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CIVIL STATE OF THE AFRICAN COLONY.
Excluding salary of the Printer, at an expense of more than $1000, we cannot adequately express our gratitude to the
The system of government adopted in munificent donors. But they will best August, 1894, and since sanctioned by the understand our feelings when we inform Board, has undergone no material alterathem that nearly $200 have been subscri
tion. It has proved itself entirely suffi
cient: for the civil government of the bed by our citizens towards the immediate issue and support of a publick News- Colony possesses much of the republican
character. The constitution and laws paper.
We judge also that there are received appear to be the pride of all. Every a thousand volumes of useful, and many
attempt to impede the movements of of them most valuable books, and proba- government awakeņs general indigna
tion. bly as many more pamphlets. We ought particularly to specify a complete set of Agriculture of the Colony. the North American Review, presented
One Hundred and twenty sections of by Mr. Sparks, the Editor.
plantation lands have been surveyed, and Bibles and Testaments presented by the Massachusetts Bible Society, and the $20 || but, with the exception of ten sections,
illotted to as many different families; anount of Tracts, presented by the New given to the settlers on the St. Paul's England Tract Society, the boxes from
river, all these lands are but illy adapted, Andover, Modway, Dedham, Portland, and Boston.
as respects their soil and location, to culTo this we add two sets of patent
tivation. Their ability to obtain a sub
sistance by other pursuits has induced the scales, two pair of blacksmith's bellows, two anvils, and a complete establishment settlers, too generally, without intending
to abandon the cultivation of their lands, for a blacksmith's shop. One pair of
to defer this labour to a future period. globes, and a bell worth $40-all kinds of stationary, two chests of medicine,
The last year's crops succeeded extremeand a great variety of agricultural and ly well, until nearly harvest time, but mechanical tools, clothing, household
were then, in a great measure, destroyed furniture and provision; besides many
by the animals and insects of the country. private donations to all the Colonists that By clearing the lands, this will hereafter embarked.
be prevented. The St. Paul's territory If all this may be viewed as an index appears to possess great fertility, and of the state of feeling in New England, every advantage for agricultural improveit must be most gratifying to the Ameri
“Nothing (says Mr. Ashmun) can Colonization Society, and furnishes but disasters of the most extraordinary a pledge never before given, that Africa
nature can prevent the settlement of is to arise from her degradation, and this sturdy farmers now happily seated on it
, Colony to receive an impulse which no
from making their way directly to subsequent disaster can effectually check, respectability and abundance."
The means of the Colonists to obtain the
comforts of life, and acquire property. The above is an extract from the first Bamber of the Liberia Herald. But we
The Colonists generally live in a style regret to state, that the Publisher, Mr.
of neatness and comfort, approaching to Charles L. Force, had only issued three elegance in many instances, unknown papers, before he was removed by death,
before their arrival in Africa. A family This event, with the decease of Rev. Mr. twelve months in the Colony, without the Sessions soon after he left the shores of means of furnishing a comfortable table, Africa, we consider peculiarly afflictive is unknown; and an individual, of whatprovidences.
Rev. Mr. Holton had been ever age or sex, without an ample supply sick, but was thought to be better at the of decent apparel, cannot be found. All
are successfully building houses, and
improving their premises. Every fam- || year, and still continue in operation. ily has the means of employing from The children give evidence that they four to six native labourers, at an expense possess good mental powers. Should of from four to six dollars per month. || emigration cease, for a few months, to On urgent occasions, individual settlers throw little ignorants into the colony, have advanced,
repeatedly, for the the phenomenon of a child of five years publick service, produce to the amount unable to read, would not, it is believed, of from 300 to 600 dollars. Mechanics exist in the colony. receive for wages $2 per day, and
The Defensive Force of the Colony. common labourers from 75 cents to $1 75 Their services are in great de
The militia are organized into two mand. A surplus quantity of rice is corps : the artillery, of fifty, and the inat present raised by the natives, and may | fantry, of forty men, on several trying be cheaply purchased. Several hundred occasions, have shown their soldier-like tons of Camwood annually pass through conduct. There belongs to the establishthe hands of settlers. The amount of ment 15 large carriage and 3 small pivot ivory bought and sold during a year is guns, all fit for service. The agent proestimated at from five to eight thousand | poses to open a double battery on the dollars. Domestic animals, though not | height of Thomsontown, for the protec
tion of vessels in the roadstead. numerous, are on the increase. Fish are excellent and abundant. By a few drafts
The Religious Character of the Colonists. in the morning, a thousand pounds may
This is too flattering, says Mr. Ashbe obtained weekly. On a given quantity
mun, to the hopes of the pious friends of of ground, the crop of rice is found to be
the Colony, not to be admitted without double that of an ordinary wheat crop,
hesitation. The Sabbath is observed and obtained with half the labour.
