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-repeats as facts opinions which, though once received, are now universally exploded,--and adopts or makes one or two mistakes in the names of authors and the titles of their works, which, considering the easiness of access to the sources of information, strike us as somewhat surprising. We hold, as firmly as any, the conclusion which Mr. Farley labours to establish ; but, with the exception of the fact that the learned Trinitarians who have studied the point generally agree in the same result, we could not, without considerable explanation, adopt his premises. This laxity of inquiry and of statement is the more to be deprecated, as advantage will probably be taken of the resulting inaccuracies, by wily adversaries, to shake the confidence which would otherwise be felt in the conclusion at which the writer arrives.
We are happy to unite our testimony to that of Mr. Farley, in favour of the fairness and accuracy of Mr. Wilson's book, the • Concessions of Trinitarians." We have had occasion, with reference to several passages, to go over the ground which Mr. W. had trodden before us; and in every case we have found, as Mr. Farley has done, in reference to John v. 7, his citations, “ without exception, accurate." We cordially agree with Mr. F. that the author of that excellent book has indeed “ laid our denomination under great obligations."
SEVENTH ANNUAL MEETING OF THE in which he wished the children of
NORTHERN SUNDAY-SCHOOL ASSO- their Sunday Schools, and all other CIATION.
children, were taught to read—the On Thursday evening, May 7th, the volume which God had laid open for seventh annual meeting of the Nor- their perusal in the external world. thern Sunday-School Association, was The loveliness of creation speaks of held in the school-room of the first its author not less intelligibly than his Congregation, Fountain-street, Bel- written word; and he (the Chairman) fast.
thought, that the young should be The Chair was taken by ROBERT taught to read there the manifestaPATTERSON, Esq.
tions of that Author's wisdom. When A suitable prayer having been offer- thus taught, the humble hedge-row ed up by the Rev. J. S. Porter, flower would declare to them his skill;
The CHAIRMAN said, in former years the cattle grazing in the pasture which he had felt great pleasure in taking a he has provided, would evidence his part in their proceedings; but this goodness, not less than the glad songs year the Committee had honoured of the feathered tribe—and even the him by asking him to preside on the weak insects, which flitin the sunshine, occasion. He had complied with their
"And in the gloom of twilight, hum their joy." request, and he trusted to the kindness of the meeting to excuse those would display to them his glodeficiencies in his conduct, which their rious attributes. He hoped that the judgment would not fail to detect.— time would yet come when every There was one peculiarity connected Sunday School would have two weekly with Sunday Schools, namely, in the meetings—one on the Sunday, for the books which it employed in the in- study of God's written word-and one struction of the young. The char- on some week-day evening, for the acter of every educational institution study of that other revelation-his might be known by the same means. glorious works. He would suggest to In the Sunday School it was the Bible; those gentlemen, who had resolutions other books were valuable there, only to propose or second, to confine themso far as they throw light on the Scrip- selves to the matters contained in ture narrative, or illustrate and enforce those resolutions; as time was frethe Scripture precepts. The Bible quently unnecessarily expended, at was pre-eminently the Sunday-school public meetings, in digressions from volume. There was another volume the subject in hand, and the consequence was, that at the close, import- ing read the statement of the accounts ant matters had often been left be- of the Association, hind. He trusted they would excuse Dr. MARSHALL moved, that the rehim for throwing out that suggestion; port be adopted, printed, &c. and said, and he would now call on the Rev. that it appeared to him to be very Mr. Magennis, the Secretary, to read copious, and to the meeting must be the report.
