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Hat. From the senate.
Tib. So.

Whence these?

Lat. From thence too.

Tib. Are they sitting now?

With fools and blind men:

the evil,

Lat. They stay thy answer, Cæsar.
Sil. If this man

Had but a mind allied unto his words,
How blest a fate were it to us, and Rome?
We could not think that state for which to

Although the aim were our old liberty:
The ghosts of those that fell for that, would

Their bodies liv'd not, now, again to serve.
18 Men are deceiv'd, who think there can
be thrall

"Beneath a virtuous prince. Wish'd liberty
"Ne'er lovelier looks, than under such a

But, when his grace is merely but lip-good,
And that, no longer than he airs himself
Abroad in public, there, to seem to shun
The strokes and stripes of flatterers, which


Are lechery unto him, and so feed
His brutish sense with their afflicting sound,
As (dead to virtue) he permits himself
Be carried like a pitcher by the ears,
To every act of vice: this is a case
Deserves our fear, and doth presage the nigh
And close approach of bloody tyranny.
"Flattery is midwife unto princes' rage:
"And nothing sooner doth help forth a
[have the time,
"Than that, and whisperers grace, who
"The place, the pow'r, to make all men

Arr. He should be told this; and be bid

we that know


Should hunt the palace-rats, or give them Fright hence these worse than ravens, that devour


The quick, where they but prey upon the
He shall be told it.

Sab. Stay, Arruntius,

We must abide our opportunity;

And practise what is fit, as what is needful.
"It is not safe t' enforce a sovereign's ear:
"Princes hear well, if they at all will hear.
Arr. Ha? say you so, well. In the mean
time, Jove,

(Say not, but I do call upon thee now)
Of all wild beasts preserve me from a tyrant;
And of all tame, à flatterer.

Sil. 'Tis well pray'd.

Tib. Return the lords this voice, we are their creatures,

And it is fit a good and honest prince,
Whom they out of their bounty have in-
structed 19

With so dilate and absolute a power,
Should owe the office of it to their service,
And good of all and every citizen.
Nor shall it e'er repent us to have wish'd
The senate just, and fav'ring lords unto us,
"Since their free loves do yield no less de-
"Ta prince's state than his own inno-
Say then, there can be nothing in their

Shall want to please us, that hath pleased

Our suffrage rather shall prevent, than stay
Behind their wills: 'tis empire to obey,
Where such, so great, so grave, so good de-

18 Men are deceiv'd, who think there can be thrall

Beneath a virtuous prince. Wish'd liberty

Ne'er velier looks than under such a crown.] An instance of the poet's zeal for monarchy, and of his complaisance to the prince then reigning. He has given us a translation of the Latin,

Nunquam libertas gratior exstat,

Quàm sub rege pio.

19 Whom they out of their bounty have INSTRUCTED

With so dilate and absolute a power.] This is the reading of all the editions; but Mr. Seward imagines instructed to be a corruption for intrusted, which gives a more easy and natural construction; and Mr. Theobald has the same correction in the margin of his copy. Perhaps a Latinism is here intended, and Jonson uses instructed in the sense, which the Romans sometimes assigned to instruo, of supplying, or furnishing. And consulting the original, I find this to be really the case; for the beginning of this speech is a translation of what is preserved by Suetonius: Dixit, & nunc, & sæpè aliàs, P. C. bonum & salutarem principem, quem vos tantâ & tam liberâ potestate instruxistis, senatui servire debere, & universis civibus sapè, & plerumque etiam singulis: neque id dixisse me pænitet; & bonos & æquos & faventes vos habui dominos, & adhuc habeo. Tiber. Cæs. c. 29. In this instance, as well as in many others, Jonson has verified the remark of Mr. Dryden, who says of him, that perhaps he did a little too much romanize our tongue, leaving the words which he translated, almost as much Latin as he found them; wherein, though he learnedly followed their language, he did not enough comply with the idiom of ours. What follows, to the conclusion of the speech, is to be met with in Tacitus, Annal. 1. 4. c. 37. & 38. I would observe, however, that the translation of the poet is entirely in the sententious manner of the original, and con cludes with the well-known maxim,

Contemptu fama contemni virtutes.

