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munications, and any donations in Great Britain and Ireland of £50 furtherance of the objects of the so- sterling. This sum has been contriciety, are requested to be forwarded to buted by the British and Foreign the secretary, the Rev. John E. Jones, Unitarian Association, the BirmingBridgend, Glamorganshire.

ham Old Meeting Fellowship Fund, The first annual meeting of this and a few Christian friends in Belfast society was held at Aberdare, on and vicinity, in response to our appeal Thursday, December 24, when the to “The Unitarians of Great Britain Rev. J. E. Jones, of Bridgend, the and Ireland,” signed by Benjamin preacher appointed for the occasion, Holmes, John Young, and myself, delivered a discourse from the words issued nearly a year ago. of our Saviour-"1 and my Father You have expressed a hope that are one."

these donations might be followed by It was resolved that the next annual many others: accept the grateful meeting be held at Bridgend, and that thanks of the Montreal Congregation the Rev. Owen Evans, of Cefn, be the for your friendly suggestion; and per: preacher.

mit me, through your columns, to call On the previous evening, the Rev; the attention of our brethren in our John James, of Gellionnen, delivered fatherland to the present very urgent a lucid and a very impressive discourse necessity for immediate assistance, from Eph. iv. 32.

A little over £500 is required to relieve There was service also on the Thors- us in full from congregational debt, day evening, at which the Rev. D, not one-tenth part of which has yet Griffiths, of Landilo, and the Rev. D. been realized. Of this requisite sum, Lloyd, of Carmarthen, preached. The £250 must be paid in the month of audience, on each occasion, was nume- December next.

To meet this payrous and attentive.

ment, £200, in addition to the £50 On the evening of the following day already received, will be required. * (Christmas-day) the Revs. D. Lloyd We do fondly hope that, out of the

and J. E. Jones preached at New- 350 Unitarian Congregations in the bridge, in the vale of Taff, where there United Kingdom, there will be found had been no Unitarian eaching since those who will not suffer an infant the late Rev. R. Wright visited the society, in a distant British colony, to place, on his missionary tour through be exposed to serious embarrassments South Wales.

for so small a sum. Forty earnest THE UNITARIAN CONGREGATION, MON- and generous individuals, contributing

or collecting five pounds each, would We request the attention of our meet the pending emergency; and we readers to the following letter, which confidently trust that our pressing we hope may not fail to excite sympa- necessities will awaken the sympathy among our friends in these lauds, thies of our friends, and relieve us on behalf of our brethren in Canada. from our present embarrassments. We The Unitarians of this province are do not ask aid as a people who have already well acquainted with the cir- not done their own part at home: cumstances under which the Montreal

some of us have contributed £100 Society was formed, and the difficul- each towards building our chapel, ties, chiefly, arising from its isolated some £50 each. Ought not a people position, with which it has had to con- making such sacrifices for TRUTH to tend. The Society is still in debt to be liberally assisted? In our printed the amount of £500, even although circular of last year, it was recomthey have subscribed very liberally mended to remit through certain bankthemselves, and have received a large ing-houses; this mode of transmission sum from the friends in the United has been found inconvenient ; future States.

remittances are requested to be ad

dressed to the Rev. Henry MontgoCONGREGATION,

mery, LL.D. Dunmurry, Lisburn, To the Editor of the Inquirer. Ireland, who has offered his friendly SIR.-In your paper of the 29th assistance to transmit all sums so August, you have copied from the addressed to the treasurer of our so“Montreal Bible Christian” the ack- ciety in Montreal.— Yours, &c. nowledgment, by the treasurer of our

BENJAMIN WORKMAN. society, of receipt of donations from Montreal, Oct. 13, 1816.




P.S.-The “Christian Reformer be regarded with abhorrence by every and “Irish Unitarian Magazine” will one who loves his race, and with ming-. contribute to our assistance if they led sadness and disgustby every discifavour this communication with notice ple of Jesus Christ. That it has so long in their columns.

held Christendom in the bondage of its cruel fascination, is perhaps the

most remarkable proof which history We have great pleasure in laying furnishes of the slow triumph of the before our readers the following reply, religion of the New Testament over from about two hundred Unitarian prescriptive opinions and practices. ministers of the United States, to the We think we see indications of a address on the subject of peace, which sounder judgment taking possession of was transmitted, not long since, to our the minds of men. A higher civilizabrethren in America, by the Unitarian tion than the world has yet known is ministers of Great Britain and Ire- giving promise of its approach, when land. It is highly gratifying to mark freedom, righteousness, and peace, the noble Christian spirit which speaks shall be cherished as the true elein this document. The friends of ments and only securities of national peace and truth have reason to rejoice prosperity. Statesmen are catching in the rapid extension of their princi- glimpses of the truth, that the relaples. Yet a little while, and we trust tions of governments as well as of inthat governments will be taught to dividuals should be determined by the feel what an awful responsibility rests principles which the gospel unfolds ; with them in this matter. We are and the faithful reiteration of this glad to perceive that our brethren in truth by Christian ministers in public the United States speak out honestly and in private must, in time, give it in condemnation of the conduct of a place among the deep convictions of their own government, in reference to society. Let Christianity be recogthe Mexican war.

