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pers, and feelings of the gracious | The first of these was entitled, heart.
Open Communion Examined, and “ We add in the last place, a was originally published in 1789, remark upon the effects of this at the request of the Woodstock work on individuals and on society Association, whilst the author resid at large. It has reclaimed the pro-ed in New Hampshire. The secfane swearer, the Sabbath breaker, ond was published in 1794, and the gambler. It has made the was in answer to a tract of the Rev.
young men sober minded." It | Noah Worcester, entitled « A has formed the minds of all who friendly Letter,” addressed to the hare embraced it to the love of author. In 1806, these were revirtue and religion. It has led | published in a volume, with the adthem to the discharge of all the du- || dition of an appendix, containing a ties of social and religious life with reply to Mr. Edwards's “ Candid conscientiousness and fidelity. In Reasons,” together with additional a word, it has laid a foundation to remarks upon some sermons and hope, that in future life they will pamphlets which had recently apso conduct as to be ornaments to || peared on the subject. religion and blessings to the world.” The author's principal work in To this the most happy period of this controversy, was published in his ministry, Dr. Baldwin often re- 1810, and is entitled,' A Series of ferred with unspeakable pleasure to Letters, in which the distinguishing the very close of his life.
senliments of the Baptists are exIn September, 1803, Dr. Bald-plained und vindicated, in answer win, by the appointment of the to a late publication by the Rev. Baptist Missionary Society of Mas- | Samuel Worcester, A. M. addressed sachusetts, commenced the publi- to the author, entitled, Serious and cation of the American Baptist Candid Letters. This is a volume Magazine, then under the title of of about 250 pages, and contains a the Massachusetts Baptist Mission-pretty ample discussion of the prinary Magazine. This work was cipal topics of dispute between the first published semi-annually, then Baptists and Pedobaptists. This quarterly, afterwards once in two is considered the ablest of Dr. Baldmonths, and at present monthly. win's productions. It was written From its commencement until the in the meridian of his strength, upyear 1817, he was its sole editor.
on a subject on which he had long From 1817 until his death, he was and deeply reflected, and at a time its senior editor, and continued when, by repeated trials, he had from time to time to enrich its pa- | become aware of his own power, ges with the results of his experi- || and could fearlessly rely upon the ence and the warnings of his wis- | decisions of his own intellect. It dom. For many years, this was has accordingly given him a more the only Baptist religious periodical extensive reputation than any other work in America. To its influence, of his works, both on this and the and to the labours of Dr. Baldwin by other side of the Atlantic. The its means, may be ascribed in a great late Rev. Andrew Fuller, than whom degree the rapid progress which has no man was better able to decide been made in his own denomina- upon its merits, pronounced this tion in acquaintance with each oth- | the ablest discussion of the queser, in missionary enterprise, and in tion he had ever seen. religious knowledge.
To enter into an analysis of these Dr. Baldwin has, however, been more extensively known to the * This volume, and Dr. Baldwin's other world as an author, through his | be purchased at the Bookstores of the
works on Baptism and Communion, may works on Baptism and Communion. || publishers of this Magazine.
letters, would on this occasion be supposed that Dr. Baldwin receiv. irrelevant to our object. It coulded those marks of public attention, not be done without presenting an| which are usually bestowed upon abstract of the whole matter in those who rise to eminence in their dispute. It will be sufficient to profession. He was repeatedly remark, that the letters enter quite chosen chaplain of the general fully into the merits of the contro- Court of this Commonwealth. In versy on most of its points, and 1802, he was appointed to deliver they every where exhibit a vigour | the annual sermon on the day of of intellect, an acuteness of logic, the General Election. This serand a perspicuity of reasoning, not | mon was received with great atten. often to be met with in works of tion, and two or three editions of this nature. Their style is sim- it were immediately printed. In ple, forcible, and direct; some- || 1803, he was admitted to the detimes enlivened by the easy play-gree of Doctor in Divinity at Union fulness of a man, who feels entirely College, New-York. The degree at home in his subject, and at of Master of Arts had been some others repelling with manly dignity time previously conferred upon him the unhandsome aspersions which by Brown University, R. I. in those days it was too common to this institution he was first a trusheap upon the Baptists, or those | tee, and at the time of his decease who defended them. Now that had been for many years the Senior the hour of controversy has gone | Fellow. Of Waterville College, by, it is not, we believe, denied by Maine, to which he had been a libcandid men, even of other denomi- | eral benefactor, he was a Trustee nations, that, able as was his an- from its first organization. Of tagonist, and he was in his lifetime most of the benevolent institutions the leader of his sect, yet that Dr. | of this city he was an active manaBaldwin had the decided advan- | ger, and of not a few the presiding tage in the argument.
