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the temple. The first was called the Passover; it took place in the middle of March, and marked the commencement of the Jewish year; it lasted eight days the last seven were called the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The second feast was the Pentecost, so called from its being held fifty days after the Passover, and was also called the Feast of Harvest, and the Day of First Fruits. The third and last feast was meant to commemorate the Jews' dwelling in tents or tabernacles. It was called the Feast of Tabernacles, and the Feast of In-gatherings, for it was at this season that the fruits of the vine, &c. were gathered in. This feast took place in the seventh month (latter part of September), and lasted eight days, when they lived in tents erected for the purpose; it was a most joyful period. Each individual carried branches of the palm, &c. dancing round the altar, singing Hosanna, amid sounds of trumpets and songs of the Levites, who, seated on fifteen steps, were singing the fifteen songs or psalms of degrees written by David." Dublin.

M. B. ( To be continued.)


Unitarianism Exhibited in its Actual Condition; consisting of Essays by

several Unitarian Ministers and others, illustrative of the Rise, Progress, and Principles of Christian Anti-Trinitarianism in different Parts of

the World. Edited by the Rev. J. R. BEARD, D.D. Having already expressed our opinion on the merits of this very interesting volume, we now turn to it, for the purpose of making one or two extracts, illustrative of the position occupied by Unitarianism in America. The first essay, written by the Rev. F. A. Farley, of Brooklyn, near New York, is entitled “ Congregational Unitarianism in the United States of America.” Mr. Farley states his conviction, that Unitarianism in that country“ begins within the first half of the eighteenth century.” He introduces an extract from a letter written by the venerable Ex-President Adams, bearing date at Quincy, Massachusetts, May 15, 1815, in which the writer says:-“Sixty-five years ago, my own minister, the Rev. Samuel Bryant, Dr. Jonathan Mayhew, of the West Church, in Boston; the Rev. Mr. Shute, of Hingham ; the Rev. John Brown, of Cohasset; and, perhaps, equal to all, if not above all, the Rev. Mr. Gay, of Hingham, were Unitarians.”

Between the years 1815 and 1821, a controversy, conducted with distinguished ability on both sides, was maintained between the leading Unitarian and Trinitarian clergymen of Boston. This resulted in the rapid extension of liberal opinions throughout the States.

From the following extract our readers will be able to form an idea of the position which the Unitarian Denomination has continued to hold since that period :

“To go into any full and detailed account of the distinguished divines who have done honour to the Unitarian faith in the United States, would extend this essay too far. The names of Eliot, and Belknap, and Howard; of Freeman, the distinguished instrument for revolutionizing the First Episeopal Church in New England; of Holley, far-famed for his splendid eloquence, once pastor of Hollis-street Church, Boston, and afterwards President of Transylvania University, Kentucky; of Kirkland, who left the ministry at Church Green, Boston, for the Presidency of Harvard University, of whose preaching one of the acutest and profoundest minds (Chief Justice Parsons) declared, that he put more thought into one sermon than other ministers did into five;' and speaking of whose presidency his biographer says, “no man ever did so much for Harvard University; of Thacher and Greenwood, his successors in the ministry; and to mention no others in Boston, of Channing, ' nomen præclarum,' whose fame is too wide-spread to need further notice here; these are all names cherished with reverence and delight to this day, in the city where they ministered, and in the churches which they served. Out of that city, the venerable Barnard, and Prince, of Salem, Abbott of Beverly, Porter of Roxbury, Ripley of Concord, Thayer of Lancaster, and Bancroft of Worcester, with Parker of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, a model man and minister, these have left behind them most precious remembrances.

To the bench and the bar, our faith has given some of the profoundest and most accomplished judges and lawyers, and the most eloquent advocates; the late Chief Justices Parsons and Parker, of Massachusetts, and Eddy of Rhodes Island—all remarkably learned and profound; Dane, of Salem, author of the Digest of American Law, in nine vols. large 8vo, and of a celebrated ordinance for the government of the territory of the United States, north-west of the Ohio river, so ably drawn, that it was adopted by Congress unaltered in the slightest particular, and of which Mr. Webster said that it laid an interdict against personal servitude, in original compact, not only deeper than all local law, but deeper, also, than all local constitutions:'--Samuel Dexter, of Boston, whose fame at the bar was unrivalled; and William Prescott, whose fame was scarcely less, and whose long life extended to eighty-two years, was one of remarkable purity and active usefulness: these are specimens of noble men who adorned our religious communion. At this very moment, the legal profession has its full proportion of able men from our denomination:-Mr. Chief Justice Shaw, of the Supreme Bench of Massachusetts ; Mr. Justice Story, and Mr. Justice Wayne, two of the Associate Justices of the Supreme Bench of the United States; and Mr. Chief Justice Cranch, of the United States Circuit Court for the district of Columbia, all are Unitarians. Mr. Webster, second to no man either at the bar or in the senate, and who has shown himself equal to the profoundest questions in diplomacy, and the highest duties in the national cabinet, is a communicant at Brattle-Square Church, in Boston. Other names have been as well known in public life as politicians and statesmen. The elder Adams,' who was the immediate successor of Washington in the Presidency of this Union; Christopher Gore, who, under Washington's administration, was appointed, in 1796, one of the commissioners under Jay's treaty to settle the claims of the United States upon the British Government; and at a later period was governor of Massachusetts ; and the Hon. Richard Cranch, belong to this list; while the venerable ExPresident, John Quincy Adams, of Quincy, Massachusetts, and two American ministers plenipotentiary at this moment, Edward Everett, at the Court of Great Britain, and Henry Wheaton, at that of Prussia, are of the same faith,

