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The nation that shall work out this desideratum of the age must be singularly qualified for the undertaking, by the conformity of the genius of its population to the physical constitution of its territory ; both of which must distinguish it from any other race and country. It is not enough that it be planted in the sea, upon a small island, and apparently compelled to provide for its wants by a commerce with distant and continental countries : nor is it enough that its population should increase by a ratio unparalled in the propagation of the human species. Both of these conditions might exist, and, instead of creating commerce, or commercial relations, end only in an annual exportation of the annual increase of population, or by cutting down the number of consumers to the crops of the island. A commercial necessity does not create a commercial genius. A sea-girt country does not, in itself, make a seafaring people. It is very probable, that, if the island of Great Britain were occupied by the Spanish, German, Russian, or even French nation, none of them would possess a larger mercantile vary than it does in its present location. It is not the insular position of Great Britain, nor any quality of its island territory, that has made the English race the most commercial people on earth. If her island had been expanded to the compass of a territory as large as the American continent, and the whole world had been dependent upon her for agricultural productions, she would probably have been as much distinguished for her commercial character and navy as she is now. Look at the United States, peopled more entirely by the English race than Great Britain itself. With an agricultural region capa. ble of feeding the whole population of the globe, the tonnage of the mercantile nary nearly equals that of all the nations of Europe, with the exception of England. The constitutional genius of the English race, and the physical constitution and condition of the island of Great Britain, blend into that gigantic ability Which England alone possesses, to establish an Ocean Penny Postage.
The nation that shall open a new cycle of human improvement, by a work of such vast consequence to mankind, must have more means and motives of communication with every part of the globe than any other people, and iofinitely more of both than appertain to the interests of commerce. It must be under a more than commercial necessity of sending and receiving across the ocean more letters than any other people. And England, as I shall hereafter attempt to demonstrate, is under a necessity, stronger than the interests of commerce, of sending and receiving across the ocean, not only more letters than any other nation, ' but more than all other nations of the earth put together. If this position may be sustained by unimpeachable facts, then it will be assumed as the basis of the argument, by which I shall try to prove that England alone is able, and owes it "to herself and the world, to establish an Ocean Penny Postage.
ELÍHO BORRITT. March 9, 1847.
RIANS FOR THE POOR IN IRELAND.
ancient chapel of Toxteth, near Liverpool, by the Rev. John Robberds, B.A.
in behalf of the distressed Irish, after Since our last publication, we have had which a collection was made, amounting many gratifying proofs, from our breth- to upwards of £90. ren, in England, of their sympathy EDINBURGH.-On Sunday, January with the sufferings of our multitudinous 31, the Rev. R. Shaen preached a sermou poor. There was a wish expressed by on behalf of the destitute Irish, to the à correspondent of the London In. congregation in Clyde-street Hall, quirer, to have a Unitarian Fund for where, after morning and afternoon serthis purpose ; but we are much better vices, the collection amounted to somepleased with the manner in which our what more than £15. friends are proceeding, namely, by LANCASTER.-On Sunday, the 7th making collections in their several con- Feb. the Rev. J. H. Hope delivered a gregations, and sending aid without discourse in the Presbyterian Chapel of any explanations as to their religious this town, in behalf of the destitute and creed. These explanatory epithets are starving Irish. Immediately after the unnecessary on such occasions. They discourse a collection was made. The do not, in the slightest degree, affect sum obtained amounted to £22 5s. 6d. the value of the money which is trans. including a small subscription which mitted along with them. It is enough was cheerfully proffered by the pupils to know, that the succour comes from at present attending the Sunday School. persons whose hearts are alive to the GLOUCESTER. - At the Unitarian claims of the destitute, and who are Chapel, Gloucester, two excellent serready, also, to acknowledge their re- mons were preached by the Rev. Wm. sponsibilities as Christians. In the Smith, of Cheltenham, on behalf of the mean time, we are happy to record the distressed Irish, and collections made following collections, from the pages of amounting to the sum of £19 15s. 6d. the Inquirer, and we hope that friends WARWICK, HIGH-STREET CHAPEL. in other places may express their sym. -Two sermons were preached in this pathy in a similar manner :
chapel on Sunday, February 7, in beLITTLE CARTER-LANE, LONDON.- half of the distressed people of Ireland: The sum of £131 168., subscribed by that in the morning by the Rev. J. C. the minister, several members of the Woods, late of Belfast ; that in the Presbyterian congregation, Little Car- evening by the minister of the chapel. ter-lane, London, and a few other friends. The collections amounted to £14. to the fund for the relief of the poor Lewes.-On Sunday evening, Jan. Irish, has been transmitted to the Cen- 31, a sermon was preached at the Westtral General Relief Committee, Dublin. gate Chapel, by the Rev. S. Wood, B.A.
