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degree of B. A., and who on the first day of the term in which it is awarded have not exceeded twelve years from matriculation. It is awarded to the candidate who on or before the first day of that term shall have sent in that which in the judgment of tlie electors is the best dissertation on a subject connected with the Hebrew language or literature, selected by the candidate himself, subject to the written approval of the regius professor of Hebrew. The electors are not bound to award the scholarship for a dissertation which in their judgment is not of sufficient merit, and they have power to examine a candidate in the subjects of his dissertation, and in qnestions arising immediately out of it. No residence is required in the case of a senior scholar.
The junior scholarship is of the annual value of £120, and is awarded every year in Michaelmas term after an examination in the Hebrew language and literature. Opportunity is given to candidates for showing their acquaintance with the cognate Semitic languages. Candidates must not on the first day of the term in which the scholarship is awarded have exceeded thirty terms from matriculation. The schol. arship is tenable for one year, during which the scholar is to reside for seven entire weeks in Michaelmas aud Lent terms severally, and seven weeks in the interval between the commencement of Easter term and the twenty-first day of act term, but such residence may be dispensed with by the board of management of the Pusey and Ellerton scholarships under certain conditions as to the pursuit of study or the undertaking of work elsewhere.
The electors to both scholarships are the regius professor of Hebrew and two other members of the universities of Oxford, Cambridge, or Dublin, not under the degree of M. A., nominated by the above-mentioned board of management, and approved by convocation.
Pusey and Ellerton Hebrew scholarships.—There are 4 scholarships, with an annual stipend of £40 each. Two scholars aro elected every year in Michaelmas term, Candidates inust be members of the university who have not exceeded fourteen terms from matriculation or the twenty-fifth year of their age. Candidates are examined in passages set from the Pentateuch, Isaiah sl-lxvi, Psalms i-lxxii; papers are also given in composition, grammar, and miscellaneous questions. Each scholarship is tenable for two years, provided that the scholar resido seven weeks in the Michael. mas and Hilary terms of each year, and seven weeks in the Easter and act terms of one of the two years, and that during such residence he pursue his studies under the direction of the professor of Hebrew. In certain cases the board of management of the foundation may dispense with part of this residence. The electors are the regius professors of divinity and Hebrew and the Lord Almoner's and Laudian professors of Arabic; or, in default of these, the board appoints electors. The board of management consists of the vice-chancellor, the president of Magdalen College, the dean of Christ Church, the warden of Wocham College, the regius professors of divinity and Hebrew, and the Lord Almoner's and Landian professors of Arabic.
Denyer and Johnson theological scholarships. There are 2 scholarships of £50 each, open to any bachelor of arts who has not exceeded twenty-seven terms from his matriculation. The examination is held every year in Hilary term. The standing of candidates who have matriculated at Cambridge or Dublin before matriculating at Oxford is computed from the date of natriculation at Cambridge or Dublin as the case may be, Easter term in either of those universities being reckoned as equivalent to Easter and Trinity terms at Oxford. The examiners, 3 in number, are nominated by the electors of the examiners in the Honour school of theology, and must be members of convocation in priests' orders. The subjects of examination are fixed each year by the board of the faculty of theology. Tlie scholarships are tenable for one year only.
Hertford scholarship. This scholarship was founded for the promotion of the study of Latin. It is of the value of about £37, and is tenable for one year only. The election takes place in Michaelmas term. Cantlidates must not have completed two years from their matriculation. The examiners, 3 in number, who must be at least masters of arts or bachelors of civil law, are nominated by the vice-chancellor and proctors, subject to the approval of convocation.
Taylor scholarships.-One scholarship worth £50 and 1 exhibition worth £25, cach tenable for one year, are awarded annually for proficiency in one or more of the languages taught in the Taylor Institution, in comparative philology as applied to the same, and in the literature of the selected language or languages. Candidates must not have exceeded the twenty-third term from their matriculation,
Burdett-Coutts scholarships. There are 2 scholarships for the promotion of the study of geology and of natural science as bearing on geology, each of the annual value of about £115, and tenable for two years. One scholar is elected annually in Michaelmas term. Candidates must have passeil all necessary examinations for the degree of B. A., and not have exceeded the twenty-seventh term from their matriculation. The examiners ars the professor of geology and two other persons nomi. nated, subject to the approval of convocation, by the board of management of the
foundation, consisting of the vice-chancellor, the president of Magdalen College, aud tho regius professor of medicine. Every scholar is required during the first year of his tenure of the scholarship to reside in the university under such conditions as the board of management may determine, and during the second to pursue such course of study, in the university or elsewhere, as the professor of geology may approve.
