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"I have not the means of giving the particulars of Gibraltar and Bermuda, but from the high price of wages, and the testimony of officers who are well acquainted with the facts, I do not doubt that the convicts employed at those stations execute an equal proportion of work at a greater value, probably not less than £30 a year.

The following will be an abstract of the value of the Labour of Convicts on the foregoing data :

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These figures are as close an approximation to the exact expenditure as can be expected; and certainly some of the best officers in the public service have endeavoured to render them as reliable estimates of the actual amounts likely to be required.

STATEMENT showing the Average Number of Convicts confined on Public Works, Prisons, and Hulks, during the years 1853, 1854, and 1855, and the Value of their Labour, as calculated according to reasonable rates, for the different description of work performed, some being that of artificers and some of labourers.

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These amounts of work are exclusive of the saving to the establishment arising from the employment of prisoners as bakers, cooks, washers, boatmen, cleaners, &c., &c.

as experience could, by any possibility, make them. So far, then, as expense is in question, we have a pretty clear knowledge of what it will be, and we have already shown what Transportation under the old system cost us.

Bull's management of Western Australia has been a most perfect specimen of "how not to do it." The Colony was never so attractive as Southern Australia, and it was founded on a principle about as wrong as any ever formed and approved by a Legislature. It was resolved that land should be granted in the ratio of one acre for every 1s. 6d. worth of stock, dead or alive, which the settler imported into the Colony. Many went out, lured by this deceptive system, and amidst land all their own a land rich, valuable, and with a most healthy climate the settlers were ruiued. The other Australian Colonies advanced, Western Australia fell back; and finding that the Colony had been injured by the grants of land too cheaply given, the Government now retards its development by placing too high a value upon it-the upset price for all land in the Colony, good, bad, and indifferent, being £1 per acre, taken in the bulk."

It was proposed to the Colonists that, as they wanted both settlers and laborers, free emigrants should be sent out at the expense of the Home Government; and that, in return for this assistance, the Colonists should receive, with each free adult settler, one able-bodied Convict. This stipulation was broken, and the Colonists complained that they had "toujours" Convicts; and not alone that they were overdone with Convicts, but that we sent out those convicts only whom we did not wish to hang.

We feel bound to acknowledge that the Colonists were perfectly justified in this latter statement. They are supported in every particular by a return, printed in the Third Report of the Select Committee of the House of Commons, 1856. From this return, showing certain particulars in relation to prisoners upon the Western Australian Convict Establishment, who, by the nature of their crimes, or by reason of their incorrigible character, are considered by the Superintendent, and are usually regarded at the Home Imperial Prisons, as ineligible for association with others, we gather the following particulars. The total number in the return is 53, and of this total, 14 were for unnatural offences, for which the punishment is death.

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for 14 years

The other sentences were on men re-convicted in the Colony, for bad conduct, and varied from 18 months to 7 years, with hard labor and flogging.

It appears to us that no amount of red-tape-that no length of existence amongst sealing-wax and Government stationerycould make any man so careless of all results as these figures prove somebody to have been, in sending out these men, whose conduct was infamous in the world, bad as bad could be in the prison, and fully as incorrigible in the Colony. Colonel Jebb states that you cannot select Convicts now. This may be true; but why send them out at all? The Colonial Office must know, and does know well, as both Mr. Waddington and Mr. Elliott clearly prove, that if men are sent out who cannot be absorbed into the population, it is much better for the Home Government and for the Colony, that they should be kept in England. We ought to have hung the most of these 53 men—14 of them we could have hanged-there were others whose offences may be named, and we shall here insert some specimens :

Name -George Hanks, alias “Ram," alias Charles Rock; real name Whittaker. Nature of Crime-Burglary with violence; sentence, "life." Information as to past life-Convicted of burglary in 1850; sentenced, 10 years' transportation; attempted to escape from Oxford Castle, while waiting for trial; escaped from Dartmoor Government Prison, 1851; attempted to escape from Oxford Castle, 1852; attempted, from Portsmouth, 1854; also from the establishment, Western Australia, September, 1854. Conduct in Western Australia-Three weeks bread and water; dark cells ; six months in irons.

Name William Deane. Nature of Crime-Burglary; after previous conviction of felony; also breach of prison rules, 22 years, (15,7). Information as to past life-March 1837, 6 months; February, 1839, 14 days; June, 1839, 2 months; June 1840, 7 years, at Knutsford; January 1850, 12 months; January 1851, 1 month; 2 April 1853, 7 years; character, " very bad;" embarked in crossirons. Conduct in Western Australia-Bread and water 7 days, cells; class suspended 3 months; admonished.