BRISTOL. - LEWIN'S-MEAD MEET- in behalf of the destitute Irish, and a ING.-A collection was made in this collection made, amounting to £12 3s. place of worship, in behalf of the starv. 6d. which was transmitted to the Ladies' ing Irish, when £188 were obtained. Association at Belfast. It should be observed, that above £200 NORTON.--Amongst our notices of colhad also been contributed by members lections on behalf of the destitute Irish of the society to the general subscrip- last week, we accidentally dropped out tion in the town for the same object. that of a collection made at Norton,
OLD MEETING-HOUSE, BIRMING- near Stockton, by the Rev. J. M.DoHAM.-On Sunday, January 31, two well, which reached the very handsome sermons were preached in this place, sum of £10. morning and evening, by the Rev. OLD MEETING-HOUSE, SIDNOUTI. Hugh Hutton, M.A. on behalf of the _On Sunday, February 7, collections famishing population of Ireland. The were made in this place of worship in united collections amounted to £104, aid of the funds for the relief of distress including contributions from the teach- in Ireland and Scotland, amounting with ers and pupils of the Sunday Schools, subsequent contributions to £70. to the extent of £4 5s.
Lewin's-MEAD CHAPEL, BRISTOL. LIVERPOOL.-On Sunday, January _We have been requested to state, 31, & sermon was preached in the that the collection made at Lewin's Mead Chapel, on the 31st January, in Rev. William Smith, minister of the answer to the appeal of the Rev. George congregation, on behalf of the dis. Armstrong, who availed himself of tressed Irish, and collections made, deeply affecting details, contained in amounting to £8. private letters he had received from
Dover.-On Sunday, Feb. 7, at the İreland, amounted to upwards of £190, General Baptist Church, after a sera large contribution by members of mon preached by the Rev. J. L. Short, this congregation having been pre- the sum of £5 5s, was collected and viously given to the General Bristol paid to the Rev. W. Hincks, to be for. Fund. Of the above sum, £60 have warded to the Central General Relief been transmitted by Mr. Armstrong Committee, Dublin, for the relief of to connexions of his own residing in the destitute Irish. Ireland, in the midst of awful distress;
LITTLE PORTLAND-STREET CHAand the residue has been placed in the
PEL.-On Sunday last a collection was hands of the Society of Friends. KIDDERMINSTER._ The amount col
made for the suffering Irish, after a lected at the Unitarian Chapel here, £115 were obtained. It must not be
sermon by the Rev. E. Tagart, when for the poor of Ireland and Scotland, overlooked, that many of the society amounted to more than £36. Norwich.—A sermon was preached lic and private funds for the same ob
had already subscribed liberally to pubat the Octagon Chapel, by the Rev.
ject. Joseph Crompton, M.A. on behalf of the distressed Irish and Scotch, when
TENTERDEN._The Rev. Edw. Talthe collection amounted to £85 ls. bot, of Tenterden, preached a sermon 101d.
in aid of the suffering Irish. A subSeveral of the collections for the re. scription was subsequently entered lief of Irish destitution made in the into, and £51 Os. 6d. raised. The Unitarian Chapels in England have congregation, by way of marking their been wholly, or in part, entrusted to approval and gratitude to the Society of the Belfast Ladies' Association. We Friends, for their timely, energetic, and notice the following sums thus be- self-denying benevolence in this pressstowed :
ing emergency, and because they had
full confidence in their practical wisParadise Street, Liverpool, remitted dom and discretion, resolved to place
by Rev. James Martineau.... £50 Edinburgh, Rev. R. Shaen.... 16 15 6 the Central Relief Committee in Dub.
their contribution at the disposal of Lewes, Sussex, Rev. S. Wood.. 11 Kendal, Rev. E. Hawkes....
lin, organized by that body.
MAIDSTONE.-_A collection was made Many individuals in various parts of at the Earl-street Chapel, Maidstone, England have sent their contributions to the same Association, which is pur- delivered by the Rev. W. Stevens, on
on Sunday, Feb. 14, after a sermon suing its benevolent labours with
behalf of the destitute Irish, and the much earnestness and with great power
sum of £27 2s. 6d. has been forwarded of usefulness.
to the British Association for the relief KNUTSFORD.-On Sunday, Feb. 14, of extreme distress in the remote paa collection was made in the Unitarian rishes of Ireland and Scotland. Chapel, Knutsford, in behalf of the distressed poor of Ireland. The sum
HORSHAM, - The General Baptist received amounts to £36 ls. A feels Congregation here have made a collec. ing universally prevailed, that while tion, amounting to £20 78. 6d. in becompassionating the urgent necessities half of their suffering fellow-creatures of the Irish poor, the people
of Eng. in Ireland, and remitted it to the Comland ought not to be taxed for their mittee of the Ladies' Association, Belrelief until the landlords and wealthier fast. classes of Ireland contribute equally
On Sunday, 21st Feb. a sermon was with the English to all the burdens of delivered, by the Rev. W. Bowen, the State, including the Property, In- M.A. in the Unitarian Chapel, Parkcome, Assessed, and all other taxes, and lane, Cradely, near Stourbridge, after especially including a rate for the poor. which the very liberal sum of £63 was
CHELTENHAM. Two excellent ser- collected, in aid of the destitute Irish mons were preached in the Unitarian and Scotch.---Birmingham and MidChurch, Bays-hill, Cheltenham, by the land Counties' Herald
A sermon was preached by the Rev. own conscience. Though the expenJ. H. Thom, at the Unitarian Chapel, diture has been on the most economical Renshaw Street, on behalf of the poor scale, still the amount is large in proIrish and Scotch, and the sum of £360 portion to the means of this small but was afterwards collected, in the chapel, zealous flock. for their relief. Liverpool Mercury. On the following evening, the anni.