with strictness. The Sunday schools The buildings and other works of con
both for the settlers and natives, are well struction.
sustained and attended, and productive of Fort Stockton has been entirely re the happiest fruits; and several charitabuilt, and in a very improved style. The ble societies, particularly for the tuition new Agency house is nearly completed, and bringing up of the native children, and only waits to be finished with Ameri- | appear to have been undertaken in a can materials The Government House truly Christian spirit. “During the latat the St. Paul's will soon be finished. I ter half of the year, two commodious A telegraphic communication is to be es and beautiful chapels have been erected, tablished between the two settlements, by each sufficient to contain several hunmeans of signals from the cupola of this dred worshippers. They stand on the house and the flag staff of Fort Stockton. confines of a once gloomy forest conseA schooner of ten tons has been con
crated to the demon worship of the nastructed by nine blacks, under the directives ; and while they are beheld by tion of the Colonial Agent, which visits | Christians as new and joyful landmarks once a fortnight, Rio Sisters and Grand | of the widening empire of the Son of Bassa ; and freighted both ways, gener- || God, are regarded by the neighbouring ally carries and brings merchandise and || tribes as monuments of the incipient produce to the amount of from four to overthrow of their superstitions, and as eight hundred dollars per trip.
Two prophetic beacons of its hastening dissolusmall churches have been erected, under tion.” More than 50 persons have in the circumstances of the most gratifying na
15 months past, embracing nearly the ture.
whole young adult population, become
the serio’s and devout professors of Schools, &c.
" The Colony,” says Mr. Five schools, exclusive of Sunday || Ashmun, “ is, in deed and reality, a schools, have been supported during the || christian community. The Faith of the
Everlasting Gospel, has become the ani. both these places. Thus, the Society has mating spring of action, the daily rule of jurisdiction along more than 100 miles of life, and the source of ineffable hope coast, and this obtained at a trifling and enjoyment to a large proportion of expense. the Colonists. I have seen,” he adds, The relations of the Colony with the "the proudest and profanest foreigners
neighbouring Tribes. that ever visited the Colony, trembling The just, humane, and benevolent with amazement and conviction, almost policy pursued by the Colonists in all literally in the descriptive language of their intercourse with the native tribes, Paul, “ find the secrets of their hearts has given a great and increasing influence made manifest, and falling down upon
over them. We have practically taught their faces, worship God, and report that them, says Mr. Ashmun, in the spirit of the God was with this people of a truth.” parent institution, that one end of our set
tlement in their country, is to do them Morals of the Colonists.
good. We have adopted sixty of their chilExcept for military offences, not a sin
dren, and are bringing them up as the othgle individual of the Colonists has suffer
er children, and have shown a tender coned imprisonment for a period of 22
cern fortheir happiness, and a sacred regard months-profane swearing is held in ab
to their rights, and have thus given them horrence. Mr. Ashmun, however, ex
a new and surprising view of the characpresses his regret that there has been too
ter of civilized man. Our influence over little punctuality in the payment of debts,
them, he adds, is unbounded. Thieves and the moral force of a contract has been
and other malefactors have, in too many too little felt.
instances to be recited, been voluntarily Accession of Territory, and the Estab- 1 given up to the Colony for punishment.
