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Ministers ascended the pulpits from which they had been excluded for five years—Presbyteries were regularly held-ordinances were openly administered and the whole Church assumed its wonted form and discipline. Addresses of thanks were forwarded to the King, from the Dissenters of Dublin and Munster, and from the Presbyterians of Ulster-& procedure which some have blamed, as savouring of servility and giving countenance to Catholicism, but to which I can see no rational or Christian objection : for, assuredly, if Presbyterians had a right to freedom of worship, the right of Roman Catholics to the same privilege was equally valid.

It soon became evident, however, that James only designed his “ Declaration" to serve a temporary purpose, and to smooth the way for the restoration of Catholic ascendancy. The Earl of Tyrconnell, acting as Commander-in-chief, caused all the Protestant soldiers to deliver up their arms, which he immediately placed in the hands of Catholics : and thus, an army was at once created, ready for any aggression upon the sacred principles of civil and religious liberty. Satisfied that the new tyranny would be, if possible, more grinding than the old, the Presbyterians were ready to forgive the injuries inflicted by their episcopalian brethren, and to unite with them in defence of their common Protestantism. They, therefore, hailed with joy, the invasion of England, by William, Prince of Orange ; and appointed a celebrated Dublin Physician, Duncan Cumyng, to proceed to England, as the bearer of their hearty congratulations. To prevent mistakes, they gave him the following written instructions :“ 1st, That, in our name, you cougratulate the Prince on his arrival in England, to deliver the nation from popery and slavery: 2nd, That you represent the dangers and fears of the Protestants in Ireland, and particularly in the province of Ulster; and humbly beseech him to take some speedy and effectual care for their preservation and relief : 3rd, That you represent our readiness to serve him and his interest in the prosecution of so glorious a design, as far as we have access.” Now, all this was very well ; and yet, perhaps, not quite so disinterested and magnanimous as some have alleged. The plea was the support of Protestantism in the abstract, against Popery : but, if William had been an episcopalian, instead of a Calvinistic Presbyterian, I greatly doubt whether they would have given him so ready and so cordial a reception. The truth I believe to be this— They reckoned on him as they had previously done upon Charles II.-calculating that he would not only protect them against the influence both of Popery and Prelacy, but eventually place their Church in a permanent ascendancy. We must not, however, scrutinize motives too severely; or feel surprised that men who had suffered so much, were anxious to enjoy the blessings of security and repose.

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The Presbyterian messenger had scarcely departed, when anonymous letters were delivered to Lord Mount-Alexander, and some other distinguished individuals, in the neighbourhood of Belfast, stating that a general massacre of all the Protestants of Ulster was to be perpetrated on the following Sunday. The statement was untrue ; but its consequences were most important. The Protestants, everywhere armed themselves, and associated for mutual defence. In the city of Londonderry, in particular, the alarm was very great-inasmuch as the inhabitants hourly expected the entrance of a Roman Catholic regiment, commanded by the Earl of Antrim. The Rev. James Gordon, a Presbyterian Minister, advised them to shut the Gates, and thereby exclude the obnoxious regiment; but Bishop Hopkins and most of the episcopalians counselled them to avoid so dangerous and desperate a measure. Happily, such timid counsels did not prevail ; for whilst the soldiers were in sight, a number of ardent young men, chiefly Presbyterians and “ Apprentice Boys," seized the keys of the City, and closed the Gatos amidst the shouts of the multitude !

The inhabitants of Enniskillen also closed their Gates, by the ad. vice of the Rev. Robert Kelso, a Presbyterian Minister; and, a few days afterwards, sallied out and completely routed several companies of Catbolic soldiers who were advancing to attack the fortress. The conduct of the brave citizens of Derry and Enniskillen exercised a most important influence on future events ; and, it may be, that, under God, we are indebted for many of the dearest privileges which we this day enjoy, to the energy, determination, and heroism, of a few individuals comparatively youthful and obscure !

Those events roused the entire Protestant population of Ulster. Confederacies were formed and volunteers assembled in all quarters, to meet the numerous Catholic Forces, who were then advancing to Ulster, under the direction of Lord Tyrconnell. A detail of military operations would be altogether inconsistent with the objects of this History ; and I shall, therefore, only state, that after a brave but ineffectual resistance against overwhelming numbers, the Protestants were finally routed and dispersed--a few regiments alone retreating upon Derry, to animate and defend its courageous citizens. In the mean time, King James, driven from England, landed at Kinsale, and reached Dublin towards the end of March, 1689. On the 8th of April, he advanced towards Derry, at the head of 12,000 men, and invested the City on the 18th day of the same month. He found there a large body of his own troops, flushed with recent victories ; and having brought from Dublin a powerful train of Artillery, he naturally calculated upon an early and easy triumph.

