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MILITARY CHRONICLE;

OR

BRITISH OFFICER's"

MONTILY REGISTER AND MENTOR,

FOR OCTOBER, 1812.

EMBELLISHMENT,
Portrait of Marquis CORNWALLIS.

CONTENTS.
MILITARY BIOGRAPUY. Military Promotions....

*476 lonel Henderson

411 Dispatches from Marquis Wellington *476 Lord Wellington ...

*409 Letter from Captain Bromer. *477 Journal of the campaign of 1810 416 Military Promotions...

*477 Itinerary from Warsaw throngh Smo- Dispatches from Sir H. Douglas

. *480 Jensko to Moscow

427 Fron Lieutenant-colonel Carrol.. 473 Illustration of the seat of war 434 From on board the Venerable 474 REVIET OF MILITARY BOOKS

From the ships Acasta, Colibri, and Trait sur l'Etat Major..

Emulous... 441

475 Essay on the military system of Buo

Military Promotions ...

475 naparte...

443 Dispatches from Major-gen. Cooke.. 475 Practical instructions to young officers 452

Military Promotions

476

Dispatches from Sir James Saumarez. 477 WAR BETWEEN FRANCE AND

From Sir Home Popham.

478 RUSSIA. Military Promotions...

478 Official French bulletins ·

455

Dispatches from Lord Wellington .. 479
LONDON GAZETTES.
From Sir James Saumparez

483 Dispatches from Major gen. Cooke, #473 Military Promotions ..

484 Froin colonel Skerrett.....

*473 Dispatches from captain Broke 486 Capture of American privateers.. v, 475 Mitary Promotions

486

London:

Printed by W. M Dowall, Pemberton Row, Gough Square, Fleet Street, FOR J. DAVIS, MILITARY CHRONICLE OFFICE, ESSEX STREET, STRAND; AND TO BE HAD OF THE BOOKSELLERS.

TO CORRESPONDENTS.

THE Editor must be allowed to express his hopès, that the MilITARY CHRONICLE of this Month will give general satisfaction. From the distance of some of the Writers, it was not in his power to procure the contributions of the whole of them this month, but in the fifth volume he hopes to produce his whole array.

The Supplement of the Fourth Volume of the MILITARY Chronicle is published this day, it contains the Life of Charles the Twelfth, verbatim, from the octavo volume of Voltaire, The campaigns of this conqueror were precisely upon the plan, and, in good part, upon the same ground with the present one of Buonaparte.

On the first of next month, together with the MILITARY CHRONICLE, will be publislırd the Life of Peter the Great, 'by Voltaire.— These two works should be inseparable com. panions from each other, as each of these contain the life of the most surprising men of the age they lived in; the one, the Alexander of the day—and the other, the founder of a mighty empire; a singular mixture of greatness, ferocity, natural ability, and savage irregularity; and who, moreover, has impressed his character both upon his people, and succeeding sovereigns. Both of these lives, moreover, were written from the communications of the respective courts to the historian. The Empress Catherine the Second sent the materials of the life of Peter the Great, from the archives of Moscow, to Voltaire, I do not know three more pleasing and able books than the Memoirs of Captain Carl Mhe Life of Peter the Great, and the Life of Charles the Twelfth. A most finished engraving by Cordon, will be given in our next.

We paid an anor. mous price for it, and we trust it is worth it.

The First Number of Danville's maps will be shortly ready for delivery.

The Life of Cornwallis in our next.---This is a trifiing irregularity, which, for the sake of procuring good memoirs, the Reader must occasionally pardon.

Our next will likewise contain a great variety of correspondence which we have been compelled to keep back from the pressure of present matter.

The Obituary on the new plan will comnience in the next volume. It will be seer there was no room for it in this.

The Index and Title page to the Fourth Volume will be given in our next.

ART OF WAR.. From the length of this, and some other articles in this Number, the Publisher has been compelled, in the absence of the Editor, 10 put aside the article of the Art of War, for the next Number. He trusts that the most distinguished ability (if he may risk bis own judgment) of the whole of the articles inserted in this Number will render any furtber logy for this omission unne iry. The next Number will begin the fift volume, and the Art of War, in a regular system, will be commenced in it, and will never be, in future, discontinued or omitted,

ROYAL MILITARY CHRONICLE.

OCTOBER, 1812.

MILITARY BIOGRAPHY.

COLONEL HENDERSON.

was,

AS the object of biography is to hold up for the imitation of mapkind such characters as have distinguished themselves for their good conduct, we have particular pleasure in presenting to our readers, one, who, bad he been spared to bis country, would have continued, as he an ornament to the military profession.

The late lieutenant-colonel Henderson, of the royal York rangers, was a native of Scotland, born near Aberdeen, on the 16th September 1775. His father, the late captain Henderson, was descended from an old and respectable family in Perthshire. He served bis country for twenty years in the army, and retired to Newton, a small property he had on the bauks of the Dee, where, having a numerous family, he educated three of his sons for the profession of arms. His eldest son, Patrick, the subject of this memoir, prosecuted his studies under a private tutor, till the age of 15, when he was entered a student of the university of Mariscbal college, Aberdeen. Ile there continued till the age of 18, when he raised men for an ensigncy, and joined an independent company attached to the 29th regiment, commanded by Lord Cathcart, whose favourable opinion he had the good fortune to acquire and retain.-lle accompanied part of the regiment on board the Glory, and did marine duty for two years, during which he was in the actions of 27th and 281h May, and was wounded in Lord Howe's glorious victory of the Ist of June. His good conduct on that occasion gained him the particular thanks and recommendations of Lord Keith. On the report of captain Elphinston, who conjmanded the Glory, he was snon promoted to a lieutenancy, and sent to Scotland on the recruiting service, where he raised upwards of 100 men.

In 1799 he accompanied his regiment in the expedition to Holland; where he commanded the grenadier company (his captain being wounded at the landing) in various actions; in ove of which he was slightly wounded, and gained deserved applause by bis brave conduct. He was honoured, on this occasion, with the particular tbanks of his commanding officer, Sir Eyre Coote, and colonel, now general M.Donald, who commanded the reserve.-By these officers he was strongly recommended for promotion. The latter, in particolar, having afterwards occasion to speak of him officially, stated, “ that he først fell in with lieutenant Henderson, in command of the grenadier VOL. IV. NO. 24,

*3G

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