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attached. The monuments are few in number, and of little consequence. Observe. Sir William Russell, fined for Alderman and Sheriff (d. 1705). Sir John Moore, Lord Mayor of London in 1681, and M.P. for the City (d. 1702). Roger. Jortin, Esq. (d. 1795), son of the Rev. John Jortin, author of the Life of Erasmus, and many years rector of this parish. When Jortin was rector, Knox, the essayist, was his curate. Sir George Buggin (d. 1825), first husband of the Duchess of Inverness. In the old church, on the north side of the chancel, stood a monument to Sir John Hawkins, one of the naval worthies of Queen Elizabeth's reign : Hawkins died at sea, and was buried in the element he loved. The monument was erected by his widow. There was also the grave of Sir John Lawson, who died, June 25, of a wound received in the fight off Lowestoft, Suffolk, June 3, 1665.2 Over the mantelpiece in the vestry is a carving in wood, by Grinling Gibbons, of the arms of Archbishop Tenison.

Dunstan (St.) in the West, or St. DUNSTAN's, Fleet STREET, is on the north side of Fleet Street, near Chancery Lane. It was designed by John Shaw, architect of the New Hall at Christ's Hospital, but he died while the work was in progress, and it was finished by his son. The first stone was laid July 27, 1831 ; and the church consecrated July 31, 1833. It is set much farther back from the street than the old church. The body of the church is octagonal in plan, and built of white bricks and stone, the groining is of ironwork. The tower, of a yellow freestone from Ketton in Rutlandshire, was copied from that of St. Helen at York, and is 130 feet high. In 1881 the window over the altar, which is on the north side of the church, was filled with painted glass as a memorial of the Rev. E. Auriol, for many years rector of the parish.

The parish church of St. Dunstan, called in the West, for difference from St. Dunstan in the East.–Stow, p. 146.

William Tyndal (“a man whose history is lost in his work and whose epitaph is the Reformation") 3 was preaching in this church when he attracted the notice of Humphrey Monmouth, a wealthy alderman, who took him into his own house to live. Monmouth was afterwards sent to the Tower for "giving exhibition to Tyndall, Roy, and such others,” and for administering privy help to translate, as well the Testament as other books. The Rev. Wm. Romaine, a noted evangelical preacher of the last century, and author of many religious works, was Lecturer of St. Dunstan's, where his preaching drew large crowds of people.

The projecting clock and the two figures in the old church which struck the hours and quarters were a never-failing attraction to country visitors.

1 Some Account of the Church of St. Dunstan. in-the-East, by the Rev. T. B. Murray, M.A., Rector.

2 Pepys, July 2, 1665.
3 Froude, History of England, vol. ii. p. 30.
4 Fox, vol. iv. p. 617.

It [the former church] is a good handsome freestone building, with a fair dial hanging over into the street. And on the side the church, in a handsome frame of architecture, are placed in a standing posture two savages, or Hercules, with clubs erect; which quarterly strike on two bells hanging there. ---Strype, B. iii. p. 276.

We added two to the number of fools, and stood a little, making our ears do penance to please our eyes, with the conceited notions of their [the puppets') heads and hands, which moved to and fro with as much deliberate stiffness as the two wooden horologists at St. Dunstan's, when they strike the quarters. —Ned Ward's London Spy, pt. 5.

When labour and when dullness, club in hand,
Like the two figures at St. Dunstan's stand,
Beating alternately, in measur'd time,
The clockwork tintinnabulum of rhyme,
Exact and regular the sounds will be,
But such mere quarter-strokes are not for me.

Cowper, Table Talk. There are references to the clock in Congreve (Love for Love) Wycherly (Poems, 1704, p. 168), Goldsmith (Vicar of Wakefield), and others, but it is hardly worth while to quote them. The old clockwhich projected over the street like that of Bow Church, Cheapsidewas, with the brace of figures to strike the hours, the work of “Mr. Thomas Harris, living at the end of Water Lane, London.” It appears from the parish records that he received for his labours “£35 and the old clock," and that the two figures were set up October 28, 1671.1 When Sir Walter Scott, therefore, introduces Richie Moniplies as speaking of the “twa iron carles yonder, at the kirk beside the post, were just banging out sax of the clock,” he is anticipating their presence by about half a century.

He is certainly wrong also in calling the figures Adam and Eve. They were both unmistakably masculine, and of aspect fierce enough, as Strype says, to be “two savages or Hercules.”

It seems likely that similar figures had previously done duty at St. Paul's. In the Ant and the Nightingale : or, Father Hubbard's Tales (A.D. 1604), we read

What is mirth in me is harmless as the Quarter Jacks in Powles, that are up with their elbowes four time an hour, and yet misuse no creature living.