very satisfactory, except that part The report stated, that in the course which referred to the falling off of the of the year, the Association had schools. granted to Schools in connexion with Mr, MACADAM seconded the motion; it, 242 Bibles, 373 Testaments, 158 and expressed a hope, that when the lesson books, 205 primers, and other report was printed and circulated, requisites, to the number of about six every member of their body would hundred ;-making, in all, a sum total see the necessity of coming forward of more than sixteen hundred books and supporting so very valuable an and requisites of different kinds. It Association. had also disposed of upwards of one The Rev. Mr. M'ALESTER moved hundred copies of Livermore's Com- the next resolution, which was to the mentary on the Gospels, leaving only effect, that the Sunday-school instia very small portion on hands of an tution merited the sympathy, support, impression of two thousand. Among and co-operation of all who desired the applications for books, during the the religious instruction of the rising year, several were from schools not generation, in consequence of the previously in connexion with the As- powerful influence which it possessed, sociation, and all, with one exception, in forming the principles, and mouldwere from England—a fresh proof of ing the character of the young. The the great facilities for establishing Rev. Gentleman said, that he reschools which the Association afforded. membered the time when there were After some expressions of regret, re- few Sunday Schools in Belfast; but, garding Sunday Schools, in connexion he believed, that there was no religious with the Society, which were once body in town, now, which had not its flourishing, and were now nearly de- Sunday School. This institution was funct, and condemnatory ofthe apathy first established by the ever-to-be manifested in several districts, where venerated Raikes; and it was then inschools might be established, the re- tended, that the children should report stated, that it was the opinion of ceive a secular, as well as a religious the Committee that every Congre- education-in fact, it was looked upon gation should have a Sunday School then as a kind of poor school ; but it connected with it; and that, when had since aimed at higher objects it Congregations were widely scattered, had become a nursery for the young there ought, also, to be district schools of every rank, where the young of in populous localities. After alluding, in the rich, as well as of the poor, might complimentary terms, to the Hiber- learn the great truths which it was nian Bible Society, for their liberality necessary they should know. There and generosity, in furnishing the As- were so many day-schools, for the pursociation with Bibles and Testaments, pose of giving secular instruction at a trifling sum, when illiberality and through the country, that the edusectarian exclusiveness prompted the cation in Sunday-schools had, latterly, Sunday-school Society to refuse its and very properly, been confined to aid, the Committee recommended the the nourishing of the young with the formation of branch Associations, bread of life-to supplying them with which, in their opinion, would more that information which it was most imeflectually promote the interests of portant that they should attain. their own. The report then put forth Mr. SEED seconded the resolution, the suggestions of several superinten- and impressed on the heads of famidents, as to the best means of com- lies the necessity of visiting the Sunmunicating moral and religious in- day Schools, being convinced that it struction in Sunday Schools, and con- would be productive of great benefit. cluded by suggesting the propriety of The Rev. J. S. PORTER moved the establishing a Magazine, to be devoted next resolution, which was congratuentirely to the interest of Sunday latory to the founders and friends of Schools
the Association, on its present position, Mr. HARTLEY, the Treasurer, hav- and expressive of a hope, that it might
BEFORE SIR J. WIGRAM.
continue to extend its influence, 'as a discharged the duties of Secretary to means for the dissemination of truth. the Society He said, that the report was not A vote of thanks was also given to altogether of a melancholy nature; Mr. Hartley, the Treasurer of the Asthat, although some schools had died sociation; after which, the officers for away, others had started up in their the ensuing year having been appointplaces, and that the number of ed, their schools was not now less than Mr. PATTERSON left the Chair, and at any former period. He remember- the Rev. J. S. PORTER having taken ed the time when he attended the first the same, thanks were given to the meeting of their Association ; at that former gentleman, for the very effitime they were all full of triumph and cient manner in which he had discongratulation, because they had 20 charged his duties, and the meeting schools in connexion with them ; but separated. now they had 40, and with a far more than a proportionate increase of pupils. The Rev. Gentleman then went on to
Vice-Chancellor's Court, Jan. 20. explain, that it was not alone the duty of the Sunday-school teacher to meet
Shrewsbury v. Hornby. the children on Sunday, and read a
This case came on upon further chapter in the Bible—to explain the directions. The suit was instituted Scriptures to them, and make them for the purpose of administering the acquainted with the character of our estate of Richard Cooke, of Bromptonblessed Lord, but they shonld use their square, Middlesex, who, by his will, best exertions to secure their attend- bequeathed to his widow, whom he
appointed his executor, £300 per ann. Mr. Hartley briefly seconded the standing in his name in the Long resolution, which was carried unani- Annuities, upon trust to hold, the same mously. Mr. CUNNINGHAM moved the fourth should she wish to do so, £20 a-year,
during her life, with liberty to sell resolution, recommending the organ- of the said stock, personally to her ization of auxiliaries, for the purpose
lle provided, that after the of promoting the objects of the Asso- death of his widow, the defendant ciation.
