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confident hope and trust that those ship of a religion which proclaims conflicts for the true, the good, and the “Peace on earth, good will to men,” right, in which he has been called so hail the increasing desire for amity repeatedly to engage, will issue in the and friendship between the nations, continually-increasing spread of the as heralding the time when there shali holy and beneficent principles of Chris- be a practical realization of the brothertian truth, liberty, and righteousness, hood of man, and violence and war be to whose defence and dissemination banished from the world, his valuable and active life has been Moved by Rev. Dr. MONTGOMERY devoted.
-That our best thanks are due and Moved by Mr. DAVID Shaw, of are hereby tendered to the Rev. Geo. Park Lane, Lancashire; seconded by Harris, the respected Pastor of the Mr. E. GRIFFITHS, Jun. of Newcastle Hanover-Square Chapel Congrega
- That this meeting value the prin- tion, and Secretary of the Newcastle ciples of Christian Truth which they and North of England Unitarian profess, because of their coincidence Christian Tract and Missionary Sowith the love and practice of Religious ciety, for the happy results which he and Civil Freedom; they protest has been instrumental in realizing against State Churches as an infringe- since his connexion with these Sociement on the Headship of Christ, and ties for the essential service he has a violation of the liberty of the free- rendered to Unitarian Christianity in dom of the Lord; they sympathise Scotland and England by his preachin the struggles of their fellow-crea- ing and publications in illustration tures of every clime to free themselves and defence of our religious principles, from bondage, whether of body or enforced by the example of a pure and mind; and their hearts' desire and consistent life, and persuasive and perprayer is, that slavery in all its forms, severing advocacy of every cause which civil and ecclesiastical, may be no has for its object the glory of God and longer.
the freedom and happiness of man. Moved by T. M. GREENHOW, Esq. Moved by Rev. GEORGE HARRISseconded by Mr. WALLACE, of New- That this meeting cannot separate castle—That this meeting feel under without giving expression to their solemn obligation to express their con- affectionate recollection of the labours viction that untrammelled universal and virtues of their venerable friend, Education is the want of the nation, the friend of Christian Truth, Liberty, the first duty of the community, the and Man, the Rev. William Turner; hope and foundation for the dissemi- they are persuaded that, though abnation and reception of enlightened sent in body, he is present in spirit; and scriptural principles, as well as and it is their earnest hope that his the moral and intellectual elevation evening of life may continue to be of the people.
cheered by the remembrance of the Moved by Mr. CLEPHAN, of Gates- good his character and exertions have head; seconded by Mr. PALMER, of effected amongst his fellow-creatures, Stockton-upon-Tees That, in the opi- as well as by the knowledge of the nion of this meeting, the benevolent fact, that many minds enlightened by principles of the Gospel of Christ call his instructions, and animated to goodfor the abolition of all cruel and san- ness by his example, have risen up to guinary punishments, as hostile to its call him blessed.-Christian Reformer. spirit of love, and adverse to human improvement and reformation, the THE COLLEGE QUESTION.—THE GENEtrue objects of criminal jurisprudence -whilst the substitution of remedies At the late meeting of the General for crime, founded in Christian wis- Assembly in Belfast, an amendment dom and mercy, would more effectually was carried, by a large majority, exrepress vice, reclaim the sinful, and pressing a hope that “the appointrender human law, in very truth, part ments which may be made to Profesand parcel of the religion which was sorships, in Queen's College, may be designed of Heaven to seek and to such as to justify the attendance of
the students of the Assembly upon Moved by Mr. SELKIRK, seconded their teaching.” Against this deciby W. Saields, of Newcastle That sion a protest was entered, and the this meeting, rejoicing in the disciple- "reasons of protest” have since come
to light. These “ reasons” are five in himself answer. “The hour cometh number, and some of them are the most and now is when the true worshippers unreasonable and wretched things we shall worship the Father, for the Faever met. Let us take the third as a ther seeketh such to worship him." sample, which, indeed, concentrates Let Dr. Brown, then, and those who and expresses the malevolent bigotry assisted him to indite slander against of the others.
their Unitarian friends and neigh"3. Because to the great dishonour bours—let them reflect, that Jesus, of God, the true worship of God, Fa- in this solemn account of the true ther, Son, and Holy Ghost, through worship he came to teach, makes no the one Divine Mediator, the Lord allusion whatever to the doctrine of Jesus Christ--the superstitious wor- three persons in one God, but declares ship of Popery, through many media- explicitly that they who worsbip the tors, and the worship of Unitarians, Father in spirit and truth are the true recognising no Divine Mediator, are worshippers. all alike denominated by the act con- Dr. Brown and his coadjutors say stituting Queen’s Colleges divine that Unitarians recognise no “Divine worship; and, upon all those varied Mediator” in their worship: It is and opposing forms of worship, the hardly necessary to say that this governing body of these Colleges is re- charge is utterly, and in every respect, quired to secure the attendance of the untrue. But how does Orthodoxy students, as parents and guardians recognise in Christ a Divine Mediamay approve."
