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several years before he assumed the importance and practicability
natural and easy gradation, to the conviction of their scriptural auexercise of his ministerial gifts in thority, those views on that suba more public way. His first pro- lject, so clearly laid down in the bationary sermon before the church works of his reverend friend Anwas delivered May 3, 1770, from drew Fuller. For the light which Jeremiah xxxi. 9. From this pe-| had enabled him to explore this riod he continued for several province of theological truth, he years, assisting his father in the was indebted, instrumentally, to pulpit as well as in the school- the writings of the justly celebratroom, and zealously engaged ined Jonathan Edwards, and others proclaiming the gospel in the vil- of that class, with which he belages round Northampton, where came acquainted about the year his labours are still remembered 1775. It is generally known that with grateful respect In 1781, a thorough congeniality of sentihe was called to the office of co-ment on these topics did much pastor ; and on the removal of his towards cementing that cordial father, five years after, to the union which subsisted so long beneighbourhood of the metropolis, Il tween Ryland, Sutcliff, and Fulthe entire care of that large church ler ; and which led them, after and congregation devolved upon several years of intimacy, to comhim. In this important station hebine in founding the “ Particular continued, till the voice of Provi-Baptist Society for propagating dence summoned him to a sphere the Gospel among the Heathen”of still greater usefulness, in an enterprize which will ever shed which he was destined long to an imperishable glory upon their continue, a blessing of no small names. value to the churches, and to the William Carey, of whom we are world. As to the manner in now naturally reminded, had been which he conducted himself during baptized by. Mr. Ryland, in the his residence at Northampton, | river Nen, in the year 1783, soon many yet living can testify how after the latter had become the holily and justly, and unblameably colleague of his father. This he behaved himself among them. || young man, then 21 years
age, Few men, entering so early into was at that time labouring to prothe ministry, have exemplified more cure a scanty livelihood as a jourfully the parental admonition of neyman shoemaker. About four the apostle to his beloved Timo- || years afterwards, he was chosen thy, Le
man despise thy pastor of the church at Moulton, youth : but be thou an example of near Northampton, where his zealthe believers in word, in con- ous labours so enlarged the congreversation, in charity, in spirit, in gation, that it became necessafaith, in purity.
ry to erect a more cominodious At the commencement of his place of worship As his people religious course, Mr. Ryland was could raise their pastor only £10 much attached to the writings of or £11.per annum, it was John Brine, who had been the quisite to collect for their meeting personal friend of his father, and elsewhere ; and while at Birminghe adopted the views of that emi- ham on this errand, Mr. Carey nent man on what was currently could not refrain from conversing styled the Modern Question ; but on the state of tho heathen, and the
pastoral office, he saw reason of sending them the gospel. A to alter his sentiments on
this generous friend in that town, who much-controverted point, and ever
is yet living, struck with the inafter maintained, with the fullest | formation Mr. Carey had' acquir:
ed, and the ardour he displayed sion. 'o endure, between long cheron the subject, urged him to pre-ished attachments and a sense of pare his thoughts for publication, duty, he yielded to their unanimous accompanying the request with an invitation, and removed, with his offer of ten pounds towards the family, to Bristol, in December, expense. On his return home, 1793. A public service, recognizMr. Carey met his three friends, ing his union with the church at Fuller, Sutcliff, and Ryland at Broadmead, was held on the 15th Northampton, and communicated of May following, in which Messrs. to them what had passed. He im- Francis of Horsley, Kingdon of portuned one of them to under-Frome, Clarke of Exeter, and take the publication in his stead; Tommas of the Pithay-men all but as they severally declined it, venerable and beloved in their day, he fulfilled the task himself soon but long since gathered to their after by sending his “ Enquiry" fathers, took part. One minister to the press; which being follow-only survives, (Rev. J. Hughes M. ed up by the sermons of Sutcliff A. of Battersea,) who united in that and Fuller at Clipston, in April service, and for him it was reserv1791, and the Circular Letter to ed to attend the funeral solemnity the Northamptonshire Association, of his venerable friend in the place
on Godly Zeal,' by Mr. Ryland, where, more than thirty years bein the succeeding year, issued in fore, he had solemnly implored the the formation of the society at divine benediction on the comKettering, Oct. 2, 1792.
mencement of his labours. Scarcely had Mr. (now Dr.) A few months after Dr. Ryland Ryland assisted in laying the foun- fixed his residence at Bristol, he dation of the Baptist Mission, ere received the first letters which had he was called to a distant part of arrived from Carey and Thomas the kingdom, and fixed, for the in Bengal, and the intelligence remainder of his life, in the precise they contained was so cheering, spot where he could most effec- || that he longed to communicate it tually serve the Society : not as widely as possible. The Rev. merely by exerting his influence David Bogue of Gosport, and-Stethrough a wide and most respecta- ven, then of London, being at that ble circle, but by infusing a por- time supplying at the Tabernacle, tion of his own spirit into the were invited to meet a few friends rising generation of our ministers, at the Doctor's house on this inand thus providing, in the surest teresting. occasion ; and when, manner, for its perpetuity and after uniting in prayer and praise, extension.