Of men of science, of literary men, scholars, authors, who have done honour to the country, the Unitarian body has furnished its full share. The name of Bowditch, the translator of La Place, a work of itself enough to make his fame immortal, and the author of the Practical Navigation; to whom the distinguished French astronomer, Lacroix, acknowledged himself indebted, ‘for communicating many errors in his works,' is as well known abroad as at home. In the department of history and biography, Belknap, Thacher, Bradford, President Quincy, Tudor, Sparks, Prescott, and Ban. croft; of poetry, Bryant, Longfellow, Pierpoint, Sprague, Tuckerman, Lowell, and Mrs. Seba Smith; of mechanical philosophy, the late Dr. Prince, of Salem, Massachusetts; of polite learning and criticism, the editors and chief writers of the North American Review, and of the Christian Examiner, from the beginning, such as E. Everett, A. H. Everett, Sparks, Channing, J. G. Palfrey, 0. Dewey, Walker, Greenwood, Lamson, H. Ware, jun. Sabin, Hillard, Bowen, W. B. 0. Peabody; Hedge; in juris prudence and politics, Fisher Ames, Nathan Dane, Judge Story, W. Phil. lips. A large list of female writers might be added, prefaced by the names of Miss Sedgwick, Mrs. Follen, Mrs. Lee, and Miss Fuller.

“The contributions of American Unitarians to theology, aside of the sermons of Buckminster, Thacher, Freeman, Colman, N. Parker, Channing, Dewey, J. E. Abbot, Palfrey, and others, are among the most valuable which the country has seen : in controversial divinity, Dr. N. Worcester's Bible News; Dr. Ware's (sen.) Letters to Trinitarians; Professor Norton's Statement of Reasons; Mr. Sparks' Letters to Dr. Miller, on the Comparative Tendency of Unitarian and Calvinistic Views, and his Letters to Dr. Wyatt on the Episcopal Church; Upham's Letters on the Logos; B. Whitman's Letters to a Universalist; Mr. Burnap's Lectures on Unitarianism, and his Expository Lectures; Mr. A. P. Peabody's Lectures on Unitarianism: in Biblical criticism and literature, Professor Norton's great work on the Genuineness of the Gospels; Professor Noves' translations of the Hebrew prophets, the Psalms, and Job, with introductions and notes; Mr. Livermore's commentary on the Gospels and Acts; Professor Palfrey's Lectures on the Jewish Scripture and Antiquities; Mr. Furness's Jesus and his biographers. The entire series of the Christian Examiner is a standing monument, to say nothing of the subordinate religious journals of the denomination, of the ability, learning, and piety, of the Unitarian clergy of the United States."





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particular account of the pupils and Tue annual meeting of this society teachers in each :was held on Sunday, January 3d, in

Males. Females. Pupils. Teach the upper vestry of the New Meet

Old Meeting .. 460 ing-house. Birmingham, to receive New Meeting.. 260 the reports of the several institutions in connexion with the society, and for the transaction of other business. The attendance was very numerous, and the proceedings appeared to The accounts of the several librácreate the warmest interest amongstries belonging to each school, and the the members. Mr. George Simmons, number of books renewed and ex. the president of the society, occupied changed during the year, were read, the chair, and the following is an and showed that all were in a very outline of the reports read to the flourishing condition, the books haymeeting.

ing been circulated to the extent of There are four schools belonging nearly twenty thousand in the course to the Unitarian Association, in Bir of the year. The libraries are mainly mingham, and the following is a supported by subscriptions of one


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£1,422 18 7

On death, 20 cases

66 19 4

769 4 11

Present fund..

£653 13


Unfunded ditto.... 16..
Candidates........ 12..

5 90
3 94

halfpenny per week, and the proceeds parts of the United Kingdom, will are expended in purchasing new establish similar institutions to those books. The society feels great pride belonging to the Birmingham Broin this department of its operations, therly Society, which is of immense knowing that the benefits arising advantage to large numbers of the therefrom are of the greatest import- industrious classes of Birmingham.ance to the rising generation of this Inquirer. borough

The savings' club reports the following:-Including the male and

On the previous Monday, Jan. 4, female departments, the number of the twenty-third annual meeting of depositors is 789; the amount depo- the Brotherly Society connected with sited, £515 5s. 6 d.; the amount this congregation was held at the repaid, £480 Os. 31d. The above boys' school-room, when one hundred does not include the return for the and nine members were present, and male department of the New Meet- a printed statement of the funds, to ing; if information had been ob- the end of 1846, was presented, of tained from this source, a considerable which the following is a summary: increase over the previous year would Weekly subscriptions, 1824–16.. £1,150 11 ? have been shown.