tor, when it tells us that he is required The simple meaning of all this is, to form a constituent part of God? that these good people are offended We are gratified to find that this because Unitarians and Roman Ca- document is signed only by a few obtholics are placed upon a level with scure members of the General Assemthemselves, and are permitted to en- bly, and we hope it is the closing majoy equal privileges and rights in the nifesto from the same quarter on the New Colleges. We can easily recog- subject of collegiate education. nise in this document the sanctimonious snivelling of Dr. Brown, PROVINCIAL MEETING OF LANCASHIRE But why should he describe the worship of Popery as “superstitious," The annual and ancient Assembly since it is identical in its object, at of Presbyterian ministers of these two least, with his own? And why should counties was held on Thursday, June he employ this occasion to traduce 18th, at Chester. There were present and misrepresent the opinions of Uni- about five-and-twenty ministers, and tarians, seeing that they do not desire several laymen of Chester, Liverpool, for themselves any privileges, in civil &c. Owing to the accidental absence, or religious matters, which
they would at the time for commencing service, of not wish to see enjoyed in their fullest Rev. G. V. Smith, the appointed "supextent by all other denominations?
porter,” the whole of the religious serEven on the supposition that the vice was conducted by Rev. John Hardoctrinal views of Unitarians are as rison, Ph.D. of Chowbent. The
preaerroneous as John Brown represents, cher delivered an ingenious and eloyet ile must not dream that he has quent discourse from Rev. xi. 15. He any power, sturdy as he confessedly dwelt in the tone of fervid congratulais, to ea -m' from the porch of tion on the characteristics of the age, Queen's College. The day has gone passing in review, 1, the physical; 2, past when such rude attempts at ty- the political; ayd, 3, the religious signs ranny could hope to succeed. Public of the times. In speaking of that phase opinion has arrayed itself firmly, and, of the religious world which is popuwe trust, for ever, against those who, larly known under the term “Puseyunder the mask of sanctity, are in ism, he declared he looked on it with danger of breaking down public
confi- neither fear nor dissatisfaction, for it dence in every principle of true reli- was a proof, not that the world was gion.
going back, but that it was going on But he farther declares that the too fast for those who would check its worship of the Trinity, "Father, Son, progress by their priestly pretensions. and Holy Ghost, is the true worship of He dwelt, also, on the modified chaGod." Is it so Let the Redeemer racter of the scepticism of the pre
sent age, contrasting it with the coarse (Bridgewater) "swift packets,” occuscepticism of the past age, and show- pied about twenty-eight hours ; now ing how much there was of kindness the railroad took them in two-and-aand philanthropy in the feelings of half hours. those who adopted modern sceptical Rev. James Martineau moved that systems. The great work of religi- the thanks of the Assembly be given ous reformation was going on, and to the Rev. Dr. Harrison for his excelcould not be stopped. The reformation lent, forcible discourse. A ballot was effected by Luther was a reformation then taken for the purpose of choosing of the intellect, but there was now
go- the supporter at the next Assembly. ing on a reformation of the heart. The The Chairman declared that the choice preacher concluded his able address of the Assembly had fallen upon the by calling on his hearers to give a cheer- Rev. Philip P. Carpenter. ful and zealous sympathy to the nobler In conformity with a recommendatendencies of the age, and to diffuse the tion from the committee, the next love of knowledge and the spirit of to- meeting was fixed to be held at Presleration and charity.
ton. From the Rev. Joseph Ashton At the close of the religious service, and his congregation, a very kind inthe chair was taken by Rev. Mortimer vitation had been received. It was at Maurice, the much-respected minister Preston, in the year 1763, that the of the place. The Rev. James White- idea of the Widows’ Fund had been head, of Ainsworth, the Secretary of publicly broached, preparatory to its the Provincial Assembly and of the establishment in the following year, Widows' Fund, stated that they met when Dr. Priestley preached before that day in this city in consequence of the Assembly at Cross-street Chapel, a resolution passed at the Provincial Manchester, his celebrated sermon on Meeting, in 1841, at Upper Brook- “the duty of not living to ourselves.” street Chapel, Manchester, when a Rev. J. J. Taylor (in the lamented committee was appointed to inquire absence, through illness, of the Rev. into and report the past history of their Dr. Beard) then stated that, in conAssociation, and consider whether the sequence of a vote of the Committee circle of their meetings might not be of the Provincial Meeting, he had to advantageously extended. That com- propose for the consideration and (if mittee reported, the year after, at approved) the adoption of the AssemWarrington, that there were now se- bly, an Address to Ronge and the veral societies, to whom, on account of other noble spirits who were conducttheir high rank and importance, the ing, in Germany, a great and imporcircle of the Association ought to be ex- tant religious movement.
