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another. I have nothing to say for or against the unitarian denomination. My object has been to advance the evidence in support of my charges against the ORTHODOX LEADERS.

I hope moreover you will remember, that the question is not, whether the writer of these letters is a mere boy, who has embraced heretical opinions ? I can indeed lay no claim to grey hairs, and as to my religious sentiments, they have nothing to do with the subject. I have stated facts. For the truth and accuracy of these, the documents now in my possession, and the individuals who have furnished them, are responsible. I have spoken with great freedom. I have aimed to call things by their right names. The provocation demanded this. The times require this. Religion sanctions this. I have no ill will towards a single Christian of orthodox sentiments. I have no love for controversy. Orthodox usurpations have driven me, contrary to my wishes, my feelings, my early associations, my very nature, into the field of theological warfare. I am not the man to see my dearest rights wrested from me, and the precious truths of Jesus slandered, without an effort for their preservation. I undertook the present work of my own accord. I could find no one who thought your attack on unitarians worthy of an answer. I viewed the subject in a different light. I wished to aid the cause of religious liberty. I have sincerely endeavoured to write in a Christian spirit. I am a plain spoken man, and may have unconsciously offended. If I have uttered one unchristian expression, I heartily ask forgiveness. But if I am a young man and my opinions are unitarian, these circumstances should have no unfavorable effect on the merits of the present publication. I shall regard personal attacks, or sarcastic sneers, or cold ridicule, as no sufficient answer to my plain statements, and logical conclusions.

I hope you will remember finally, that the question, the first question at issue, is this : Are the principal statements in this publication substantially true? You will not forget that the second is like unto the first : Do these facts fully and fairly demonstrate the truth of the disputed proposition? I have no personal claims on you for an answer to these questions. I have no intention of urging any so far as I am personally concerned. But I do think you stand pledged to the Christian public, either to prove that these statements are false ; or to show their consistency, with religious liberty, free inquiry, and the principles of congregationalism. I do think that you are under solemn obligations to the religious community, either to retract several of your declarations which these facts prove incorrect; or to establish their truth by more satisfactory evidence than your mere assertion. As one of this public I call upon you to pursue one or the other of these courses. I cannot find a more appropriate conclusion than is furnished in your own words, “ I could wish the call on you to do this had fallen into better hands than mine. But as the unpleasant task has not to my knowledge been undertaken, I have ventured upon it through a sense of duty. I can only appeal to the good sense, and equity, and candor of the community, for a justification of my course. If these condemn me, then let me stand condemned. If not, then I shall at least have the satisfaction of believing, THAT WHAT I HAVE DONE MAY CONTRIBUTE TO BRING MORE INTO LIGHT, CERTAIN MATTERS, WHICH IT HAS NOW BECOME HIGH TIME THAT OUR COMMUNITY SHOULD MORE FULLY UNDERSTAND.”

Yours respectfully,

BERNARD WHITMAN. Wallham, December, 1830,



1. Theological Seminaries, page 2 - CHURCHES.

Andover Creed, 2.

1. Measures for organizing a feeble

2. Admission to Churches, 6.

Church, 56.

3. Ercommunications, 8.

2. Measures for erecting a Meeting-

4. Diriding Churches, 9 - Case of house for a feeble Church, 57 —

the Church in Wilton, N. H., 9. Case in Billerica, 57 - Mr. Bennett's

5. E.cclusion of Ministers, 11 -- Case Appeal, 57.

of Rev. Mr. Duncan of Baltimore, 11. 3. Measures for filling the new Meet.

6. Voting for Ministers, 12 — Trustinghouse, 59.

Deeds, 12.

| 4. Measures for supporting the feeble


1. Misrepresentation, 14- Case of the 5. Reasons for establishing new

Rev. Mr. Hubbard of Middleton, 14 Churches, 61.