Abbott scholarships.- There are 3 scholarships, tenable for three years, open to sons of clergymen of the Church of England who need assistance to enable them to have a university education. If matriculated, they must not have exceeded three terms of residence, nor hold a scholarship or exhibition worth more than £50 a year. Ceteris paribus natives of the West Riding of Yorkshiro have the preference. The examination is held anonally in Easter term.
Derby scholarship.- This scholarship is of the annual value of about £157, and is tevable for one year only. The trustees of the endowment are the lord-lieutenant of Lancashire, the Earl of Derby, the chancellor, the vice-chancellor, the two burgesses of the university, and the dean of Christ Church, for the time being. After defraying necessary expenses from the dividends, they pay the remainder to a member of the university, chosen by themselves, who has completed his twentieth and not exceeded his twenty-fourth term on the day fixed for receiving the names of candi. dates. Candidates must have obtained the following academical distinctions: (1) A first class in literature, Greek and Latin at the first public examination; (2) a first class in literæ humaniores at the second public examination, or a second class in literæ humaniores at the second public examination, together with 2 of the 3 chancellor's prizes, of which 1 must be that for Latin verso; (3) 2 out of the 3 classical university scholarships, viz, the Hertford, Ireland, and Craven scholarships.
Daris Chinese scholarship.—This scholarship is awarded for proficiency in the Chinese language and literature. The stipend is £45 a year, payable terminally. The scholarship is open to all members of the university who, on the day of election, have not excoeded the twenty-eighth term from their matriculation. The scholar is elected by the vice-chancellor, the president of Corpus Christi College, and the professor of Chinese, after an examination held by such persons as they may appoint for that purpose, the professor himself being always one of the examiners. The scholarship is tenable for two calendar years from the day of election, provided the scholar keep a statutable residence of not less than seven weeks in each terin, Easter and Trinity terms being reckoned as one, and pursue his studies in Chinese under the advice and supervision of the professor. If at the time of holding an election the electors do not think any of the candidates worthy of the scholarship, they have power to postpone the election for any period not exceeding two years, and in such event to grant the annual stipend of £50, or any less sunn, under the name of an exhibition, to any person who shall be certified to them as desirous of pursuing the study of Chinese. The exhibition is tenable during the period for which the election to the scholarship shall have been postponed, and under the same conditions of residence and study as are applicable to the scholarship.
University College.—The foundation consists of a master, 13 follows (including 1 civil law fellow), 16 scholars, and (ultimately) 17 exhibitioners. The fellowships are tenable for seven years, but this term may (except in the case of the civil-law fellowship) be extended under certain conditions. The civil law fellowship is open to members of the University of Oxford who have passed all the examinations required for the degree of B. A. and have not exceeded thirty terms from their matriculation.
The scholarships are of the annual value of £80, and are open to all who have not exceeded the age of 19 years on the day of election. They are tenable in the first instance for two years, but this term is extended to four years in case of gooil conduct aud industry, and may for special reasons be extended to five years.
Tho 2 Lodge exhibitions (annual value about £82) and the Heron exhibition (annual value not exceeding £70) are open to all persons in need of support at the university who are not more than 21 years old nor of more than six terms' standing. The 3 Freeston exhibitions (annual value £50) are confined in the first instance to the grammar schools of Normanton, Wakefield, Pontefract, and Swillington, and the 4 Gunsley exhibitions (annual value not less than £ 15) to the grammar schools of Rochester and Maidstone. The 2 Linton exhibitions (annual value not less than £10) are awarded for special proficiency in modern history, and are open to all persons who are not more than 21 years of age nor of more than eight terms' standing. All the exhibitions are held on the same tenure as the scholarships. The new statutes also provide that there shall be created a general exhibition fund for the purpose of assisting such members of the college as the master and fellows shall judge to be in need and deserving of assistance at the university,
Balliol College.-There are now 12 fellowships and 15 scholarships on the old foundation at this college; the latter, of £00 a year, open to candidates under 19 years of age. There are 5 scholarships of £60 a year for persons educated at Blundell's school, Tiverton, 1 of which is to be filled annually by examination at the school.
