« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
of their manifold sins, he endeavoured, by interceding for them, to avert the punishment, either entirely or at least partly.
DN DY '89 'n bena75 bain si nan “ Behold I have undertaken to make representations to the Eternal, though I am but dust and ashes.” (Gen. 18 ch. 23–33 v.)
207. Are we also to pray for our enemies?
Certainly, it is our duty even to say every day, when we rise, and before we lay down, and before we commence our prayers : 7102 woh nanni niso bip's uidi ya 3997 “I am ready and
• Wyson quos x70 75 x willing to observe the precepts, of loving my neighbour; I pardon all those who have caused me grief; pardon thou them too, O Lord !”
And David spoke (Psalm 35): inboni 'VD) DIY3 'nuly po vias orisna '89 “ When they ( my
- ned yng in pn by enemies) are sick, I clothe myself in sackcloth, and weaken myself with fasting, and I let my prayer sink in my bosom, as though they were friends or brothers.”
208. What did Solomon ask of our Lord God ? - yah 2107'ayinans - you as 772y5 nado “ Give, O Lord! an at
tentive heart to thy חכמה ומדע תן לי •
servant! give me wisdom and knowledge, to distinguish between good and evil.” (1 Kings, 3 ch. 9 v. and 2 Chron. 1 ch. 10 v.)
0902 399 yion 58 jnen inhouding “ Two things I ask of thee, WWW1 OKT po pano 212 7271 810 nups Odeny them not to me,
אל תתן לי הטריפני לחם חקי
whilst I live
foolish fancy and untruth from me ; give me neither poverty nor riches, but supply me moderately with what I may daily want.” (Prov. 30 ch.7 v.)
209. What moral are we to draw from this most beautiful and wise prayer ?
That the gifts of the mind should be the chief object of our desire, and that we should consider them as the greatest riches we can possess. We ought, therefore, to be satisfied, if we possess the indispensable only of the goods of this world, and it is improper to burden our heart with useless cares. In the same spirit did Jacob pray (Gen. 28 ch. 20 v.) : inyogo y5207 338 UX 770 7770 7001 - And if he preserve me on
wash 7221 hox's on the way, which I am now going, and give me bread to eat, and clothes to cover myself.”
cob pray (Genoeg w And if he pre which I am,
210. How did David pray to God? yoni unapn 'n “ O Eternal, thou hast searched and
knowest me ; isipi nav nyt'any Do I sit, do I rise, it is known to thee :
,Already afar thou probest my thoughts בנתה לרעי מרחוק
My walk and _ my couch thou hast ארחי ורבעי זרית
measured for me,
.And prepared all my ways וכל דרכי הסכנתה ,Before yet a word was upon my tongue כי אין מלה בלשוני
Thou, O Lord ! didst know all !
? Whither shall I go from thy spirit אנה אלך מרוחך
:To dwell at the fartliest end of the sea אשכנה באחרית ים
Then night even would become light ולילה אור בעדני •
,For darkness darkens nothing for thee גם חשך לא יחשיך ממן ,Night shines like the day ולילה כיום יאיר
And light and _ shadow are to thee כחשיכה כאורה • ..
alike.” (Psalm 139.) D'abas 873 174 “ Create, O God, in me a pure heart,
.And give me a new noble mind ורוח נכון חדש בקרבי
,Thrust me not from before thee אל תשליכני מלפניך ! And take not from me thy holy spirit ורוח קדשך אל תקח ממני
,Return to me the joy of thy salvation השינה לי ששון ישעך -And let thy magnanimous spirit sup ורוח נדיבה תסמכני •
port me.” (Psalm 51.)
For thou art great and performest * כי גדול אתה ועשה נפלאות
! Let me walk in thy truth אהלן באמתך Cause my heart to devote itself solely יחד לבבי ליראה שמן •
to the fear of thy name ;
That I may thank thee , 0 Eternal my אורן ה' אלהי בכל לבני
God, with all my heart,
יין And honour thy name for evermore ואכבדה שמן לעולם •
A SHORT ACCOUNT OF THE CEREMONIAL LAWS AND CUSTOMS.
1. The six hundred and thirteen precepts (365 negative and 248 affirmative) which are, according to the opinion of our principal doctors,* contained in the five books of Moses, may be conveniently and appropriately divided in three classes.--Namely:
a. Moral laws, i. e. precepts relating to morality and a proper conduct towards God and men.
b. Local and police laws, which refer to the then circumstances of that land, in which the Israelites lived, when they formed a separate state, and lived under the operation of their own laws. To this class belong all laws relative to punishments, as they are recorded in the Pentateuch. And
c. Ceremonial laws, or rules and ordinances relative to the outward worship of God; their object is always to keep alive within
* nonhos 19383 nirnayan ng Soon 047 “ R. Simlai once comnon nonn nin' youpa f'
N o ' ou 'a'da menced his discourse in
.098 50 19928 ypg noy the following manner : 365 are the days of the solar year; this also is the number of the negative precepts given to Moses on Sinai: 248 members are in the human body: and just as many affirmative precepts were given to Moses. For the purpose, that each day and every limb may remind thee of one of the divine laws !" (Tal. Tract. Maccoth, fol. 23.)
us the belief in the eternal and only God, and the remembrance of his kindness towards us.
2. Since the dissolution of the Jewish commonwealth, however, all the laws of the second kind, as also the greater part of the third class, are impracticable. For instance, the laws of sacrifices, the temple, priests and purification, the whole of which, with but few exceptions, are now not binding: as they are intimately connected with the existence of the temple in Jerusalem; and whereas this is destroyed, the laws connected with it have become impracticable. The whole number, therefore, of precepts yet practicable, is reduced to 369.
3. Among these are 99—namely, 78 positive and 21 negative-precepts, which are only accidental or conditional, i. e. the exercise of which depends on certain cases, contingencies, and circumstances, which may never occur with certain persons. For example, if a man hires no labourers, he does not come under the affirmative precept (Deut. 24 ch. 14.): “ Thou shalt pay to the poor labourer—be he of thy brothers or a stranger-his wages on the same day! and thou must not suffer the sun to set, before thou dost so!” nor the negative (Lev. 19 ch. 13 v.): - Thou shalt not keep back the wages of the labourer with thee till the morning !” and similar others. There are accordingly only 270 absolute and positive precepts; or 48 affirmative and 222 negatives.*
The females are exempt from many ceremonial laws; namely, from the observance of the greater part of those affirmative precepts, which are not exercised at all times of the day and the year,
* From the preface of the justly highly valued and useful quinn 700 :