these worthy ministers returned to Dr. Caleb Evans, the amiable their lodgings, they mutually exand excellent pastor of the church pressed their desires to set on in the Broadmead, Bristol, and foot a Missionary Society among President of the Baptist academy their connexions likewise. About in that city, had been removed by the same time, Dr. Edward Wildeath in August, 1791, and the at- | liams, then of Birmingham, and tention of his bereaved friends was other pædobaptist ministers of soon directed towards Northamp- that district, were imbibing a simton for a successor. In com- || ilar spirit ; and the result of these pliance with their solicitations, Dr. concurrent trains of thought and Ryland paid them a visit for a feeling was one in which ages unmonth at Christmas, 1792, and after born will have to rejoice-the esa painful struggle, such as many a tablishment of the London Misconscientious and honourable mindsionary Society in September, has been calleu, on a similar occa- || 1795.
The new connexions, among|jects, are dispersed among his nu. whom Dr. Ryland was now merous friends and corresponbrought, welcomed him with a cor-dents. His productions, though dial respect, which soon ripened not characterized by elevation of into genuine affection ; and though style or elegance of composition, all his ministering brethren in the uniformly breathe a devotional and West were not prepared at once benevolent spirit ; and are mark. fully to subscribe to his views of|ed by a certain earnestness of divine truth, they rejoiced to lis-manner strongly indicating that ten to one, who combined with so their author deeply felt the importmany claims to their deference, | ance of the sentiments he advosuch meekness and gentleness as cates ; and, without the least anxproved him to be unconscious of iety to secure the admiration of them all. He preached at the his readers, aimed only to profirst Western Association held af- || mote their spiritual welfare. Toter his settlement at Bristol, and wards opponents his candour was on several other public occasions remarkable ; and in his work on in the same year.
The ascenden-baptism, he has furnished an examcy at first obtained without de-ple of the mode of treating that sign, was ever afterwards pre- | much contested subject, which all served without effort ; and prob- || future controversialists would do ably there never has been an indi-well to follow. Good men of all vidual, exercising so long such ex- denominations he cordially loved ; tensive influence, who more com- and maintained, for many years, pletely escaped the imputation an extensive correspondence with of an imperious and dogmaticai eminent divines of different comspirit.
munions both in Great Britain and When Dr. Ryland succeeded America. Among these we may to the president's chair, the acad- specify the names of Toplady, emy at Bristol was the only insti- || Scott and Newton-Dr. Erskine tution of the kind in the denomi- of Edinburgh-and Drs. Jonathan nation to which he belonged ; and Edwards, Hopkins, West, and the incessant occupation and cor- Dwight, in the United States. All respondence connected with this these excellent men had entered office, together with his pastoral the heavenly rest before him. How duties to the church at Broadmead, delightful is the thought that they required a closeness and intensity are now together enjoying the fulof application to which few men ness of that love and perfection of would have been equal. But he that knowledge, which, while on was favoured, till nearly the close earth, they could only begin to of life, with almost uninterrupted taste and comprehend ! health ; and his habitual temper Dr. Ryland was assisted, in the ance and early rising, combined labours of the academy, succeswith unusual facility in the use of sively by the Rev. Joseph Hughes, the pen, enabled him, in addition M. A. ; Rev. Henry Page, M. A. to the avocations already named, now of Worcester, and the Rev. to prepare much for the press. T. S. Crisp, who, since the deBesides thirty-four publications of cease of his venerable colleague, merit, he was a frequent contribu- has been unanimously elected pretor, for nearly half a century, to sident in his room. The number successive periodical publications of students who enjoyed the beneintended to promote the cause of fit of the Doctor's instruction and evangelical religion ; and manu- example we have not been able to scripts, to a considerable extent, ascertain ; but about 120 are on a variety of theological sub- | now living dispersed through our
churches at home, and occupying || kindness and instructive example. Missionary stations abroad, who The sentiments entertained by were educated under his care. the Committee of the Society toAs one proof of the filial venera- wards the venerable subject of this tion in which he was held by his memoir, may be gathered from the students, it may be stated that he following record, entered on their was called to preach ordination minutes when his decease sermons more frequently than, officially announced : perhaps, any other dissenting min RESOLVED, That the Commitister of his time. The number of tee, while recording their unfeigncharges he had delivered on these ed sorrow for the loss they have occasions amounted to seventy- | sustained, by the removal of their seven ; and they would doubtless late beloved and revered friend have been many more bad it been and coadjutor, desire also to bless possible for him to comply with God for the part he was so long every request of that nature. permitted to take in the affairs of