nised as the ultimate authority in all From the undersigned, Ministers of human affairs, and war will be numthe Gospel of God the Father, in the bered among impossible crimes. We United States, to their Brethren of rejoice, therefore, not only at the result the same Faith in Great Britain of the negotiations which have twice and Ireland.

within the last four years changed the DEAR BRETHREN, We received prospects of a rupture between Engyour letter, called forth by the prog- land and America into the establishpect of war between our two countries, ment of a firmer peace, but also in the with feelings similar to those which numerous proofs that such a terminaprompted you to send it across the tion of the differences between the two ocean; and though the apprehensions governments was demanded by the under which it was written are now voice of the people,---à voice which dispelled, we cannot but reciprocate came from their hearts, and to which your expression of fraternal regard, their rulers lent a not reluctant ear. You addressed us in words of anxious Our satisfaction in contemplating import, but we may reply in the lan- the present attitude of our country guage of congratulation. You have towards other nations is indeed lesalready rejoiced with us in the termi- sened by the position which our gonation of the doubtful relations in vernment has chosen to assume towhich our respective governments wards the republic of Mexico. We stood to one another, and especially deplore the course which has been in the settlement of those difficulties taken, and in which evil counsels inon a basis of mutual concession and duce those who have the control of equal justice. Wisdom has prevailed our public affairs to persevere. We over false notions of honour and na- can assure you that a very large part tional interest, and an example has of the people of the United States been given which cannot but have regard this war as unjust and inexsome effect on the diplomacy of future cusable. We have nothing to say in times. We concur with you in the extenuation. We bow our heads in sentiments you have expressed respect- shame, and pray God to infuse into ing the character of war. Unchristian the minds of our rulers that “wisdom and inhuman, the child of barbarism which is from above, pure, peaceable, and the occasion of all evil, it should full of mercy and good fruits.”

In the Divine Providence evil is feeling and invoking a common effort continually overruled for good. Out for the maintenance of peace, are in of the troubles which threatened to themselves means of cementing amiimplant permanent causes of ill-will cable relations. We thank you for the between the United States and the cordiality of your letter. We are glad land to which we can never forget that to multiply ties which may unite us ancestral associations and intellectual in one brotherhood of faith and love. obligations should bind us, out of those May the God of peace be with you, to circumstances which filled your hearts prosper and keep you. May the reliand ours with anxiety, has arisen one gion of peace overshadow your native of the pleasantest offices of interna- land, and ours. May the spirit of our tional courtesy. The addresses which Divine Master, that meek and lowly have passed between the two countries, One, whose name we bear, fill our laden with expressions of brotherly hearts and give us peace for evermore.


ANTICHRIST (OPPOSED TO CHIRIST)— seventh verse of John's second letter; Any power or influence which sub. where those that deny that Jesus verts the aims of Christ. Such is the Christ is come in the flesh are desigmeaning of the term according to its nated“ deceivers and anti-christs." etymology. Its specific scriptual ap- They are said to be numerous, as were plication may be learned from the in- the originators and patrons of the stances in which it is applied. Its use Gnostic philosophy. is confined to two Epistles of John. The very term Gnosticism exhibits In the first (ii. 18), it is declared, that, the origin of these errors. It signifies even then, there were many. anti- knowing; and its followers were perchrists prevalent; and their existence sons whose aim and boast it was to is given as a proof of the near ap- know everything in a deeper sense proach of the expected second appear- than revelation had disclosed, or ordiance of Christ. The train of thought nary Christians could attain to. The which the writer pursues, leads us to Gnostics were idolaters of the intellect. the conclusion that these antichrists 'They strove to fathom the deep things were—the love of the world, and the of God. They were not content to things that were in the world ; which, receive God's truth as made known by as comprising low sensual affections, his Son, unless they could bring it into as well as idolatrous practices, was, accordance with their preconceptions, in agreement with the general doc- and make it answer to their philosotrine of Scripture, incompatible with phical processes and theorems." Facts the love of the Father, and the service were unacceptable till they were conof his Son. Accordingly, the apostle, formed to theory: the gospel must in the twenty-second verse, expressly bend to the world. Even Gothe has declares antichrist to be the denial of disallowed this spirit :the Father and the Son ; in other

