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finitely more culpability, than the miserable creatures whom they have bribed or terrified into the sacrifice of conscience, for the sake of worldly interest or convenience. That such a system of unrighteous temptation should have existed, in times comparatively dark and barbarous, is more a subject of regret than surprise : that it should still continue to exist in our own days, when knowledge and liberty are marching hand in hand for the blessed diffusion of social improvement in all temporal concerns, is not only a subject of regret but of deep humiliation. Better times, however, are assuredly comingtimes in which men will be valued for their worth and not for their creed-in which Christian integrity, though possibly associated with theoretical error, will be more honoured than time-serving dishonesty, although it may be connected with the ostentatious profession of theoretical truth! Blessed be God, there have still been some upright spirits, even in the worst of times, to keep alive the vestal flame of Christian Liberty ; and I do not venerate the memories of such men the less, because at many other times, as well as in the days of Charles II. they were Calvinists and Trinitarians. No: let honor ever be accorded, where honor is due ; and let us never forget to cherish “the immortal memory” of those excellent and intrepid Ministers, to whose fortitude amidst all the perils of a restored despotism, we probably owe the very existence of a Presbyterian Church, in Ireland, with all its train of social improvements, at the present day.
Generally speaking, the deposed Ministers, like the early apostolic servants of God, "continued in the exercise of fellowship and doctrine, in the breaking of bread from house to house, and in prayer." By such wise and moderate proceedings, they at once sustained the zeal of their friends, and blunted the weapons of their enemies. But, there were not wanting some bolder and more ardent spirits who scorned the tameness of mere "passive resistance,” and openly denounced the errors and the tyrannies under which they suffered. These intrepid young Ministers were Michael Bruce, of Killinchy, (already mentioned) John Crookshanks, of Raphoe, and Andrew M.Cormick, of Magherally, near Banbridge. Determined “to cry aloud and spare not,” so long as the arm of power was not actually laid upon them, and to have the means of escape to Scotland prepared, in case of emergency, they went from place to place, assembled multitudes, some times by night, and some times by day, in the valleys, and on the mountains, whom they animated with their own spirit, and filled with a noble disdain of tyranny and oppression. Crowds followed them, in all directions; and although the older and graver Pastors censured their rashness and indiscretion, I feel persuaded that their exertions eminently contributed to keep alive the zeal and sustain the integrity of the people. Eventually, as they had anticipated, they
were compelled to fly iŋto Scotland where they joined the ranks of the Presbyterian Army, then struggling against all the power of England, to prevent the re-imposition of Prelacy upon the Scottish nation. Crookshanks and M-Cormick were slain, at the disastrous battle of Pentland, in the year 1666: Bruce was afterwards made prisoner, conveyed to London, and confined for several years; but, eventually, he was restored to his ardent friends in Killinchy, where he exercised a most successful ministry, in the midst of universal esteem. Of this eminent man, though blaming his excessive ardour, Adair, his co-temporary, thus honourably writes—" He was a person singularly gifted, truly zealous and faithful, peaceable and orderly in his temper and conversation, and, in his whole way, a very Nathaniel -a truly godly and worthy brother.” To “the good seeds” of Christian Liberty and Integrity sown by this excellent man, I can clearly trace the abundant harvest of righteous Independence which blessed Killinchy, in the year 1835, and enabled its present Pastor and his honest, intelligent, numerous Congregation, to disenthral themselves, forever, from the tyrannical yoke of the General Synod of Ulster! So true is it, under God's gracious Providence, that if, in faith and trust, “we cast our bread upon the waters, we shall find it after many days."
(To be continued.)
NOTICES OF BOOKS.
The Westminster Review. No. LXXXVII. Dec. 1845. London : SAMUEL
CLARKE, Pall-Mall East. 8vo.
It is not often that a work so small in size as our Magazine, can afford space for strictures upon the popular literature, and especially the periodical literature of the day ; but a phenomenon so remarkable as the appearance of two articles upon religious subjects—and both of them conceived in a candid and liberal spirit—in a work usually
to political, scientific, and economical questions, ought not to pass unnoticed. In the present number of the Westminster Review, there is an analysis, extending to upwards of 50 pages, of the life of the late Rev. Joseph Blanco
White, edited by our friend the Rev. J. H. Thom, of Liverpool. The author of this article is understood, and almost avowed by the initials at its close, to be one of the real ornaments of the University of Oxford—one whose attainments do equal honour to English science and to English theology. He does ample justice to the subject on which he has exerted his pen in the paper now before us. Though no heretic himself, he does not shrink from honouring the friends of the closing scene of Blanco White's pilgrimage, who were so ; nor does he refrain from bestowing the tribute of just approbation on the many talents and virtues which graced the character of that remarkable man, though somewhat more than a heretic, in the sense usually attached to the word heresy. The appearance of such an article, from such a pen, and in such a work as the Westminster Review, we regard as a slight but expressive sign of the times. Equally pleased we are with the paper on “German Theology," and the “Priest Rongé,” which is found in the same number. It contains some sound and valuable strictures on the good and evil of the Rationalistic Schools in the land of speculation ; and a very lively sketch of the life and labours of the master spirit of the New Reformation in Germany. The article will well repay an attentive perusal; and such of our readers as have an opportunity of referring to it will find their curiosity rewarded. if we mistake not, the initials at the close of this paper assign it to the pen of an English Unitarian divine, well known for many meritorious labours, and at present engaged in an undertaking from which we anticipate much advantage to the Christian Church.
