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London Gazette.- Dispatches from Lord Wellington,

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had not passed the Douro at Toro; and there was not time to call them in between the hour at which I received the intelligence of the whole of the enemy's army being at La Nava, and day-light of the morning of the 18th. . I therefore took measures to provide for their retreat and junction, by moving the 5th division to Tordesillas de la Orden, and major-general Le Marchant's, major-general Alten's, and major.general Bock's brigades of cavalry to Alaejos. The enemy attacked the troops at Castrejon, at the dawn of day of the 18th, and Sir Stapleton Cotton maintained the post, without suffering any loss, till the cavalry had joined him. Nearly about the same time the enemy turned by Alaejos the left Aank of our position at Castrejon, The troops retired in admirable order to Tordesillas de la Orden, having the enemy's whole army on their flank or in their rear; 'and thence to the Guarena, which river they passed under the same circumstances, and effected their junction with the army. The Guarena, which runs into the Douro, is formed by four streams, which unite about a league helow Canizal, and the enemy took a strong position on the heights on the right of that river, and I placed the 5th, 4th, and light divisions, on the opposite heights, and had directed the remainder of the army to cross the Upper Guarena at Vallesa, in consequence of the appearance of the enemy's intention to turn our right. Shortly after his arrival, however, the enemy crossed the Guarena at Carteillo, below the junction of the streams, and manifested an intention to press upon our left, and to enter the valley of Canizal. Major-general Alten's brigade of cavalry, supported by the 3d dragoons, were already engaged with the evemy's cavalry, and had taken, among other prisoners, the French general Carriér; and I desired the honourable lieutenant-general Cole to attack, with major.general William Anson's, and brigadier-general Harvey's brigades of infantry (the latter under the command of colonel Stubbs), the enemy's infantry, which were supporting their cavalry. He immediately attacked and defeated them with the 27th and 40th regiments, which advanced to the charge with bayonets, colonel Stubbs' Portuguese brigade supporting, and the enemy gave way; many were killed and wounded; and major-general Alten's brigade of cavalry having pursued the fugitives, two hundred and forty prisoners were taken, lu these affairs lieutenant.general the honourable G. L. Cole, major general V. Alten, major. general William Anson, lieutenant-colunel Arentschildt of the 1st bussars, and Herrey, of the 14th ligle dragoons, lieutenant-colonel Maclean of the 27th, and major Archdall of the 10th, lieutenant-colonel Anderson, commanding the 11th, and major de Azeredo, commanding the 93d Portuguese regiment, distinguished then selves. The eveny did not make any further attempt on our left; but having reinforced their troops on that side, and withdrawn those which had moved to their left, I brought back ours from Vallesa. On the 19th, in the afternoon, the enemy withdrew all the troops from their right, and warched to their left by Tarragona, apparently with an intention of turning our sight. I crossed the Upper Guarena at Vallesa and El Olmo with the whole of the allied army in the course of that evening and night; and every preparation was made for the actiou, which was expected on the plain of Vallesa on the morning of the 20th. But shorily after day-light the enemy made another movement in several columns to his leit, along the heights of the Guarer.a, which river he crossed below Canta la Piedra, and encamped last night at Babilafuente and Villamela; and the allied army made • correspondent inovement to its right by Cantalpino, and encamped- last night at Cabesa Vellosa, the 6th division, and major-general Alten's brigade of-cavalry being upon the Tormes at Aldea Lengua. During these movements there have been occasional cannonades, but without loss on our side. I have this morning moved the left of the army to the Turmes, where the whole are now concentrated; and I observe that the enemy have also moved towards the same river, near Huerta. The enemy's object bitherto bas

London Gazette.-Dispatches from Lord Wellington,

been to cut off my communication with Salamanca and Ciudad Rodrigo. The enemy abandoned and destroyed the fort of Mirabete, on the Tagus, on the 11th instant; and the garrison marched to Madrid, to form part of the army of the centre. They were ceduced to five days provisions. I enclose a return of the killed and wounded on the 18th instant.

