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War between France aiul Russia.
prisoners. · The Polish troops, which up to this moment have engaged in a charge, have shown rare resolution. They are animated by enthusiasm and passion. On the 3d of July the King of Naples marched upon Swentzianoni, and there overtook Baron Tolly's rear-guard. He gave orders to General Montbrun to charge, but the Russians did not wait the attack, and retired with such precipitation, that a squadron of Hughlans, which was returning from a reconnoisance on the side of Mihailetki, fell in with our ouiposts. It was charged by the 12th chasseurs, and the whole either taken or slain. Sisty men were taken with their horses. The Poles, who are amongst these prisoners, have applied, to serve, and have been taken, full mounted in the Polish troops. On the 4th, at daybreak, the King of Naples entered Swentzianoui, the Marshal Duke of Elchingen entered Maliatoni, and Marshal Duke of Reggio entered Avanta. On the 30th of June, Marshal Duke of Tarentum arrived at Rossiena; he proceeded beyond that to Ponevieji, Chawli, and Tesch. The immense magazines which the Russians had in Samogitia have been burned by themselves, which has occasioned an enormous loss, not only to their finances, but still more to the subsistence of people. The corps of Doctorow, however, viz. the 6th corps, was still, on the 27th of June, without any orders, and had nade no movement, On the 28th it assembled and put itself in motion, in order to proceed to the Dwina by marching on its flank. On the 30th its advanced guard entered Soleinicki. It was charged by the light cavalry of General Baron Borde. Doctorow perceiving that he was anticipated, turned to the right, and made for Ochmiana. General Baron Pajol arrived at that place with his light cavalry at the moment when Doctorow's vanguard entered it. General Pajol charged. The enemy was sabred and overthrown in the town; lie lost 60 men killed, and 18 prisoners. General Pajol had five men killed and some wounded. This charge was made by the 9th regiment of Polish lancers. General Doctorow, seeing his route intercepted, fell back upon Olchanoui. Marshal the Prince of Eckmuhl, with a division of infanty, the cuirassiers of the division of Count de Va. lance, and the second regiment of light cavalry of the guard, moved upon Ochmiana, in order to support General Pajol. The corps of Doctorow, thus cut off and driven towards the soutli, continued to prosecute the moveinent on the right by forced inarches, with the sacrifice of its baggage, upon Smoroghoni, Danowchoff, and Robouillicki, whence he made for the Dwina. This inoveinent bad been foreseen. General Nan. gouty, with a division of cuirassiers, the division of light caralry of Count Bruyeres, and Count Morand's division of infantry, advanced to Mikailitchki, with a view to cut off
He arrived on the 3d at Swin, at the time when it passed that place, and pushed it very briskly. le tout a large number of waggons, and obliged the enemy fo abandon some hundreds of baggage carts. The uncertainty, the anxiety, the marches, and counter-marches which these troops had endured, the fatigues which they had underyone, must have made them sutier severely. Torrents of rain fell during thirty-six Leurs without intermission. The weather has suddenly changed from extreme heat to very severe cold. Several thousands of lorses have perished by the effects of this sudden transition. Convoys of artillery have been stopped by the mud. This terrible storm, which has fatigued both men and beasts, has unavoidably retarded our march; and the corps of Doctorow, which successively fell in with the columns of General Borde, Soult, of General Pajol, and General Nansouty, has narrowly escaped destruction. Prince Bagration, with the 5th corps, siationed more in the rear, marches towards the Dwina. He set out on the 30th of June from Wilkowiski to Minsk. The King of Westphalia entered Grodno the same day. The division Dombrowski passed it first. The Helman Piatow was still at Grodno with his Cossacks. When charged by the light cavalry of Prince Eoniatouskie, the Cossacks were dispersed in every direction. Twenty were killed,
War between France and Russia.
and sixty were made prisoners. At Grodno were found materials for 100,000 rations of bread, and some remains of the magazine. It bad been foreseen that Bagration would have fallen back upon the Dwina, by drawing as near as possible to Dunabourg; and the general of division, Count Grouchy had been sent to Bogdanow. He was, on the 3d, at Trabmi. Marshal the Prince of Eckmuhl, reinforced by two divisions, was on the 4th, at. Wichnew. If the Prince Poniatowski bad vigorously pressed the rear gaard of the corps of Bagration, that corps would bave been endangered. All tiie eucmy's corps are in a state of the greatest uncertainty. The Hetman Platow was still ignorant, on the 30th of June, that Wilna had been two days in the possession of the French. He took the direction towards that city, as far as Lida, at which place he changed his route, and moved towards the south. The sun, during the whole of the 4th, re-established the roads. Every thing is now organizing at Wilna. The suburbs have suffered by the vast crowds of people that rushed into them during the continuance of the tempest. There was a Russian apparatus there for 60,000 rations. Another bas been established for an equal number of rations. Magazines are forming. The head of the convoys arrived at Kowno hy the Nienen. Twenty thousand quintáls of four, andi a million rations of biscuit have just arrived here from Dantzic.