When we see the readiness with which papers speaking highly of the characters and principles of Arnold, of Channing, of White, of Rongé, are admitted into the popular literary journals—the willingness with
which they are read, and the eagerness which continually asks for more of the same species of mental food—we cannot but think that a time is coming, or is already come, in which the two ancient parties of all-rejecting scepticism, and all-believing, or at least all-professing Orthodoxy which, a short time ago, seemed to divide the reflecting world of England between them, must be content to take their place beside, if not beneath a third-which holding fast to the great factthe most important in the history of the human race—that God hath given to man a revelation of his will —yet allows free scope to the legitimate exercise of the human mind, and views the truths of reason and of inspiration, as forming one harmonious whole. Of this tendency of the British mind, we have an indication, by no means, however, a solitary one, in the present number of the Westminster Review,
in the cause of pure and undefiled religion. On Sunday, the church, considering the population of the place,
was well attended; and the SundayAt this place, which is a quiet and School, which was re-opened on that beautiful village, the Unitarians oc- day, for the season, was more encour. cupy the ancient church. This was aging in point of members, than at the early field of labour of the Rev. any former period. Addresses were S. J. Máy, whose name is still held in delivered by the agent of the Sunaffectionate remembrance. The build. day-School' Society, to the parents, ing has been recently remodelled and teachers, and pupils; a collection was renovated, by which it has been greatly taken in aid of the Juvenile Library, improved as a place of worship. Rev. and a lively interest manifested geneHerman Snow is their present pastor. rally in the proceedings of the day, Under his preaching, a new and deeper and the welfare of the Church, and interest, we believe, has been excited the Sunday-School.
anthem, two original hymns, comOn the following Wednesday, 22d ult. posed for the occasion by ladies of the we were present at the Dedication of Society, and other select pieces, were the new Church, at Hartford. This sung by a large choir, assisted by Mrs. beautiful building was designed by Le- Jameson, which added much to the fevor, of New York. It is constructed interest of the occasion. of Connecticut freestone, and in its Installation. — On Thursday, the style of architecture is of the Rev. Joseph Harrington, formerly of ancient Gothic order, Every part Chicago, was installed as Pastor of externally and internally, is in perfect the First Unitarian Congregational keeping ; chaste in all its proportions, Society in Hartford. The Council designs, and finish. The windows are assembled at the house of James H. of stained glass--amber coloured- Wells, Esq. Rev. Dr. Peabody, of the effect of which is highly pleasing: Springfield, Mass. Moderator ; and It contains 100 slips or pews, and will Rev. Rufus Ellis, of Northampton, seat, comfortably, four or five hund- Scribe. The proceedings were in red. It was highly satisfactory to strict conformity with ecclesiastical learn that seventy-two of the one hund- usage, and the candidate produced red slips had been taken before the satisfactory evidence of his call and day of installation. The Society, ministerial qualifications and standing. therefore, may now be considered as On proceeding to the church, it was permanently established.
found more crowded than on the
preOn the morning of the Dedication, vious day. A very intelligent and atthe house was early and well filled, tentive audience were present. The and the audience manifested that services were in the following order :deep attention which the harmony, Introductory Prayer, by Rev. Herman solemnity, and interest of the services Snow, Brooklyn, Conn. ; Reading of were so well calculated to inspire.- the Scriptures, by Rev. F. D. HintThe following was the order of ser- ington, Boston ; Sermon, Rev. Dr. vices :- 1. Introductory Prayer, by Putnam, Roxbury ; Prayer of InstalRev. C. Farley, Norwich, Conn. ; 2. lation, by Rev. "Chandler Robbins. Reading of Scriptures, Rev. R. Ellis, Boston ; Right Hand of Fellowship, by Northampton, Mass. ; 3. Prayer of Rev. H. F. Harrington, Albany, N.Y.'; Dedication, Rev. F. T. Gray, Boston; Charge, by Rev. Dr. Gannett, Bos4. Sermon, Rev. Joseph Harrington, ton; Address to the People, by Rev. Pastor elect of the Society: 5. Ton- R. C. Waterson, Boston ; Concluding cluding Prayer, Rev. H. F. Harring- Prayer, by Rev. F. A. Farley, Brookton, Albany, N. Y. The text of the lyn, N.Y.'; Benediction, by the Pasdiscourse was from 2d Chron, vii. 16: tor. The music, consisting of an“For now have I chosen and sancti- thems, hymns, and select pieces, as on fied this house, that my name may the previous day, was of a high order. be there for ever.” After an appro
The discourse by Dr. Putman, was priate introduction in reference to the from the text, John xvii. 19:—"That place and the occasion, the subject they also might be sanctified through chosen by the preacher was Christian the truth.” The leading idea of the unity, in preference to any other more sermon was, that as character is forcontroversial. Unity of feeling and med by ideas or truths, so if we would sentiment, and not of belief, was in- know the truth we must seek it at the sisted upon as the only basis of Chris- fountain head. The Gospels contained tian union compatible or consistent the teachings of the Master. Any with the Protestant doctrine of the doctrines not inculcated by Jesus, not right of private judgment, and the found in the Gospels, might be learned, Bible as the only rule of faith and metaphysical theories or ingenious and practice. Connected with this leading valuable speculations, but they were thought was introduced a statement not Gospel truths.