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Flores de Avila, July 24, 1812.-MY aid-de-camp, captain Lord Clinton, will present to your lordship this account of a victory which the allied troops under my caminaad gained in a general action fought near Salamanca on the evening of the 22d inst, which I have been under the necessity of delaying to send till now, having been engaged ever since the action in the pursuit of the enemy's Aying troops. In my letter of the 21st I informed your lordship, that both armies were near the Tormes; and the enemy crossed that river with the greatest part of his troops in the afternoon by the fords between Alba de Tormes and Huerta, and moved by their left towards the roads leading to Ciudad Rodrigo. The allied army, wita the exception of the 3d division and general D'Urban's cavalry, likewise crossed the Tormes in the evening by the bridge of Salamanca, and the fords in the neighbourhood; and I placed the troops in a position of which the right was upon one of the two heights called Dos Arapiles, and the left on the Tormes below the ford of Santa Martha. The 3d division and brigadier.general D'Urban's cavalry were left at Cabrerizos, on the right of the Tormes, as the enemy had still a large corps on the heights above Babilafuente, on the same side of the river; and I considered it not improbable, that finding our army prepared for them in the morning, on the left of the Tomes, they would alter their plan, and manæuvre by the other bank In the co of the night of the 21st I received intelligence, of the truth of which I could not doubt, that general Chauvel liad arrived at Pollos or the 20th, witte the cavalry and horse artitlery of the army of the north, to join Marshal Marmont; and I was quite certain taat thiese troops would join him on the 22d or 23d at the latest. During the night of the 21st the enemy had taken possession of the village of Calvarasa de Ariba, and of the height near it called Nuestra Senora de la Pena, our cavalry being in possession of Cal. varasa de Abaso; and shortly after day-light detachments from both armies attempted to obtain possession of the more distant from our right of the iwe hills called Dos Arapiles. The enemy however succeeded, their detachwent being the strongest, and having been coucealed in the woods nearer the bill than we were, hy which success they strengthened materially their own position, and bad in their power increased means of annoying ours. In the morning, the light troops of the 7th division, and the 4th Caça. dores belonging to general Pack's brigade, were engaged with the energy on the height called Nuestra Senora de la Pena; on which height they maintained themselves with the enemy throughout the day. The possession, by the enemy, however, of the more distant of the Arapiles, rendered it necessary for me to extend the riglit of the army Potence to the heights behind the village of Arapiles, and to occupy that village with figlit infantry; and here I placed the 4th division, under the command of the honourable lieutenant-general Cole; and although, from the variety of the enemy's move ments, it was difficult to form a satisfactory judgment of his intentions, I considered that, upon the whole, his objects were npon the left of the Tormes: I therefore ordered the honourable major-general Pakenham, whù commanded the 3d division, in the absence of lieve

tenant-general Picton, on account of ill bealth, to move across the Tormes with the troops y under his command, including brigadier-general D'Orban's cavalry, and to place himself

behind Aldea Tejada; brigadier.general Bradford's brigade of Portuguese infantry, and Don Carlos D'Espana's infantry having been moved up likewise to the neighbourhood