lishments connected with the Colony. One of the most obvious effects of the
The St. Paul's Territory has already | Colony, has been to check the slave become the residence of a number of trade. We have, says Mr. Ashmun, families. A cession of country has been I think I may confidently say, banished made to the Colony by King Freeman of it from this district of the coast. PerYoung Sestus, and a factory established haps it is yet to be seen that the most there for the purchase of rice. A simi- || barbarous of practices may be underminlar cession of territory has been made by ed by an influence as silent and unprea the Chief of Grand Bassa. It is thought tending as the persuasive power of Christhat settlements may be cominenced at tian example.
ous meeting of ministers, and private RESPECTING THE NEWTON THE-brethren, from various parts of New-Eng.. OLOGICAL INSTITUTION. land, held in May, 1825, at the vestry of
the First Baptist Church in this city. It Boston, June, 1826. was then resolved that the necessities of
our denomination imperiously require the The undersigned, a Committee of the establishment of a Theological Institution Trustees of the NEWTON THEOLOGICAL in the vicinity of Boston, and the gen. Institution, beg leave to submit to your tlemen present pledged themselves to use consideration the following statements | every suitable exertion towards the prorelative to the origin, present state, and i motion of such an object. Brethren from prospects of the Seminary with which in all parts of the State addressed the incetthe providence of God they are con- ling, and each one seemed most deeply nected.
impressed with the importance of such The origin of the Newton Theological an institution to the interests of piety Institution, may be dated from a numer among our churches. As there was at
that time no other incorporated body to state what further seems necessary 10
treasury for the fitting up of the building. The execution of this trust they as This expense was absolutely unavoidable, gumed, and immediately took such meas for without incurring it the Institution ures as the providence of God seemed could not have proceeded. More than to direct, and the attainment of the ob- || $3000 are necessary to meet this demand. ject necessarily to require. The Rev. 2. Buildings are necessary for the acIrah Chase, A. M. late Professor of Lan-commodation of a professor, or profesguages and Biblical Criticism in the Co.
These buildings cannot be erected lumbian College, was appointed Profes- for less than $6,000. sor of Biblical Theology. A site was 3. Funds are necessary for the endow. purchased in the town of Newton about 7 ment of two professorships. The trustees miles from this city containing eighty- || do not contemplate at present a seminary five acres on elevated ground, and com which shall need more than two instructmanding one of the most delightful pros They do not consider a large pects in this vicinity. Upon the land is a Theological Institution desirable. But large mansion house, abundantly suffi- | they believe that two Professors will be cient for the residence of a steward and necessary as soon as their funds will twenty-five students, besides out houses justify their appointment. Nothing and a large and profitable garden. This but an unwillingness to go beyond whole property was purchased for $4,250, | their means, has prevented their engathe expense of which was defrayed by ging an additional instructer. To this the distinguished liberality of a few indi- | subject so intimately connected with the viduals in this city, and its vicinity. I interests of the institution, they beg Since the purchase it has been necessary | leave to direct the particular attention of however to commence a series of altera- | their brethren, and of the christian pubtions and repairs to render the house more lick in general. Unless funds are provi. suitable for its present design. These ded for the permanent support of inwill cost not much less than the original || structers, the services of men suitable price of the property, and will bring its for the station cannot be secured. nett expense to about $8,000. Were it 4. Funds are necessary for the gener. necessary here to remark upon the ad- || al purposes of the institution. On this vantageousness of the terms on which part of the subject it is proper to remark these accommodations have been procur- that it is the intention of the trustees to ed, we would state what is unquestiona- proceed upon a system of most rigid ble fact, that the buildings in their present economy. It is intended that the stustate alone could not be erected for the dents shall labor upon the farm attached sum which has been given for the whole to the institution under the direction of property, including eighty-five acres of the professors, and it is believed that in most valuable land, and a large and well this manner considerable may be done cultivated garden.