To this test were of the leading doctrines of Unitarians, brought some of the principal doctrines and forcibly contrasted with those of of the popular theology, and were other Protestant denominations; and found wanting. This was followed by the discourse was closed by a solemn a powerful and glowing exhibition of consecration of the Church to sacred the true doctrines of the great teacher, purposes, henceforth to be known as as found in the Gospels, which, the the Church of the Saviour.” An preacher insisted, must be sounded to
their depths, if we would adequately the first, from 1 Cor. xii. 0,—“Chacomprehend the sublime and sancti- rity rejoiceth in the truth ;" and the fying doctrines of the Gospel. It was second, from Matt. xi. 29, and John an able and truly evangelical dis- xviii. 37,—“Learn of me.
end was I born, and for this cause The Right Hand of Fellowship, as came I into the world, that I should given by his own brother to the Pastor bear witness unto the truth. Every elect, was warm, affectionate, and one that is of the truth, heareth my touching. There was scarcely a dry voice.” The truly admirable diseye in the house. The Charge by Dr. courses of the Rev. gentleman, advoGannett, was unusually pungent, cating, as they did, the cause of Unisolemn, and impressive. The Ad- tarian Christianity as the cause of dress to the people, by Rev. Mr. gospel truth, and enforcing the duty Waterson, was full of good thoughts of Unitarian Christians to avail themand wise counsels, and all the services selves of all the means and opportuniwere unusually appropriate to the ties within their reach for its dissemiplace and the occasion, and must nation, were on each occasion listened have left a deep impression on all to with unmixed delight by a numepresent.
rous and respectable audience.
On Monday evening, the 11th inst. Ordination.— The Rev. Edward E. the annual meeting of the society was Hale, of this city, was ordained as held in Strand-street meeting-house. Minister of the Church of the Unity, The president, DANIEL Hutton, a newly formed church in Worcester. Esg. having taken the chair, the The services on the occasion were meeting was opened with prayer by highly solemn, impressive, and inte- the Rev. Dr. DRUMMOND. resting. They were performed by The secretary, Mr. RobT. ANDREWS, the following gentlemen, members of read a brief and interesting Report the ordaining council, viz. :— Intro- from the committee of the past year, ductory Prayer and Reading of the from which it appeared, amongst other Scriptures, by Rev. F. D. Hunting- things, that the sale and distribution ton, of this city; Sermon, by Rev. Š. of books and tracts had considerably K. Lothrop ; Prayer of Ordination, by exceeded those of the several precedRev. C. Lincoln, of Fitchburgh; Right ing years ; that the committee had Hand of Fellowship, by Rev. J. adopted the plan of inviting the pubWeiss, of Watertown; Charge, by lic, at intervals, to doctrinal lectures, Rev. Ephraim Peabody, of this city'; for which purpose, besides the kind Address to the People, by Rev. Mr. and valuable aid they had received Hill, of Worcester; Concluding Prayer from the Rev. Dr. Ledlie, they had by Rev. Mr. Hall, of Providence; been fortunate enough to secure the and Benediction by the Pastor. Two services of the Rev. G. Armstrong, of appropriate hymns, written for the Bristol, and the Rev. Dr. Hutton, of occasion, were sung by the Choir of London; and that the experiment had the Society
proved eminently successful, the serOn the close of the services, the vices on all these occasions having members of the Society, and of the been attended by a large number of sister Society in Worcester, the mem- worshippers of other denominations. bers of the Ordaining Council, and a The report concluded with regretting large number of the numerous audi- that the scantiness of the resources in tory, by invitation of the Committee, their hands prevented exertions of a proceeded to Brinley-Hall, and sat more active or extended nature, and down to a handsome collation, pro- that the Unitarians of Dublin did not, vided for the occasion, at which the in general, give that support to the Hon. Judge Merrick presided.
society which it merited, from all who desired the dissemination of the pure and holy truths of the gospel.
The Rev. G. A. ARMSTRONG moved
the reception of the report. There was On Sunday, the 10th inst. the anni- one portion of the report he (Mr. A.) versary sermons, on behalf of this deeply regretted ; it was that which society, were preached in Dublin, by related to the little support the society the Rev. William JAMES, of Bristol, received from those who were in the
IRISH UNITARIAN CHRISTIAN