And again in the Gull's Hornbook (1609, chap. iv.)

But howsoever, if Paul's Jacks be once up with their elbows, and quarelling to strike eleven, as soon as ever the clock has parted them, and ended the fray with his hammer, let not the Duke's Gallery contain you any longer.

When the old church was taken down the two figures were bought by the Marquis of Hertford, and removed to his lordship's villa in the Regent's Park. The removal of the figures, Moxon says, drew tears from Charles Lamb's eyes. The villa is still called St. Dunstan's, and is now occupied by Mr. H. Hucks Gibbs. There is reason to believe that the old dial at St. Dunstan's (the one preceding Harris's) was of some celebrity. The churchyard (facing Fleet Street) was built in with stationers' shops; and Smethwick (one of the most celebrated) always

1 Account of St. Dunstan's, by the Rev. F. J. eye ; pray God he swallow not the images. See Denham.

how he stands astonished as old Adam and Eve 2 O ! Saint Dunstan has caught his (Moniplies] ply their ding-dong.- Fortunes of Nigel.

described his shop as “in St. Dunstan's Churchyard in Fleet Street, under the Diall." Such is his address on the 1609 edition of Romeo and Juliet, and the 1611 edition of Hamlet. Here, in St. Dunstan's churchyard, Marriot published the first edition of Walton's Angler.

There is newly extant a book of 18d. price, called “The Compleat Angler; or, the Contemplative Man's Recreation, being a Discourse of Fish and Fishing, not unworthy the perusal of most Anglers. Printed for Richard Marriot, in St. Dunstan's Churchyard, Fleet Street.”Mercurius Politicus, for May, 1653.

Dr. Donne, the poet, and Dr. Thomas White (founder of Sion College), were vicars of this church. A monument with medallion bust of White has been lately erected. Eminent Persons buried in. —Simon Fish, author of the Supplication of Beggers (d. A.D. 1531). Davies, of Hereford, the poet and writing-master (d. 1617). Thomas Campion, Doctor of Physic, also a poet (d. 1619). Dr. White (d. March 1, 16231624). Simon Wadlow, landlord of the Devil Tavern, Ben Jonson's “King of Skinkers” (buried March 30, 1627). George, first Lord Baltimore, Secretary of State, and one of the early colonisers of North America (d. April 15, 1632). John Graunt, one of the founders of Political Economy (d. 1674). Pinchbeck, who gave his name to a metallic compound (d. 1783). Thomas Mudge, the celebrated chronometer maker (d. 1794). Eminent Persons baptized in.-Wentworth, Earl of Strafford (the great earl who was beheaded). Bulstrode Whitelocke, the author of the Memorials. According to tradition the officiating minister was startled at the name of Bulstrode, and asked if they could not call the babe otherwise.

He [Lord Keeper Guilford) once heard Oates preach at St. Dunstan's, and much admired his theatrical behaviour in the pulpit : he prayed for his very good lord and patron the Duke of Norfolk, which made his lordship suspect him to be wasping towards popery.-Roger North's Lives, vol. i. p. 325.

Observe.—The statue of Queen Elizabeth over the Fleet Street doorway, which has the date 1586 inscribed upon it. This statue originally stood on the west front of Ludgate, and was removed here in 1766. It is the only known relic remaining of any of the City gates, for Temple Bar was only a bar to mark the liberties of the City without the walls.

Dunstan (St.), STEPNEY (Old Stepney Church), a church in the perpendicular style of architecture, injured by restorations, but in 1847 it was repaired under the direction of Benjamin Ferrey, architect. The church is mentioned in a document dated “Wednesday before the feast of St. Lucy, 1302,” among the MSS. of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, and catalogued by Mr. Maxwell Lyte (Appendix to Ninth Report of the Historical MSS. Comm., p. 56). Fox, the founder of Corpus Christi College, Oxford ; William Jerome, burnt at Smithfield in 1540; Colet, the founder of St. Paul's school; and Richard Pace, the friend of Erasmus, were vicars of Stepney." The register records the marriage of Edward Russell, Earl of Bedford,

1 Lysons's Env., vol. iv. p. 476.

to Lucy Harrington (December 12, 1594). This Lucy, Countess of Bedford, was the patron of Ben Jonson, Daniel, and Donne; indeed of all the poets of her time. Eminent Persons buried in.-Richard Pace, the friend of Erasmus. Sir Thomas Spert (d. September 8, 1541), founder and first Master of the Corporation of the Trinity House. The wife of Oakey, the regicide. "John Van Stryp, merchant and silk-throwster.” The father of Strype, the biographer and historian. Rev. John Entick (d. 1773), author of the several dictionaries and spelling-books which bear his name. In the churchyard lies Matthew Mead (d. 1699), the famous Nonconformist Divine. Observe. -Altartomb in chancel of Sir Henry Colet, father of Dean Colet. Sir Henry Colet, Lord Mayor in 1495, had a mansion near the church. Flat stone in burying-ground to Thomas Saffin.

