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Be hot and cold with him;change every mood, Or think, but 'twill be treason.
Habit, and garb, as often as he varies ; Sab.Tyrants' arts

(power : Observe him, as his watch observes his clock; Are to give Matterers grace ; accusers, 3 And true, as turkoise in the dear lord's “ That those may seem to kill whom they ring,

“ devour." Look well or ill with him; ready to praise Now, good Cremutius Cordus. His lordship, if he spit, or but piss fair,

Cor. Hail to your lordship. Have an indifferent stool, or break wind Nat. Who's that salutes your cousin ? well;

Lat. 'T'is one Cordus, [They whisper. Nothing can 'scape their catch.

A gentleman of Rome; one that has writ Sab. Alas! these things

Annals of late, they say, and very well. Deserve no note, conterr'd with other vile, Nat. Annals? of what times ? And filthier flatteries, that corrupt the tiines: Lat. I think of Pompey's, When, not alone our gentries chief are fain And Caius Cæsar's ; and so down to these. To make their safety from such sordid acts, Nat. How stands b' affected to the preBut all our consuls, and no little part

sent state? Of such as have been prætors, yea, the most Is he or Drusian? or Germanican? Of senators (that else not use their voices ) Or ours? or neutral ?

Pedarii. Lat. I know him not so far. Start up in public senate, and there strive Nat. Those tiines are soinewhat queasie Who shall propound most abject things, and

to be toucht.

(work? base;

Have you or seen, or heard part of his So much, as oft Tiberius hath becu heard, Lat. Not I; he means they shall be pubLeaving the court, to cry, O race of men,

lic shortly.
Prepar'd for servitude'? which shew'd that Nat. 0, Cordus do you call hiin?
he,

Lat. I.
Who least the public liberty could like, Sub. But these our times
As lothly brook'd their flat servility: Are not the same, Arruntius.

Sil. Well, all is worthy of us, were it more, Arr. Times? the men,
Who with our riots, pride, and civil hate, The men are not the same: 'tis we are base,
Have so provok'd the justice of the gods. Poor, and degenerate from th' exalted strain
We, that (within these fourscore years, were Of our great fathers. Where is now the soul
born

Of god-like Cato? he, that durst be good, Free: equal lords of the triumphed world, When Cæsar durst be evil; and had power, And knew no masters, but affections ; As not to live his slave, to die his master. To which betraying first our liberties, Or where's the constant Brutus ? that (being We since became the slaves to one man's

proof lusts;

Against all charni of benefits) did strike And now to many: every ministering spy So brave a blow into the monster's heart That will accuse and swear, is lord of you, That sought unkindly'to captive his country. Of me, of all our fortunes and our lives. O, they are fled the light. Those mighty Our looks are calld to question, and our

spirits words,

Lie rak'd up with their ashes in their urns, How innocent soever, are made crines; And not a spark of their eternal fire We shall not shortly dare to tell our dreams, Glows in a present bosom. All's but blaze, * And true, as TURKISE in the dear lord's ring,

Look well or ill with hi.n.] Alluding to the table of the turkoise stone, which is said to change its colour, as the wearer is in good or bad health. The lines that follow, are a translation from these of Juvenal:

-Laudare paratus,
Si bene ructavit, si rectum minxit amicus,

Si trulla inverso crepitum dedit aurea fundo. Sat. 3. 106. Senators, that else not use their voices.] The poet has here added in the margin the word Pedurii. It is the classical expression for those who never spoke in the senate, but only went over to the side they voted for: hence they were said pedibus ire in sententiam.

O race of men, Prepar'd for servitude ! &c.] Tacitus explains this; Memoriæ proditur Tiberium, quotiens curia egrederetur, Græcis verbis in hunc modum eloqui solitum, O homines ad seroitutem paratos !scilicet etiam illum, qui libertatem publicain nollet, tam projectæ servientium patientiæ tædebat.

Annal. 1. 3. c. 65. Egual lords of the triumphed world.] i.e. The Roman empire. The expression is fine, and gives us an admirable idea of what every private citizen of Rome esteemed himself, in the times of the republick.

