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drink up

Though but in sitting,

The noble issue of Germanicus, Var. Bid us silence.

Nero and Drusus: might it please the consul Præ. Silence.

Honour them in, (they both attend without.) Var. Fathers Conscript, may this our I would present them to the senate's care,

" present meeting (wealth.” And raise those suns of joy that should “ Turn fair, and fortunate to the common

These floods of sorrow in your drowned eyes. Silius, Scnate.

Arr. By Jove, I am not (Edipus enough Sej. See, Silius enters.

To understand this Sphynx.
sii. Hail, grave
Fathers.

Sab. The princes come.
Lic. Stand.
Silius, forbear thy place.

Tiberius, Nero, Drusus junior.
Sen. How!

Tib. Approach you, noble Nero, noble Præ. Silius, stand forth,

Drusus.

[dy'd, The consul hath to charge thee.

These princes, Fathers, when their parent Lic. Room for Caesar.

trick. I gave unto their uncle, with this prayer, Arr. Is he come too? nay then expect a That though ly had proper issue of his own, Sab. Silius accus'd : sure he will answer He would no less bring up, and foster these, nobly.

Than that self-blood; and by that act con

firm Tiberius, Senute.

Their worths to him, and to posterity: We stand amazed, Fathers, to behold Drusus ta'en hence, Iturn my prayers to you, This general dejection. Wherefore sit And fore our country, and our gods, beseech Rome's consuls thus dissolv'd', as they had You take, and rule Augustus' nephews sons, lost

Sprung of the noblest ancestors; and so All the remembrance both of stile and place? Accomplish both ny duty, and your own. It not becomes. No woes are of fit weight, Nero, and Drusus, these shall be to you To inake the honour of the empire stoop: In place of parents, these your fathers, these; Though I, in my peculiar self, may meet And not unfitly: for you are so born, Just reprehension, that so suddenly,

As all your good, or ill's the common-wealth's. And, in so fresh a grief, would greet the Receive them, you strong guardians; and senate,

blest gods, When private tongues, of kinsmen and allies, Make all their actions answer to their bloods: (Inspir'd with comforts) lothly are endur’d, Let their great titles find increase by them, The face of mea not seen, and scarce the day, Not they by titles. Set them as in place, To thousands that communicate our loss?. So in example, above all the Romans : Nor can I argue these of weakness ; since And may they know no rivals but theniThey take but natural ways; yet I must seek

selves.

(tend For stronger aids, and those fair helps draw Let Fortune give them nothing ; but atout

Upon their virtue: and that still come forth From warm embraces of the common-wealth. Greater than hope, and better than their Our mother, great Augusta, 's struck with

fame. tine,

Relieve me, l'athers, with your general voice. Our self imprest with aged characters,

Sen.“ May all the gods consent to CæDrusus is gone, his children young and babes;

“ sar's wish, [A form speaking Our aims must now reflect on those that may

they had.] Give timely succour to these present ills, " And add to any honours that may crown And are our only glad-surviving hopes, “ The hopeful issue of Germanicus.”

Wherefore sit
Rome's consuls i hus dissolu'd, as they had Inst

All the remembrance both of stile and place?] Gallus had just before taken notice of the consuls descending from their proper places to an inferior seat, in complaisance to Cæsar's grief for the death of Drusus.' Tiberius, on his entrance, reproves them for this dispiritedness. Tacitus gives us the account in the words, which the poet hath translated : Consules, sede vulgari per speciem mæstitit sedenies, honoris locique admonuit. Annal. 1. 4. c. 8. 2. That COMMUNICATE our loss.] Share in our loss.

And raise those sums of joy that should drink up, &c.] Mr. Sympson conjectured that suns is the genuine word, which I have placed in the text, on the authority likewise of the first folio. The quarto edition, still more erroneously, reads springs of joy.

And may they know no rivals but themselves.] Which is as inuch as to say in other words, none but themselves may be their parallel: a method of speaking, which, however, ridiculed, hath been proved entirely similar to what we meet with in several of the classics ; and Mr. Theobald hath wrote over-against this line, in the margin, parallel, as if he had designed it as a similar instance of the phrase I have quoted.

Tib. We thank you reverend Fathers, in I

may be drawn, to shew I can neglect their right.

