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Or find the value of the given quantity at 2s. per yd. & and divide said value by the even part which tlre giveri price is of 2s. and the quotient will be the answer in shil. lings, &c. which reduce to pounds.
N. B. To find the value of any quantity at 2s. you reed only double the unit figure for shillings; the other figures will be pounds.
EXAMPLES. 1. What will 461; yds. of tape come to at 1 d. per vd. 1
3. d. 11d. 1 | 461 6 value of 461; yds. at Is. per yd
art Yds. S, d.
42 50 543 at 68
181 00 127 at 34
2 3 4 461 at 18
38 84 * NOTE.- When the price is pounds only, the given quanCaty multiplied thereby, will be the answer.
ExamplE.- U tuns of hay at 41. per tun. Thus, 11
Ans. £44 CASE III. When the given price is any number of shillings under 20.
1. When the shillings are an even number, multiply the quantity by half the number of shillings, and double the first figure of the product for shillings; and the rest of the product will be pounds.
2. If the shillings be odd, multiply the quantity by the whole number of shillings, and the product will be the an swer in shillings, which reduce to pounds.
EXAMPLES. 1st. 124 yds. at 8s. 22.-132 yds. at 7s. per yd
£49 j2s. Ans. 2,0)92,4
£. $. Yds. 502 at 4s. Ans. 112 8 1 372 at 11s. Ans. 204 12 378 at 23.
37 16 264 at Is. 118 16 913 at 14s. - 639 2 | 2:50 at 16s. 200 00
CASE IV. When the given price is pence, or pence and farthings, and not an even part of a shilling_Find the value or che given quantity at Is. per yd. &c. which divide by the grea:est even part of a shilling contained in the giren price, and take parts of the quotient for the remainder te price, and the sum of these several quotients will ailbre Gi m shillings, &c. which reduce to pounds.
S. d. 60. | * | 245 / value of 245 lb. at Is. per pound. jp 3u. | 1 | 122 6 value of do. at 6.1. per lb.
61 3 value of do. at 30. per lb.
.. 15 3 value of do. at d. per lb. 2,0)19,9 03
Ans. £9 19 0 value of the whole at 9;d. per lb. 1b. d. £. s. d. lb. d.
£; sie 372 at 1: Ans. 2 14 3 1 576 at 71 Ans. 18 06 325 at 21 3 0 11 541 at 91 20 17 0, 827 at 41 15 10 16 | 672 at 113 10 13 | 072 at 11
32 18 0 CASE V. When the price is shillings, pence and farthings, and ne the aliquot part of a pound-Multiply the given quantiti by the shillings, and take parts for the pence and farthingi, as in the foregoing cases, and add tl'em together; the sun will be the answer in shillings.
EXAMPLES. 1. What will 246 yds. of velvet come to, at 7s. 3d. per yd.'
31. ! | 246 O value of 246 yards at 1s. per yd.
CASE VI. When the price and quantity given are of several denosinations-Multiply the price by the integers in the given quantity, and take parts for the rest from the price of an integer; which, added together, will be the answer. This is applicable to federal money.
EXAMPLES. 1. What cost 5 cwt. 3 qrs. 1 2. What cost 9 cwt. I gr. 14 lb. of raisins, at 21. 11s. 8 lb. of sugar, at 8 dollars, d. per cwt. ?
65 cts. per cwt. ? 1 £. s. d.
$ cts. 1.2.qrs. 2
TARE AND TRET. TARE and Tret are practical rules for deducting certain allowances which are made by merchants, in buying and selling goods, &c. by weight; in which are noticed the following particulars :
1. Gross Weight, which is the whole weight of any sort of goods, together with the box, cask, or bag, &c. which contains them.
2. Tare, which is an ailowance made to the buyer, for the weight of the box, cask, or bag, &c. which contains the goods bought, and is either at so much per box, &c. or at un much per cwt, or at so much in the whole gross weight.
3. Tret, which is an allowance of Alb. on every 1041), for waste, dust, &c.
4. Cloff, which is an allowance inade of 2 lb. upon every 3 cwt.
5. Suttle, is what remains after one or two allowances have been deducted.
CASE I. When the question is an Invoice-Add the gross weight: into one sum and the tares into another; then subtract the total tare from the whole gross, and the remainder will be the neat weight.
EXAMPLES. 1. What is the neat weight of 4 hogsheads of Tobacco marked with the gross weight as follows:
C. 92 Ib.
2- S 3 4 - 95
4-6 3 25 - 81 Whole gross 32
359 total tare. , Tare 350 lb.5
* 3 3 23 Ans. 28 3 18 neat. 2. What is the neat weight of 4 barrels of Indigo, No. and weight as follows: C. gr. lb. 26.
No. 1-4 i 10 Tare 36 )
2 -3 302 - 29 |
CASE II. When the tare is at so much per box, cask, bag, &c.— Multiply the tare of 1 by the number of bags, bales, &c the product is the whole tare, which subtract from the gross, and the remainder will be the neat weight.
EXAMPLES. 1. In 4 hhds. of sugar, each weighing 10 cwt. I qr. 151 gross; tare 75 lb. per hhd. how much neat?
Cut. qrs. lhs.