Hornby, as his trustee, should hold Mr. O'Gorman briefly seconded the the fund upon trust to pay to the motion, which was carried.
Unitarian Chapel at Devonport £100 Mr. SAMUEL M'ADAM moved a vote a year, the remainder to be applied in of thanks to the Hibernian Bible So
sums of £20 each to the assistance of ciety, for its continued liberality, in
respectable Unitarian congregations supplying the Association with Bibles which stood in need of it. He had and Testaments at reduced prices. mentioned Mr. Hornby, describing
Mr. J. M‘ADAM seconded the mo- him as "treasurer of the Unitarian tion, which passed.
Association,” and had provided that It was then resolved, on the motion whenever the name of “Hornby" was of Mr. JAMES MARSHALL, seconded by used by him, it should have the same Mr. John CAMPBELL, that the Com- meaning as though he had used the mittee to be appointed should be in- words "treasurer of the Unitarian structed to take into their consider- Association." ation the propriety of a Magazine, Mr. Schomberg (on behalf of Maria snch as that alluded to in the report, Chambers, one of the residuary legaand of offering a prize for the best tees) took five objections to the proessay on the most efficient means of posed decree. The widow and execommunicating moral and religious cutrix had sold £20 a-year of the instruction, in the Sunday School.
stock in question, which realised £200 A vote of thanks, on the motion of or £300.“ He submitted that this was the Rev. Hugh MOORE, seconded by not the intention of the testator, who Rev. D. MAGENNIS, was then present- merely contemplated the sale of so ed to the Rev. C.J. M'Alester, for his much stock as would produce £20 unwearying efforts to promote the in- sterling. He submitted that the gift terests of the Association, and for the to the Unitarian charities was void zeal, fidelity, and success with which, under the Mortmain Act. The gift for so many years, he gratuitously savours of the realty. It was not
given to the minister, or for the pur- ("De Thermines v. De Boneval,” 5 pose of beautifying or repairing, but Russell
, 288), where a bequest had expressly to the • chapel.” Then, been made for the purpose of publishagain, the particular chapel was not ing a work in a foreign language "inpointed out, but it was given to “the” culcating the doctrine of the absolute chapel, whereas there might be seve- and inalienable supremacy of the ral Unitarian chapels. It would be Pope." It was, however, declared to for the Court to decide whether there be invalid. ought not to be some inquiry. In the Mr. Wood and Mr. Evans (for the fourth place, it was a gift for the pur- defendant Mr. Hornby), contended pose of promoting Unitarian doctrines that the gift was perfectly valid as and worship, and the gift was void as a charitable trust, or in the nature contrary to the policy of the law. It of such
a trust, and that the had been so laid down by Lord Eldon Court would direct the payment to in the "Attorney-General v. Pearson," be made to him, one part of the will 3 Mer. 353. In the case of Lady expressly directing it to be made to Hewley's charity, although the point him as "treasurer, and his committee." had not been decided, yet several Mr. Spence, Mr. Romilly, and Mr. judges had intimated their opinion of Wray, appeared for other parties. Mr. the illegality of such a gift. But, in Maule appeared on the part of the the fifth place, the testator had de- Crown. clared that “if the gift" should be at- His Honour held that the gift to the tached as illegal, or should be declar- charity was valid in point of law, and ed “void," it should go to the residu- that it was so express in its terms as to ary legatee. He (Mr. Schomberg), on warrant the Court in paying it to the the part of his client, now attached it treasurer, Mr. Hornby. Upon the upon the authorities to which he had other point, as to the sale of the stock, referred, but it was evident that the the executrix was justified in selling testator himself had suspicions of its the amount of stock which she had invalidity. A case had occurred be- done. fore the Catholic Emancipation Act,
We are obliged, reluctantly, to put aside some valuable communications until next month, hope our esteemed correspondents will have patience with us, and we shall endeavour, so far as in our power, to meet their several wants and wishes with the least possible delay. We expect to be able to furnish our readers with a mass of interesting and gratifying intelligence, neat month.
