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RECAPITULATION 59. Remain by the wreck until assistance arrives from shore, unless your vessel shows signs of immediately breaking up.

If not discovered immediately by the patrol, burn rockets, flare-ups, or other lights, or, if the weather be foggy, fire guns.

Take particular care that there are no turns of the whip line around the hawser before making the hawser fast.

Send the women, children, helpless persons, and passengers ashore first. Make yourself thoroughly familiar with these instructions,

and remember that on your coolness and strict attention to them will greatly depend the chances of success in bringing you and your people safely to land.

TABLE III

LIST OF LIFE-SAVING DISTRICTS AND STATIONS ON THE

GREAT LAKES
TENTH DISTRICT-Lakes Erie and Ontario

Name of Station

State

Locality

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N. Y. North side of the mouth of Big Sandy

Creek, Lake Ontario.
N. Y.
N. Y. East side of the entrance of Oswego

Harbor, Lake Ontario.
N. Y. East side of the entrance of Charlotte

Harbor, Lake Ontario.
N. Y. East side of the entrance of Niagara

River, Lake Ontario.
N. Y. South side of the entrance of Buffalo

Harbor, Lake Erie.
Pa. North side of the entrance of Erie

Harbor, Lake Erie.
Ohio West side of Ashtabula Harbor, Lake

Erie.
Ohio West side of the entrance of Fairport

Harbor, Lake Erie.
Ohio West side of the entrance of Cleveland

Harbor, Lake Erie.
Ohio Point Marblehead, near Quarry Docks,

Lake Erie.
Ky.

Falls of the Ohio River, Louisville, Ky.

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ELEVENTH DISTRICT-Lakes Huron and Superior

Name of Station

State

Locality

Lake View Beach Mich. 15 miles north of Fort Gratiot light.
Sand Beach

Mich. Inside harbor, Beach Harbor, Lake

Huron. Pointe aux Barques . Mich. Near light, Lake Huron. Grindstone City Mich. About 2 miles northeast of Port Austin,

and about 2 miles southeast of Port

Austin Reef light, Lake Huron.
Ottawa Point

Mich. Near light, Lake Huron.
Sturgeon Point Mich. Near light, Lake Huron.
Thunder Bay Island Mich. West side of Island, Lake Huron.
Middle Island .

Mich. North end of Middle Island, Lake

Huron.
Hammonds Bay Mich. Hammonds Bay, Lake Huron.
Bois Blanc

Mich. About midway east side of island, Lake

Huron. Vermilion Point Mich. 10 miles west of Whitefish Point, Lake

Superior. Crisps

Mich. 18 miles west of Whitefish Point, Lake

Superior. Two Heart River. Mich. Near mouth of Two Heart River, Lake

Superior.
Muskallonge Lake Mich. Near mouth of Sucker River, Lake

Superior
Grand Marais. Mich. West of harbor entrance.
Marquette

Mich. Near light, Lake Superior.
Ship Canal .

Mich. Old Portage Lake Ship Canal, mile

from north end, on east bank. Duluth

Minn. On Minnesota Point, Upper Duluth.

.

TWELFTH DISTRICT-Lake Michigan

Name of Station

State

Locality

Beaver Island

Mich. Near light.
Charlevoix.

Mich. South side of harbor entrance.
North Manitou Island Mich. Near Pickards wharf.
Point Betsie

Mich. Near light.
Frankfort

Mich. South side of the entrance of harbor. Manistee

Mich. North side of the entrance of harbor. Grand Pointe au Sable Mich. 1 mile south of light. Ludington

Mich. North side of the entrance of harbor. Pentwater

Mich. North side of the entrance of harbor. White River

Mich. North side of the entrance of White

Lake. Muskegon

Mich. North side of the entrance of harbor,

Port Sherman. Grand Haven

Mich. North side of the entrance of harbor. Holland

Mich. In the harbor, south side. South Haven

Mich. North side of the entrance of harbor. Saint Joseph

Mich. In the harbor, north side. Michigan City

Ind. East side of the entrance of harbor. South Chicago

Ill. North side of the entrance of Calumet

Harbor. Chicago .

Ill. About 7 miles S by E of Chicago River

light. Old Chicago

Ill. In the harbor. Evanston

Ill. On the Northwestern University

grounds. Kenosha.

Wis. In the harbor, on Washington Island. Racine

Wis. In the harbor. Milwaukee

Wis. Near entrance of harbor, south side. Sheboygan

Wis. Entrance to harbor, north side. Two Rivers

Wis. North side of the entrance of harbor. Kewaunee

Wis. North side of the entrance of harbor. Sturgeon Bay Canal Wis. Eastern entrance of canal, north side. Baileys Harbor

Wis. On easterly side of harbor. Plum Island

Wis. Near northeast point of island, 2 miles

northwest of Pilot Island light.

CARRYING CAPACITY OF LIFE BOATS 60. An applicant for a license as pilot is required to compute the number of passengers that may be carried by the life boats. This is done by the rule given below, which is taken from the “General Rules and Regulations Prescribed by the Board of Supervising Inspectors of Steam Vessels for 1900.”

61. The carrying capacity of all life boats shall be determined by the following rule:

Rule.- Multiply the outside length, outside width, and inside depth together, and the product by .6; divide the product by 10 for ocean, lake, bay, or sound steamers; and, for river steamers, divide the product by 7; the quotient will be the number of persons that such a boat is allowed to carry.

ILLUSTRATION. The carrying capacity of a boat 20 feet in length, 5 feet in breadth, and 3 feet in depth, will be determined as follows: For ocean, lake, bay, or sound steamers, 20 X 5 X 3 X.6 180

18 persons. 10

10

For river steamers, same boat,

180
7

25 persons.

62. Regulations Relating to Life Boats. – A11 life boats must be substantially built. Metallic life boats must be constructed of good iron or other suitable metal, not less in thickness than No. 18 wire gauge (Birmingham standard).

All life boats must have life lines securely fastened to their gunwales, and a good rope painter of suitable size and length properly attached; and every life boat must be supplied with not less than four oars, and kept in good condition for immediate use.

All life boats must, if possible, be carried on cranes, or dav but if it is not possible so to carry all th life boats required, the remainder must be stowed near at hand, so as to be easily and readily launched when required.

THE STATION BILL

63. The station bill designates the place and duty of every man on board a steamer, when about to abandon ship or save human life.

It gives the name of the officer in charge of each boat, but the crew, except the stroke oar, is designated by numbers. Copies of it must be framed and exhibited in several conspicuous places, such as the saloons, hallways, engine room, etc.

Below is given the usual form of this important document:

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