The Gods give no words, the practical renunciation of reply ; Christianity. This is confirmed by

Keep to because and never ask the why." the third verse of the fourth chapter, BAAL.-By those among the Israelites where antichrist is defined to be every who were given to idolatry, offerings spirit that confesseth not that Jesn's were made to Baal on the roofs of Christ is come in the flesh ; in which houses (Jer. xxxii. 29), and on high reference seems to be made specially places (Jer. xix. 5), probably because to that theorising spirit, which, arising his worship was illegal, so as to render at an early period, asserted that Jesus privacy desirable. But the powerful was a man in appearance only, and could disregard the law; accordingly, gave occasion eventually to some forms Ahab, king of Israel, influenced by his of the religious philosophy which bore Sidonian wife, openly served Baal, the name of Gnosticism,—so early did and, having built in his honour a tem“the rudiments of this world” begin ple in Samaria, raised in it an altar, to corrupt the pure doctrine of hieaven, and made a grove; doing “more to The same influence is reproved in the provoke the Lord God of Israel to

“How? when ? and where?

anger than all the kings of Israel that Baal-peor of the Moabites, other mowere before him” (1 Kings xvi. 31, difications of this idolatry are found, seq.). The ten tribes, after their sepa- as Baal-berith, covenant Baal, as the ration, were more inclined to idolatry Greeks had a Zeus, who presided over (1 Kings xii. 28) than Judah; but the oaths, and the Romans a Deus, who latter also gave public homage to the punished infractions of fidelity: the idol, for Manasseh “reared up altars Shechemites worshipped Baal-berith for Baal, and made a grove, and wor- in a temple set apart for his honour shipped all the host of heaven, and (Judg. viii. 33 ; ix. 4, 46). From Jer. served them; and he made his son xii. 16, it appears that it was usual to pass through the fire, and observed

swear by Baal, whence may have times (practised astrology; comp. Lev, arisen the epithet of berith, equivaxix. 26), and used enchantments, and lent to covenant-preserving. Another dealt with familiar spirits and wizards; form was that of Baal-zebub (2 Kings he wrought much wickedness in the i. 2, 3, 16), a Philistine god at Ekroi, sight of the Lord, to provoke him to of whom Ahaziah sent to inquire whe. anger" (2 Kings xxi. 3, 6). This ido- ther he should recover from his illness. latry was found in the times of the The name signifies fly-god. The inJulges (ii. 11, 13), where we find sect world affords in Palestine, as in groves connected with the worship of all countries, several species, which are Baal (Judg. iii. 7; vi. 25). His priests exceedingly annoying and injurious to were very numerous: in the days of man; whence Bial received an addiElijah they amounted to four hundred tion to his name, to denote his proand fifty (i Kings xviii. 22.) Indeed, tecting powers against gnats, locusts, they appear to have consisted of a &c. Pausanias relates that the Greeks graduated hierarchy, designated, in 2 at Elis offered annual sacrifices to Kings x. 19, “ prophets, servants, and Zeus, the fly-repeller. priests.” We have already seen that As it was customary with the Ilechildren were offered in sacrifice to brews to form names in part out of Baal; the testimony of Jeremiah (xix. some elements of the name for God5) puts this otherwise almost incredi- thus, Isaiah, Elijah, Elishah; and with ble atrocity beyond a doubt :-" They the Greeks in the same way-thus, have built also the high places of Baal Theophilus, Timothy; and as this custo burn their sons with fire for burnt- tom still prevails among the Germans offerings unto Baal.” Incense was thus, Gottlieb, Gottfried (in English burnt to him (Jer, vii. 9). In order to Godfrey, hence Jeffrey), so the worprocure his favour on special occasions, shippers of Baal made that word to the priests danced mally round the enter into combination with others to altar; and, if the desired sign was form proper names : accordingly, we withheld, they cried aloudl, and cut have Ethbaal, a king of the Sidonians themselves tiil the blood yushed out. (1 Kings xvi. 31); Baalath, a city in The whole chapter whence we derive Dan (Josh. xix. 44); and 'Hannibal these facts (1 Kings xviii.) is very im- and Hasdrubal. pressive, and deserves attentive perusal. Strange that the Hebrews should have been so sottishly corrupt, as to -At first sight, the Mosaic polity have preferred Baal and his prophets seems to have a harsh bearing on foto Jehovah and Elijah, and thus have reign nations, inasınuch as the Israelrendered the trial there narrated ne- ites were a peculiar people, possessed cessary. Yet even Solomon, in his old of high and exclusive religious priviage, burnt incense and offered sacri- leges, and were barred from social fices to Phænician idols, seduced by intercourse with men of other nations. his foreign wives (1 Kings xi. 5, 8). Regard, however, must be had to the Idolatry was not only disloyalty to universally prevailing idolatry, against God, it was also connected with vi- the seductions of which nothing but cious, degrading, and voluptuous prac- the most rigid exclusion could guard