We have received the communication of our respected friend, “ Tyro." We are inclined to think that there is little difficulty in arriving at the Scriptural meaning of the passage to which le refers. He says, “I cannot see how the beautiful spirits have washed their robes, and made them white, in the blood of the Lamb, Was the act theirs, or that of another? If theirs or another's, how did they, or he, perform that act? Does blood cleanse and whiten, and how is it to be applied ?"
We answer, first, that “White raiment," is emblematical of that purity of heart and character which is always represented in the Scriptures, as constituting a necessary qualification for the kingdom of heaven. The holiness and purity of God himself are described by the same figurative mode of expression. He is represented by the Psalmist as "putting on glorious apparel." -as being “clothed with majesty and honour," --as “decking himself with light, as with a garment." That the white robes mentioned in the 7th Chapter of Revelations, represent moral purity of character, is evident, from the Saviour's words recorded at the 16th Chapter 15th Verse “Blessed is he that watcheth and keepeth his garments;" and again, at the 3d Chap. and 4th Verse, they “ that have not defiled their garments, shall walk with me in white, for they are worthy;". Nay, we are expressly told, in the 19th Chapter and 8th Verse, that these gurments are the "righteousness of the Saints."
We answer next, that the act of washing their robes, and making them white in the blood of the Lamb, was partly their own, and partly that of Christ. He shed his blood, or laid down his life in the work which the Father had given him to do -- that was his portion of the act; and they (the redeemed) did not receive the grace of God in vain-- they made their calling and election sure--they gave all possible diligence to add to their faith, virtue, temperance, knowledge, brotherly kindness, charity: and so an entrance was abundantly ministered unto them into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
It is requested that all communications intended for insertion in the Irish Unitarian Magazine will be forwarded not later than the 10th of the preceding month (if by post, prepaid), to 28, Rosemary-street, Belfast.
IRISH UNITARIAN MAGAZINE.
OUTLINES OF THE HISTORY OF PRESBYTERIANISM, IN
BY THE REV. H. MONTGOMERY, LL.D.
( Continued from page 195, No. VI.) THE Solemn League and Covenant having been taken by almost the entire population of Scotland, and by the whole Parliamentary Party in England, the English Parliament requested that of Scotland " to enforce its obligations upon all the officers, soldiers, and other protestants of their nation in Ireland," whilst Owen O'Conolly, (already mentioned as the preserver of Dublin, in 1641,) was appointed to urge its acceptance by the British forces in Ulster. The Marquis of Ormond, who adhered to the Royal cause, and was then Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, strenuously opposed the reception of the Covenant; and many of the English officers and soldiers, being episcopalians and royalists, declined the obligation. The Scottish Parliament, on their part, committed the matter to the Commission of the General Assembly, who sent four Ministers to Ulster, to press the Covenant upon their countrymen. The head of the Deputation was the Rev. James Hamilton, already mentioned as the nephew of Lord Claneboy, and, at that period, the influential Minister of Dumfries. The following is a brief summary of their proceedings, as recorded by Patrick Adair, the son of one of the Commissioners.
" By appointment of the Assembly, Masters James Hamilton, William Adair, John Weir, and Hugh Henderson, came over to Ireland, and were all present at a ineeting of the Presbytery, held on the 1st of April, 1644, when they produced their commission, enjoining the ministers of the Scotch Regiments to administer the Solemn League and Covenant to the whole army. This was accordingly done ; and the whole country round about came willingly and joined themselves to the covenant, except some old conformist ministers, and some ungodly persons—so that there were more swearers in the country than in the army. The covenant was taken with great affection in all places, in the hopes of laying the foundations of the work of God in the land, by the overthrow of popery and prelacy. Even tho malignants, (episcopalians,) durst not appear on the contrary ; for the people generally held the Scotch Ministers as the servants of God, coming with a blessed message. But, in Belfast, there was no liberty