There are 4 mathematical scholarships, tenablo for four years, of the value of £80 a year. There are also 8 scholarships of £80 a year, tenable for four years, "for the encouragement of the study of law and history, and of the study of natural science, in order to qualify students for the professions of law and medicine respectively.”
Three exhibitions (or more, according to circumstances) of £70 a year are annually offered by the college for open competition among all candidates who have not completed tho eighth term from their matriculation. There are also a certain nomber of Williams exhibitious of £40 a year each. The Warner exhibition, of about £90 a year, is coutined to natives, or those whose fathers were natives, of Scotland. The Newte exhibition, of about £40 a year, is confined to scholars of Blundell's school. The Greaves exhibition has a preference for scholars educated at Ludlow school. All tho above scholarships and exhibitions are tonable for two years; there is a power of renewal for two years longer, and a further power of extension to five years for special reasons. They can only be held during residence.
Tho nomination to the Snell exhibitions (2) is vested in the principal and professors of Glasgow University, and the election in the master and fellows of this col. lego. They are filled by an examination held at Glasgow. They are tenable during residence for four years, and are of the value of £100 a year.
The Skywner scholarship (annual value £90), for the promotion of the study of mathematics and astronomy, is tenable for five years.
The 2 Jenkyns exhibitions of £100 a year, are tenable, during residence, for four years. They aro filled by competition among those members of the college who have not exceeded sixteen terms of academical standing.
Merton College.-Tho number of fellowships with emolument is not to be less than 19, and may be raised to 26. Subject to certain reservations, these fellowships are tenable for seven years. Most of them are awarded upon the results of an examinatio.), but the college is empowered, within certain limits, to clect without examination any professor or public reader in the university; any person of eminence in literature, science, or art who shall undertake literary, scientific, or educational work; and any person who has been appointed to act as bursar, tutor, or lecturer of the college.
The number of scholarships is 18, but may be increased. Their annual value is £80, inclusive of rooms and all allowances. They are tenable for two years, but inay be renewed for a further period of two years if the warrien and fellows shall declare then.selves satisfied with the scholar's industry and good conduct. Under special circumstances they may be extended for one year longer. No person is eligible to a scholarship who bas exceeded the age of 19 on the day of election. Two of these scholarships are reserved to candidates educated at Eton College.
There are 4 exhibitions of L60 a year, to which persons are eligible, without restriction to age. There is also an exhibition fund, which is formed for the purposo of assisting poor students and of promoting study among the undergraduate members of the college.
Exeter College. - There are, including the chaplain fellowship, 12 fellowships, of which 3 are for the present suspended.
There are 21 or more foundation scholarships. Of these, 8 (called Stapledon scholarships) are limited to persons born or educated in the old diocese of Exeter, and either 1 or more (called king Charles the First's scholarships) to persons born in any of the Channel Islands, or educated at Victoria College, Jersey, or Elizabeth College, Guernsey. The rest of the scholarships are open. Four are usually awarded for proficiency in mathematics. The Stapledon scholarships are of the value of not less than £60 a year; the remainder, of £80. Candidates for all the above scholarships must bo under 19 years of age. The Carter scholarship, of the value of £80 a year, shows a preference for persons born in the county of Kent who are already members of the college. There are 2 Tasker scholarships, of the value of £ 80 per annum each, for the advancement of sound learning, and for the encouragement of the study of theology by persons intending to take holy orders. They are open to all persons born British subjects who need assistance at the university.
There aro various exhibitions in the gift of the college. Of these, 2 have the same limitation as King Charles the First's scholarships; 2 are limited to sons of clergy. men; 1 is limited to candidates educated at Ashburton school; 2 are restricted to students of divinity; 1 to persons already members of the college; 1 open without restriction. The other exhibitions are open, and are awared for proficiency in classics and in the various subjects of the final schools. There is no age limit for the Carter or Hasker scholarships, or for the exhibitions.
Oriel College.-By statutes the number of fellows (excluding professor fellows) will be gradually reduced to 12. Under the same statutes there are at least 10 scholarships and 4 exhibitions tenable for four years (which may be extended to five years); the value of each, during residence, is £80 per annum. Candidates for the exhibitions must be (leserving persons in need of support at the university; to a scholarship no one is eligible who has attained tho age of 19 years. There are also 9 exhibitions besides those above namod, and 2 Bible clerkships.