Confession of the Rev. Mr. Braman


of Danvers, 15 — Confession of the

| 1. The Orthodox deny Unitarians the

Rev. Mr. Payson of Leominster, 15

Christian Name, 6:3.

-- Confession of an Orthodox Gen-

2. The Orthodox deny Unitarians the

tleman, 16.

Christian Character, 64.

2. Threatening, 17 – Case of an Or-

3. The Orthodox assert that Unita-

thodox Minister in Midulesex Coun-

rian Ministers are not Ministers of
ty, 17 - Case of an Orthodox Minis-

the Gospel, 66.

ter in Pepperell, 17.

4. The Orthodox assert that Baptism

3. Oppression, 18.

and the Lord's Supper, when ad-

4. Concealment, 19 - Case in Middle-

ministered by Unitarians, are not

sex County, 19.

Christian Ordinances, 66.

5. Orthodox Reasons for not exchang-5. The Orthodox assert that Unitari-

ing with Unitarians, 21 – Case in

rians spread their Doctrines by

Connecticat, 21 — Extract from wri-

Concealment, 67.

tings of the Rev. Mr. Withington

6. The Orthodox assert that Unitari-

of Newbury, 22.

ans are Universalists, 69.


7. The Orthodox assert that Unitari-

1. Consociations established. 23 -1

ans are Heretics, 71.

Case of the Rev. Abiel Abbot of Cov-

8. The Orthodox assert that Unitari.

entry, Conn., 23 — State Law against

ans are Enemies to Jesus Christ, 71.

Unitarianism in Connecticut, 26.

9. The Orthodox assert that Unitari.

2. Attempts to establish Consociations,

ans are Deists in Disguise, 72.

27 – In the western part of Massa-

10. The Orthodox assert that Unitari-

chusetts, 27 - By the Central Asso-

ans are In fidels, 73.

ciation of Hampshire County, 28 -

11. The Orthodox assert that Unita-

By the leaders of the Orthodox par-

rians are Emissaries of Satan,
ty, in 1815, throughout Massachu-

Devils, and worse than the Devil, 74.

setts, 29.

12. The Orthodox assert that Unita-

3. Ecclesiastical Councils, 37 - Case

rians cannot be saved, but must go

of the Rev. Mr. Willard of Deer-

to Hell, 75.
field, 37 - Case of the Dev. Mr.

Goodwin of Sandwich, 38— Case ofl. VI. MISCELLANEOUS Facts.

the Rev. Mr. Field, 39.

1. Education Society, 78— Exclusive

4. Ministerial Associations, 40 -- in its reception of beneficiaries, 78

Hampshire Central Association, 41

- Exclusive in its dismission of

- Franklin Association, 41 — Hop beneficiaries, 78 -- Adopts meas-

kinton Association, 41 - Case of the ures to prevent its beneficiaries from

Rev. Thomas Worcester of Salisbury, embracing Unitarianism, 79.


2. Praying, 80 — For the conversion

5. Churches, 43 – Terms of admission of Unitarian Ministers, 80 — Ortho-

into, 43 — Excommunication from, dox Wives encouraged to pray for

45 – Refusal to dismiss Members the conversion of their Unitarian

and to recommend them to Unitarian |

Husbands, 81 - Harvard University
Churches, 47 — Rights claimed and

prayerfully slandered, 82 — Unscrip-
exercised by Churches, 51 – Con- |

tural Doxologies, 83.

ferences of Churches, 53.

| 3. Withholding Patronage, 84– case

in Geneseo, N. York, 84.

Andover vs. New Haven, 1234. Convention of Congregational “Spectator” vs. Dr. Woods, 123

Ministers, 85 — Old Colony Asso. | Dr. Ely of Philadelphia, 124ciation, 86 - North Worcester Asso- | Dr. Smith of Princeton, 124 ciation, 86.