All private aimns ; though I atfect iny rest : Arr. If this were true now ! but the But if the senate still command me serve, space, the space

I must be glad to practise niy obedience. Between the breast and lips-Tiberius' heart Arr. You must and will, sir. We do Lies a thought farther than another man's. Sen.“ Cæsar,

(know it. Tib. My comforts are so flowing in my “ Live long and happy, great and royal joys,

“ Cæsar;

Another form. As, in them, all my streams of grief are lost, “ The gods preserve thee and thy modesty, No less than are land-waters in the sea,

Thy wisdom and thy innocence.” Or showers in rivers ; though their cause (Arr. Where is't ? was such,

(tears : The prayer's made before the subject.) As might have sprinkled ev'n the gods with Sen. Guard Yet since the greater doth embrace the less, “ His meekness, Jove, his piety, his care, We covetously obey.

• His bountyArr. Well actedí, Cæsar.)

Arr. And his subtilty, I'll put in : Tib. And now I am the happy witness inade Yet he'll keep that himself, without the gods. Of your so much desir'd aitections.

All prayers are vain for him. To this great issue, I could wish, the fates Tib. We will not hold

[but Would here set peaceful period to my days ; Your patience, Fathers, with long answer; However to my labours, I entreat

Shall still contend to be what you desire, (And beg it of this senate) some nt ease. And work to satisfy so great a hope: (Arr. Taugh, Fathers, laugh : ha' you Proceed to your affairs. no splecns about you?),

Arr. Now, Silius, guard thee; Tib. The burden is too heavy I sustain The curtain's drawing. Afer advanceth. On my unwilling shoulders ; and I pray

Præ. Silence. It may be taken off, and reconferr'd

Afe. Cite Caius Silius. Upon the consuls, or some other Roman, Præ. Caius Silius. More able, and more worthy.

Sil. Here.

[Germany (Arr. Laugh on still.)

Afe. The triumph that thou hadst iis Sab. Why this doth render all the rest sus- For thy late victory on Sacrovir, Gal. It poisons all.

(pected! Thou hast enjoy'd so freely, Caius Silius, Arr. O, do you taste it then ?

As no man it envy'd thee ; nor would Cæsar, Sab. It takes away iny faith to any thing Or Roine aclmit, that thou wert then de He shall hereafter speak.

frauded Arr. I, to pray that,

[der, Of any honours thy deserts could claim, Which would be to his head as hot as thun- In the fair service of the common-wealth: ('Gainst which he wears that charm) • should But now, if after all their loves and graces, but the court

(Thy actions, and their courses being disReceive hiin at his word.

cover'd) Gal. Hear.

It shall appear to Cæsar, and this senate, Tib. For my self

Thou hast defil'd those glories with thy I know my weakness, and so little covet

rime(Like some gone past) the weight that will Sil. Crimes ? oppress nie,

Afe. Patience, Silius. As my ambition is the counter-point.

Sil. Tell thy moil of patience (Arr. Finely maintain'd; good still.) I am a Roman. What are my crimes? proSei. But Rome, whose blood,

clain them. Whose nerves, whose life, whose very frame Am I too rich? too honest for the times ? relies

[Atlas, Have I or treasure, jewels, land, or houses On Cæsar's strength, no loss than heav'n on That some informer gapes for? is my strength Cannot admit it but with general ruin. Too much to be admittedior my knowledge?

(Arr. Ah! are you there to bring him These now are crimes. Stj. Let Citsar'

Toff) Afe. Nay, Silius, if the name No more then urge a point so contrary Ofcrime so touch thee, with what impotence To Cæsar's greatness, the griev'd senate's Wilt thou endure the matter to be search'd? Or Rome's necessity.

Sil. I tell thee, Afer, with more scord (Gal. He comes about.

than fear: drr. More nimbly than Vertuninus.) Employ your mercenary tongue and art... Tib. For the public,

Where's my accuses? ('Gainst which he wears that charm.)] A wreath of laurel. The great dread which Tiberius had of thunder, and this inethod which he took to preserve hintself against the stroke of it, is taken notice of both by Suetonius, and Pliny. Tonitrua præter modum 41patescebat ; et turbatiore cælo nunquam.110n coronum lauream cupite gesturit, quòd fulmine atplari negetur id genus frondis. Sueton. Tib. c. 69.

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Var. Here.

Nor less : might I enjoy it natural, Arr. Varro the consul,

Not taught to speak unto your present ends, Is he thrust in ?