UNKINDLY to captite his country.) i. e. unnaturally: for the word kind, signifying nature, with its compounds and derivatives, was thus used by the writers of that age.

name.

all envy;

Flashes, and smoke, wherewith we labour so, (Who know no tears, but from their capo There's nothing Roman in us; nothing good,

tives) use Gallant or great : 'tis true that Cordus says, To shew in so great losses. “ Brave Cassius was the last of all that race.” Cor. I thought once '',

[deaths, [Drusus passes by. Considering their forms, age, manner of Sab. Stand by, lord Drusus.

The nearness of the places where they fell, Hat. Th' emperor's son, give place. T’have parallel'd him with great Alexander: Sil. I like the prince well.

For both were of best feature, of high race, Art. A riotous youth.

Year'd but to thirty, and, in foreign lands, There's little hope of him.

By their own people, al.ke made away. Sab. That fault his age

Sub. I know not, for his death, how you Will, as it grows, correct Methinks he bears

might wrest it: Himself each day, more nobly than other ; But, for his life, it did as much disdain And wins no less on men’s affections, Comparison, with that voluptuous, rash, Than doth his father lose. Believe me, I Giddy, and drunken Macedon's as mine love him ;

Doth with my bond-inan's. All the good And chiefly for opposing to Sejanus.'

in him, Sil. And I, for gracing his young kins- (His valour, and his fortune) he made his ; men so,

But he had other touches of late Romans, The sons of prince Germanicus: it she's That more did speak him: Pompey's dignity, A gallant clearness in him, a straight mind, The innocence of Cato, Cæsar's spirit, That envies not, in them, their father's Wise Brutus' temperance; and every virtue,

Which parted unto others, gave them name, Arr. His name was, while he liv'd, above Flow'd mix'd in hiin. He was the soul of

goodness : And being dead, without it. O, that man ! And all our praises of him are like streams If there were seeds of the old virtue lett, Drawn from a spring, that still rise full, and They liv'd in bim.

leave Sil. He had the fruits, Arruntius,

The part remaining greatest. More than the seeds: Sabinus, and myself Arr. I am sure Had means to know him, within ; and can He was too great for us, and that they knew

[friends.) Who did remove him hence. We were his followers, (he would call us Sab. When men grow fast 'He was a man most like to virtue; in all, Honour'd and lov'd, there is a trick in state And every action, nearer to the gods, Which jealous princes never fail to use) Than men, in nature; of a body as fair How to decline that growth, with fair pretext, As was his mind; and no less reverent And honourable colours of employment, In face, than tame: he could so use his state Either by embassy, the war, or such, Temp'ring his greatness with his gravity, To shift ihem forth into another air, [he : As it avoided all self-love in bim,

Where they may purge, and lessen ; so was And spight in others. What his funeralslack'd And had his seconds there, sent by Tiberius, In images, and pomp, they had supply'd And his more subtle dam, to discontent him; With honourable sorrow, soldiers' sadness, To breed and cherish mutinies ; detract A kind of silent mourning, such, as men His greatest actions ; give audacious check

For opposing to Sejanus.] This construction is a glaring Latinism. Spenser has many instances of the same nature : and the Arcadia supplies us with one exactly parallel; “ Resist to its oppressor.Book 5. p. 455. edit. fol. 1674. Mr. SYMPSON.

Our translation of the Bible furnisheth us with another instance of the same nature; a construction by no means inelegant, even in prose: “ His servants ye are, to whom ye “ obey," i. e. are obedient, Roin. vi, 16. He ruas a man most like to virtue ; in all

And every action, nearer to the gods,

Than men, in nature.) Jonson has borrowed the noble character which Paterculus hath given Cato, and applies it with great propriety to Germanicus : Homo virtuti simillimus, et per omnia ingenio diis qudm hominibus propior. Paterculus, l. 2. c. 35. The margin of the edition in 1605, is crouded with references to the Roman historians; but they are chiefly brought as vouchers for the facts alluded to, or the descriptions which he gives of the persons concerned. When he borrows the sentiment or thought, he is frequently silent; and particularly, he takes no notice of being here indebted to Paterculus. 10 Í thought once

T'hare parallel'd him with great Alerander.] This observation comes with great decorum of character from the mouth of Cordus the historian: but Tacitus, from whom it is taken, assigns no particular person as the author of the parallel... Erant qui formuni, ætatem, genus mortis, ob propinquitatem etiam locorum in quibus interiit, magni dlexandri, fatis adequarent. Annal. 1. 2. c. 73.

report him.

