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tians, it is impossible that the inhabitants | posed that the collector should advance should suffer any damage by them; if five hundred pagodas to cleanse these they are not what they profess to be, they water courses. The gentlemen consented, ought to be dismissed,
if I would inspect the business. The When Sir Archibald Campbell wasGov- work was begun and finished, being in. ernor, and Mr. M. Campbell his private speeted by Christians. All that part of Secretary, the inhabitants of the Tanjore the country rejoiced in getting one huncountry were so miserably oppressed by | dred thousand collums more than before. the manager, and the Madras Dubashes, The inhabitants confessed, that instead of that they quitted the country. Of course, one collum, they now reaped four., all cultivation ceased. In the month of No inhabitant has suffered by Chris. June, the cultivation should commence, |tians, none has complained of it. On the but nothing was done, even at the begin contrary, one of the richest inhabitants ning of September. Every one dreaded said to me, "Sir, if you send a person to the calamity of a famine. l entreated us, send one who has learned all your the Rajah to remove that shameful op- || Ten Commandments." For be, and pression, and to recal the inhabitants. He | many hundred inhabitants had been present them word that justice should be sent, when I explained the Christian docdone to them, but they disbelieved his trine to Heathens and Christians. promises. He then desired me to write The inhabitants dread the conduct of a to them, and to assure them, that he, at | Madras Dubash. These people lend my intercession, would shew kindness to money to the Rajah, at an exorbitant inthem. I did so. All immediately re terest, and then are permitted to collect turned ; and first of all, the Kaller, (or as their money and interest, in an appointed they are commonly called, Collaries) be- | district. It is needless to mention the lieved my word, so that seven thousand consequences. When the Collaries commen came back on one day. The other mitted great outrages, in their plundering inbabitants followed their example. When expedition, Seapoys were sent out to adI exhorted them to exert themselves to just matters; but it had no effect. Gov. the utmost, because the time for cultiva- ernment desired me to inquire into that tion was almost lost, they replied in the thievish business. I therefore sent letters following manner: -As you have shewed to the head Collaries. They appeared. kindness to us, you shall not have reason We found out, in some degree, how much to repent of it; we intend to work night the Tanjore, and Tondamnan’s, and the and day, to shew our regard for you.
Nabob's Collaries had stolen; and we inSir Archibald Campbell was happy | sisted upon restoration, which was done when he heard it; and we had the satis- accordingly. At last, all gave it in writ
faction of having a better crop than the ing, that they would steal no more. This preceding year.
promise they kept very well for eight As there was hardly any administration, months, and then they began their old of justice, I begged and entreated the Ra-work; however, not as before. Had that jah to establish justice in his country inspection over their conduct been con
Well,” said he, « let me know wherein | tinued, they might have been made useful my people are oppressed !” I did so. He people. I insisted upon their cultivating immediately consented to my proposal, their fields, which they really did. But and told his manager, that he should feel if the demands become exorbitant, they "his indignation, if the oppression did not have no resource, as they think, but that
cease immediately. But as he soon died, 1 of plundering. he did not see the execution.
At last some of the thievish Collaries When the present Rajah began his desired to be instructed. I said, “ I am reign, I put Sir Archibald Campbell in obliged to instruct you, but I am afraid mind of that necessary point. He desired that you will become very bad Chrisme to make a plan for the court of justice, || tians.” Their promises were fair. I inwhich I did ; but it was soon neglected structed them, and when they had a toleby the servants of the Rajah, who com- | rable knowledge, I baptized thcm. Havmonly sold justice to the best bidder. ing baptized them, I exhorted them to
When the Honorable Company took steal no more, but to work industriously. possession of the country, during the war, || After that, I visited them, and having exthe plan for introducing justice was re-as amined their knowledge, I desired to see sumed; by which many people were their work. I observed with pleasure, made happy. But when the country was that their fields were excellently cultivatrestored to the Rajah, the former irregu- | ed. “Now,” said I, “ one thing remains larities took place.
to be done. You must pay your tribute Daring the assumption, Government readily, and not wait till it is exacted by desired me to assist the gentlemen col-military force,” which otherwise is their lectors. The district towards the west of custom. Soon after that, I found that Tanjore had been much neglected, so they had paid off their tribute exactly. that the water courses had not been The only complaint against those eleansed for the last fifteen years. I pro- | Christian Collaries was, that they refused Jan. 1826.
to go upon plundering expeditions, as || The praise bestowed on the heathens they had done before.
of this country, by many of our historiNow I am well aware, that some will ! ans, is refuted by a close (I might almost accuse me of having boasted. I confess say superficial) inspection of their lives. the charge willingly, but lay all the blame Many historical works are more like a upon those who have constrained me to
romance than history. Many gentlemen commit that folly.
here are astonished how some historians I might have enlarged my account, but have prostituted their talents, by writing fearing that some characters would have fables. suffered by it, I stop here.
