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(38) It should be secured or fastened to the same mast and about 2 feet above the tail-block, but before doing this, however, it is advisable to examine very carefully whether or not the whip line is clear of the hawser.

a

(39) (a) Women and children should be landed first. Although this rule should be strictly adhered to when applied to a large number of passengers of both sexes, an exception should, nevertheless be made in certain cases. For instance, married couple having young children should have the privilege of being landed together, each accompanied by a child.

(6) In the daytime, one man separates himself from the rest and swings his hat, a handkerchief, or his hand; at night, by the showing of a light and concealing it once or twice.

(40) Under no circumstances should the crew or passengers attempt to land through the surf in their own boats until the last hope of assistance from the shore has vanished. Hundreds of lives have been lost by the violation of this rule. When there are signs of the vessel breaking up and an attempt to land must be made, oil should be freely used in order to minimize the force of the surf. An effective method of doing this is by towing behind the boat a canvas bag filled with oakum and oil and pierced with holes by means of a coarse sail needle, or other suitable instrument.

INDEX

Sec Page
5 32
9 1
8 14

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66

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6

8
8
9
7
7
7

B
Balls, Time
Bar, Index
Barometer, Description of

Mercurial

The aneroid
Barometric changes attending a

storm
Bearing of an object..

storm center....
plate
To find, between any two

points on the chart ......
Bearings, Correction of

Simultaneous reciprocal

Tabulation of
Binnacle, The compass
Binnacles, Compensating
Bowl, The compass.
Boxing the compass
Breathing, To produce..
Breeches buoy, Rescue with..........

18
1
1

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6
6
5
5
5
5

A
Agonic lines.
Air, Ingredients of
Amplitude diagram.

observation. To find

deviation by
Amplitudes, Explanation of

Table containing cor-

rections for

Table of
Aneroid barometer.
Angle, The danger
Angular distance

distances, Measuring
measure, To convert, to

time
Anterior portion
Apparent noon

solar day
time

To find from mean

time
Apparently drowned, Directions

for restoring the
Approaching storm, Importance

of predicting an
Artificial magnets
Astronomical terms, Explana-

tion of
Astronomy, Nautical
Atmosphere
Atmospheric pressure on the Great

Lakes
Average storm track
Axis of magnetism

the earth
Azimuth circle

compass
Explanation of
table for latitude 45°.

470
tabies, Explanation of

4
23
46
19
19
59
47

66

9

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9

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6

11

7
12
30

4
26
25

3
20
21
19

9
5
5
5
5
8
8
8
8

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11

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

9
8
8
6
6

18
23
39
37

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Sec. Page

6 37
6 56
6 36
6 36
6 44
6 43
6 43
6 22
5 26
7 37
5 44
8 18
5 50
8 42
5 8
5 23
5 19
5 19
5 18
5 19
6 12

66

Sec. Page
Conversion of time and angular
measure

5 9
Convert angular measure to time 5 10

time to angular measure 5 10
Correction of bearings

6 8
charts

6 56
courses

6 12
the logged distance 6 24
Corrections for central time

8 23
eastern time.... 8 23
Course and bearing, To find

between any two points on the
chart

6 51
Course corrections, Cautionary
remarks relating to

6 21
Course corrector, Field's

8 32
made good

5 14
of a ship

5 14
protractor

6 45
Shaping the

7 46
The compass

6 12
The departure

7 48
The magnetic

6 12
The true

6 12
Courses, Correction of

6 12
Cross-bearings

5 16
To find the ship's
position by

6 52

66

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66

66

66

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5

Chart, Special.....
Charts, Corrections of

Definition of
General
How to use..
in use on the Great Lakes

The Hydrographic Office
Chip, The log
Circle, The azimuth
Classification of cases in sailings

compass errors

standard time
Clinometer
Coefficient of fineness
Colatitude
Compass binnacle

bowl ....
Boxing the
Brief history of the
card, Divisions of the
course

To find, when true

course is known
errors, Classification of
General description of

the....
Lord Kelvin's
points
Names of
Table of
Proper placing of the
Requirements of a per-

fect
The

azimuth
liquid
navigating
pole
Ritchie
standard

steering
Compasses, Compensation of ......

The care of
To protect from elec-

trical disturbances
Comparison of danger angles
Compensation binnacles

Methods of

of compasses
Conclusions, Knight's
Constants, Table of
Constructing a traverse
Conversion of nautical miles into

statute miles ....
of statute miles into

nautical miles

5
5
5
5
6

18
23
19
19
21
10

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24
18

[ocr errors]

25
25

[ocr errors]

25

[ocr errors]

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

27
25
25

7
8
8
5

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

66

[ocr errors]

27
25
25
42
24

D
Danger angle.

The horizontal

The vertical
angles. Cautionary re-

marks relating to

angles, Comparison of.......
Day, Apparent solar

Mean solar
Dead reckoning ...
Declination, Explanation of..