To his commands; and work to put him out Sat. Reputed so, my lord, and of deep
In open act of treason.
All which snares

practice.
When his wise cares prevented, a fine poison Sej. Bring him in, to me, in the gallery ;
Was thought on, to mature their practices. And take you cause to leave us there toge-
Cor. Here comes Sejanus.

ther:

[On. Sil. Now observe the stoops,

I would confer with him, about a griefThe bendings, and the falls.

Arr. So, yet ! another ? yet? O desperate Arr. Most creeping base !

state

Of grov'ling honour ! seest thou this, O sun, Sejanus, Satrius, Terentius, &c. And do we see thee after? Methinks, day

[They pass over the stage. Should lose his light, when men do lose Sej. I note 'em well: no more. Say you.

their shames, Sat. My lord,

And for the empty circumstance of life"?, There is a gentleman of Rome would Betray their cause of living. buy

Sil. Nothing so. Sej. How do you call him you talk'd with? Sejanus can repair, if Jove should ruin. Sat. 'Please your lordship,

He is the now court-god; and well applied It is Eudemus, the physician

With sacrifice of knees, of crooks, and To Livia, Drusus' wife.

cringe ; Sej. On with your suit.

He will do more than all the house of heav'n Would buy, you said

Can, for a thousand hecatombs. 'Tis he Sat. A tribune's place, my lord.

Makes us our day, or night; hell, and Sej. What will he give?

elysium Sat. Fifty sestertia.

Are in his look : we talk of Rhadamanth, Sej. Livia's physician, say you, is that Furies, and firebrands; but 'tis his trown fellow?

That is all these ; where, on the adverse part, Sat. It is, my lord ; your lordship’s Hissmile is more, than e'er(yet) poets feign'd answer.

Of bliss, and shades, nectarSej. To what?

Arr. A serving boy! Sat. The place, my lord. Tis for a gen- I knew him, at Caius' trencher'}, when for tleinan,

[him ; He prostituted his abused body [hire Your lordship will well like of, when you see To that great gormond, fat Apicius '* : And one, that you may make yours, by the And was the noted pathick of the time. grant.

[his name. Sab. And, now, the second face of the Sej. Well, let him bring his money, and

whole world, Sat. 'Thank your lordship. He shall, The partner of the empire, hath his image my lord.

Rear'd equal with Tiberius, borne in ensigns; Sej. Come hither.

Commands, disposes every dignity, Know you this same Eudemus ? is he Centurions, tribunes, heads of provinces, learn'd?

Prætors and consuls; all that heretofore Fifty sestertia.] That is of our money, as Jonson himself hath noted, 375l. for which he refers us to Budæus de asse, l. 2, p. 64. 12 And for the empty circumstance of life, Betruy their cause of living.] Et propter vitam, vivendi perdere causam. Juvenal. sat. 8. v. 84.

Dr. GREY. 13 I knew him at Caius' trencher.] He means Caius Cæsar, the grandson of Augustus. Primâ juventá C. Cæsarem Divi Augusti nepotem sectatus, non sine rumore Apicio diviti et prodigo stuprum venum dedisse. Tacit. Annal. l. 4. c. 1.

1* To that great GORMOND fat Apicius.] Apicius was a thorough-paced epicure. Apicius homo luxuriosissimus ; 128 libros de condimentis jusculorum et ferculorum scripsit. To him Juvenal alludes, sat. xi. 2, 3.

-Quid enim majore cachinno Excipitur vulgi, quàm pauper Apicius ? Not. Lubini. Pauper Apicius, prorsus proverbii speeiem habet in illum qui gulosus et inops est. Tres fuisse Apicios, evedemque gulosos, diversis fuisse temporibus, animadvertit Lipsius. Comment. ad l. 4. Annal. Tacit. Vide plura Fabricii bibliothec. Latin. He calls him gormond from Gormond, called likewise Guthrum, the Danish king, who was overcome by king Alfred. “ In regard the Danes consumed their time in profuseness and " belly-cheer, in idleness, and sloth--in so much, that from the laziness of the Danes in

general, we even to this day call a slothful, idle person a Lurdane. So from the licen“ tiousness of this Gurmond and his army, we brand all luxurious people with the name of “ gurmondizers.