SIXTH BULLETIN OF THE GRAND ARMY. Wilno, July 11, 1812.- The King of Naples continues to follow the enemy's reasguard. On the 5th, he met the enemy's cavalry in a position upon the Dziana. He caused it to be charged by the brigade of light cavalry commanded by General Baron Subervie. The Prussian regiments, the Wirtembergers, and Poles, which form a part of this brigade, charged with the greatest intrepidity. They overturned a line of Russian dragoons and hussars, and took 200 prisoners with their horses. When they arrived on the other side of the Dziana, they broke down the bridges, and shewed a disposition to defend the passage of the river. General Count Montbrun then brought up his fire batteries of light artillery, which, during several hours carried destruction into the ranks of the enemy. The loss of the Russiaus bas been considerable. General Count Sebastiani arrived on the same day at Vidzoni, whence the Emperor of Russia had departed on the preceding evening. Our advanced guard is upon the Dwina. General Count Nansouty was, on the 5th of July, at Postavoni. In order to pass the Dziana, he proceeded six miles farther on the right of the King of Naples. The general of brigade Roussel, with the 9th regiment of Polish light cavalry, and the 2d regiment of Prussian bussurs, passed the river, overthrew six Russian squadrons, sabred a great number, and took 45 prisoners, with several officers. General Nansoury praises the conduct of General Roussel; and mentions with cominendation, Lieutenant Borke, of the Prussian hussårs, the sub-officer Kranse, and the hussar Lutze. His majesty has granted the insignia of the legion of honour to General Roussel, and to the officers and sub-officers above named. General Nansouty took 130 Russian mounted hussars and dragoons prisoners. On the sd of July the communication was opened between Groduo and Wilna, by Lida The Hernan Platow, with 6000 Cossacks, when driven out of Grodno, nioved towarris Lida, and found there the French posts.
He descended to Ivie on Ilie 5th. General Coun: Gruuchy occupied Wichnew, Traboni, and Sotibotnicki; General Baron Pajol was at Percbia; .. General Baron Borde Soult was at Blakchtoni; Marshal the Prince of Eckinuhi was in si advance of Bobrowitski, pushing he ds of columns in every direction. Platow retreated precipitately on the 6111, to Nikolaev. Prince Bagration having set out in the beginning i of July from Wilkowiski on his route for Wilna, was intercepted in his narch. He turped, back witb a view to reach Minsk: anticipated there by the Prince of Eckmuhl, be altered
W'ar between France and Russia.