Free from thine, his, and all your unkind Var. 'Tis I accuse thee, Silius.

handling, Against the majesty of Rome, and Cæsar, Furious enforcing, most unjust presuming, I do pronounce thee here a guilty cause, Malicious, and manifold applying, First of beginning and occasioning,

Foul wresting, and impossible construction. Next, drawing out the war in Gallia,

Afe. He raves, he raves. For which thou late triumph'st; dissenibling

Sil. Thou durst not tell me so, That Sacrovir to be an enemy, [long Haust thou not Cæsar's warrant. I can see Only to make thy entertainment more: Whose power condemns me. Whilst thou, and thy wife Sosia poild the Var. "This betrays his spirit. province :

This doth enough declare him what he is. Wherein, with sordid-base desire of gain, Sil. What am I? speak. Thou hast discredited thy actions worth, Var. An enenıy to the state. And been a traitor to the state.

Sil. Because I am an enemy to thee, Sil. Thou liest.

[and often. And such corrupted ministers o'the state, Arr. I thank thee, Silius, speak so still That bere art made a present instrument

Var. If I not prove it, Cæsar, but unjustly To gratify it with thine own disgrace. Have call'd him into trial ; here I bind Sej: This to the consul, is most insolent ! Myself to suffer, what I claim against him ; And impious ! And yield to have what I have spoke, con- Sil. I, take part. Reveal yourselves, firm'd

Alas! I scent not your confed'racies, By judgment of the court, and all good men. Your plots, and combinations! I not know Sil. Cæsar, I crave to have my cause de- Minion Sejanus hates me; and that all ferr'd,

This boast of law, and law, is but a form, Tin this man's consulship be out.

Anet of Vulcan's filing, a mere ingine, Tib. We cannot,

To take that life by a pretext of justice, Nor may we grant it.

Which you pursue in malice? I want brain, Sil. Why shall he design

Or nostril to persuade me, that your ends, My day of trial : is he my accuser ?

And purposes are made to what they are, And must he be my judge ?

Before niy answer? O, you equal gods, Tib. It hath been usual,

Whose justice pot a world of wolf-turn'd And is a right that custoin hath allow'd

men The magistrate, to call forth private men; Shall make me to accuse, howe'er provok’d; And to appoint their day: which privilege Have I for this so oft engag'd myself? We may not in the consul see infring’d, Stood in the heat and fervour of a fight, By whose deep watches, and industrious care When Phæbus sooner hath forsook the day It is so labour'd, as the common-wealth Than I the field, against the blue-ey'd Receive no loss, by any oblique course.

Gauls,

[eagles Sil. Cæsar, thy fraud is worse than vio- And crisped Germans? when our Roman lence.

[use Have fann'd the fire, with their labouring Tib. Silius, mistake us not, we dare not

wings,

[it? The credit of the consul to thy wrong ; And no blow dealt, that left not death behind But only do preserve his place and power, When I have charg'd, alone, into the troops So far as it concerns the dignity

• Of curl'd Sicambrians, routed them, and And honour of the state. Arr. Believe him, Silius.

Not off, with backward ensigns of a slave; Cot. Why, so he may, Arruntius.

But forward marks, wounds on my breast Arr. I

and face,

(Rome? And he may choose too.

Were meant to thee, O Cæsar, and thy Tib. By the Capitol,

[lick, And have I this return? did I for this And all our gods, but that the dear repub- Perforın so noble, and so brave defeat, Our sacred laws, and just authority

On Sacrovir? (O Jove, let it becoine me Are interess'd therein, I should be silent. To boast my deeds, when he, whom they Afe. 'Please Cæsar to give way unto his Shall thus forget them.)

[concem, He shall have justice.

[trial, Afe. Silius, Silius, Sil. Nay, I shall have law;

These are the common customs of thy blood, Shall I not, Afer: speak.

When it is high with wine, as now with Afe. Would you have more? (inore; Sil. No, my well-spoken man, I would no This well agrees with that intenıperate vaunt,

Of curl'd Sicambrians.] By this expression he alludes to the description which Martial gives of the Sicambri :

Crinibus in nodum toriis denere Sicambri. Spect. 3.

came

say so.

rage :

Thy spy

Sil. Stay,

Thou lately mad'st at Agrippina's table', That, when all other of the troops were

prone To fall into rebellion, only thine Remain'd in their obeclience. Thou wert he That sav'd the empire, which had then been lost,

[tinol, Had but thy legions, there, rebell’d, or muThy virtue inet, and fronted every peril, Thou gav'st to Cæsar, and to Rone their surety,

[their state, Their name, their strength, their spirit, and Their being was a donat.ve from thee.