officer. At the time of his death, Besides these works, Dr. Bald- | he was president of the Baptist win published in the year 1820, a Board of Managers for Foreign short essay on the subject of John's Missions, and one of the Trustees Baptism, a question which at that of the Columbian College in the time, in consequence of the allu- | District of Columbia. He was a sion to it in Mr. Hall's work on member of the Convention for Communion, was considerably agi- amending the Constitution of the tated. The design of the author Commonwealth of Massachusetts was to establish the position, that in the year 1821, and in all its John's Baptism was Christian Bap- || deliberations. specially those which tism ; a doctrine which many were had any bearing upon the subject labouring to subvert. This, al- l of religious liberty, he took an acthough written with ability, is pro- tive part, and not unfrequently bably inferior to his other works on spoke with unusual ability. this controversy. If, however, it To those who were acquainted lacks somewhat of the vigour of his with his reputation, it is needless former productions, it should be to remark, that of his own denomiremembered that the man of sev | nation in the northern States, he enty is not in all respects the man stood decidedly at the head. No of forty-five.
important association seemed comWhilst thus actively engaged in plete unless it had enrolled him as the arduous labours of a pastor, as its president. No measure seemed the editor of an important periodi.to promise success, and it is but a cal work, and as a successful po- ljust tribute to his wisdom to add, lemical writer, it will of course be ! that very few succeeded, which had
in not received his sanction. His abundantly, the grace of Christian
brethren may with much justice charity. The power with which he say of him, Unto himn men gave once could grasp a difficult subject ear, and waited and kept silence and pursue to its results a striking at his counsel. After his words chain of illustration, seemed perthey spake not again, and his speech haps gradually in his public perdropped upon them. He chose out formances to be leaving him; but our way, and sat chief, and dwelt yet the ardour of his piety was unas a king in the army, as one that abated, and his parental exhortacomforteth the mourners.
tions were frequently inimitably Within this widely extended affecting. He spoke in the undissphere of usefulness, beloved and guised sincerity of his heart, as a respected by all good men of every man on the brink of eternity: and station and of every sect, did Dr. an audience would sometimes be Baldwin walk until the close of melted into tears by the exhortation life. No gusts of passion, no bit of his old age, which would probably terness of resentment, no sectarian have remained unaffected an jealousy had alienated friends or moved by the eloquence of his more , exasperated enemies. He retained | vigorous manhood. the entire confidence and venera. In private conversation, the tion of the community to the last ; | change was far less perceptible. for at the first, having honestly de- His memory,as is usually the case, served it, by meekness and hu- l was the power of his mind on which mility and sincerity, he daily evin- | the hand of age had been laid most
ced that with no other man could heavily. This was not, however, il it be so safely trusted.
often discovered, unless he were About seven years before his suffering under the pressure of some death, he was attacked with a slight temporary indisposition. His judgparalytic affection, which gave his ment remained almost entire to the friends the first intimation that his last. We do not mean to say that active labours were drawing to a he could comprehend a train of abclose. From this his physical sys- || struse reasoning as readily as at 45, tem soon recovered; but he always or see as intuitively the results of believed that his mind had received moral combinations ; but on a matan injury, which would never beter once fairly before him, his opinrepaired. He sometimes alluded ion during the last year of his life to it with some degree of emotion, I was as sound as ever.
As is comand seemed aware that his mental | mon to old age, he delighted more energies, particularly his memory, in the narrative than in the abstract; were sensibly enfeebled. Whether but his narrative was always interthe change was owing to this at- esting, and his illustration pertinent tack or not, it is probable that his and happy. And thus, like the estimation of himself was correct. sun at his setting, what was wantIt was not, however, until abouting in meridian splendour, was four years before his death, that his more than supplied by the mild rafriends would allow that they be- || diance on which the eye delighted held in his intellect any of the in- | to dwell, and which threw abroad firmities of age.
its rich and mellowed glories more And when these were at last dis- || profusely the nearer it approached covered, they were such as render- || to the moment of its departure.
a deman even more than ever interest - || cease, his strength began visibly to ing. Old age had imparted none | decline. His feeble voice and totof its fretfulness, but on the contra- tering step too well forewarned his ry, shed abroad upon him yet more friends that his venerable form was
soon to be gathered to his fathers. || self for me. He concluded the ser. Of this, he himself was aware ; and vices with the 71st Psalm of Watts, frequently, both in public and in 3d part C. M. and read with great private, alluded with much feeling feeling the following stanzas: to the hour of his departure, now so rapidly approaching. Rarely for
God of my childhood and my youth some time before his death, did he
The guide of all my days, attend a meeting with his brethren
I have declared thy heavenly truth, in the ministry, without alluding to
And told thy wondrous ways. the fact that he might never meet Wilt thou forsake my hoary hairs, with them again. Scarcely could
And leave my fainting heart? he hear of the happy departure of Who shall sustain my sinking years, a saint, especially if he were aged
If God my strength depart? or a minister of the gospel, without betraying visible emotion.