bis direction, gave up his intention of proceeding towards the Dwina, apd moved towards the Boristhenes by Bobruisk, across the marshes of Beresina. Marshal the Prince of Eckmubl entered Minsk on the 8th. He found there considerable magazines of hour, hay, clothing, &c. Bagration had already arrived at Novoi-Sworgiew: perceiving that be was anticipated, he sent orders to burn the magazines; but the Prince of Eckmub! did not give time for effecting these orders. The King of Westphalia was, on the 9th, at Nowogrodek; General Regnier at Konina; magazines, baggage-waggons, quantities of medicines, and straggling parties, fall into our hands every instant. The Russian divişions are straying in these countries without any previously arranged route, pursued on every side, losing their baggage, burning their nagazines, destroying their artillery, and leaving their places without defence. General Baron Colbert took, at Vileika, a magazine of 300 quintals of four; and a hundred thousand rations of brcad, &c. He found also at Vileika a chest containing 200,000 francs, in copper money. All these advantages have scarcely cost the French army a man. Since the opening of the campaign there have been but about thirty killed in all the corps, about 100 wounded, and ten prisoners; wbilst we have already taken from 2000 to 2500 Russians prisoners. The Prince of Schwartzenberg passed the Bug at Droghitschin, pursued the enemy in different directions, and made himself master of many baggage-carts. The Prince of Schwartzenberg praises the reception he has met with from the inhabitants, and the spirit of patriotism which animates these countries. Thus, ten days after opening the campaign, our advanced posts are upon the Dwina. Alipost the whole of Lithuania, containing four millions of inhabitants, has been conquered. The operations of the war commenced at the passage of the Vistula. The projects of the emperor were from that time plainly unfolded, and he had no time to lose in carrying them into execution. Thus, the army has been making forced marches from the period of passing that river, in order to advance by means of maneuvres upon the Dwina; for the distance between the Vistula and the Dwina is greater tban that between the Dwina and Mosiere or Petersburgh. The Russians appear to be concentrating themselves upon Danaburg; they give out that it is their intention to wait for us, and to give us battle before we enter their ancient provinces, after báving abandoned Poland without a contest, as if they were constrained by justice, and bad wished to restore a country badly acquired, inasmuch as it had not been gained by trcaties, or by the right of conquest. The heat continues to be very violent. The people of Poland are in motion on all sides. The white eagle is hoisted every where. Priests, nobles, peasants, women, all call for the independence of their nation. The peasants are jealous of the happiness of the peasants of the Grand Duchy, who are free; for, whatever may be said to the contrary, liberty is considered by the Lithuanians as the greatest blessing. The peasants express themselves with a vivacity of elocation, which would not seem to belong to the climates of the north; and all embrace, with transport, the hope that the result of the struggle will be the re-establishment of their liberty. The peasants of the Grand Duchy have gained by their liberty; not that they are richer, but that the proprietors are obliged to be moderate, just, and bumane; because otherwise the peasanıs would quit their lands in order to seek better proprietors. Thus the noble loses nothing; he is only obliged to be just, and the peasant gains much. It must be an agreeable gratification for the heart of the emperor, to witness, in crossing the Grand Dochy, the transports of joy and gratitude which the blessing of liberty, granted to four millions of men, has excited. Six regiments of infantry are just ordered to be raised hy a new levy in Lithuania, and four regiments of cavalry hare been offered by the nobility,
London Gazette.- Dispatches from Marquis IVelling out.
OBITUARY. Died, at Truxillo, ia Spain, on the 19th of May, in the 33d year of his age, lieutenantcolonel Squire, of the corps of royal engincers, eldest son of Dr. Squire, Ely-place, Lon• don.
Further particulars of this interesting character will be given next month, August 8, died, James Cooke, esq. of Salford, solicitor, colonel of the Trafford and Hulme local militia. His wilitary discipline gained bim the respect and love of the whole corps. In lis protessional pursuits no gentleman ever discharged his duty with more uprightness and attention; to his sovereign, his loyalty was ever unshaken; and, to his family, he was the best of busbands and fathers. His friends will long deplore the loss of so worthy a member of society.
[The subscribers to the Military Chronicle are respectfully informed that an Obituary mpon an improved plan, and a copious list of births and marriages, will be re-commenced ja our next, and continued in our succeeding numbers. ]
WAR DEPARTMENT. Downing-street, August 23, 1812.–A dispatch, of which the following is an extract, has been this day received at the Earl Bathurst's office, from General the Marquess of Wellington, K. B. dated Cuellar, 4th August, 1812.—THE French ar nry of the centre, after having passed through the Guadarrania pass, and after its head had arrived at the Venta de San Raphael, returned to Segovia, where Joseplı Buonaparte arrived on the 27th July, at night. The object of this movement was apparently to divert the allied troops from the pursuit of the arıny of Portugal, and to enable the latter to maintain themselves upon the Douro; in which, however, the enemy did not succeed. Their rear. guard remained in some strength on the left of the Douro, during the 28th and 29th; but the light and Ist divisions, and the cavalry, having crossed the Eresma and Cega rivers on the latter day, the enemy's rear-guard retired during the night across the Douro, and thence followed the movements of the main body towards Villa Vanez, abandoning l'al. ladolid, and leaving there seventeen pieces of cannon, a large quantity of shot and shells, and other stores, and their hospital, with about eight hundred sick and wounded. The General in-chief Macquinez took three hundred prisoners in the neighbourhood of Valladolid, on the 30th; our advanced-guard crossed the Douro, and our parties entered Valladolid on the same day; and I bad the satisfaction of being received by the people in that city with the same enthusiastic joy, as I had been in all other parts of the country. The army of Portugal having thus crossed and quitted the Douro, it was necessary to attend to the movements of the army of the centre, and to prevent a junction between the two on the Upper Douro, which, it was reported, was intended. While, therefore, the advanced-guard and left continued the pursuit of the army of Portugal, I moved the right along the Cega to Cuellar, where I arrived on the 1st instant. Joseph Buonaparte retired from Segovia on the morning of the 1st, and marched through the Guadarrama; and be left at Segovia an advanced guard, principally of cavalry, under General Espert; having destroyed the cannon and ammunition which were in the castle, having carried off the church plate and other valuable property, and having levied a considerable contribution on the mhabitants of the town. I have not yet heard wbether a detachmen which I sent to Segovia yesterday, under Brigadier-general D'Urban, had entered th wwn. The army of Portugal have continued their retreat towards Burgos. The enen
London Gazette.- Dispatches from Marquis Wellington. have continued to increase their force in Estremadura. I enclose Lieutenant-general Sir Rowland Hill's report of a very handsome affair with the enemy's cavalry, on the 24th July, hy the division under the command of Lieutenant-general Sir William Erskine. I have received no further accounts of the operations under Sir Home Popham.
