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Having again failed in his at- || sentiments and his expressions to tempts to introduce Christianity the understanding of the Indians, on the Susquehannah, Mr. Brain- | in such a manner, as he never erd returned to Crosweeksung ; could have done by the most careand, on his arrival, was much || ful study ; yet he spoke with as struck with the vast difference be- | much ease and freedom, as if he tween the Indians in that quarter, had been addressing an ordinary and his congregation at this place. congregation, who had been inTo dwell with the one was like be-structed in the principles of ing banished from God and all his Christianity from their early years. saints ; to live with the other, like A dry eye was often scarcely to being received into his presence be seen in their assemblies; yet and his family. Yet only a few || there was 'no disturbance of the months before, these were as publick worship : a deep impresthoughtless, as barbarous, assion was made on their hearts ; averse to Christianity, as those on but there was no boisterous agitathe Susquehannah ; but now, in-tion of their passions. All was stead of engaging in idolatrous powerful and efficacious ; yet calm feasts and drunken revels, they and peaceful. worshipped the God of heaven, || One day after a sermon on the received his word, and lived de- new birth, by which a general and voted to his glory. Such is the deep impression was made on the power of divine grace! Such the minds of the Indians, many of transforming influence of the gos-them followed Mr. Brainerd to his pel!

lodgings, and begged to be further On resuming his labours at instructed in the way of salvation ; Crosweeksung, Mr. Brainerd be- but he had not spoken long, when held the same powerful and happy they were so affected with what effects attend his ministry as be- he said, that they filled the house fore. He was often wonderfully with their cries and groans. Alassisted in his publick discourses, most all whom he apprehended being enabled 20 accommodate his | in an unconverted state, were: Dec. 1826.


seized with concern for their these things been now so common souls ;, it seemed as if none, that they ceased to excite surprise. whether old or young, would now


February, 1746, a school be left. No pen can describe was opened for instructing the Inthe interesting scene. Numbers dians in reading and writing the might be seen rejoicing that God English language, &c. under the had not taken his Holy Spirit from care of an excellent schoolmaster, them, and delighted to behold so whom Mr. Brainerd had procured many of their countrymen "striv- for this purpose. About' thirty ing to enter in at the strait gate.”|| children immediately, entered it, Others, both men and women, and made such surprising progress, both young

and old, might be seen that the teacher remarked, he dissolved in tears, some of them never had English scholars who, so overwhelmed with anguish, that taking them in general, learned so they seemed like malefactors on rapidly. Of the whole of this the

way to execution. The whole number, there were not more than scene exhibited a striking emblem two, though some of them were of the day of judgment; of heav- very young, but what made themen and hell ; of infinite joy, and of selves masters of all the letters of

With the view of improving the ter the opening of the school ; Indians in Christian knowledge, some in that short time even made Mr. Brainerd now began a cate- some progress in spelling, and in chetical exercise aniong them. / less than five months were able to Sometimes he examined them on read the New Testament. Besome important point of divinity ; sides the children, there were sometimes on the discourses he about fifteen or twenty of the old.. had delivered to them ; but most people who attended the school at commonly on the Assembly's Short-|| night, when the length of the er Catechism. In these catechet-evenings would admit of it. ical exercises, he had much satis Besides attending to the religfaction. It was truly surprising ious and moral improvement of to see how readily and scriptural- the Indians, Mr. Brainerd was ly the Indians answered the ques- | anxious to obtain for them a fixed tions proposed to them : their settlement, and to form them to knowledge of the principles of re- habits of industry. Having in ligion was found on trial far more time past run themselves in debt extensive and correct, than could by their excessive drinking, and reasonably have been expected several of them having been arWhen Mr. Brainerd began this rested by the white people on this exercise, he was apprehensive it account, he was apprehensive they would necessarily prove of so doc-might be deprived of a great part trinal a nature, as merely to en- of their lands and being conlighten the understanding, without vinced that they could not remain impressing the conscience, or af. in that quarter of the country, fecting the heart. But in this hell nor maintain the order of a Chriswas mistaken, for it was remarka- tian congregation, should their bly blessed for promoting their ground be taken from them, he progress in experimental as well prevailed on the gentleman who as in theoretical knowledge. The had the superintendence of the serious attention, the tender af-mission, to expend a considerable fection, the many tears which of- sum of money in discharging the ten appeared at these catechetical debts of the Indians, and thus meetings, would have been deem-averted the danger which threated very extraordinary, had not|ened them. Having by this means