Webl's Vindication of Stone-henge restored, 2d ed. 1725. p. 227. “ Gurmond lived about the middle of the ninth century." Dr. Grey.

Cc

Soj. Sir?

Roine's general suffrage gave, is now his sale. If you can but lay hold upon the means ; The gain, or rather spoil, of all the earth, Do but observe his huniour, and--believe One, and his house, receives.

itSil. Ile hath of late

{ducing He is the noblest Roman, where he takes-Mace him a strength too, strangely, by re- Here comes his lordship. All the prætorian bands into one camp,

Sej. Now, good Satrius. Which he commands: pretending that the Sät. This is the gentleman, my lord. soldiers,

Sej. Is this?

[quainted. By living loose and scatter'd, fell to riot ; Give me your hand, we must be more acAnd trict if any sudden enterprise

Report, sir, bath spoke out your art and Should be attempter, their united strength

learning : Would be far more than sever'd; and their And I am glad I have so needful cause,

(However in itself painful and hard) More strict, if from the city inore remov'd. To make me known to so great virtue. Look, Sub. Heri', new, he builds, what kind Who is that, Satrius ?--I have a grief, sir, of forts he please,

That will desire your help. Your name 's Is heard to court the soldier, by his name,

Eudenius?
Wooes, feasts the chieiest men of action, Eud. Yes.
Whose wants, not loves, compel them to
be his.

Eud. It is, my lord.
And tho' he ne'er were liberal by kind '5, Sej. I hear you are
Yet to his own dark ends, he's niost profuse, Physician to Livia, the princess?
Lavish, and leiting fly, he cares not what Eud. I minister unto her, my good lord.
To his ambition.

Soj. You minister to a royal lady then. Arr. Yet, hath he ambition? Thigher Eud. She is, my lord, and fair. Is there that step in state can make him Sej. That's understood Or more? or any thing he is, but less ? Of all their sex, who are or would be so; Sil. Nothing but emperor.

And those that would be, physick soon can árr. The name Tiberius,

make 'em :

lours. Ilope, will keep, howe'er he hath foregone For those that are, their beauties fear no coThe dignity and power.

Eud. Your lordship is conceited 16. Sil. Sure, while he lives.

Sej. Sir, you know it. sirr. And dead, it comes to Drusus. And can (if need be) read a learned lecture, Should he fail,

On this, and other secrets. 'Pray you tell To the brave issue of Germanicus ;

me, And they are three: too many (ha ) for him What more of ladies, besides Livia, To have a piot upon?

Have you your patients ? Sub. I do not know

[face Eid. Many, my good lord. The heart of his designs; but, sure, their The great Augusta, Urgulania, Looks farther than the present.

Mutilia Prisca, and Plancina; diverse rrr. By the gods,

Sej. And, all these tell you the particulars If I could guess he had but such a thought, Of every several grief? how first it grew, My sword should cleave him down from And then increas'd, what action caused that; head to heart,

What passion that: and answer to each But I woul: tind it out: and with my hand

point I'd hurl h's panting brain about the air That you will put 'em. In mites, as sinall us atomes, to undo

Eud. Eise, my lord, we know not The knotted bed-

How to prescribe the remedies. Sub. You are observ’d, Arruntius.

Sej. Go to, Arr. Death! I dare tell him so; and all You are a subtle nation, you physicians ! his spies : [He turns ti Sejanus Clients. And grown the only cabinets in court, You, sir, I would, do you looki and you. To ladies' privacies. Faith, which of these Sub. Forbear.

Is the most pleasant lady in her physick?

Come, you are modest now.
Satrius, Eud: ".us, Sejanus.

Eud. Lis fit, my lord.
Sat. Here ne will in tant be: It's walk a Sij. Why, sir, I do not ask you of their
You're in a nuse, Eudemus? (turn;

urines,

[is best? Eus Not I, sır.

Whose smell's most violet? or whose siege I wonder be should mark me out so! weil, Or who makes hardest faces on her stool? Jove unit Apoio commiiior the best. Which ladysleeps with her own face anights ? Sai. Your fortune's made unto you 110w, Which puts her teeth off, with her clothes, Eugenius,

in court

15 He lie'er mere liberal BY KIND.] Ly nature. See note 7. 16 Yur boritilip is couteiled.] Alerry, disposed to joke. So in Every Man in his Ilamour, You are conceited, sir.”