For its defence, the City had, of armed inhabitants, peasantry, and

regular soldiers, about 7,000 men. The Governor, Lundy, either from cowardice or treachery, was anxious to capitulate, immediately on the King's arrival; but the gallant “Prentice Boys” raised the shout of “ No Surrender,” deposed him from his office, and appointed the Rev. George Walker of Donoughmore, near Dungannon, and the valiant Major Baker, to be Joint Governors, in his stead. The former presided over the commissariat and civil departments, whilst the latter superintended the military operations.

Volumes have been written concerning the details of this memorable Siege ; and with the exception of Tyre and Jerusalem, I question whether any city in ancient or modern times, has manifested determination, courage, and patient endurance, superior to those which were exhibited by the citizens and defenders of Derry, in the year 1689. That the besieging Army wanted both skill and courage cannot be deniedthat the Relieving Squadron, on the other side, under Major General Kirk, behaved with infamous cowardice, is equally true—but, as regards the besieged, there is nothing wanting to consummate their glory! It has been made a sectarian boast, that amongst those heroic men there were fifteen Presbyterians to one Episcopalian ; but, such comparison is most unseemly, where the disparity of numbers was merely accidental, and where those of every creed were equally distinguished for every virtue. By the blessing of Almighty God, they were released from famine, pestilence, and all the complicated horrors of war, on Sunday, July 28th, 1689, at ten o'clock in the evening-the Relieving Squadron having succeeded in forcing a strong iron chain or boom which stretched across the river Foyle, and prevented their access to the City. Joy and confidence now succeeded to despair ; and after the famished soldiery and people had satisfied the cravings of nature, the entire city sent up one united anthem of praise and thankfulness to the Giver of all good. That devout and solemn strain was heard in the camp of the besiegers, and inspired them with more awe than the thunder of Artillery. Despairing, therefore, of reducing a Fortress defended by undaunted men, and now abundantly supplied with ammunition and provisions, James determined to raise the Siege, after having lost 100 officers, and nearly 9,000 men, in the space of one hundred and five days. He accordingly left his camp on the 31st of July, and retreated towards the South, with his whole Army, in a state of the utmost despondency; whilst the citizens of Derry threw open their Gates, and the entire population of the surrounding districts crowded in, to hail and to congratulate the glorious champions of Civil and Religious Liberty.

(To be continued.)






The reading over of the reports of The annual meeting of this reverend the Presbyteries was next proceeded body took place in the Meeting-house with, which occupied the Synod for a of the Remonstrant Congregation, in considerable time. Ballymena, on Tuesday, the 21st of The Rev. Mr. DOHERTY then read July, at 12 o'clock.

over a list of the Congregations which The Rev. SAMUEL MOORE, the had returned the sims which had Moderator for the past year, preached been assessed on them; and in every from the Epistle to the Philippians, case where any had been returned, ii. 12, after which he constituted the the full amount of assessment, as we Synod by prayer.

understood, had been paid. "The roll was then called, and a very full attendance of Ministers and El- The Rev. Dr. MONTGOMERY said, ders was found to be present. in relation to this subject, the Synod

The Rev. H. Alexander, of Newry, would recollect that last year a meethaving been unanimously chosen Mo- ing took place in Belfast of the three derator for the ensuing year; and the Non-subscribing Presbyterian bodies Rev. Fletcher Blakely, of Moneyrea, of Ireland, at which a Committee re-elected Clerk, and the Rev. Thos. was appointed, which Committee Smith, as Assistant Clerk to the drew up a document, a printed copy Synod.

of which he then held in his hand, Several English clergymen were and which, although it was, perhaps, invited to share in the deliberations of somewhat lengthy, it would be necesthe body.

sary for him to read. It was directed The College Entrance Examination to Sir Robert Peel, Sir J. Graham, Committee was then appointed; and and Sir Thomas Freemantle, the three a Committee was also appointed to individuals to whom the charge of attend the public examination at the such things was entrusted in the Belfast Institution, at the close of the Cabinet, and was dated the 17th of next Session; and directed to make a July last. There had been copies of return to this Synod, at its next meet- this document struck off, and he undering, respecting the attendance and stood the members would be supplied proficiency of all the students in con- with them. This letter, with the nexion with the body.

signature of Dr. Ledlie, who had The Rev. Dr. Montgomery, and the acted as Moderator, was sent forward, Rev. John Scott Porter, the Synod’s a copy to each of the three Baronets; Professors of Theology, delivered their and he believed the only answer rereports, which were found to be satis- ceived was this, an intimation that factory.

they had received the documents. A

communication, as Clerk to that The business of the Home Mission Synod, was then forwarded by Mr. was next taken up.