The Brotherly Benefit Society, established in 1798, for the relief of

Allowances : members connected with all the In sickness, 1,674 weeks, £702 57 schools, in time of sickness, continues to progress in a satisfactory manner; the number of members is about the

Funded members..115.. £604 1 8 same as for the previous year. The subscriptions during the year have been £149 1s. 0}d. and the payments for sickness and funerals, £85 18s. 7d. being a saving upon

The Rev. William Mountford, of the subscriptions of £63 28. 5}d. Lynn, was present, and addressed The amount received for subscriptions the meeting, as did also the vicehas always been more than sufficient president, secretary, and other memto meet the demands on the society, bers. and the surplus and interest of the Weekly meetings, for mutual relisociety's funds have of course conti- gious instruction, are held every nued to accumulate. The amount Monday evening; and the Rev. received and due for interest, on the Joseph Crompton, president of the capital of the society has, during the society, having delivered a valuable year, been £194 145. 11d. and the course of lectures on various branches total amount of capital now belonging of natural theology, during the past to the society is £3,244 178. 31d. year, has kindly promised to resume being an increase of £257 16s. 7d. them next week. During the interduring the year,

vals of the lectures, valuable books The loan fund, connected with the are read and discussed.-Ibid. different schools, continues to pros. per; but the funds have not been so INSTALLATION OF REV. C. C. SHACKmuch used as in former years. The subscriptions during the year have The installation of Rev. Charles been £8 14s. ; the repayments of C. Shackford as Pastor of the Second loans, £43; the amount sent on loans, Congregational Society in this town, £34: total capital, £165 10s. Id.; took place on Sunday morning last. balance in hand, £66 15s. Id.

The exercises were as follows. It is confidently trusted, that the After an appropriate anthem by Unitarian societies in the different an excellent choir, HENRY A. BREED,

Total......184..£113 7 0




Esq. the President of the Board of “I accept your invitation. I acTrustees, addressed the society in cept it in the same spirit in which it the following words, viz.:

has been given, freely, lovingly, “My Christian Friends,- In the trustingly. I desire so to perform exercise of the right of an Indepen- the duties of the office that your hope dent Christian Society, we have and trust may not be disappointed; chosen a teacher and pastor. The and relying upon your encourageaction of the society in this matter ment, prayers, and continued comay be known from the record, which operation, I devote myself to this the secretary will read.”

work.” The secretary of the society here Mr. Shackford was then conducted read the correspondence between the into the pulpit, and the exercises Trustees and the Rev. Mr. Shack- proceeded in the following order:ford. Mr. Breed then proceeded as Chant by the Choir-Reading the follows:

Scriptures — Prayer – Hymn Ser“And now, in the further exercise mon---Prayer---Hymn---Benediction. of our rights, we have met on this The sermon by the pastor was approthe first Sunday in December, to priate to the occasion, abounding in enter into a formal and public recog- liberal and truly Christian sentiment, nition of the relation which we have and was listened to with great inte. voluntarily assumed. In the full rest. We have not room for a more acknowledgment of our responsibility extended notice of it.-Lynn Pioto each other and to God, let us stand up and pledge ourselves to the relation."

The audience then rose, and Mr. On Sunday, Nov. 29th, Rev. JOHN Breed, addressing the pastor elect, F.W. Ware entered upon the duties continued


of the Unitarian Society “Our Brother,–We thus express in Cambridgeport. In the morning, our desire to have your counsel, your the pastor elect was inducted in office friendship, your prayers, and your by appropriate religious services. The love. We open to you our minds, Installing Prayer was offered by Rev. our hearts, and our homes, and we James Walker, D.D. and an eloquent beseech you to spare none of our discourse was preached by Rev. Geo. sins, and to withhold from us no Putnam, D.D. from the text, “Come warning or rebuke. We desire to unto me all ye that labour and are hear the everlasting, truth. We heavy laden, and I will give you rest." want to know our duties to God and The object of the preacher was to

We desire to have declared show, that there are certain questions to us the whole counsel of God, and of vital importance to the peace and to have made known to us his will happiness of man, which his unaided as revealed in the Holy Scriptures. reasoning powers cannot answer ; We would have you bound by no among the most important, are those fetters of creed or denomination, and relating to the existence and charwe would not have you consult our acter of God, and to the future desbeliefs or opinions. We would form tiny of man. Christianity alone, one family, and hope that, through speaking with authority from above, the truth spoken in love, we may can answer these questions, and thus grow up into the full stature of men impart rest to the human soul. in Christ Jesus, and become as polished stones in the great Temple of Humanity, which is the true Tabernacle of the Lord. And so we wel. Those persons who were in the come you among us, with hope, and Tabernacle yesterday afternoon, nor trust, and joy.'

less the hundreds who tried to get in Mr. Shackford replied as follows: but could not, will agree with us




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