P.S. I have just heard that the French troops under General Espert, have withdrawa from Segovia by San Ildefonso.
Zafra, July 27, 1812.- MY LORD-I HAVE the honour to transmit to your lordship, a copy of a letter from Lieutenant-general Sir William Erskine, and one from Majorgeneral Long, reporting an affair between some of our cavalry and three regiments of the enemy's cavalry, in the neighbourhood of Riberà, on the 24th instant. R. Hill.
Los Santos, July 25, 1812.-S1R-I HAVE the honour to report to you, that a body of the enemy's cavalry, consisting of two regiments of dragoons and one of chasseurs, under the command of General of Brigade Almand, attacked yesterday morning tlie Portuguese piquet at Hinojosa, which they drove in as far as Ribera, where four squadrons of Portuguese cavalry were stationed, under the command of Colonel Campbell. The force under Colonel Campbell being greatly inferior to that of the enemy, he was under the necessity of retiring upon Villa Franca, which he did in the best order. Major. general Long advancing at the same time from Villa Franca with the brigade of British cavalry under his command, and Captain Lefebure's troop of horse artillery to support him. The enemy, on perceiving the adyance of General Long's brigade, halted on the high ground betwixt Ribera and Villa Franca. General Long also balting until joined by a part of his brigade that had been detached in the morning to observe the enemy on the side of Usagre. During this interval, I directed Major-general Slade, with two regiments of his brigade, to move from Los Santos, and direct his march on the left Aank and rear of the enemy. As soon as General Long had collected the whole of bis brigade, he moved forward against the enemy, who immediately withdrew beyond the defile al Ribera. General Long passed through the defile to the right and left of the town, and attacked the enemy with much spirit, whilst the artillery fired with great effect from the high ground on the Villa Franca side of the defile. The enemy retired rapidly upon Hinojosa, closely followed; from Hinojosa the enemy retired to Leira, and from thence to Valencia de Torres. They were followed as far as Leira. At Hinojosa the two regiments under Major-general Slade joined Major-general Long's brigade, baring made à very rapid march at a trot from Los Santos, but from the great distance could not arrive in sufficient time to cut off the enemy's retreat upon Leira. Major-general Long speaks in the highest terms of all the troops under his cominand, particularly the horse artillery, who displayed great activity in their movements and precision in their fire, by which the enemy suffered very considerably. The enemy had thirty men and a great many horses killed, and eleven men and thirty horses taken. We have lost only one man killed and seveu wounded. I have the honour, &c.
W.ERSKINE, Lt. Gen. Villa Franca, July 25, 1812.-SIR-I HAVE the honour to enclose Colonel Campbell's report upon tlie proceedings of yesterday, (not sent], at the point where he was more immediately engaged; and his report is sufficiently circumstantial, and, as far as I can judge, correct, to render it unnecessary for me to expatiate on the subject. I received the report of the enemy's advance upon Ribera wo late to admit of my prevent. ing bis occupying that town, and the commanding heights on this side. The accounts of bis force were so differently represented, that, having three troops of the brigade abseut, I thought it not advisable to act against him until they could be recalled; and as the attempt to dislodge him might bring on a serious affair, on ground of which all the parantages were on the enemy's side, I was anxious to secure the support of the 3 d dro