I am now at the brink of eternity; but One thing, however, I affirm before to this moment I declare, that I do not God and man, that if Christianity, in its repent of having spent forty-three years plain and undisguised form, was properly in the service of my Divine Master. Who promoted, the country would not suffer, knows but God may remove some of the but be benefited by it.
great obstacles to the propagation of the If Christians were employed in some Gospel. Should a reformation take place important offices, they should, if they | amongst the Europeans, it would no misbehaved, be doubly punished; but to doubt be the greatest blessing to the counreject them entirely is not right, and dis- | try. courageth.
These observations I beg leave to lay The glorious God and our blessed Re- || before the Honorable Society, with my deemer, has commanded his Apostles to humble thanks for all their benefits bepreach the Gospel to all nations.
stowed on this work, and sincere wishes The knowledge of God, of his divine that their pious and generous endeavours perfections, and of his mercy to mankind, || to disseminate the knowledge of God, and may be abused; but there is no other Jesus Christ, may be beneficial to many method of reclaiming mankind, than by | thousands. instructing them well. To hope that the I am, sincerely, Rev. and dear Sir, Heathen will live a good life, without the your affectionate brother, and humble knowledge of God, is a chimera.
C. F. SCHWARTZ.
The Christian Father's Present to There is one thing for which we
his Children. By J. A. JAMES. think the author is remarkable ; it Boston: Crocker and Brewster. is a peculiar directness of address, New York: John P. Haven. 1825. | which leaves upon the reader the 2 vols,
impression of most transparent honWe are happy to give this little lesty. You see that he feels deeply work, so far as we have examined interested in the subject, and you it, our entire approbation. It com
are convinced that he writes exactbines in an unusual degree all the ly what he thinks. You forget the qualifications which could be desir- || writer, and reflect wholly upon the ed in a treatise of this sort. It | subject. And this honesty pervades is an address to the young on their every part of the work. Whether religious and moral conduct through he address parents or children, his life. It is in the first place emi- | course is the same, seriously and nently pious; in the second, unu- affectionately to tell them the truth. sually able ; and in the third, it is | The author evidently understands, plain and direct in style, and in: llin no common degree, the human teresting in manner. It is, in a | heart, and the bearings of religious word, just such a book as a relig. principle upon it; and he has here ious parent would desire first to given us the results of much mediread himself, and he would gain tation, and we have no doubt of from it many an useful lesson, and many prayers, in a most interesting then place in the hands of every one
form. of his children, who was old enough
To interest our readers in a work to understand it.
of this kind, it will only be necessa
ry to mention the subject of several || viction of sin; for none can mourn over of the chapters. They are such as
a fault, which he is not convinced that he these "On the disposition with bas committed. A deep consciousness of
guilt is one of the first feelings of a renew. which we should enter upon an in-led mind, and is one of the first operations quiry into the nature of religion ;" / of the Holy Ghost.
" When he is come, “ On the nature of true religion;" he shall convince the world of sin.” We « The advantages and responsibility by an acquaintance with the spirituality,
come to a knowledge of our sinful state, of a pious education;" 6 Deceitful-purity, and extent of the moral law; " for ness of the heart;" “ Decision of sin is the transgression of the law.”' Until character in religion;". 66 Amuse
we know the law, which is the rule of ments and recreations;" “On re.
duty, we cannot know in what way, and
to what extent, we have offended against deeming time," &c.
it. The exposition which our Lord has We shall close this brief notice given us of the law, in his sermon on thọ with an extract, which may serve as
Mount, informs us that it is not only the a specimen of the general manner
overt act of iniquity which makes a man
a sinner; but the inward feeling, the imin which the plan is executed. The agination, the desire. An unchaste look first is from the chapter on the na
is a breach of the seventh commandment; ture of religion. After showing at a feeling of immoderate anger is a violalength, 1st. that “God is the pri- such a mirror, and trying ourselves by mary object of religion;" 2d. that such a standard, we must all confess our“ Religion is a right disposition of selves to be guilty of ten thousand sins. mind towards God;" and 3d. that || And then again we are not only sinful this disposition is implanted in the leave undone that is right, and ought to
for what we do amiss; but for what we soul by the power of the Holy be done. If therefore we have a right Ghost; the author proceeds in the disposition towards God, we must have a 4th. place, to show how a right dis- deep feeling of depravity and guilt; an position of mind towards God will impressive sense of moral obliquity';
humbling consciousness of vileness. To exercise itself in the circumstances the charges of the law, we must cry guilof sioners. He proceeds as follows: ty, guilty. We must not only admit up
on the testimony of others that we are « First.--Reverence, veneration, and || sinful, but from a perception of the holi. awe, are due from us to that great and ness of God's nature, and the purity of his glorious Being, who is the author of our || law, we must discern the number, aggraexistence, the fountain of our comforts, || vations, and enormnity of our offences. the witness of our actions, and the arbi- || We must do homage to infinite holiness, ter of our eternal destiny. How sublime- | by acknowledging ourselves altogether ly grand and awful is the character of sinful. God, as it is revealed in his word! Ac Sorrow is essential to penitence. We knowledging as you do, my children, his || cannot have been made partakers of penexistence, you should make him the ob- | itence, if we do not feel inward grief on ject of your habitual fear and dread. You | the review of our transgressions. We should maintain a constant veneration for read of “godly sorrow, which worketh him, a trembling deprecation of his wrath. I repentance unto salvation." If we have A consciousness of his existence, and of injured a fellow-creature, the first indicahis immediate presence, should never fortion of a right sense of the aggression, is any great length of time be absent from a sincere regret that we should have actyour mind. The idea of an ever-present, | ed so.