How named
of the sun, Limita-

tion of the

of the sun, Table of
Deep-sea lead
Departure course

Definition of
latitude, and difference
of longitude, Relation

between

Taking the
Depth recorder
Description of the compass
Determination of a position on

the earth's surface
Determining the position of a ship

when in sight of land

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8
7

18

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Sec. Page

Sec. Page
5 31

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7

5

28
37

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5

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Earth, Magnetic property of the

Poles of the
The equator of the

meridians of the

rotundity of the
Earth's surface, Determination of

a position on the
Eastern time

Corrections for
Engine, Revolutions of for required

speed..

room signals
Equation of time, Explanation of

Table of
Equator of the earth

Magnetic
Error, The heeling

index
Errors of the common log
Examples for practice relating to

middle-latitude sail-

ing

8

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45
52
16
17

4
34
49

3
24

5
5
5
7
6

39

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8

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53
31
34

6

8

9
33

66

Determining the position of a ship

when not in sight of land
Deviation

Cautionary remarks re-

lating to
diagrams
How to determine, by

bearings of the sun
How to name
How to name from an

observed amplitude
Quadrantal
Swinging the ship for
Table

Limitations of the
The semicircular
To find by a time azi-

muth observation
To find by an amplitude

observation
To find by an azimuth

observation
Diagram, Napier's
Diagrams, Deviation

illustrating pilot rules
Difference between front and rear

of a storm
of latitude

To find the
longitude

To find the
longitude, and de-

parture, Relation

between
Dip, Magnetic
Directions for restoring the ap-

parently drowned
Displacement of a vessel.
Distance, Angular

between two places
To find, between any

two points on the chart
Dividers
Divisions of the compass card
Drag or sea anchor.
Drowned, Directions for restoring

the apparently
Drowning persons, Instructions

for saving, by swimming to their
relief

9

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relating to plane sailing
Expanding pitch
Explanation of astronomical

terms

F
Field's course corrector
Fineness, Coefficient of.
Fire-drills
Flinders bar
Fog signals
Formation of storms
Fuel consumption, Notes on

G
General charts
Glass, Horizon

Index

The log
Great Lakes, Atmospheric pres-

sure on the
Average storm

track on the
Life-saving sta-

tions on the
Magnetic variation

on the

Pilot rules for the
Gross tonnage

H
Half points
Hand lead
Hard iron
Heat, Explanation of

22
31

4
2
36

5
6
5

37

9

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66

Sec. Page
6 37
6 56
6 36
6 36
6 44
6 43
6 43
6 22
5 26
7 37
5 44
8 18
5 50
8 42
5 8
5 23
5 19
5 19
5 18
5 19
6 12

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.6

Sec. Page
Conversion of time and angular
measure

9
Convert angular measure to time 5 10

time to angular measure 5 10
Correction of bearings

6 8
charts

6 56
courses

6 12
the logged distance 6 24
Corrections for central time

8 23
eastern time......... 8 23
Course and bearing, To find

between any two points on the
chart

6 51
Course corrections, Cautionary
remarks relating to

6 21
Course corrector, Field's

8 32
made good

14
of a ship

5 14
protractor

6 45
Shaping the

7 46
The compass

6 12
The departure

7 48
The magnetic

6 12
The true

6 12
Courses, Correction of

6 12
Cross-bearings

5 16
To find the ship's
position by.

6 52

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Chart, Special...
Charts, Corrections of

Definition of
General
How to use
in use on the Great Lakes

The Hydrographic Office
Chip, The log
Circle, The azimuth
Classification of cases in sailings

compass errors

standard time
Clinometer
Coefficient of fineness
Colatitude
Compass binnacle

bowl
Boxing the
Brief history of the
card, Divisions of the
course

To find, when true

course is known
errors, Classification of
General description of

the....
Lord Kelvin's
points
Names of
Table of
Proper placing of the
Requirements of a per-

fect
The

azimuth
liquid
navigating
pole
Ritchie
standard

steering
Compasses, Compensation of

The care of
To protect from elec-

trical disturbances
Comparison of danger angles
Compensation binnacles

Methods of

of compasses.
Conclusions, Knight's
Constants, Table of
Constructing a traverse
Conversion of nautical miles into

statute miles ............
of statute miles into
nautical miles

5
5

18
23
19
19
21
10

5

66

6

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25

8
5

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8
8

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25
27
25
25
42
24

5
5
5
5

[ocr errors]

D
Danger angle

The horizontal

The vertical
angles. Cautionary re-

marks relating to

angles, Comparison of ......
Day, Apparent solar

Mean solar
Dead reckoning
Declination, Explanation of

How named
of the sun, Limita-

tion of the

of the sun, Table of
Deep-sea lead
Departure course..

Definition of
latitude, and difference
of longitude, Relation

between

Taking the
Depth recorder
Description of the compass
Determination of a position on

the earth's surface
Determining the position of a ship

when in sight of land

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