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winds (from northeast to south, inclusive) and that the storm center is approaching.

A white pennant displayed with the flags indicates westerly winds (from north to southwest, inclusive) and that the storm center has passed.

When the red pennant is hoisted above the storm-warning flag, as in Fig. 12 (a), winds are expected from the northeast quadrant; when below, as at (b), winds are expected from the southeast quadrant.

When the white pennant is hoisted above the storm-warning flag, as at (c), winds are expected from the northwest quadrant; when below, as at (a), winds are expected from the southwest quadrant.

By night, a red light indicates easterly winds, and a white light above a red light, westerly winds.

39. Hurricane Warnings. – Two red flags with black centers, displayed one above the other, as in Fig. 12(e). indicate the expected approach of a tropical hurricane or of one of those extremely severe and dangerous storms that occasionally move across the Great Lakes and northern Atlantic Coast. Hurricane warnings are not displayed at night.

40. United States Storm-Warning Stations. – The regular and special United States storm-warning stations of the Great Lakes are as follows:

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Special Stations Chicago, Ill.

Saugatuck, Mich. Big Pt Sable, Mich. Mackinaw City, Mich. Menomee, Mich. Manitowoc, Wis. Michigan City, Ind. Holland, Mich.

Manistee, Mich. Manistique, Mich. Sturgeon Bay, Mich.

Sheboygan, Wis. St. Joseph, Mich. Muskegon, Mich. Frankfort, Mich. Gladstone, Mich. Ahnapee, Wis.

Milwaukee, Wis. South Haven, Mich. Ludington, Mich. Glen Haven, Mich. Escanaba, Mich. Kewaunee, Wis.

Racine, Wis.
Charlevoix, Mich.

Kenosha, Wis.
LAKE HURON

Regular Stations
Alpena, Mich.

Port Huron, Mich.

Special Stations Cheboygan, Mich. Middle Island, Mich. Port Huron, Mich. Bay City, Mich.

Sand Beach, Mich. Oscoda, Mich.
Rogers City, Mich. Thunder Bay, Mich. Detour, Mich.
East Tawas, Mich. Pointe aux Barques, Mich.

LAKE ST. CLAIR
Lightship, Detroit, Mich.

LAKE ERIE

Regular Stations
Toledo, Ohio.
Erie, Pa.

Sandusky, Ohio.
Buffalo, N. Y.

Cleveland, Ohio.

Special Stations
Detroit, Mich.

Kelly's Island, Ohio. Huron, Ohio.
Cleveland, Ohio. Ashtabula, Ohio. Conneaut, Ohio.
Put in Bay, Ohio. Pt. Marblehead, Ohio. Lorain, Ohio.
Fairport, Ohio.
Erie, Pa.

Dunkirk, N. Y.
LAKE ONTARIO
Regular Stations
Oswego, N. Y.

Special Stations
Fort Niagara, N. Y. Charlotte, N. Y. Cape Vincent, N. Y.
Oswego, N. Y.

Sodus Point, N. Y. Ogdensburg, N. Y. North Fair Haven, N. Y. Big Sandy Creek, N. Y.

CANADIAN STORM SIGNALS 41. Day Signals. - The following tabular arrangement, supplemented by Fig. 13, will explain the system of storm signals as displayed on the Canadian shore of the Great Lakes:

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Day Signal

If Displayed on Lakes Superior, If Displayed on Lake Huron or in
Erie, or Ontario Indicates

Georgian Bay Indicates

No. 1

A moderate gale is expected at A moderate gale is expected at

first from an easterly direc- first from a southerly direction.

tion.

No 2

A moderate gale is expected at A moderate gale is expected at

first from a westerly direc- first from a northerly direction.

tion.

No. 3

A heavy gale is expected at A heavy gale is expected at

first from an easterly direc- first from a southerly direction.

tion.

No. 4

A heavy gale is expected at A heavy gale is expected at

first from a westerly direc- first from a northerly direction.

tion.

The cone when displayed alone indicates that it is expected that the wind will attain a velocity of 25 miles an hour, but will not exceed 35 miles, and it is not intended to indicate that an ordinary well-found vessel should stay in port, but is simply a warning that strong winds are expected from the quarter indicated.

The drum will always be hoisted when the velocity of the wind is expected to exceed 35 miles an hour.

42. Night Signals. - The night signal corresponding to day signals Nos. 1 and 3 is two lanterns hanging one above the other. The night signal corresponding to day signals Nos. 2 and 4 is two lanterns hanging side by side.

43. Canadian Storm-Warning Stations. – The places where storm warnings are displayed by the Meteorological Service of the Dominion of Canada, are as follows:

Fort William. -Signal mast a little to the east of Canadian Pacific Railway elevator.

Port Arthur.-Signal mast on the town end of the government wharf.

Sault Ste. Marie. - Signal mast on government wharf. Tobermory. - Signal mast on the point between the two harbors.

Parry Sound. - Signal mast on a high ridge of land overlooking harbor.

Midland. - Signal mast on the Grand Trunk Railway wharf.

Collingwood. - Signal mast on the approach to the main steamboat wharf.

Owen Sound. - Signal mast on the west side of harbor opposite Canadian Pacific Railway station.

Sarnia. - Signal mast on the town wharf adjoining waterworks property.

Kincardine. -Signal mast on the bluff overlooking harbor.
Goderich. - Signal mast on bluff near lighthouse.
Saugeen. - Signal mast on the lake-shore foot of the main street.
Bayfield. - Signal mast overlooking harbor.
Pelee Island. - Signal mast near the lighthouse on the north point.

Port Stanley.- Warnings sent out and posted, but no signals displayed.

Port Dover. -Signal mast on wharf opposite Grand Trunk Railway station.

Port Colborne. - Signal mast on the canal bank.
Port Burwell. - Signal mast on hill overlooking harbor.
Amherstburg. -- Signal mast on the wharf near waterworks wharf.
Port Dalhousie. - Signal mast on the canal bank.
Burlington. - Signal mast at the lighthouse near the swing bridge.
Oakville. - Signal mast on the bluff just above the wharf.
Port Credit. - At the lighthouse.
Toronto. - Signal mast at the Queen's wharf.
Port Hope. - Signal mast on the wharf.
Coburg. - Signal mast on the town end of wharf.
Deseronto. -- Signal mast at the end of railway wharf.
Picton.-Signal mast on top of street leading up from wharf.
Prinyer. - Signal mast inside Prinyer Cove.
Kingston.-Signal mast on the steamboat wharf.

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