Let me thy power and truth proclaim not the fear of death. Dr. Baldwin
Before the rising age, was not afraid to die. His faith
And leave a savour of thy name
When I shall quit the stage. was firm, his hope was unclouded. It was the tear which nature sheds
The land of silence and of death over the sundering of long-cherish
Attends my next remove! ed, of much loved relations. It
O may these poor remains of breath was the tear which an apostle shed
Teach the wide world thy love. when standing for the last time on the sea-shore of Miletus, or which His audience felt assured that a greater than an apostle shed when this was his last testimony to them surrounded by the weeping sisters in favour of the gospel ; but little at the sad tomb of Bethany. did they think that he had read or
Dr. Baldwin, as our readers are they were singing his requiem, and already apprised, died suddenly that the two first lines of the last and from home. He had left Bos- stanza were so soon to be literally ton to attend the commencement of accomplished. Waterville College, and arrived at On the following day, Aug. 29, Hallowell on Friday, August 26. he proceeding to Waterville. He The voyage seemed beneficial to seemed better for the ride, and spent his health, and on the succeeding the afternoon in walking over the Sabbath he preached twice in the College premises, and examining Baptist meeting-house in that town. the condition of the institution. In His text in the afternoon was, Gal. | the evening he officiated at the doii
. 20. The life which I now live, ?mestic altar with peculiar devotion live by the faith of the Son of God, and solemnity, and after bidding who loved me, and gave himself for each individual an affectionate
In this his last discourse he adieu, retired to rest at about nine bore testimony to the supports, o'clock. After sleeping apparently which during his long life he had well for about an hour, he seemed derived from the gospel of Jesus to awake, and answered in his usual Christ. He declared that his only manner, a question respecting his hope of pardon and acceptance with health ; he then suddenly groaned, God was through the mediation of and was no more. His usefulness a crucified Redeemer. With an and his life terminated together. emphasis which sensibly affected Spared the pains of death and the his audience, he adopted as his own agonies of separation, “ he was not, the language of his test, and de- | for God took him ;” and almost clared, The life which I live in the whilst he listened to the voice of flesh, I live by the faith of the Son | affection on earth, the plaudit burst of God, who loved me and gave him- | upon his ear, Well done, good and
faithful servant, enter thou into the || remarks upon the character of Dr. joy of thy Lord.
Baldwin, and a list of his publicaEvery token of respect for the tions. memory of the deceased was shown
The history of a man's life is the by the Trustees and Faculty of only sure evidence of his ability. Waterville College. On Wednes. What a man has done we hold to be day bis remains, enclosed in a lead-proof positive of his power. Judged en coffin, were sent to Boston, at- | by this standard, Dr. Baldwin certended by the Hon. Mark Harris, tainly will be ranked among the most of Portland, who had been appoint- || eminent men of his profession in ed by the Trustees to accompany this country. To say nothing of his the afflicted widow with her sad | publications, some of which have charge to the place of his former | become standard works on the subresidence. They arrived there on jects of which they treat, it is eviFriday, September 2.
dent that no man not highly gifted On Monday, Sept. 5, a prayer of nature, could ever under his cirwas offered at the house of the de- cumstances, have acquired so exceased by the Rev. STEPHEN GANO, tensive an influence, and retained of Providence. The other funerall it to the last, entire and undiminservices were attended at the meet- l ished. Men do not confide their ing-house of the Second Baptist interests into the hands of ancthChurch by a thronged and deeply | er, unless he be abler than themaffected congregation. The Rev. selves. And he who for so long a Joseph GRAFTON, of Newton, who time united the suffrages of all, offered the concluding prayer at the could only have retained them by installation of the deceased, prayed. I giving repeated proofs of undoubtRev.Mr.SHARP, of Boston, delivered ed native pre-eminence, the funeral discourse from Acts xi. And this consideration will be 24. He was a good man. Rev. Mr. more striking, if we recollect the WAYLAND closed the services with || circumstances under which Dr. prayer. The body was then con- Baldwin entered the ministry in veyed to the family tomb, followed this city. His opportunities for by thousands, who were anxious to improvement, either by reading or testify their respect for this faithful intellectual association, had been and distinguished servant of the limited. He had read little, he had Lord Jesus Christ.
seen little; but God had given him Dr. Baldwin was twice married. the ability to think. He was of an His first wife was Miss Ruth Hun- | age at which the intellectual habits tington, of Norwich, Conn.
She of most men are formed. They was the mother of all his children, are too wise to learn, and too much of these, the only survivor is Mrs. | attached to the habits of their early Ruth Holt, the wife of Mr. Benja- | education to amend them. Hence min Holt, of this city. Mrs. Balil too frequently, to men of this age, win died February 11, 1812. On a change of location is the end of the 1st of December, 1812, he was usefulness. 66 As a bird that wanmarried to Miss Margaret Duncan, dereth from her nest, so is a man of Haverhill, Mass. who still sur that wandereth from his place.” vives to mourn her irreparable loss, || But not so with the subject of this and whose affectionate and assidu- | memoir. The change was a great ous attention to the kindest of hus- one, but he was equal to it. bands will forever endear her to all looked upon the relations of society by whom he was beloved.
in the light of common sense and
of truth. He perceived what was It only remains that we close required in the situation which he this imperfect memoir with a few had entered. He saw what he