Arr. Well worded, and most like an Tib. Is this true, Silius ? [orator. Sil. Save thy question, Cæsar,

of famous credit hath affirm'd it ?. Arr. Excellent Roman ! Sab. He doth answer stoutly:

[cause Sej. If this be so, there needs no other Of crime against him.

Var. What can more impeach
The royal dignity and state of Cæsar,
Than to be urged with a benefit
He cannot pay?

Cot. In this, all Cæsar's fortune
Is made unequal to the courtesie.
Lat. His means are clean destroy'd that
should requite.

(merit. Gal. Nothing is great enough for Silius' Arr. Gallus on that side too?

Sil. Come, do not hunt, And labour so about for circumstance, To make him guilty, whom you have fore

doom’d: Take shorter ways, I'll meet your purposes. The words were mine, and more I now will say:

[Casar, Since I have done thee that great service, Thou still hast fear'd me; and, in place of

grace, Return'd me hatred: so soon all best turns, With doubtful princes, turn deep injuries In estimation, when they greater rise Than can be answer'd. Benefits, with you, Are of no longer pleasure, than you can

With ease restore thein ; that transcended

once, Your studies are not how to thank, but kill. It is your nature, to have all men slaves To you, but you acknowledging to none. The means that make your greatness, must

not come
In mention of it; if it do, it takes [help'd,
So much away, you think : and that which
Shall soonest perish, if it stand in eye,
Where it may front, or but upbraid the high.

Cot. Suffer bimi speak no more.
Var. Note but his spirit.
Afe. This shews him in the rest.
Sej. He hath spoke enough to prove him
Lat. Let him be censur'd. [Cæsar's foe.
Cot. His thoughts look through his words.

Sej. A censure.
Stay, most officious senate, I shall straight
Delude thy fury. Silius hath not plac'd
His guards within him, against fortune's

spight, So weakly, but he can escape your gripe That are but hands of fortune : she herself, When virtue doth oppose, must lose her

threats. “ All that can happen in humanity, “ The frown of Cæsar, proud Sejanus' hatred, “ Base Varro's spleen, and Ater's bloodying

tongue, “ The senate's servile flattery, and these “ Must'red to kill, I'm fortified against ;" And can look down upon: they are beneath It is not life whereof I stand enamour'd; Nor shall my end make me accuse my fate. “ The coward and the valiant man must fall,

[cerns them:” Only the cause, and manner how, disWhich then are gladdest, when they cost us

dearest. Romans, if any here be in this senate, Would know to mock Tiberius' tyranny, 'Look upon Silius, and so learn to die,

[Stabs himself

me.

66

7

-That intemperate taunt Thou lutely mad'st at Agrippina's table, &c.] It follows in the subsequent lines. See act II. not. 10. It should be observed, that instead of you and yours, the quarto reads thou and thine : this variation I have inserted in the text, as being more removed from common speech, and perliaps more expressive of contempt, than the other.

* Thy spy of Famous credit hath affirm'd it.] Jonson, by famous credit, means infamous : it is taken from the Latin fainosus, which is generally used in that sense.

Look upon Silius, and so learn to die.] Silius (says the historian) imminentem dumna. tionem coluntario fine prævertit. Annal. 1. 4. c. 19. It doth not appear, however, that this happened in the senate-house, or at the immediate time of his accusation : yet the liberty which the poet hath taken, is easily allowable. Afer has a part in this transaction not assigned him by Tacitus; but it is given him with the utmost probability, and with the exactest preservation of character. For we may reinark, to the honour of Jonson's judgment, inal whenever he departs from the thread of the narration, it is always with an iinprovement of the subject, and upon the strongest grounds of presumption. Thus, by introducing Afer as a manager of the impeachment against Silius, he hath a proper opportunity of displaying the mercenary oratory, and art of the informers, prevalent in the reign of Tiberius, which are finely contrasted by the truly honest, and spirited replies of Silius.

EC

Var. O desperate act!