secured their lands to them, he | lemnity, with singular devotion, was anxious to excite and to cul- and with a sweet, yet powerful tivate in them a spirit of industry. | inelting of their affections. DurBy his advice they fixed on a spoting the administration of the sacat Cranberry, about fifteen iniles | rament, especially in the distribufrom the place of their present tion of the bread, they were afresidence, and proceeded to form | fected in so lively a manner, that a regular settlement upon it. it seemed as if "Christ Jesus had Here they began to clear and to been set forth crucified among plant their lands ; and in little them.” Mr. Brainerd afterwards inore than a twelvemonth they had walked from house to house to upwards of forty acres of English converse with the communicants ; grain in the ground, and nearly as and he was happy to find that almuch of Indian corn. In general, most all of them had been refreshindeed, they followed their secu- | ed“ as with new wine. Never lar occupations as well as could did he witness such an appearance reasonably be expected, consider- of Christian love among any peoing that during the whole of their ple: It was so remarkable, that life, they had been habituated to one might justly have exclaimed, idleness and sloth. Much of the “ Behold how these Indians love burden, however, of their tempo- one another!" ral affairs devolved on Mr. Brain Mr. Brainerd visited the Inerd, as they were utterly incapa-dians on the Susquehannah, but ble of arranging and managing was prevented from staying with them without the constant care them, not only by his own extreme and advice of others.

debility, but by the sickness which Apprehending that a number of then prevailed in that part of the the Indians were now qualified to country, and the weakly state of become partakers of the Lord's his companions. After being abSupper, Mr. Brainerd, after in- sent upwards of a month, he again structing them more particularly arrived ainong his own people, in the nature and design of that and though now very ill, resumed holy ordinance, resolved to admin- his labour's among them, as far as ister it to them. Having observ- his exhausted strength would pered a day of fasting and prayer, mit, often discoursing to them for the purpose of humbling them- from his bed. He once more adselves on account of the partial ministered the Lord's Supper to withdrawment of that spiritual | his beloved flock, and on this ocinfluence which had of late been casion the number of communi. so prevalent among them, and on cants amounted to near forty, beaccount of the appearance of care- | sides some serious white people lessness, vanity, and vice, among from the neighbourhood. After some who not long before seemed the service was over, he could impressed with a sense of their scarcely walk home; but was sinfulness and misery, as well as supported by his friends, and laid for imploring the presence and on bed, where he lay in pain till blessing of God in the sacred ser- the evening. vice which they had in prospect,

His disorder now increased so twenty-three of the Indians sat rapidly, that he was obliged to down together at the Lord's table leave his beloved Indian flock i:1 on the following Sabbath ; and the beginning of November. Bethere were several absent, who fore his departure the following would otherwise have been admit-day, he visited them all in their ted along with them. The exer- || houses, weak as he was, and discise was attended with great so-|| coursed with each individual, as

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he thought was most suitable to | "My heaven is to please God, to their particular circumstances give all to him, to be wholly deHe scarcely left a family where voted to his glory; that is the there were not some in tears, not || heaven I long for ; that is my reonly on account of his being about ligion ; that is my happiness, and to leave them, but with the solemn | always was, ever since, I suppose, addresses he made to them. After I had any true religion. I do not spending most of the day in this man- go to heaven to get honour, but to ner, he left home and rodeabout two give all possible glory and praise. miles, happy that he had been so It is no matter where I shall be much assisted in taking farewell of stationed in heaven, whether I his people,

