native speeches were horted all to come forward with their some of them very striking and very sens money on behalf of the Parent Society,

and the cause of God.” The collections The first took a view of the former at the doors amounted to about 60 pix wretched condition of the Hottentots, and 1 dollars: 'We were favourea with the

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company of several of our English friends || mary place, and we were gratified to find on the occasion, among whom were Mr. that this fundamental branch of missionKay, the Methodist Minister at Graham's || ary labour had not been overlooked. At Town, and Mr. Duxberry, who ministers | all the Institutions we found Sunday to the Baptist Church at the same place, Schools, both for adults and children, in all of whom expressed themselves sur active operation, and zealously supported prised and gratified. What will be the by the people themselves, as well as alresult of the formation of this Society, | most every individual resident at the statime will unfold. God grant that its end tion, whose assistance could be made usemay be as prosperous as its beginning ful as teachers. Many of the latter class was gratifying

were selected from among the Hotten

tots, and when it is considered, that not Extracts of a Letter from an English || less than 600 adults, and from 3 to 400

Gentleman, addressed to Dr Philip, containing some Account of the princi- children, are regularly receiving instrucpal Colonial Missions of the Society in || tion, and learning to read the Scriptures, South Africa. Cape of Good Hope, || in these schools—that the greatest num27th of January, 1825.

ber of the children are also taught on My dear Sir,—As it



week-days to read and write English, it ble to you to receive the testimony of im- ) is impossible, for a moment, to doubt the partial eye-witnesses to the progress of utility of the Institution, or to deny that the missionary exertions among the Hot- the work of improvement is going fortentots, at the various stations under your ward. The progress of persons advancsuperintendence, I have much pleasure ed in years, who have but one day in in communicating in writing the result of seven to learn, cannot be otherwise than the observations made by my friend Mr. | slow; and doubtless much remains to be

and myself, on our late visit to Pa done ; but while the effect of these caltsdorp, Bethelsdorp, and Theopolis, schools on the morals of the Hottentots the substance of which we also expressed is already very apparent, in their better at the late meeting of the Auxiliary Mis observance of the Lord's day, and the sionary Society in Cape Town.

useful appropriation of that portion of “ In stating Mr. —'s sentiments, in

time which before was too often wasted conjunction with my own, on this occa in idleness, the very general desire of insion, I have to regret that his hasty de struction thus evinced, both for themparture for has devolved on me a

selves and their children, affords a gratitask which he was so much better quali fying proof of the influence of Christian fied to perform ; but I am sure you will principles on their minds, and cannot receive with indulgence the few desultory

fail, at no distant period, to produce a observations I shall venture to offer. To striking and important change in the allude in detail to every object which

character and habits of the people. In strikes the eye, or attracts the observation the day schools we had much satisfaction of a stranger at these Institutions, would in seeing the British system successfully be an unnecessary trespass on your time, introduced, And at Theopolis particuwho are already so fully acquainted with larly, it was pleasing to find that the obthem; I shall therefore confine my re

stacles bitherto presented by the irregumarks to a few of the most prominent fea larity of the children's attendance has tures they present to those who keep in

been almost entirely overcome, and so view the great end of their establishment, great' a number as 200 daily collected tothe disseminating of religious truth, and gether for instruction, through the active the moral improvement of the people.

exertions of Mr. Wright, all of whom,

with but two or three exceptions, were Mission Schools.

decently clothed. " Among the various instruments em “ The progress the children had made ployed for the important objects above in English, considering the short time mentioned, schools have ever held a pri since it had been introduced into the

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schools, appeared very creditable to their evinced in contributing towards the relig. teachers; while the facility with which ious improvement, as well as temporal they learn, and the readiness of their re necessities of their brethren, in the misplies to questions put to them on Scrip- || sionary and charitable associations formture history, (particularly at Pacaltsdorp, | ed among themselves, left us no reason under Mr. Anderson,) afford a satisfactory to doubt the statements of the missionrefutation of the charge of intellectual in-aries, that the gospel has been received capacity, which some have unguardedly among the people, not in word only, thrown out against the Hottentots in but in power,' and that its effects are disgeneral.

played in the lives of many, as well as in Bethelsdorp Evangelical Society-Attend

the moral and orderly conduct of the ance on the Public Etercises of Relig-| whole community at the several stations. ion~Religious Character of the Hot.

“ In their talents for sacred music, tentots, fic.

which has attracted the attention of al“At Bethelsdorp, the exertions of the most every traveller, the Hottentots at Missionaries to keep alive a religious | these institutions do not fall short of their spirit among the people seemed to be brethren elsewhere. It was not, however, most materially aided by the Sunday. || the talent alone, but the spirit of devotion school committee, consisting, I believe, with which it was employed, that struck entirely of the teachers, in number about us as most worthy of observation; and an 20, which meets once a week for the hu- | assembly of these simple people, joining siness of the school, and for mutual edifi- | together in songs of praise and thankful. cation, and not less go by the Domestic ness to the Creator, is a spectacle as eleEvangelical Society, of which some of the vating to the mind of a Christian as the most pious and best informed Hottentots sweet harmony of their voices is pleasing are members. These visit the people byl to the ear.' turns in their own houses, read and explain to them portions of the Scriptures, Progress of the Hottentots in Civilization. and tracts, pray with, and exhort them. “ With regard to the progress of the The simplicity of this Institution, so well || Hottentots in civilization,

appears to adapted to the character of the people, me that an unfair estimate has often been cannot fail to be highly beneficial to the formed. And because living amongst cause of Christianity among them.

Europeans, and for the most part subject " At their weekly prayer-meetings, we

to their control, they still retain much of had an opportunity of hearing several their native character and habits, and do members of the different churches pour

not at once adopt the manners and cusforth their extemporary supplications with toms of a people so different from thema degree of fervour and fluency exceed selves, they are hastily pronounced to ingly interesting and affecting. And have advanced but little beyond the savamong the many subjects of thankfulness || age state. that were publicly enumerated, it was

“ Civilization is, indeed, the bandmaid pleasing to hear distinguished the mercy || of religion, and invariably has followed in of the Almighty in having sent teachers her train, but her progress has in general from afar to instruct and civilize these been but very gradual. Yet with every poor, degraded nations."

allowance for the peculiarity of their cir" At all these institutions, I think I || cumstances, and the differences in nationmay with propriety affirm, that there ex

al character and habits, I have no hesitaists, both among the missionaries and tion in saying, that many of the Hottenpeople, a great degree of zeal, and a real

tots of these institutions appeared to us interest in the missionary cạnse. Indeed, fully on an equality, in point of civilizathe punctuality of their attendance on the tion, with a great portion of the labourdaily public exercises of devotion; the ing class in our country. And among correct seriousnesg of their demeanour those at Bethelsdorp particularly, English while there; the readiness they have habits and English feelings seemed to be

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