The active part taken by our this Institution, which, in a great deceased friend in forming and degree, may be said to have origiconducting the Baptist Missionary nated in his faith and zeal. They Society has already been noticed"; gratefully remember that he intibut in 1815, on the death of Mr. mately shared in all the difficulFuller, who had most ably sus-ties and anxieties of the undertaktained the office of secretary to ing from its very commencement that Institution from its com--proved its consistent, affectionmencement, he was called to take ate, and successful advocate to his a still more prominent share in its dying day—and since the decease management. At a meeting of of the venerable Fuller, has mathe Society held at Luton soon af-terially promoted its interests in ter, the Dr. was unanimously so the arduous and responsible post licited to assume the office recent- of Secretary to the Society. They ly become vacant ; but as he was reflect with pleasing interest, on then upwards of sixty years of the Missionaries who, under bis age, and had so much other public paternal instructions, have been business on his hands, it was evi-trained for honourable service dent that some coadjutor must be abroad ; and on the greater pumfound to share the burden with i ber of ministering brethren, who, him. Accordingly, the late Rev. taught by his holy example to feel James Hinton, M. A. of Oxford, for the general interests of the was called to fill this post, at the Saviour's kingdom, have become i annual meeting held at Northamp- the zealous and efficient supportton in the following October, and ers of the cause at home ; but discharged its duties with equal while, by all these considerations, zeal and ability for the two suc- they are reminded of the greatceeding years, at the close of ness of their loss, they desire to which he was compelled, by the exercise unshaken faith in Him pressure of other engagements who raised up their departed and declining health, to resign his friend and his first associates in office. From that period, to the the work, for the continued supply day of his death, the Dr. continu- of those gifts and graces which ed to hold the secretaryship in are necessary to carry forward conjunction with the individual those operations so happily bewho is now called upon to pay a gun. willing tribute to his memory, For an accurate delineation of and to own how much he feels the character of Dr. Ryland, we himself indebted to his paternal l are compelled, by our limíts, to
refer to the funeral sermon already religion appeared in its fruits ; in mentioned ; from which we with gentleness, in humility, and begreat pleasure make the following | nevolence ; in a steady, conextract:
scientious performance of every " If, as a preacher, he never duty, and a careful abstinence attained the highest summit of from every appearance of evil. popularity, he was always heard | As little did his character partake with attention. His ministry was of the ascetic. It never entered replete with instruction, and not into his thoughts that religion was unfrequently accompanied with an enemy to the innocent pleasan unction which rendered it irre- lures and social endearments of sistible. As he possessed none human life, of which he entertainof those graces of elocution and ed a high relish, and which his manner which secure superficial constant regard to the Deity renapplause, he was always most es- dered subservient to piety, by the teemed by those who heard him gratitude which they inspired, the oftenest ; and his stated hear- and the conviction which they ers rarely if ever wished to ex-deepened of the divine benignity. change the voice of their pastor | His love to the Great Supreme for that of a stranger. His ad- was equally exempt from slavish dress was such as produced an in- timidity and presumptuous familstantaneous conviction of his sin-iarity : it was an awful love, such cerity. It displayed, even to the as the beatific vision may be supmost superficial observer, a mind posed to inspire, where the worinfinitely above being actuated by shippers veil their faces in that the lust of applause ; a spirit presence in which they rejoice deeply imbued with a sense of with ecstatic joy. As he cherisheternal realities, and ready to poured a firm persuasion that the atitself forth as a libation on the tributes of the Deity ensure the sacrifice of the faith and obedi-production of the greatest possible ence of his converts. The effect sum of good, in comparison of of his discourses, excellent as which, the quantity of natural and they were in themselves, was pro- moral evil permitted to remain digiously heightened by the ven- vanishes and disappears, his views eration universally felt for his of the divine administration were character, and the just and high a source of unmingled joy ; while estimation entertained of his piety. This profound sense of the essenPiety, indeed, was his distinguish- tial holiness and justice of the Sued characteristic, which he pos- | preme Ruler, kept alive those sensessed to a degree that raised him timents of penitence and humility, inconceivably above the level of to which too many optimists are ordinary Christians. Devotion ap- strangers. “ He feared the great peared to be the principal element and terrible name of the Lord his of his being : it was next to im- || God." possible to converse with him with 66 Few men have exhibited more out perceiving how entirely it per- unequivocal proofs of candour than vaded bis mind, and imparted to your excellent and lamented pashis whole deportment an air oftor. Though a Calvinist in the purity, innocence, and sanctity, || strictest sense of the word, and difficult for words to express. His attached to its peculiarities in a piety did not display itself in a higher degree than most of the profusion of religious discourse, || advocates of that system, he exnor in frequently alluding to the tended his affection to all who interior exercises of his mind on bore the image of Christ, and was spiritual subjects. ... .. Hisingenious in discovering reasons