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London Gazette.- Dispatches from Lord Wellington. of Las Torres, between the 3d and 4th divisions. After a variety of evolutions and movements, the enemy appears to have determined upon his plan about two in the arternoon; and under cover of a very heavy cannonade, which however did us but very little damage, he extended his left, and moved forward his troops, apparently with an intention to enb ce, by the position of his troops, and by his fire, our post on that of the two Arapiles which we possessed, and from thence to attack and break our line; or at all events to render difficult any movement of ours to our right. The extension of his line to his left, however, and its advance upon our right, notwithstanding that his troops still occupied very strong ground, and his position was well defended by cannon, gave me an opportunity of attacking him, for which I had long been anxious. I reinforced our right with the 5th division, under lieutenant general Leith, which I placed behind the village of Arapiles, on the right of the 4th division; and with the 6th and 7th divi. sions in reserve; and as soon as these troops had taken their stations, I ordered the honyurable inajor-general Pakenham to move forward with the 3d division, and general D'Urban's caralry, and two squadrons of the 14th light dragoons, under lieutenants colonel Hervey, in four columns, to turn the enemy's left on the heights, while brigadiergeneral Bradford's brigade, the 5th division, under liuetenant-general Leith, the 4th division, under the honourable lieutenant-general Cole, and the cavalry, under lieutenantgeneral Sir Stapleton Cotton, should attack them in front, supported in reserve by the 6th disision, under major-general Clinton, the 7th division, under major-general Hope, and Don Carlos D'Espaga's Spanish division, and brigadier-general Pack should support the left of the 4th division, by altacking that of the Dos Arapiles, which the enemy held. The 1st ard light divisions occupied the ground on the left, and were in reserve. The açtack upon the eneidy's left was made in the manner above described, and completely succeeded. Major-general the honourable Edward Pakenham formed the third division across the enemy's flank, and overthrew every thing opposed to him. These troops were supported in the most gallant style by the Portuguese cavalry under brigadier-general D'Urban, and lieutenant-colonel Hervey's squadrons of the 14th, who successfully de. feated every attempt made by the enemy on the flank of the third division. Brigadiergencral Bradford's brigade, the 5th and 4th divisions, and the cavalry under lieutenantgeneral Sir Stapleton Cotton, attacked the enemy in front, and drove bis troops before them from one height to another, bringing forward their right, so as to acquire strength upon the enemy's flapk, roportion to the advance. Brigadier-general Pack made a very gallant attack upon the Arapiles, in which, however, he did not succeed, except in diverting the attention of the enemy's corps placed upon it, from the troops under the command of lieutenant-general Cole, in bis advance. The cavalry under lieutedant. general Sir Stapleton Cotton made a most gallant and successful charge against a body of the enemy's infantry, which they overthrew and cut to pieces. In this charge major. general, Le Marchant was killed at the head of his brigade; and I have to regret the loss of a niost able officer. After the crest of the height was carried, one division of the enemy's infantry mude a stand against the 4th division, which, after a severe contest, was obliged to give way, in consequence of the enemy having thrown sone troops on the left of the 4th division, after the failure of brigadier-general Pack's attack upon the Arapiles, and the honourable lieutenant general Cole having been wounded. Marsbal Sir William Beresford, who happened to be on the spot, directed brigadier-general Spry's brigade of the fifth division, which was in the second line, to change its front, and to bring its fire on the flank of the enemy's division; and I am sorry to add, that while engaged in this service, he received a wound, which I am apprehensive will deprive me of the benefit of his counsel and assistance for some time. Nearly about the same

London Gazette.- Dispatches from Lord Wellington.

time lieutenant-general Leith received a wound, which uafortunately obliged him to quit the field. I ordered up the 6th division under major-general Clinton, to relieve the 4th, and the battle was soon restored to its former success. The enemy's right, however, reinforced by the troops which had fled from his left, and by those which had now reti red from the Arapiles, still continued to resist; and I ordered the 1st and light divisions, and colonel Stubbs' Portuguese brigade of the 4th division, which was re-formed, and major-general William Anson's brigade, likewise of the 4th division, to turn the right, while the 6th division, supported by the 3d aud 5th, attacked the front. It was dark before this point was carried by the 6th division, and the enemy fed through the woods towards the Tormes. I pursued them with the 1st and light divisions, and major general William Anson's brigade of the 4th division, and some squadrons of cavalry under lieutenant-general Sir Stapleton Cotton, as long as we could find any of them together, directing our march upon Huerta and the fords of the Tormes, by which the enemy had passed on their advance; but the darkness of the night was highly advantageous to the enemy, many of whom escaped under its cover, who must otherwise bave been in our hands. I am sorry to report that owing to this same cause, lieutenant-general Sir Staple. ton Cotton was unfortunately wounded by one of our own sentinels, after he had halted.

We renewed the pursuit at break of day in the morning with the same troops, and major-general Bock's, and major-general Anson's brigades of cavalry, which juined during the night; and having crossed the Tormes we came up with the enemy's rear.guard of cavalry and infantry, near La Serna; they were iromediately attacked by the two brigades of dragoons; and the cavalry Aed, leaving the infantry to their fate. I have never witnessed a more gallant charge than was made on the enemy's infantry by the heavy brigade of the king's German legion, under major-general Bock, which was completely successful, and the whole body of infantry, consisting of three battalions of the enemy's first division were made prisoners. The pursuit was afterwards continued as far as Pesa neranda last night; and our troops are still following the flying enemy. Their head. quarters were in this town, not less than ten leagues from the field of battle, for a few hours last night; and they are now considerably adranced on the road towards Vallado. lid by Arevalo. They were joined yesterday on their retreat by the cavalry and artil. lery of the army of the north, which have arrived at too late a period, it is to be hoped, to be of much nse to them. It is impossible to form a conjecture of the enemy's toss its this action; but from all reports it is very considerable. We have taken from these eleven pieces of cannon*, several ammunition waggons, two eagles, and six colours; and one general, three colonels, three lieutenant-colonels, 130 officers of inferior rank, and between six and seven thousand soldiers are prisunerst; and our detachments are sending in more every moment. The number of dead on the field is very large. I am juforried that Marshal Marmont is badly wounded, and has lost one of his arids; and tbat fout general officers have been killed, and several wounded. Such an advantage could not have been acquired without material loss on our side; but it certainly has not been of a magnitude to distress the army, or to cripple its operations. I have great pleasure in reporting to your lordship, that, throughout this trying day, of which I have related the events, I had every reason to be satisfied with the conduct of the general officers and troops. The relation which I have written of its events, will give a general idea of the