" in gain.”

Or, which her bair? which her complexion ? Eud. Yes. And, in which box she puts it? These were Sej. The place? [your lordship. questions,

Eul. My gardens, whither I shall fetch That might, perhaps, have put your gravity Soj. Let me adore my Esculapius. To some defence of blush. 'But, I enquir’d, Why, this indeed is physick! and outWhich was the wittiest? merriest? wantcn

speaks est?

The knowledge of cheap drugs, or any use Harmless inter'gatories, but conceits ". Can be made out of it! more comforting Methinks Augusta should be most perverse,

Than all your opiates, juleps, apozens, And froward in her fit?

Magistral syrups, or---Begone, my friend, Eud. She's so, my lord.

Not barely styled, but created so; Sj. I knew it. And Mutilia the most Expect things greater than thy largest hopes, jocund.

To overtake thee: fortune shall be taught Euil. 'Tis very true, my lord.

To hnow how ill she hath deserv'd thus Sej. And why would you Livia?

long, Conceal this froin me, now? Come, what is To come behind thy wishes. Go, and speed. I know she's quick and quaintly spirited, “ Ambition makes more trusty slaves than And will have strange thoughts, when she

need." is at leisure?

These fellows, by the favour of their art, She tells 'em all to you.

Have still the means to tempt; oft-times Eud. My noblest lord,

the power. He breathes not in the empire, or on earth, If Livia will be now corrupted, then Whom I would be ambitious to serve Thou hast the way, Sejanus, to work out (In any act, that may preserve mine honour) Ilis secrets, who (thou know'st) endures thee Before your lordship.

not,

[thein. Sej. Sir, you can lose no honour,

Her husband Drusus: and to work a cainst By trusting aught to me. The coarsest act Prosper it, Pallas, thou that better 'st wit; Done to my service, I can so requite, For Venus hath the smallest share in it. As all the world shall style it honourable : " Your idle virtuous definitions (vain :

Tibcrius, Sejanus, Drusus. “Keep honour poor, and are as scorn'd as

[One kneels to him. “ Those deeds breathe honour that do suck Tib. We not endure these flatteries, let

(betray

him stand; Eud. But, good my lord, if I should thus Our empire, ensigns, axes, rods and state The counsels of my patient, and a lady's Take not away our human nature from us : Of her high place and worth; what might Look up, on us, and tali before the gods. your lordship

Sej. How like a god speaks Cæsar! (Who presently are to trust me with your Arr. There observe !

[terv. Judge of my faith?

[own,) He can endure that second, that's no ilata Sej. Only the best I swear.

O, what is it, proud time will not believe Say now that I should utter you my grief?

Of his own worth, to hear it equal prais'd And with it the true cause; that it were love, Thus with the gods ? And love to Livia; you should tell her this ? Cor. He did not hear it, sir. Should she suspect your faith? I would you Arr. He did not ? Tut, he must not, could

we think meanly. Tell me as much from her; see if my brain

"Tis your most courtly known confederacy, Could be turn'd jealous.

To have your private parasite redeem
Eud. Happily, my lord,

What he in public subtilly will lose,
I could in time tell you as much and more ; In making him a name.
So I might safely promise but the first

Hat. Right mighty lord--
To her from you.

Tib. We must make up our ears 'gainst Sej. As safely, my Eudemus,

these assaults

[more (I now dare call thee so) as I have put Of charming tongues ; we pray you use no The secret into thee.

These contumelies to us; style not us Eud. My lord

Or lord, or migaty, who protess ourself Sej. Protest not.

The servant of the senate, and are proud Thy looks are vows to me, use only speed,

T enjoy them our good, just, and favouring And but affect her with Sejanus' love,

Cor. Karely dissembled.

[lords. Thou art a man, made to make consuls. Arr. Prince-like to the life. Go.

(mecting Sab.“ When power that may command, Eud. My lord, I'll promise you a private

so much descends, (tends.' This day together.

“ Their bondage, whom it stoops to, it inSej. Canst thou ?

Tib. Whence are these letters? "? Harmless inter'gatories, but conceits.] i.e. nothing, but conceits. Though Mr. Sympson con ctures that pure is the true reading.

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