Rev. Mr. M'Niece, of N. Y. 124, 5. Andover Theological Seminary, 87 | III. PRINCIPLES AND DOCTRINES OF - Undue influence used to cause the

THE PILGRIMS. students to embrace Orthodox senti- | 1. Principles of the Pilgrims, 126 ments, 88 - Means used to prevent | The Advancement of the Reformastudents embracing Unitarianism, 89 tion, 126 — Open Communion, 128 - Objections of Students to Ortho- | - The Perfect Independence of dox opinions treated with ridicule, 89 every Congregational Church, 131 - Students persecuted for contro — The Perfect Equality of Congreverting favorite opinions of the Pro gational Churches, 132. fessors, 89 - Case of James Kim- | 2. Doctrines of the Pilgrims, 133 ball, 89 - Persecution of Professor Three Persons in the Godhead, and Murdock, 90.

the Eternal Generation of the Son, 6. Misrepresentation, 91 - of Unita 134 — Doctrine of Imputation, 134

rians and Unitarianism, 91 — of the - Damnation of Infants, 135 — progress of Unitarian sentiments, 92 Man not a Free Agent, 135 — Elec

of the belief of Unitarians - 93 tion and Reprobation, 135. of the tendency of the Unitarian IV. HARVARD UNIVERSITY. faith, 94.

1. Complaints that the Proceeds of

the Funds given by Orthodor IndiLETTER II.

viduals are appropriated to the I. PRINCIPLES AND DOCTRINES! support of Unitarian Instructers, OF THE REFORMERS.

137. 1. Reformers, 99 — Martin Luther, 99 2. Complaints that their Rights in

- Philip Melancthon, 99 — Ulrick Harvard University are wrested Zuingle, 100 – John Calvin, 101 — 1 from the Orthodox, and that the InMichael Servetus, 101.

stitution has assumed a Sectarian 2. Principles of the Reformation, 104 Character, 139.

- The Scriptures are the sufficient 3. The Orthodor have declared that and only rule of Faith and Practice, it would be tempting God for Or104 - All Men have an equal thodox Parents to send their Sons right to study and understand the to Harvard University, 141. Scriptures for themselves, 106.

V. Roman CATHOLICS. 3. Doctrines of the Reformation, 1. Condemnation of the Measures of

109 - Reformers not agreed in the Catholics, 141. any particular set of Reformed Doc. 2. Complaints that the Catholic trines, 112.

Church is exclusive, 143. 4. Orthodox Disagreement with Cal. 3. Complaints that the Catholic

vinism, 113 -> Five Points of Church adopts unchristian plans Calvinism, 113.

for maintaining and propagating II. DISAGREEMENT.

her religious faith, 144. 1. The Nature of God, 116 - 4. Complaints that the Catholic Faith

First, Andover Systein, 116 - is unsatisfactory and absurd, 145. Secondly, Three proper distinct per

VI. UNIVERSALISTS. sons, 117 - Thirdly, High Arian- 1. Condemnation of the Universalists ism, 117 — Fourthly, Humanitarian as unworthy to take an oath, 148. ism, 117.

2. Condemnation of the Universalist 2. The Nature of the Son of God, doctrine as dangerous, 149.

118 — Professor Stuart's opinion, 3. Denial to the Universalist of his 118 Low Arianism. 118_ Dr. Civil Rights, 150. Miller's opinion, 119 — Belief in a 4. Depriving ihe Universalist of his second God, 119 – Opinion of a Civil Rights on account of his

distinguished Divine in Ohio, 119. 1 Religious Opinions, not a Christian 3. Atonement, 120.– An Exhibition, remedy, 151. according to Dr. Murdock, 120 — A |

" VII. Tracts. Substitution, according to Luther, Measures for their Distribution, 152. 120 — A Satisfaction, according to

VIII. SWITZERLAND. Calvin, Flavel, Dr. Dana, 121 - Religious Persecutions in SwitzerAn Infinite Atonement, 121 – No land, by whom caused, 155 et seq. Atonement, 122.

IX. CONSCIENCE. 4. Agreement in Affection, 122


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