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PRE FA C E.

WHEN the enterprising publishers of this volume applied to me to edit a new edition of Maclaine's translation of these Institutes of Mosheim, I declined to undertake the task, on account of the numerous defects of that translation, and the impossibility of rectifying them without undergoing the labour of an entirely new version. At the same time, I directed

their attention to this excellent translation by Dr. Murdock, which had been very favourably received both in the United States and in this

country; and stated my belief that a cheap reprint of it in one volume was much wanted, in order the more effectually to supersede Maclaine's unsatisfactory translation, and to furnish English readers with an accurate

version of a work which, under many disadvantages, has long been one of our most popular works on Ecclesiastical History. The publishers adopted this suggestion, and I have accordingly endeavoured to execute

the task assigned me with diligence and fidelity, but without the advan

tage of having had time to make any special preparation before engaging

in it. The first American edition of Dr. Murdock's translation was used so far as the fourth century, when the second and, I believe, last edition of 1845 was obtained from New-York, and thenceforward adopted as the basis of this edition. I have ventured to revise the translation in various places, either to bring it closer to the original text, or to correct a few

inaccuracies of style. Several lengthy documents elsewhere accessible in

English, and some details of inferior interest, have been occasionally

mentary matter of this sort. My principal aim was, to point out to the student additional sources of information, and especially to direct the English reader to those works in his own e, whether original

omitted from the notes of the translator, lest the work might prove too

bulky for a single volume; and I have supplied throughout a number of

additional notes which are marked with the letter—I’. In compiling these notes, my object was not so much to supply new

facts or corrections overlooked by preceding cditors, because it appeared

to me that the text had been already rather too much overlaid by supple

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iv. PREFACE. ;

- - - - - - - --- - - --

works or translations, which illustrated the topics discussed in to..

or the accompanying notes. I was induced to keep in view the wants or ||

this class of readers from the conviction that this work of Mosheim had long furnished, and I have no doubt will continue to furnish, a larger number of English readers than is generally supposed, with all the knowledge they possess of the history of the church. I thought it right, therefore, to render this new edition, adapted as it is from its cheapness

for general use, as profitable as possible to those who may not be con

versant with ancient or modern languages. At the same time, I hope ||

the learned reader, and especially the professional student, will derive from the notes I have supplied, some further assistance in their study of this branch of history, in addition to what the erudite translator had already so abundantly furnished in his many valuable notes, both original and selected.

I cannot take leave of this work without expressing my regret that

more time had not been allowed me for preparing for and perfecting this i.

edition. The greatest care however has been taken, both by the publishers and myself, to render all the quotations and references as faithful and correct as possible; and this new cdition is now offered to the public in the confident hope that, though capable of further improvement, it will be found more complete and valuable than any other which has yet appeared.

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CONTENTS.

PAG e
Dr. Murdock's Preface to first American Edition. xxi
Advertisement to second American Edition ..... xxvi
Mosheim's Preface............................. xxvii

INTIRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

I'...v.Gile

Worship–11, (IV.) Heresies—12, Events must be
traced to their causes—13, Means of discovering
these causes, general—14, and particular, in the
external—15, and internal history—16, The sources
of ecclesiastical history–17, Qualities of the his-

torian—18, He must be free from all prejudices—

19, Faults of historians—20, Uses of ecclesiastical

history, general—21, and special—22, 23, Method

in ecclesiastical history, division into periods—

24, Distribution under heads.

B O O K I.

FROM THE BIRTH OF CHRIST TO CONSTANTINE THE GREAT.

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CIIAP. I.-TILE civil AND RELIGrous state
OF THE WORLD AT THE BIRTH OF OUIt
SAVIOUR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sec. 1–State of the Roman empire—2, Its evils—3,

Its advantages—4, Then in peace—5,Other nations

–6, All were idolaters—7, They worshipped dif-

ferent gods—8, They were tolerant–9, Most of

their gods were deceased heroes—10, Pagan wor-

ship—ll, It was confined to times and places—

12, The mysteries—13, Paganism not the parent

of virtue—14, Its votaries sunk in vice—15, How

supported by the priests—16, The Roman and

Grecian religions—17, The mixed religions of

the provinces—18, Religions beyond the Roman

cmpire classed—19, Philosophers unable to reform
the world–20, The Oriental and the Grecian phi-
losophy–21, Some philosophers subverted all reli-
gion—22, Others debased it; e.g. Aristotelians—
23, Stoics—24, Platonics–25, The Eclectics—26,
Use of this chapter.

PAGE
nation—16, Yet religion not wholly extinct—17, .
The Samaritans–18, State of the Jews out of
Palestine.
CHAP. III.--THE LIFE of JESUS CHRIST ..... 17
Sec. 1–The birth of Christ–2, His childhood and
'youth–3, His precursor, John the Baptist—4, His

subsequent life—5, He appoints twelve apostles,

and seventy disciples—6, Reason of this number

—7, Fame of Christ out of Judea—8 Success of

his ministry—0, His death—10, His resurrection

and ascension to heaven.

Sec. 1–Effusion of the Holy Spirit on the apostles—

2, They preach to Jews and Samaritans—3, Elec-

tion of a new apostle—4, Paul's conversion—5,

Attention to the poor, and a community of goods
in the church–6, Many churches planted by the
apostles—7, Respect for Christ among the pagans
—8, Causes of the rapid progress of Christianity—
9, Extraordinary gifts of the early Christians—
10, Fictitious causes assigned for the progress of
Christolity.

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