We are tended, and Dukinfield, Hyde, Stock- happy to be enabled to present our port, Chester, Preston, and Knutsford, readers with a copy of this interesting were named. The meeting was held and admirable document. in 1844, at Dukinfield—1845, at Stock- “To Ronge, CZERSKI, and THEINER, port—and now they were assembled and the other members of the Gerat Chester,
man Catholic Church, their coadjuThe Secretary proceeded to state tors in the cause of Spiritual Freethat the Provincial Assembly had, in dom, Ecclesiastical Reform, and a one form or another, existed through Pure Christianity—the undersigned two centuries. It was in the year 1846 ministers of the English Presbytethat, by an ordinance of Parliament, rian denomination in the counties of the Presbyterian model of Church go- Lancaster and Chester, assembled vernment, in all its forms of congrega- in Provincial Meeting at the city of tional, classical, provincial and national Chester on the 18th day of June, assemblies, was established. In pre- 1846—ofter this expression of fravious years, the Provincial Meeting had ternal respect and sympathy. met at several of the above-named “Brethren and Fellow-Christians,places. In 1763, it met at Preston; Though far removed from the scene in 1764, at Knutsford; and in 1799, of your labours, and unconnected by at Chester. He alluded to the great our position in the field of Christenchanges that had taken place in the dom and by our historical recollections country since the Assembly last met with the events and the institutions in Chester. Then the journey between out of which your New Reformation Manchester and Chester, by the Duke's has sprung, we have nevertheless
marked with the deepest interest, pre-eminent among the nations, for from its first outbreak, your fearless the protound learning of her schools warfare with superstition and priest- and the broad grasp of her speculative craft, and your noble demand of a re- intelligence. May you live to prove cognition of the rights of conscience, that these high gifts, of which a peoand of the general brotherhood of ple may be justly, proud, are not inChristians and men. We rejoice that, compatible with the practical philanhaving broken asunder the bonds of thropy and the earnest religious life education and habit, and listening to that carry light and strength to the the voice of humanity in the depths of familiar convictions of the popular your hearts, you have moved on in ad- mind! Go on, in the power and spivance of the predominant forms of ec- rit of God, not to humble science or clesiastical association, Protestant as dethrone philosophy, but to blend them well as Catholic, and have afforded a more intimately with religion-the glorious example, on a large scale, of pure, simple, affectionate, intelligible a Christian Church held together, not and soul-subduing religion of Christ by a compulsory uniformity of creed that its holy peace may be shed in or ritual, but by the simple acknow- every good and honest heart; that ledgment of Christ as its Spiritual your institutions, spreading over the Head, and by the acceptance of all as land, may gather the severed and His disciples who, amidst inevitable alienated members of the family of diversities of opinion and outward God into one fold, under one Shepherd ; worship, partake of the living unity of and other nations, catching your spirit His spirit.
and imitating your example, may re“We do not profess indifference to new, one by one, the broken links of the right and the wrong of religious human sympathy, and bind the chain opinion; for we value truth above all of Christian love round the whole things; and we esteem religious truth earth!" precious above every other truth : but The Address was adopted by a unawe perceive that the determination of nimous vote of the Assembly, and it religious opinion must be left to the was agreed that it should receive the individual, and cannot be regulated signatures of all the Presbyterian miand fixed by a society; and we are nisters in the two counties who appersuaded that mental liberty, mutual proved of it. toleration, and free intercourse among Rev. W. Fillingham, of Congleton, individuals and societies, supply the then proposed, and the Rev. Franklin fittest basis of Christian union, and Howorth seconded, the adoption by are essential conditions to the disco- the Assembly of a petition to Parliavery and right apprehension of reli- ment praying for the entire abolition gious truth.