How much more necessary is it omniscient, omnipotent Spirit, should not || that we should be unfeignedly sorry for only be sometimes before your under our innumerable offences against God. standing as an article of faith, but impres- Sorrow for sin, is not however to be estised upon your heart as an awful and prac- || mated only by violent emotions and cotical reality. Your very spirits should pious tears. The passions are much ever be labouring to apprehend, and apply | stronger in themselves, and much more the representation which the Scriptures excitable, in some than in others; and give us of the Deity. A desire to know therefore, the same degree of inward emohim, to feel and act towards him with tion, or of outward grief, is not to be expropriety, should be interwoven with the pected from all. The degrees of sorrow, entire habit of your reflections and con. as well as the outward modes of expressduct.
ing it, will vary, as betonging more to the Secondly.--Penitence is indispensably sensitive nature than to the rational; and necessary.
for avoiding all scruple and doubtfulness, In order to this, there must be deep con on this head, it may be laid down for cera
tain, that the least degree of sorrow is expecting eternal life according to God's sufficient, if it produce reformation ; the promise. greatest insufficient, if it do not.
Faith is most obviously as much a part The next step in penitence is confession. I of a right disposition towards God, as penReal sorrow for sin is always frank and itence. God having given Jesus Christ impartial, while false or partial sorrow is for the salvation of sinners, and promised prone to concealment, palliation, and to save those who depend upon the atoneapology. There is a wretched proneness ment, and commanded all to ask for parin many persons, when convinced of sin, don and eternal life; it is manifest, that to offer excuses and to endeavour to think not to believe, is to dispute the Divine rethe best of their case. They cannot be racity, as well as to rebel against the Dibrought to admit the charge in all its | vine authority. To believe the Gospel, length and breadth ; but they attempt to and to expect salvation through Christ, is hide its magnitude from their own eyes. to honour all the attribntes of Deity at This is a dangerous disposition, and has once, is to praise that
which often come between a man's soul and his prompted the scheme of redemption, that salvation. All the great' and precious wisdom which devised it, that power promises of pardon are suspended upon | which accomplished it, that justice which the condition of confession. “ If we con is satisfied by it, and that truth which enfess our sins, God is faithful and just to gages to bestow its benefits on all that seek forgive us our sins.” Confession must be | them. Not to believe, is an act of conin detail, not in generals only; it must tempt, which insults Jehovah in every be free and impartial.
view of his character at once. Until we Abhorrence of sin is also included in are brought therefore, actually to depend penitence. There can be no real grief for on Christ so as to expect salvation, we an action, which is not accompanied by have no real religion. dislike of it. We shall unquestionably Fourthly:—A willingness in all things hate sin, if we partake of godly sorrow. to obey God, completes the view, which This indeed is the true meaning of the ought to be given of a right disposition term repentance, which does not signify || towards him. grief merely, but an entire change of There must be a distinct acknowledgmind towards sin. Abhorrence of sin is | ment of his right to govern us, and an as necessary a part of repentance as grief. unreserved surrender of our heart and life Our hatred of transgression must be to his authority: an habitual desire to do grounded not merely on viewing it as an what he has enjoined, to avoid what he injury to ourselves, but asan insult to God. has forbidden. "Where there is this desire For penitence, on account of sin, is alto to please, this reluctance to offend God, gether a different feeling to that which the individual will read with constancy we experience over a fire, a shipwreck, or and attention the sacred volume, which is a disease which has diminished our com. written for the express purpose of teachforts. Our tears then are not enough, if ing us how to obey and please the Lord. not followed by abhorrence. If we are Finding there innumerable injunctions sincere in our grief, we shall detest and against all kinds of immorality and sin, fly the viper which has stung us, and not and as many commands to practise every cherish and caress the beast, whilst with ij personal, relative, and social duty, the false tears we bathe the wound we have true Christian will be zealous for all good received.