Since I am talking of death, and have mentioned an epitaph, I must tell you, sir, that I have made discovery of a churchyard, in which I believe you might spend an afternoon with great pleasure to yourself and to the public. It belongs to the parish church of Stebon Heath, commonly called Stepney. Whether or no it be that the people of that parish have a particular genius for an epitaph, or that there be some poet among them who undertakes that work by the groat, I can't tell ; but there are more remarkable inscriptions in that place than in any other I have met with. ... I shall beg leave to send you a couple of epitaphs for a sample of those I have just now mentioned. The first is this :

“ Here Thomas Saffin lyes interr'd, ah why?
Born in New England, did in London die ;
Was the third son of eight begat upon
His mother Martha by his father John.
Much favour'd by his Prince he 'gan to be,
But nipt by Death at th' age of Twenty Three.
Fatal to him was that we Small Pox name,
By which his Mother and two Brethren came
Also to breathe their last nine years before,
And now have left their father to deplore
The loss of all his Children, with that Wife,
Who was the Joy and Comfort of his Life."

[Deceased June the 18th, 1687.] The second is as follows :

“ Here lies the body of Daniel Saul,
Spittle-fields weaver, and that's all.” 2

The Spectator, No. 518. Once upon reading that line in the curious epitaph quoted in The Spectator :

“Born in New England, did in London die," he [Johnson) laughed and said, “I do not wonder at this. It would have been strange if, born in London, he had died in New England."-Croker's Boswell.

This afternoon I went to visit a gentleman of my acquaintance at Mile End, and passing through Stepney churchyard, I could not forbear entertaining myself with the inscriptions on the tombs and graves. Among others I observed one with this notable memorial :

“Here lies the body of T. B." This fantastical desire of being remembered only by the two first letters of a name, led me into the contemplation of the vanity and imperfect attainments of ambition in general. - The Tatler, No. 202.

1 Ludlow, vol. iii. p. 103. ? This

not to be found " when Lysons

wrote, about 1790, and has not been discovered since.


On the east side of the entrance to the gallery is a slab set up by Thomas Hughes, 1663," with an inscription commencing :

Of Carthage wall I was a stone,

O mortals read with pity;
Time consumes all, it spareth none,

Man, mountain, town, or city. Aaron Hill on reading these lines was incited to try a bolder flight in the same direction. His verses begin (Works, vol. iii. p. 40) =

Two thousand years ere Stepney had a name,

In Carthage Walls I shared the Punic fame ! "Fish and Ring” monument, on the east wall of the chancel on the outside, to Dame Rebecca Berry, wife of Thomas Elton of Stratford Bow, and widow of Sir John Berry, 1696. The coat of arms on the monument-Paly of six, on a bend three mullets (Elton), impaling a fish, and, in the dexter chief point, an annulet between two bends wavy

-has given rise to a tradition that Lady Berry was the heroine of the ballad called “The Cruel Knight, or fortunate Farmer's Daughter,” the story of which is as follows: A knight, passing by a cottage, hears the cries of a woman in labour; his knowledge in the occult sciences informs him that the child then born was destined to be his wife; he endeavours to elude the decrees of fate, and avoid so ignoble an alliance by various fruitless attempts to destroy the child. When grown to woman's estate he takes her to the sea-side, intending to drown her, but relents; at the same time throwing a ring into the sea, he commands her never to see his face again on pain of instant death unless she can produce that ring. She afterwards became a cook, finds the ring in a cod-fish, and is married to her knight. This story, or one something like it, for it was told with variations, was devoutly believed in the once suburban, but now crowded hamlet of Stepney.

Durham House, in the STRAND. Durham House, built by Thomas Hatfielde, Bishop of Durham, who was made bishop of that see in the year 1345, and sat bishop there thirty-six years.–Stow,

p. 167.

But this was not the original Durham House. The bishops had their dwelling there more than a century earlier. In 1238 Otho, the Papal Legate, was lodged at Durham House in the Strand; and there he summoned the English Bishops to consider what further steps should be taken respecting the churches and schools of Oxford, which he had laid under interdict, on account of the scholars having, when the legate was staying at Oseney, killed his brother and clerk of the kitchen in an affray, and caused the legate himself to flee the City. The bishops interceded for the University, and at length the legate was so far pacified as to promise his pardon on condition of the clergy and scholars making an act of full submission. The citizens of London witnessed as a consequence an edifying spectacle. Fuller's is the liveliest account of “their solemn submission.”

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