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COMPOUND SUBTRACTION, TEACHES to find the difference, inequality, or excess, between any two sums of diverse denominations.

RULE.- Place those numbers under each other, which are of the samo denomination, the loss being below the greater ; begin with the least denomination, and if it exceed the figure over it, borrow as many units as make one of the next greater; subtract it thorefrom; and to the difference add the upper figure, remembering always to add one to the next superior denomination for that which you borrowed. Note. The method of proof is the same as in simple subtraction

EXAMPLES.

1. Sterling Money.
(1.)

(2.)
£. S. d.gr. £. s. d.gr.

£. s. d. From 346 16 5 3 · 14 14 6 2

94 11 6 Take 128 17 4 2 10 19 6 3

36 14 8

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12. Borrowed 271. 11s. and paid 191. 175. 6d. how much remains due ?

Ans. £7 13s. 6d. 13. How much does 3171. 6s. exceed 1781. 18s. 5 d.?

Ans. £138 7s. 6 d. 14. Froin eleven pounds take eleven pence.

Ans. £10 19s. 1d.. 15. From seven thousand two hundred pounds, take 181. 17s. 6!d.

Ans. £7181 2s. 5d. 16. How much does-seven hundred and eight pounds, exceed thirty-nine pounds, fifteen shillings and ten pence halfpenny ?

Ans. £668 4s. 1 d., 17. From one hundred pounds, take four pence half: penny.

Ans. £99 19s. 7 d. 18. Received of four men the following sums of money, viz. The first paid me 371. 11s. 4d. the second 251. 16s. 7d. the third 197. 14s. 6d. and the fourth as much as al! the other three, lacking 19s. 6d. I demand the whole suin receiver ?

Ans. £165 5s. 4d. 1 2. TROY WEIGHT. Ib. Uz. put.

lb. oz. pwt. g! From 6 11 14

44 9 612 Take ? 3 16

17 3 16 18 Rem.

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7 10 3 17 5 5 1 15

3 12 1 19 10

7. stol. qr. Ib. oz. dr. 810 1 0 20 10 11 193 17 1 20 12 14

T.
317
180

cul. gr. lb.
12 1: 12
12 1 14

01. dt.

12 10 14

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9. LAND OR SQUARE MEASURE.
roods. rods.

A. r. po.
L 10

29. 2'17
17 1 36

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2. What sum added 10 171. 11s. 81 d. will make 1001. ? .

Ans. 821.8s. 30. 37r. 3. Borrowed 501. 10s. paid again at one tiine 171, 11s. ed. and at another time, 01. 4s. 81. at ar sther tiine 171. Os. sid, and at another time 19s. 6, d. how much remains unpiaill?

Ans. £4 4s. 9 d. 1. Berrowed 1001. and paid in part as follows, viz. at one time 21. Ils. 6d. at another time 191. 17s. 4 d. at another time 10 dollars at 6s. each, and at another lime two English guineas at 28s. each, and two pistareens, at 141!. each; how much remains due, or unpaid ? ans. £52 123.8d.

5. A, B, aud C, drew their prize money as follows, viz. A had 751. 15s. 4d. B had three times as much as A, lacking 15s. Ord. and C, had just as inuch as A and B both; way how much had C?

Aus..€302 5.5. 10d, 6. I lent Peter Trusty 1000 dols, and a verwards lent yim 26 dols. 45 cis. more. lle has paid me at one time 161 dols. 40 cts. and it another time 416 dols, 09 cents, besides a note which he gave me upon James Paywell, for 1.13 dols. 90 cts. ; low stands the balance between us?

dns. The balance is $105 06 cts. due to me, 7. Paid A B, in full for E F's bill on me, for 1051, 10s. jim. I gave him Richard Drawer's note for 151. 14s, 9d. Peter Jolinson's do. for 301, Os, 6d, an oriler oir Robert Dealer for 39. 11s, the rest I make up in cash. I want to know what suin will make up the deficiency ?

Ans. £20 3s. 9d. 0. A merchant had six debtors, who together owed !is. 23171. 10s. Od. A, B, C, D, and E, owed him 1675l. 13. 9d. of it; what was F's debt? Ans. £1241 16s. 9d.

9. A merchant bought 17 C. 2 qrs. 14 lb. of sugar, of which he sells 9C. 3 yrs. 25 lb. how much of it remains unsolu ?

- Ans. 7C. 2 qrs. 17 lb, 10. From a fashionable piece of cloth which container 52 yds. 2 na. a tailor was ordered to take three suits, each jyds. 2 grs. how much remains of the piece ?

Ans. 32 yds. 2 qrs. 2 na. ll. The war between England and America commended

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