Queen's College.—Under the new statutes (1882) the college consists of a provost, from 14 to 16 fellows, about 25 scholars (of whom 4 or 5 are, if suitable candidates present themselves, to be natives of Cumberland or Westmorland), and 2 Bible clerks. Five scholarships have been founded under a will since 1882.
The Hastings exhibitions are open to candidates from 15 specified schools. There are also exhibitions for natives of Middlesex, for boys from Appleby school, for natives of Cumberland and Westmorland educated at St. Bees school, for natives of Whitehaven, for boys from Kirkby Lonsdale and Kendal school, besides others of smaller value. The Tylney exhibitioner is nominated by the owner of Tylney Hall. The Thomas exhibitions, for sons or orphans of clergy in the diocese of Carlisle, and the Berry exhibitions, for sons of clergy in the diocese of Manchester, are in the gift of trustees, of whom the provost is one.
New College. - The fellowships hereafter are to be divided into 3 classes, viz, professor fellowships, tutorial fellowships, and ordinary fellowships. The professor fellowships are to be 5 in number, the tutorial fellowships so many, not exceeding 10, as the warden and follows may dcem necessary, and the ordinary fellowships are to be not less than 14 nor more than will make the whole number of fellowships 36. So soon as the revenues of the college will permit, 2 ordinary fellowships are to be filled annually by competition. One of these is to be open to all persons who shall have been educated for at least two years in the school of Winchester College, or have been for at least twelve terms members of New College; the other is to be open to all persons who shall have passed all the examinations required by the university for the B. A. degree.
The scholarships are divided into two classes, viz, Winchester scholarships and open scholarships. The Winchester scholarships are so many as will enable tlio warden and fellows to elect to 6 such scholarships in each year from the boys receiving education in the school of Winchester College. The open scholarships are to be so many as will enable the warden and fellows to elect to 4 such scholarships in each year. No candidate is eligible to an open scholarship whose age on the day of election shall exceed 19 years. The emoluments of a scholarship, inclusive of rooms and all allowances, if any, are £80 a year. Every scholarship is tenable for two years; this may be prolonged to four years and for special reasons to five years. A fund is to be established for the purpose of maintaining exhibitions to be held by undergrailuate members of the college.
Lincoln College.—There are 12 fellows and 14 scholars on the foundation. Other scholarships are added from time to time from the proceeds of 2 suspended fellowships. There were 11 exhibitioners in 1893.
All Souls College.— The fellowships are as follows: Fourteen to be filled after examinations in subjects connected with the studies of law and history; 7 to be filled after examination in such other subjects as the warden and fellows may from time to time determine; 7 to be filled by a board consisting of the warden and 4 fellows, the Bodleian librarian, and 3 persons appointed by the Hebdomadal Council, tenable on condition of undertaking some literary or scientific work in or under the direction of the college or university; 3 tenable in connection with certain college offices by persons who have been fellows; 2 tenable in connection with certain university offices by persons who have been fellows; 12 tenable by persons who have been fel. lows, with an annual emolument of £50; 5 tenable in connection with 5 chairs. Except where the contrary is statel these fellowships are all tenable for seven years and are of the annual value of £200.
Magdalen College. - The number of fellowships is to be not less than 30 nor greater than 40. Of these 6 are to be professorial fellowships. Other fellowships, not exceeding 11, may be held by persons holding the office of dean of divinity, senior dean of arts, bursar or tutor in the college. Of the remainder, which are tenable under certain conditions for seven years, 2, so far as practicable, are to be filled every year; the examination is to be in subjects connected with the studies of the university, special reference being had in the examination for 1 fellowship, once at least in every three years, to excellence in theology, and in every seven years once at least to excellence in mathematics, and once at least to excellence in natural science or medicine.
In addition to senior demyships or scholarships not exceeding 8 in number, to be held by members of the university who have passed all examinations required for the B. A. degree, the number of junior demyships is fixed at 30, and the value of each is not to exceed £80 a year. In every year elections to 1 or more demyships are to take place with special reference to proficiency in one or more of the following subjects: Mathematics, natural science, modern history and literature, or modern languages, if candidates sufficiently qualitied in these subjects shall present themselves.
The annual sum of £500 is applied by the college to the grauting of exhibitions to such persons as are in need of support at the university and are deemed tit therefor.