works. Remembering, that Jesus Christ Thirdly, Faith in Jesus Christ is no less is proposed there as our example, no less necessary
than our atonement, he will strive to be Faith is a very important, and most es like him in purity, spirituality, submission sential part of true religion. Faith in to the will of God, and devotedness to the Christ is a firm practical belief of the divine glory. Nor will he forget to imi. Gospel testimony concerning Christ, a tate the beautiful meekness, lowliness, and full persuasion of the truth of what is kindness of his deportment : so that the declared, and a confident expectation of love, which a right view of his atonement what is promised. The iestiinony is this. never fails to produce, transforms the soul " It is a faithful saying, and worthy of all of the believer into his image. Finding acceptation, that Jesus Christ came into || in the word of God many commands to the world to save sinners.” “God so lov- | cultivate the spirit, and attend on the ex. ed the world as to give his only begottenercises of devotion ; the true Christian Son, that whosoever believeth in him will remember the Sabbath day to keep it should not perish but have everlasting | holy, will maintain daily prayer in his life.” Hence then, faith is believing that closet, and unite himself in the fellowship Jesus Christ died as a sacrifice of atone of some Christian church, to live in comment to divine justice for human guilt, munion with believers, and with them to depending on that atonement firmly and celebrate the sacred supper.” exclusively for acceptance with God, and
Review : “Reciprocal Duties of Parents and Children."
Reciprocal Duties of Parents and rising generation wiser and better.
Children. By Mrs. Taylor. || As such an attempt, we cheerfully Author of Maternal Solicitude, | recommend it to the perusal of our Practical Hints, &c. Boston : || readers. We insert, as a specipublished by James Loring, 1825. men of the general spirit of the
work, the following extract: This is a work of a less pretend
“We never appear to advantage but ing character than that which we when we act in character; when we have just noticed, but yet of great cheerfully conform to the situation in practical utility. Its subjects are which we are placed. That modesty, somewhat less grave, and its man- propriate to the young, the general suf
humility, and diffidence are peculiarly apner less solemn. The difference is frages of mankind sufficiently testify. such as might be expected from the These virtues ensure love and approbadifferent pursuits of the authors ;
tion wherever they are found; while obthe one, we believe, a zealous and I stinacy and positiveness, and that spirit
of contradietion, which is their almost indevoted clergyman, and the other separable companion, produce corresponda modest, pious, and observing lady. I ing effects, and keep such unhappy tem
Its object is to unfold specially, pers in a state of perpetual warfare with some of the reciprocal duties of pa- | the result of a vain self-complacency, is rents and children; of course it an unequivocal symptom of igporance. treats only of those on which the Genuine wisdom, founded on experience, principle of reciprocity has a bear is seldom positive; with a true dignity, it
leaves the self-conceited to the enjoying Yet though thus limited, ev
ment of opinions, which, indeed, are rare.. ery one must be aware of its impor- || ly worth contending for. tance; for every one must have seen There is not a greater, nor a more unthat the most frequent cause of un
happy mistake, than that of imagining we
are sent into the world to have our own happiness between parents and chilway: our humours, and passions, and dren, results from a disregard of propensities must be thwarted in the very the duties which the one owes to | nature of things, in a world where there the other. Faults in children are
is such a diversity of tempers, and so
much clashing of interests. No sooner very frequently, would it be too does the human being begin to discern, much to say generally, the fruit objects
, than it grasps and cries to pos. of faults in parents. And on the
sess all it beholds; but some of it would other hand, the foibles of parents destroy, some would prove destructive to
are the property of would produce comparatively little others, with whose rights it is as yet ununeasiness, if children had learned | acquainted; as it increases in knowledge, obedience to that saying, “ Honour the objects are changed, but the propenthy father and thy mother,” which sity remains; and it is well when parenis the first commandment with || ruling Providence, to curb those exorbipromise.
tant desires; well, especially, when the The work of Mrs. Taylor abounds | subject is enabled to discern the hand with piety, meekness, & good sense, || crossed in his pursuits ; he will then beon all the subjects upon
come patient, submissive, and thoughtful: she treats. Parents and children | but when, regardless of such wholesome will derive from it many a valuable discipline, the mind revolts from instruclesson. Its style is simple and un
tion, and when self-gratification continues
to be the primary object, mortification affected, and it bears on every page and chagrin await it at every turn. He the strongest of all recommenda- | has commenced a warfare with his fellow tions, the evidence of being a work, creatures, in which he must eventually be written with no other object than thwart his unwarrantable, and to frustrate that of rendering the present and the his vain hopes."