of capital punishments. A long con"Brethren, you are engaged in a versation ensued, when it appeared noble undertaking. May God enable there existed some difference of opiyou to carry it on to its completion! nion on the subject, and as there was May it not be arrested and periled not then time for the full discussion of either by oppression and persecntion the arguments on both sides, Mr. Fil. from without, or by folly and extrava- lingham withdrew for the present his gance, by faction, ambition, and sel- motion and the petition. It was, howfishness among yourselves; but may ever, in the course of the day, signed the calm wisdom, the thoughtful fore- by most of the ministers present, in sight, the generous forbearance, and their individual capacity. "A general comprehensive charity of your pro- feeling was expressed of the great imceedings, give you a bloodless and portance of the subject, and of the depeaceful triumph over all your ene- sirableness of its being fully discussed mies!
by the Assembly. As it appeared to “ Your country set the first exam- some who took part in the discussion ple, after the long thraldom of ages, that the question could not be immeof a successful resistance to spiritual diately entertained by Parliament, it corruption and tyranny. Go on, un- was recommended, and we believe under more favourable circumstances, derstood, that the subject should and amidst clearer light, to perfect reintroduced before the Assembly the great work of religious freedom next year at Preston, when the Rev. and peace! Germany has long stood Joseph Ashton engaged that there
should be opportunity given for its full ing Unitarian worship in those two discussion.
places. Rev. James Martineau then ad
A very hearty vote of thanks was dressed the meeting on the subject of then given by the Assembly to Rev. an opening that he had been informed Mortimer Maurice and his congregaexisted for the establishment of a tion, for their kind reception of the miUnitarian congregation at Crewe, an nisters. important town on the borders of The ministers, and other friends preCheshire and Staffordshire, created by sent, then constituted themselves into the junction, at that place, of the rail- a meeting of the Lancashire and Cheroads from Liverpool, Manchester, and shire Presbyterian Association. The Chester. There were many young Rev. J. J. Taylor was called to the men residing there (mostly brought chair. Rev. R. Brook Aspland (one up in the Scotch Church) who could of the Secretaries) then stated that not conscientiously join in the services the Association had, happily, during of the Church of England. Of Cal- the present year, had no call for acrinism they had had enough before tion, and, therefore, no report had to they left Scotland, and they earnestly be presented. It was deemed desirdesired to have the preaching of free able, however, to continue for the and liberal Christianity. Some of present their organization. Circumthem had tried the system of Social- stances might arise any day which ism, but had retreated from it, wea- would demand prompt and united acried and disgusted, and panted for tion, therefore he proposed the resomething more real and more pure. election of the several officers of the It appeared to him (Mr. Martineau) Association. The motion was secondthat they ought not to let this oppor- ed by Mr. Martineau, and unanimously tunity pass of creating a new congre- adopted. The members and their gation; that there were at Crewe and friends then went to the Royal Hotel other places (he specified the Potteries to dinner, where a very handsome in Staffordshire) many ingenuous and tertainment was prepared. The Rev. truth-loving minds amongst the work- Mortimer Maurice took the chair, and ing-classes who were ready to receive Edward Johnson, Esq. of Chester, and cherish a positive but a free Chris- acted as Vice-President. tianity. The vacancy in the pulpit of At six o'clock, the ministers and the neighbouring town of Nantwicb, their friends re-assembled in the comoccasioned by the lamented death of modious school-room, and partook of Rev. James Hawkes, might perhaps tea, which was prepared and served facilitate an arrangement for the ap- by the ladies of the congregation. pointment of a joint minister for Nant- Notwithstanding the excessive heat wich and Crewe. But, in the mean of the day, which had greatly, ditime, he hoped the ministers of the two minished the attendance, upwards of counties would give the subject their two hundred persons assembled. In attention, and render such assistance the course of the evening, the chapel as they could in preaching to the seek- choir sung, in a very beautiful style, ers after truth at Crewe. An interest- several hymns and other sacred songs. ing conversation ensued, in the course After tea, the chair was taken by of which it was stated that the Grand Rev. Mortimer Maurice, who comJunction Railroad Company were de- menced the proceedings of the evensirous of promoting irrespective of ing in an appropriate and pleasing sect and party) the religious habits of speech. He gave, as the opening sentheir servants at Crewe, and would timent, “The memory of Matthew probably consent to give free passage Henry, and of Philip Henry, and the in their carriages to preachers who Two THOUSAND who suffered for conmight consent to give their services at science' sake," and called upon the that station. Ultimately it was agreed Rev. James Martineau to address that a sub-committee, consisting of them on the subject. Rev.J.G. Robberds, Rev. James Mar- The speech of Mr. Martineau was tineau, and (we believe) Rev. P. P. characterized by his habitual power Carpenter, should be appointed, who and novelty of thought and illustrawere requested to visit at their early tion, and afforded great delight to all convenience Crewe and Nantwich, and his hearers. It was so full of matter, to give their advice and aid in promot- that it is not in our power, with limited