Yet, for the suit of Spain, t' erect a temple
In honour of our mother and ourself,
We must (with pardon of the senate) not
Assent thereto. Their lordships may object
Our not denying the same late request
Unto the Asian cities: we desire

That our defence for suffering that be known
In these brief reasons, with our after pur-

Since deified Augustus hindered not
A temple to be built at Pergamum,
In honour of himself and sacred Rome;
We, that have all his deeds and words ob-

Ever, in place of laws, the rather follow'd
That pleasing precedent, because with ours,
The senate's reverence also, there, was

But as, t' have once receiv'd it, may de


The gain of pardon; so, to be ador'd
With the continu'd style, and note of gods,
Through all the provinces, were wild am-

And no less pride: yea even Augustus' name
Would early vanish, should it be profan'd
With such promiscuous flatteries. For our

We here protest it, and are covetous
Posterity should know it, we are mortal;
And can but deeds of men: 'twere glory

Could we be truly a prince. And they shall
Abounding grace unto our memory,
That shall report us worthy our fore-fa-

Careful of your affairs, constant in dangers,
And not afraid of any private frown
For public good. These things shall be

to us

Temples and statues, reared in
your minds,
The fairest, and most during imag'ry:
For those of stone or brass, if they become
Odious in judgment of posterity,

Are more contemn'd as dying sepulchres,
Than ta'en for living monuments. We then
Make here our suit, alike to gods and


The one, until the period of our race,
T'inspire us with a free and quiet mind,
Discerning both divine and human laws;
The other, to vouchsafe us after death,
An honourble mention, and fair praise,
T'accompany our actions and our name:
The rest of greatness princes may com-

And (therefore) may neglect; only, a long,
A lasting, high, and happy memory
They should, without being satisfied, pur-
Contempt of fame, begets contempt of vir-
Nat. Rare!


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place the gift

Vow'd to the goddess for our mother's health,
We will the senate know, we fairly like;
[Fortuna equestris.

As also of their grant to Lepidus,
For his repairing the Emilian palace,
And restauration of those monuments:
Their grace too in confining of Silanus
To th' other isle Cithera, at the suit
Of his religious sister, much commends
Their policy, so temp'red with their mercy.
But for the honours which they have de-

To our Sejanus, to advance his statue
In Pompey's theatre (whose ruining fire
His vigilance, and labour kept restrain'd
In that one loss) they have therein out-gone
Their own great wisdoms, by their skilful

And placing of their bounties on a man,
Whose merit more adorns the dignity,
Than that can him; and gives a benefit,
In taking, greater than it can receive.
Blush not, Sejanus, thou great aid of Rome,

-The oracles are ceas'd,

That only Casar, with their tongue, might speak.] The poet with great judgment lays hold on the common opinion of the cessation of oracles about this time, and turns it to a very artful piece of flattery. The fact may be false, but the received notions of Jonson's age sufficiently justify the application. If the reader is desirous to know the sentiments of the learned with regard to the cessation of oracles at this time, I refer him to Vandale de Oraculis, and Fontenelle's Histoire des Oracles.

" Let me be gone, most FELT, and open this!] The honest-hearted Arruntius is impatient to be gone, and vent his indignation at such gross flattery; but the present reading, most felt, conveys no idea of this kind. The true reading seems to be fleet, which agrees with the intention of the speaker.-Mr. SEWARD.

The diction is forced, and uncommon; but I believe the pointing should be corrected, and the present word retained, which is the reading of all the copies.

Arr. Let me be gone: most felt and open this.

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The meaning is, "Let me hasten away; this flattery is not to be endured, it is too gross, " (felt for) palpable, and open.' The poet seems to have made perspicuity of expression give place to the measure of his verse.