Tib. What is he? Arr. An honourable hand !

Sej. For th' annals, Cæsar". Tib. Look, is he dead?

Præco, Cordus, Satrius, Natta.
Sab. 'Twas nobly struck, and home.

Præ. Cremutius Cordus.
Arr. My thought did prompt him to it. Cor. Here.
Farewell, Silius.

Præ. Satrius Secundus,
Be famous ever for thy great example. Pinnarius Natta, you are his accusers.
Tib. We are not pleas’d, in this sad acci- Arr. Two of Sejanus' blood-hounds,
dent,

(mercy,

whom he breeds That thus hath stalled, and abus'd our With human flesh, to bay at citizens. Intended to preserve thee, noble Roman; Afe. Stand forth before the senate, and And to prevent thy hopes.

confront him.

(Cordus, Arr. Excellent wolf!

Sat. I do accuse thee here, Cremutius Now he is full, he howls.

To be a man factious and dangerous, Sej. Cæsar doth wrong

A sower of sedition in the state, His dignity and safety, thus to mourn A turbulent and discontented spirit, The deserv'd end of so profest a traitor, Which I will prove from thine own writings ; And doth, by this his lenity, instruct

here,

[bit'st Others as factious, to the like offence. The annals thou hast publish'd ; where thou

Tib. The confiscation merely of his state The present age, and with a viper's tooth, Had been enough.

Being a member of it, dar'st that ill Arr. O, that was gap'd for then? Which never yet degenerous bastard did "2 Var. Remove the body.

Upon his parent. Sej. Let citation

'Nat. To this, I subscribe ; Go out for Sosia.

And, forth a world of more particulars, Gal. Let her be proscrib’d.

Instance in only one: comparing men, And for the goods, I think it fit that half And times, thou praisest Brutus, and affirm'st Go to the treasure, half unto the children. That Cassius was the last of all the Romans 13. Lep. With leave of Cæsar, I would think, Cot. How! what are we then ? that fourth

[ers, Var. What is Cæsar? nothing? Part, which the law doth cast on the inform- Afe. My lords, this strikes at every RoShould be enough; the rest go to the chil

man's private, dren.

In whoin reigns gentry, and estate of spirit, Wherein the prince shall shew humanity, To have a l'rutus brought in parallel, And bounly; not to torce them by their A parricide, an enemy of his country, want

[serv’a) Rank'd, and prefer'd to any real worth (Which in their parents' trespass they de- That Rome now holds. This is most To take ill courses.

strangely invective, Tib. It shall please us.

Most full of spight, and insolently upbraiding. Arr. I,

Nor is't the time alone is here dispris’d, Out of necessity. This Lepidus

But the whole man of time, yea, Cæsar's self Is grave and honest, and I have observ'd Brought in disvalue ; and he aim'd at most A moderation still in all his censures. By oblique glance of his licentious pen. Sab. And bending to the better----Stay, Cæsar, if Cassius were the last of Romans, who's this?

Thou hast no name. Cremutius Cordus? what! is he brought in ? Tib. Let's hear him answer. Silence. Arr. More blood into the banquet? no

Cor. So innocent I am of fact, my lords, ble Cordus,

As but my words are argu’d: yet those I wish thee good : be, as thy writings, free,

words

(rent; And honest.

Not reaching either prince, or prince's pa** That thus hath STALLED and abus'd our mercy.) i. e. forestalled, hindered.

Mr. SYMPSON. " Tib. What is he ? Sej. For th' annals, Cæsar.] These speeches are so divided in all the editions ; but Mr. Upton, supposing the division faulty, would correct, and read them ir this manner :

Tib. " What is he for}" i. e. of what is he accused ?

Sej. « The apnals, Cæsar.” 12 Which never yet DANGEROUS bastard did

Upon his parent.] The sense and measure are both defective; the first editions read degenerous, which being right, I have admitted into the text. 13 Thou praisest Brutus, and affirm'st

That Cussius was the last of all the Romans.] The historians give this account of Cordus: Objectum est histórico (Cremutio Cordo, Tacit. Annal. l. 4. c. 34.) quod Brutum Cassiumque ultimos Romanorum dixisset. Suet. Tiber. 1. 3. c. 61. And the following speech of Cordus in his defence, is a translation from Tacitus, Annal. l. 4. p. 72. cdit. Lips. 1589.

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