Priapism is met with in one the children of faithful Abraham ; ani form of Baal-worship, namely, Baal- to the great aim and end of the syspeor-a divinity which was honoured tem, in the eventual spread of a meby the sacrifice to him of the chastity notheism, which, under the adminisof young maidens (Numb. xxv. 1–5; tration of a Father, through the xxxi. 16. Josh. xxii. 17). Besides instrumentality of his Son, should



make the world one family, every wall as his "cycnean strain," he fell into a of partition being broken down. Nor, gentle and quiet slumber. At length since the purest, the wildest, and the the light footsteps of his daughter most self-denying benevolence that Emilie awoke him. “ Come hither," ever rose upon the world, was deve- said he, “my Emilie; my task is loped and perfected under Judaisin, done-the Requiem—my Requiemcan it be denied that the institutions is finished.” “Say not so, dear faof Moses must have held germs of phi- ther," said the gentle girl, interrupting lanthropy such as no heathen philoso- him as tears stood in her eyes : you phy, ever owned ;, nor do there fail must be better-you look better, for indications in the higher productions even now yonir cheek has a glow upon of the muse of Zion, which breathe an it. I am sure we will nurse you well enlarged and liberal spirit towards again; let me bring you something foreigners. With the single exception refreshing." "Do not deceive yourof the safeguards taken against the self, my love," said the dying father ; abominations of idolatry, the Mosaic “this wasted form can never be relegislation manifests a humane dispo- stored by human aid. From heaven's sition in relation to those who were mercy alone do I look for aid, in this not of the Hebrew blood. A stranger my dying hour. You spoke of refreshmight be naturalised, and then pos- ment, my Emilie-take these, my last sessed equal rights with an Israelite notes-sit down to my piano here(Exod. xii. 49). The stranger was to sing with them the hymn of your enjoy the immunities of the Sabbath sainted mother. Let me once more (Exod. xx. 10; xxiii. 12). “ Thou hear those tones which have been so shalt neither vex a stranger, nor op- long my solacement and delight.”— press him; for ye were strangers in Emilie obeyed, and with a voice enthe land of Egypt” (Exod. xxii. 21). riched with tenderest emotion, sung The stranger had a share in the glean- the following stanzas :ing of the land (Lev. xix. 9, 10; xxiii.

Spirit, thy labour is over! 22). An express command enjoined

Thy term of rotation is run, good feelings towards strangers, and Thy steps are now bound for the untrodden for a very sufficient and influential


And the race of immortals begun. reason :- Love ye, therefore, the

Spirit! look not on the strife, stranger ; for ye were strangers in the

Or the pleasures of earth with regret, land of Egypt” (Deut. x. 19).--Peo- Pause not on the threshold of limitless life

, ple's Dictionary of the Bible.

To mourn for the day that is set.
Spirit! no fetters can bind,

No wicked have power to molest:

There the weary, like thee-the wretched shall Welfang Mozart, the great German composer, died at Vienna, in the year A haven, a mansion of rest. 1691. There is something strikingly Spirit! how bright is the road beautiful and touching in the circum

For which thou art now on the wing! stances of his death, “ His sweetest

Thy home it will be, with thy Saviour and God,

Their loud hallelujah to sing. song was the last he sung ;" the “Requiem." He had been employed upon As she concluded, she dwelt for a this exquisite piece for several weeks, moment upon the low, melancholy his soul filled with inspirations of notes of the piece, and then, turuing richest melody, and already claiming from the instrument, looked in silence kindred with immortality. After giv- for the approving smile of her father. ing it its last touch, and breathing in. It was the still, passionless smile which to it that undying spirit of song which the rapt and joyous spirit had left, with was to consecrate it through all time, the seal of death upon those features.




We have received several poetical contributions, which we would feel inclined to publish, bert they are much too lengthened for our limited space. The beautiful stanzas translated from the French in our next.

It is requested, that all communications intended for insertion in the Irish Unitarian Magazine, will be forwarded, not later than the 10th of the preceding month (if by post, prepaid), to the Rer. George Hill, Crumlin, County Antrim; and books, &c. for review, to 28, Rosmary Street, Belfast.

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