Name-Teddy Kenny. Nature of Crime-Burglary, 15 years, Information as to past life-Conspired with four others to attack the turnkey, when unlocking, to effect their escape; two of the five made a violent attack upon the officer on the 19th of August; the

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officer received several bruises on the head, body, and threat; they threw him down, rifled his pockets, took the keys from him, and threatened to murder him; kept in close confinement from the 19th to the 30th. Conduct in Western Australia-Bread and wr 7 lays, cells; class suspended 3 months.

Name-William McFarlane, alias Jamieson, Brennan, or S Nature of Crime-Theft, by housebreaking, prison bread. assault on an officer; 14 years. Information as to past life-!. been a very bad prisoner; not to be trusted; two years forfeited when removed from public works; was transported about 14 years ago; is a dangerous character; broke out of Greenock prison before trial. The governor of Paisley prison states, "This man is the most dangerous character I ever had under my charge; it would be well that officers and others who come into contact with him be upon their guard." Glasgow, most dangerous. Perth, incorrigi ble. Hulks, bad. Portsmouth, very bad. Milbank, bad. Recommended to be sent to Norfolk Island. No Record of conduct in the Colony.

Name-Michael Fleming, alias, Jones, Nature of Crime-Stealing from the Person; 14 years. Information as to past life-A very bad-tempered and violent prisoner, and likely to give bad advice to other prisoners. July, 1843, 7 years; March 1851, 18 months, highway robbery. Conduct in Western Australia. Bread and water 7 days, cells. Class suspended three months. Bread and water 2 days, cells. Class suspended one month. Tobacco stopped. Class suspended three months.

Name-James Cannon; this is the sweep who was so notorious about three years ago for assaulting the police. Nature of CrimeAssaulting with intent to murder; life. Information as to past life Often for assaults upon the police; not to be trusted. No record of conduct in Western Australia.

With these facts before him, and they are not the worst cases, Bull can understand the condition to which Western Australia will be reduced if this system of Transportation is continued. Let him calculate, if he can, how long the Colonists will endure this outrage on all justice, this sweeping away from our shore, where we could manage them cheaply and securely, if we could not reform them, those criminals whose offences made hanging on the highest gibbet in the uni verse too mild and too undegrading a punishment; we could have kept them safe and at a cheap rate here; we sent them to a Colony where we cannot hold them cheaply, and where we liberate them to the injury of the Colonists.

Bull can help his Colonists in Western Australia to develope the resources of the country; he can send her well conducted Convicts who will work the lead mines; who will prepare the native mahogany, almost as hard and durable under water as

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n up roads through the country, and and thus enable the Colonists to with India, with. the Cape, and this cannot be accomplished if ho are "recommended to be kept must send the BEST OR NONE. at there is good authority for statAustralia can never absorb, even though her

ccome fully developed, more than 1,000 Convicts annum—and this power of absorption would, in all probability, not extend beyond 10 or 14 years.

We dare say Bull will think it very hard to be obliged to keep his worst Convicts at home, and send his best to the antipodes; but he must remember that he saves by this. He saves in the cost of expensive staffs of guards; he saves the temper of the colonists; he saves the departed Convict from the temptations to relapse to which he is exposed if set free in England; and saves the cost of supporting the Convict in the Colony, for the well conducted man is employed at once, the ill conducted is caged like a wild beast, nobody will employ him, and Bull's money must support him. The well conducted Convict becomes in time the employer of labor-he obtains a few acres of land, the free Irish emigrant girls have no objection to marry him, and once married to a virtuous woman, his reformation, and his prosperity are secure.

We do not enter into the consideration of the question raised by the extraordinary power given in the Transportation Bill to the Home Secretary. It is an absurdity in fact, and dangerous in principle, but before he can exercise it the country must be prepared to risk the offending our colonists, or to spend vast sums in founding that most useless and wasteful of all legalized methods of lavishing the money of the nation-a Penal Colony.

The reader who desires to peruse this subject in its fullest details is referred to a pamphlet from which we borrow these remarks on Transportation, and entitled, "Not so Bad as they Seem. The Transportation, Ticket-of-leave, and Penal Servitude Questions, plainly stated, and argued on facts and figures; with some Observations on the Principles of Prevention in a Letter addressed to Matthew Davenport Hill, Esq., Q.C. Recorder of Birmingham. By Patrick Joseph Murray, Barrister-at law.

London: W. & F. G. Cash. Dublin: W. B. Kelly."

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