Associate of our labours, our chief helper;
Let us not force thy simple modesty
With offering at thy praise, for inore we
Since there's no voice can take it. No man
Receive our speeches as hyperboles:
For we are far from flattering our friend,
(Let envy know) as from the need to flatter.
Nor let them ask the causes of our praise;
Princes have stil their grounds rear'd with

Above the poor low flats of common men;
And who will search the reasons of their

Must stand on equal bases. Lead away.
Our loves unto the senate.

Arr. Cæsar.

Sab. Peace.


Cor. Great Pompey's theatre was never
Till now, that proud Sejanus hath a statue
Rear'd on his ashes.

Arr. Place the shame of soldiers,
Above the best of generals? crack the world!
And bruise the name of Romans into dust,
Ere we behold it!

Sil. Check your passion;
Lord Drusus tarries.

Dru. Is my father mad?

Weary of life, and rule, lords? thus to heave
An idol up with praise! make him his mate!
His rival in the empire!

Arr. O, good prince!


Dru. Allow him statues, titles, honours,

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All. A Castor, a Castor, a Castor, a Cas-
[bear it through
Sej. He that, with such wrong mov'd, can
With patience, and an even mind, knows how
To turn it back. Wrath cover'd carries fate:
Revenge is lost, if I profess my hate.
What was my practice late, I'll now pursue,
As my fell justice. This hath styl’d'it new.

Chorus-of Musicians 23.

22 A Castor, a Castor, &c.] This appellation, as Jonson himself informs us from Dion Cassius, was given by the people to Drusus, on account of the warmth and violence of his temper. In this action of Drusus, the poet professeth to have followed the account of Tacitus; for the story is told otherwise by Dion, and his epitomizer Xiphilin; and the general character of Drusus is represented by them in disadvantageous colours: Tn Merlo ogrn wiw χαλεπη εχρηλω, ωσε και πληγας ιππει επιφάνει δυναι, και δια τυλο και Καςωρ παρωνύμιον ελαβε. Xiphilin. p. 104. edit. Hen. Steph. Par. 1551. He was of so passionate a disposition, that he beat an illustrious person of the equestrian "order, for which reason he had the surname of Castor given him."

23 Chorus of Musicians.] A band of filers as a chorus to a tragedy, wrote upon the plan of the antients, makes, as Mr. Sympson observes, a very different appearance from what we meet wita in Eschylus, or Sophocles. Jonson was sensible of this, and offers some sort of apology for it in his preface. In the Catiline he hath endeavoured to be more exact; and introduces, yet without much mending the matter, a proper chorus, in imitation of the ancient tragedians.

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For the great favours done unto our loves;
And, but that greatest Livia bears a part
In the requital of thy services,

I should alone despair of aught, like means,
To give them worthy satisfaction.

Liv. Eudemus (I will see it) shall receive A fit and full reward for his large merit. But for this portion we intend to Drusus, (No more our husband now) whom shall we chuse

As the most apt and abled instrument',
To minister it to him?

Eud. i say Lygdus.

Sej. Lygdus? what's he?

Lic. An eunuch Drusus loves.

Eud. I, and his cup-bearer.

Sej. Name not a second.

If Drusus loves him, and he have that place, We cannot think a fitter.

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Quickness, and will, to apprehend the


To your own good and greatness, I protest Myself through rarified, and turn'd all


In your affection: such a spirit as yours,
Was not created for the idle second
To a poor flash, as Drusus; but to shine
Bright as the moon among the lesser lights,
And share the sov'reignty of all the world.
Then Livia triumphs in her proper sphere,
When she and her Sejanus shall divide
The name of Cæsar, and Augusta's star
Be dimm'd with glory of a brighter beam:
When Agrippina's fires are quite extinct,
And the scarce-seen Tiberius borrows all
His little light from us, whose folded arms
Shall make one perfect orb. Who's that?