The official returns only account for eleven pieces of cannon; but it is believe that twenty have fallen into our hands.,

The prisoners are supposed to amount to seven thousand, but it has not been possible to ascertain their numbers exactly, from the advance of the army immediately after ibo action was over,

London Gazette.- Dispatches from Lord Wellingtor.

share which each individual had in them; and I cannot say too much in praise of the conduct of every individual in his station. I aw much indebted to marshal Sir William Beresford for his friendly counsel and assistance, both previous to, and during the action; to lieutenant-generals Sir Stapleton Cotton, Leith, and Cole, and major-generals Clinton, and the honourable Edward Pakenham, for the manner in which they led the divisions of cavalry and infantry under their command respectively; to major-general Hulse, commanding a brigade in the 6th division; major-general G. Anson, commanding a brigade of cavalry; colonel Hinde, colonel the honourable William Ponsonby, commanding major-general Le Marchant's brigade, after the fall of that offeer; to major-general William Anson, commanding a brigade in the 4tb division; major-general Pringle, commanding a brigade in the 5th division, and the division after lieutenant-general Leith was wounded; brigadier-general Bradford; brigadier-general Spry, colonel Stubbs, and brigadier general Power of the Portuguese service : likewise to lieut. col. Campbell, of the 94th, commanding a brigade in the 3d division; lieutenant-colonel Williams, of the 60th fuot; lieutenant-colonel Wallace of the 88th, commanding a brigade in the 3d division; lieutenant-colonel Ellis, of the 23d, commanding general the hon. Edward Pakenham's brigade in the 4th division, during his absence in the command of the Sd divisin; the honourable lieutenant-colonel Greville of the 38th regiment, commanding major-general Hay's brigade in the 5th division, during his absence on leave; brigadier-general Pack; brigadier-general the Conde de Rezendi, of the Portuguese service; colonel Douglas, of the 8th Portuguese regiment; lieutenant-colonel the Conde de Ficalho, of the same reo giment; and lieutenant-colonel Bingham, of the 53d regiment; likewise to brigadiergeneral d'Urban, and lieutenant-colonel Hervey, of the 14th light dragoons; colonel Lord Edward Somerset, commanding the 4th dragoons; and lieutenant-colonel thé ho nourable Frederick Ponsonby, commanding the 12th light dragoons. I must also mention lieutenaut-colonel Woodford, commanding the light battalion of the brigade of guards, who, supported by two companies of the fusileers, under the command of captain Crowdes, maintained the village of Arapiles against all the efforts of the enemy, previous to the attack upon their position by our troops. In a case in which the conduct of all bas been conspicuously good, I regret that the necessary limits of a dispatch, prevents ne from drawing your lordship's noticc to the conduct of a larger number of individuals; but I can assure your lordship, that there was no officer of corps engaged in this action, who did not perform his duty by his sovereign and his country. The royal and Germax artillery, under lieutenant-colonel Framingham, distinguished themselves by the accuracy of their fire, wherever it was possible to use them; and they advanced to the attack of the enemy's position with the same gallantry as the other troops. I am particularly indebted to lieutenant-colonel De Lancy, the deputy quarter-master-general

, the head of the department present in the absence of the quarter-master-general, and to the officers of that department, and of the staff corps, for the assistance I received from them, particularly the honourable lieutenant-colonel Dundas, and lieutenant-colonel Sturgeon of the latter, and major Scovell of the former; and 10 lieutenant-colonel Waters, at present at the head of the adjutant-general's department at head-quarters, and to the officers of that department, as well at head-quarters as with the several divisions of the army; and lieutenant-colonel lord Fitzroy Somerset

, and the officers of my personal staff. Among the latter I particularly request your lordship to draw the attention of his Royal Highness the Prince Regent to his Serene Highness the hereditary Prince of Orange, whose conduct in the field, as well as upon every other occasion, entitles lim tu my highest commendation, and has acquired for him the respect and regard of the whole army.

I have had every reason to be satisfied with the conduct of the Mariscal del Compa

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