King's Hall and College of Brasenose.—The number of fellowships is 12, exclusive of supernumerary fellows and the fellowship held ex-officio by the Camden professor of ancient history.
There are 22 Somerset scholarships, 18 of which are for persons educated at the schools of Manchester, Marlborough, and Hereford, and also 4 of which are restricted to the first of these schools. At present tho revenues derived from the Somerset estates are not sufficient to supply the full number of 22 scholarships. In failure of candidates properly qualified from the schools, the scholarships are open to general competition. At least £900 a year is charged on the corporate revenues of the college for the endowment of open scholarships of the annual value of £80. The Watson classical scholarship is open and has an annual value of £100. All the scholarships are tenable for two years anıl renewable for a like period. Their tenure may be extended to a fifth year.
There are 20 Hame exhibitions. Of these, 12 are called junior exhibitions and are awarded after a competitive examination. They are of the annual value of £80, tenable in Brasenose College for four years, and are open to candidates of not more than 20 years of age. The 8 senior exhibitions are awarded after competitive examination to members of the college who have resided for not less than six por more than twelve terms, and who have been placed in the honor list at moderations. Their annual value is £130 and are tenable for four years. There are also 3 Colquitt clerical exhibitions, of the value of £ 10 per annum, intended to assist in the education for the ministry in the Church of Eu gland of the sons of indigent or deceased clergymen, or of such lay men as can not unaided pay the expenses of a college education. They are open to undergraduates of Brasenose who have resided one term and are not tenable after four years from matriculation.
Corpus Christi College.-- There are at present 14 fellows, including 2 professorial fellows and 30 scholars. The scholarships, which aro confined to persons who do not on the day of election exceed the age of 19 years, are of the annual value of £80, and are tenable under certain conditions for four or five years from matriculation.
Two exhibitions, not limitetl as to age, are usually awarded at the same time as the scholarships. There were 9 exhibitioners on the roll in 1893.
Christ Church.- Under the statutes of 1882 there is a body of students (equivalent to fellows) who are divided into two classes, official and nonofficial. There is also a body of scholars. Of these 3 may be elected each year from Westminster school for a tenure of two years, which may be extended to five years. There are also 5 or 6 open scholarships offered for competition every year, of which 1 is offered for proficiency in mathematics, 1 for proficiency in natural science, and 1 for proficiency in modern history. These scholarships are tenable for two years, and may be extended to five years. Besides these 2 scholarships are elected each year from among undergraduate members of the House, who havo been in residence for at least three terms, and have the leave of the dean to compete. These scholars hold their places to the end of their sixteenth term from matriculation, but the tenure may be extended for one year more. All the above scholarships are of the annual value of £80, inclusivo of all allowances. There are also 2. Dixon scholarships tenable for two years by members of the House, wlio, at the time of appointment, have passed all the exam. inations for the B. A. degree. They are tenable with any other scholarship or exhibition within the House.
There are 8 open exhibitions of £45 a year, together with tuition and dinner free, tenable for two years, which period may be extended to five years. Candidates must satisfy the dean that withont such assistance they can not maintain themselves at college. There is no other limitation. Four Fell exhibitions of £10 a year, tenable for four years during continuous residence, are filled by competition among commoners of the House, who have resided not less than three terms. Three exhibitions of £50 a year, tenable for three years, are offered for competition annually at Westminster school. The Slad exhibition (the interest on £1,000), tenable for one year, is awarded annually after an examination in German, and is open to all undergraduates. The Careswell exhibitions are filled up by examinations held each year either at Shrewsbury school or at one of 5 other schools in Salop, and are tenable for ten years. The House awards 4 smaller exhibitions among tho Careswell exhibitioners if they are qualified for the open exhibitions. There are 3 Holford exhibitious of £60 a year, tenable for five years. They are offered for competition among persons educated at Charterhouse school for at least two years last preceding the date of election, or last preceding the date of their matriculation. No one is eligi. ble who is of more than four terms standing. There were 17 Careswell exhibitioners in 1893.
Trinity College:- There are 12 fellowships, all of which are open. The scholarships, of which there are now 16, are open, and are worth £80 per annum. There is also a fud for the advancement of mathematical and general science. Under this there have been established 3 Millard scholarships. There are several (8) exhibitions, some open, others for members of the college.