Look, 'tis not Drusus? Lady, do not fear.
Liv. Not I, my lord: my fear and love
Left me at once.

Sej. Illustrious lady, stay-
Eud. I'll tell his lordship.

Sej. Who is it, Eudemus?

[of him

[you word

Eud. One of your lordship's servants brings The emp'ror hath sent for you.

Sej. O: where is he?


With your fair leave, dear princess, I'll but A question, and return.

[He goes out.

Eud. Fortunate princess! How are you blest in the fruition

Of this unequal'd man, the soul of Rome, The empire's life, and voice of Cæsar's world!

Liv. So blessed, my Eudemus, as to know The bliss I have, with what I ought to owe The means that wrought it. How do I look to-day?

Eud. Excellent clear, believe it. This

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As the most apt, and BLEST instrument.] The measure is here defective, by the loss of a foot; and blest instrument is a phrase not very congruous to the place it stands in. The quarto of 1605, and iolio of 1016, both read abled, which undoubtedly is the genuine word; and as such I have admitted it into the text. Ablest seems to have been designed by the editor, which is the reading of the folio in 1640.

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Hath given some little taint unto the CERUSE.] By the ceruse, I should imagine is to be understood, not any white-wash, or the common preparation of lead with vinegar, but a colour rather inclining to what the pamters call carnation. It was a composition that could not stand the warmth of the sun. Martial alludes to it, and seems to make a difference between a common white and the ceruse:

Quàm cretata timet Fabulla nimbum,

Cerussata timet Sabella solem.-L. 2. ep. 41.

You should have us'd of the white oil I

gave you.

Sejanus, for your love! his very name Commandeth above Cupid or his shafts(Liv. Nay, now you've made it worse. Eud. I'll help it straight.)

And but pronounc'd, is a sufficient charm
Against all rumcur; and of absolute power
To satisfy for any lady's honour.

(Liv. What do you now, Eudemus?
Eud. Make a light fucus,

To touch you o'er withal.) Honour'd Se-
What act (tho' ne'er so strange and insolent)
But that addition will at least bear out,
If❜t do not expiate?

Liv. Here, good physician.

Eud. I like this study to preserve the love Of such a man, that comes not every hour To greet the world. ('Tis now well, lady, you should

Use of the dentifrice I prescrib'd you too, To clear your teeth, and the prepar'd pomatum,

To smooth the skin :) A lady cannot be Too curious of her form, that still would hold The heart of such a person, made her cap

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Which no posterity

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I shall, Eudemus: but let Drusus' drug
Be first prepar'd.

Eud. Were Lygdus made, that's done;
I have it re dy. And to-morrow morning
I'll send you a perfume, first to resolve
And procure sweat, and then prepare a bath
To cleanse and clear the cutis; against when
I'll have an excellent new fucus made,
Resistive 'gainst the sun, the rain, or wind,
Which you shall lay on with a breath or oil,
As you best like, and last some fourteen


This change came timely, lady, for your
And the restoring your complexion,
Which Drusus' choler had almost burnt up:
Wherein your fortune hath prescrib'd you

Than art could do.

Liv. Thanks, good physician,

I'll use my fortune (you shall see) with reve


Is my coach ready?

Eud. It attends your highness.


If this be not revenge, when I have done And made it perfect, let Egyptian slaves, Parthians, and bare foot Hebrews brand my face,

And print my body full of injuries. Thou lost thyself, child Drusus, when thou thought'st [out-stand Thou could'st out-skip my vengeance; or The power I had to crush thee into air. Thy follies now shall taste what kind of man They have provok'd, and this thy father's house

Crack in the flame of my incensed rage,
Whose fury shall admit no shame or mean.
Adultery! it is the lightest ill

I will commit. A race of wicked acts
Shall flow out of my anger, and o'er-spread
The world's wide face, which no posterity'

Shall e'er approve, nor yet keep silent.] This sentiment, with what precedes and follows it, is expressed from the Thyestes of Seneca:


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