towards lessening its expenditures. But Whilst these arrangements were in still it must be anticipated that the greater progress, the Executive Committee of the part of those who will enter will be beneBaptist Education Society, were aware ficiaries. It is therefore feared that unthat it was not the expectation of their less some funds be raised, at least for asbrethren, nor was it consistent with the sisting in their support, all our other labest interests of such a seminary, that its bors will be unavailing. management should continue in their
Besides this, funds to a considerable hands longer than was absolutely neces amount are necessary for the establish, sary. They therefore took early meas ment of a library. In such an institution ures towards obtaining an act of incorpo- | as this, books to a very considerable numration. This act was passed February | ber are absolutely indispensable, both for 21, 1826, by which the most distinguished the use of the instructers and the students. benefactors to the institution, and others for these also must the trustees look endeeply interested in its prosperity in this tirely to the benevolence of the christian vicinity and in New-England, were incur. | publiek. porated by the name of the Trustees of In addressing this letter to you, Sir, we the Newton Theological Institution. deem it unnecessary to expatiate upon Under their direction a course of theo-1 the importance of a well educated minislogical instruction comienced in Decem-try. The necessity of a place of Theo. ber, 1825, by Professor Chase, and several logical education, for our younger brethyoung men have already enjoyed its ad- | ren, who are now every year graduating vantages.
at ihe various colleges of New-England Thus far has the undertaking already || and New-York, is too evident to require a advanced. We would now proceed 10 remark. In obedience to what seemed
the wishes of their brethren, the trustees Earth has a theme allied to heaven,
Who forms for God one beauteous gein;
} Committee. | To sparkle on the eternal throne !
From the Report, it appears that in BOARD OF TRUSTEES.
connexion with the Union there are 400 Rev. Joseph Grafton, President. auxiliaries, 2131 schools, 19,298 teachers,
FRANCIS WAYLAND, Secretary. 135,074 pupils. Since the last anniver-
sary, 468 teachers, and 532 scholars are Rev. Lucius BOLLES, D. D.
reported to have become hopefully pious. DANIEL SHARP,
About 42,000 scholars have been added JONATHAN GOING,
to the Union since the last anniversary. Bela Jacobs,
The number of pupils now connected, EBENEZER Nelson,
with all the Sabbath Schools in the world, HENRY JACKSON,
is estimated at 1,080,000.
EVANGELICAL TRACT SOCIETY
THE Evangelical Tract Society held its Annual Meeting in Boston, on the 30th
of May last. Amongst the other busiAMERICAN SUNDAY SCHOOL ness transacted, a vote was passed to beUNION.
come auxiliary to the American Tract The second Anniversary of this excel- Society, at New-York. The annual serlent Institution was celebrated, on Tues- mon was delivered in the evening at the day evening, the 23d of May last, in Phila- Meeting-house of the Rev. Mr. Sharp, by delphia. The meeting commenced at half the Rev. Charles Train, from 1 Cor. ix.
23.—“And this I do for the gospel's sake, past seven o'clock, Alexander Henry, Esq. President of the Society, in the that I might be partaker thereof with chair. The throne of grace was ad- you." dressed by the Rev. James Lauric, D. D. of Washington.
The following hymn, written for the occasion, by W. B. Tappan, was then CORRESPONDING SECRETARY OF
THE BAPTIST BOARD FOR FORsung.
At a meeting of the Baptist Board for Where gladness now, O God, appears,
Foreign Missions, held in Boston on the How dark would thy creation seem!
first of June last, the Rev. Lucius Bolles, Reveald in splendours was thy name,
D. D. of Salem, Mass. was unanimously When morn her banners first unfurl'd;
requested to devote the whole of his Yet lovelier is the light that came,
time to the concerns of our Missions, in Shedding redemption o'er a world.
case he could make satisfactory arrange
ments with the Church and Society of To this high impulse man has bow'd, which he is Pastor. One of the officers And frigid hearts have learn’d to love; of the Board was directed to address a Tie fierce are humbled ; on the proud letter to the church on the subject, exSits ineekness like a peaceful dove. plaining the views and feelings which Now are the mighty of the earth
dictated the aforesaid request. Workers with God-now hoary age We are happy to inform our readers, Pants to partake the second birth, that notwithstanding the very strong atNow children are his heritage.
tachment which existed between Dr.