have a high or a low seat there; After leaving his little flock, but to love, and please, and gloriMr. Brainerd's complaints made fy God is all. Had I a thousand rapid and alarming progress. souls, if they were worth any Sometimes he was so low, that his thing, I would give them all to friends despaired of his life, and him ; but I have nothing to give even thought he could scarcely when all is done. My heart goes survive a day. He afterwards, | out to the burying ground; it however, recovered in a consider- | seems to me a desirable place ; able degree ; and in the following but, Oh, to glorify God! that is it, spring, he once more visited his that is above all. It is a great beloved Indians, but was obliged comfort to me to think, that I have to leave them almost immediately, done a little for God in the world! and to continue riding about for Oh! it is but a very small matter; his health. The loss of time yet I have done a little, and I lawhich this occasioned was a severe ment I have not done more for trial to bim, and often contributed him. There is nothing in the with other circumstances, to in-world worth living for, but doing spire him with the most gloomy good, living to God, pleasing him, reflections. As new symptoms of and doing his whole will." approaching dissolution made their Mr. Brainerd was now daily appearance, he became more ani- growing worse ; but yet ill as he mated and cheerful. When he was, he eagerly employed the little spoke of the period of his death, | strength which still remained, in he used to call it, “ that glorious some attempts to promote the gloday ;" nor was this because hery of the Redeemer and the salvashould then be delivered from sor- tion of souls. It greatly refreshrow and pain, and raised to digni- ed him amidst all his bodily sickty and honour, for he considered ness and pain, that he was enabled that as comparatively a low and to contribute a little towards these ignoble consideration, but because important objects. Nature, howhe should then be able to glorify | ever, was at length exhausted. God with a pure and perfect heart. He gradually sunk under the ravOne night, when he was attempting lages of his disorder, and after a to walk a little, he thought with him- | severe struggle, breathed his last, self, “ How infinitely sweet is it, | October 9, 1747, in the thirtieth to love God, and to be all for him. year of his age. Upon which it occurred to him : Thus died Mr. Brainerd, a young “ You are not an angel, not lively man whose extraordinary worth and active. To this, his whole and piety entitle him to the warmsoul instantly replied : “I as sin-est admiration and respect of the cerely desire to love and glorify Christian world, and whose memoGod, as any angel in heaven." ||ry deserves to be embalmed to the The same evening, he exclaimed : || latest generations. Brown's Hist.








of our fellow men, bone of our bone, and flesh of our flesh, who are dying in their sins and sinking

into hell ? Is it wild to obey the We beg the particular attention of our command of Christ, and go and readers to the following remarks, from an Agent of the Board of Foreign Mis: preach the gospel to them for their

salvation ? Is it visionary to supsions who has been successfully labouring in the formation of Missionary So. pose that two hundred millions of cieties in the State of Maine.

Coristians are able to contribute

to spread the unsearchable riches BELIEVING as we do, that the of Christ over the whole world ? day of miracles is past, and that Is it enthusiastic earnestly to the heathen must be enlightened desire that this work of saving a and instructed in the principles world of immortal beings from of our holy religion, or perish in everlasting burnings should be their sins ; we must know that

done without any further delay ? the great change to be accomplish. While some are wielding the ed in their moral condition is not

weapons of opposition to the cause the work of a day, nor of a few of missions and vainly contending hundreds of missionaries, nor of with Omnipotence, others are any feeble, dilatory, inefficient

prone to excuse themselves from exertions. It is a work which re-taking any part in that cause in quires the combined and vigorous which the Saviour died upon the efforts of all the churches for

What are these excuses ? many years. Taken up by a few and what is their amount ? In individuals it would be a wild and nineteen cases out of twenty it visionary scheme ; but let all

will be found, they are either the Christendom come forward to the poisonous fruit of ignorance, prejuwork, and as stupendous as it is, dice and superstition; or, what is it would be feasible and the bur

still worse, they are brought forden would be light. Missionary | ward as a cover for a base, enterprises are no new thing under | narrow-minded, covetous disposithe sun ; they are as old as Chris- i tion, which is idolatry. Instead tianity. By the world they have of magnifying difficulties and always been regarded as wild and making excuses, Christians every chimerical. The mission of Christ where ought to be exhorting and into our world ; that of the Apos- stimulating each other to the work, tles to the Jews and Gentiles; or and the common voice one to anthat of the first missionaries to other should be, Lift up your our forefathers, was no less wild

eyes and look on the fields, for and enthusiastic, than are modern they are already white to harvest. missions to Burmah and Hindos- || Pray ye therefore the Lord of the tan. Man is the same in all

harvest that he would send forth heathen countries. Jesus Christ | labourers into his harvest. The is the same yesterday, to-day and harvest truly is plenteous, but the forever. What is now wanting labourers are few. O, ye disciples in miracles, is made up in num of Jesus, how can ye repay the bers and increasing light.

debt of gratitude, which you owe is it wild to have bowels of com to


Redeemer ? He died for passion for six hundred millions

you on the cross. He called

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