Blakely, which Mr. Blakely would It was proposed by the Rev. Mr. read to them. [Mr. Blakely here CROZIER, and seconded by Dr. MONT- read the letter forwarded by him to GOMERY, and passed unanimously, the Government, setting forth the pro“That all the Ministers be directed priety of having some members of the to take up a collection in aid of body appointed to the Professorships this object, on the first Sunday in in the new Colleges.), He thought January.”

they had proceeded with this matter The Synod then adjourned till next in a regular and orderly way. They morning at ten o'clock.

had done all in their power to secure Wednesday, July 22. their own rights and interests in the The Synod was constituted by prayer new Colleges; they had looked on this morning at ten o'clock.

it as most important, both as regarded The Clerk read over the minutes the credit of their Church and the inof the sitting of the previous day. terests of their students, that some


measures should be adopted on conversation with him on the subject the subject. Previous to the time of his visit. Sir Thomas then inthat these communications had been formed him of what he had been, up till sent forward to the Government, the that time, unacquainted with, and appointments of the Principals of the which still was the cause of some Colleges had already been made by anxiety to him, namely, that the apthe Government; and, whatever de- pointments had been virtually sursire he might have to show respect or rendered by the Government; that it gratitude towards the late Govern- would be invidious for them to take ment, he could not suppress his con- the appointment of the Professors to viction, that with the appointments in themselves, seeing that some 1,200 question no man in the kingdom had candidates had offered themselves for expressed himself satisfied. With the the 45 situations, and that each of single exception of Dr. Kane, who was them having from 20 to 100 testia man of some literary pretensions, monials, as to the Government exthe appointments were, as far as the amining and deciding upon that mass attainments and fitness of those ap- of testimonials, it was what they had pointed were concerned, absolutely neither the power nor the convenience ludicrous. Persons had been appointed to do; that they had nominated a as Principals of the new Colleges, Literary Board to examine the testiwhose acquirements did not fit them monials, and recommend three out of for the superintendence of a grammar the candidates for each of the Proschool. The Government had a right, fessorships. He then inquired who however, to make these appointments; were the gentlemen that composed and it was quite clear that they had this Board ; and Sir Thos, informed been made with a view to particular him that they were the Presidents of or sectarian influences. There had, the three Colleges already appointed, for the South and West of Ireland, together with the Protestant and Robeen appointed two . Catholics, to man Catholic Archbishops of Dublin, please the Catholics—while, for the and the Provost of Trinity CollegeNorth of Ireland, a Calvinistic Pres- that is to say, three Roman Catholics, byterian had been appointed, to please two Episcopalian Protestants, and a the Calvinists. In accordance with Calvinistic Presbyterian. He saw at the resolutions passed at a meeting of once that by this arrangement their Synod, he (Dr. M.) proceeded to Dub- share of the Professorships was likely lin for two purposes——one of these to be small indeed ; that these gentlebeing, to secure the interests of the men, no matter how impartial, would body in the appointment of Professors, be but too likely to have more or less and the other to insist upon the en- of that fellow-feeling which was dedowment of Professorships of Theo- scribed as calculated to make men logy. He had first written to Sir T. “ wondrous kind ;” that there might Freemantle, enclosing him a copy of be, moreover, a sort of “a give-andthe resolution of Synod, and request- take” agreement made between them, ing to be informed, when it would be in regard to the candidates from their agreeable that he should wait upon several Churches, one party, saying, that Right Hon. Gentleman; and he “Give us so many Catholics here, we receiveď a letter, in reply, that it will allow you so many Episcopalians would not be necessary for him to go there, and so many Calvinists in then to Dublin, as there had been another place;” that the thing would nothing definite as yet fixed, in respect not improbably be settled by way of to the subject of the communication; compromise between the three bodies, and that the main arrangement en- to the total exclusion of all others.tirely lay with the Government in He did not ask to impeach any of the England. He (Dr. M.) then wrote to Board of dishonesty, or of a desire say, he bad been deputed to go by the to act partially; but indereligious body with which he was in pendently of all considerations of connexion, and he must obey; at the favour or prejudice, what, he would same time naming a day upon which ask, could Dr. Murray be expected he would wait upon him in Dub- to know of the worth of such men as lin. On that occasion he was Mr. Scott Porter, Mr. Davis, Mr. most courteously received by Sir T. Nelson, Mr. Doherty, or many other Freemantle, and spent an hour in gentlemen with whose inerits the



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