Boston.—The sum of £42 7s. 64. versary was further celebrated by a collected by the Rev. J. Malcolm, public meeting, in the Temperance-hall, among the members of the Unitarian at which Mr. Ierson presided. congregation, Boston, has been for- The Chairman, and the Rev. W. A. warded partly to the British Associa- Jones, and Mr. Joseph Barker, adtion, and partly to the Belfast Ladies' dressed the meeting. Mr. Barker spoke Association, for the relief of Irish at considerable length, and with his destitution.
usual power and eloquence. There NEW-ROAD CHAPEL, BRIGHTON.- were about five hundred persons pre. A sermon was preached by the Rev. sent, and the impression made was, J. P. Malleson, on behalf of the starv- there is reason to believe, of a most ing Irish and Scotch. The collection pleasing and most profitable character. amounted to £29 12s. Several members of the congregation had previously contributed to this cause through other Upwards of 150 persons took tea to. channels.
gether, at the Black Friars' Chapel, in Bridport, on Tuesday last. The com
pany was addressed by the minister, The first anniversary of the Christian the Rev. Robert Maclellan, and other congregation meeting in Dychurch- speakers, in remarks of a social and lane, Northampton, was celebrated on elevating tendency; and some sacred Sunday, January 31, on which occa- music was performed, under the supersion a sermon was preached, in the intendence of Mr. Thomas Clark, the ce. morning, by the Rev. Henry Ierson, lebrated composer, which afforded con. M.A. in his own chapel, on “Ear- siderable pleasure to all present. When nest and Rational Inquiry the only we call to mind the great service renBarrier to Scepticism;"_and, in the dered to religion, to literature, to evening, by Mr. Joseph Barker, at the science, and to political and civil freeUnitarian Chapel, King Street, on dom, by Unitarians, in the persons of “ True Religion.' The audiences, on Locke, Milton, Newton, Priestley, both occasions, were very large, espe- Lardner, and, not to mention other cially in the evening, when very many names, is still being rendered by men were obliged to go away, the vestry and of that denomination, amongst those the aisles even being crowded.
most foremost in the work of human Mr. Barker's discourse was a beau- improvements in the present day, we tiful and powerful exposition of the can but rejoice, that, setting aside the practical character of true religion. evident advancement of their princiCollections were made in both chapels ples, their value, as a body, to society, in aid of the funds of the congregation, is being respected, and their sentiments who, with their minister, Mr. Ierson, are being investigated to a greater ex. having seceded from a Baptist church tent than ever. This is as it should be. in this town, have incurred consider- Success attend all efforts to arrive at, able expense in fitting up a place where and to advance the truth, and may the they may worship God and unfold his conscientious inquirer always meet with word, according to the dictates of their respect and encouragement !
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.
" THE WORLD'S TEYPERANCE CONVENTION" in our next. We hope the respected writer win excuse us for delaying the publication of his interesting paper. The delay is unavoidable.
We thank “L. R." and " T. B. L." Dublin, for their excellent contributions.
It is requested, that all communications intended for insertion in the Irish Unitarian Maga. zine, will be forwarded, not later than the 10th of the preceding month (if by post, prepaid), to the Rev. George Hill, Crumlin, County Antrinı ; and books, &c. for review, lo 28, Rosemary.street. Belfast.
Men, in speaking and in writing, but especially in speaking, are occasionally in the habit of using the figure of speech called “ Hyperbole;" or, in other words, in order to give weight to their statements, they are apt to express more than they really intend to convey. Instances of this are often to be met with even in the Scriptures. I am aware that many estimable persons, on meeting with texts of the class to which I refer, are in the habit of ridiculing them as visionary, incredible, and utterly impracticable, whereas, did they comprehend their real import and make due allowance for the figurative language employed in ancient times and in Eastern countries, they would feel and acknowledge that they are reasonable, satisfactory, and altogether deserving of respect.
1. The first passage to which I shall refer is to be found in the Book of Jeremiah, 13 chap. and 23 v., “ Can the Ethiopian change his skin or the leopard his spots ? then may ye also do good that are accustomed to do evil." Now, this verse, as it here stands, represents the Deity himself as speaking in hyperbolical terms.-He declares that it is as difficult and hopeless a matter for an evil-doer to reform his life as for an Ethiopian to change the colour of his skin, or a leopard to alter the arrangement of his spots. Now, for an Ethiopian to do the one, or a leopard to do the other, is utterly impossible, but is it impossible for a sinner to repent and amend? Most assuredly not; yet, this passage, if taken literally, would assert it to be so, and that, too, on the authority of God himself. You cannot but perceive that the words here employed are somewhat hyperbolical, and express more than was really intended to be conveyed. Reason naturally and consistently explains the passage. It tells us that as it is impossible for an Ethiopian to change the hue of his complexion, so is it very difficult, but not impossible, for the