April 19, 1775, an la general peace took place Jantary. 20th, .1783 ; how long did the war continue ? Ans. 7 yrs. 9 mo. Id. COMPOUND MULTIPLICATION. COMPOUND Multiplication is when the Multiplicand .consists of several denominations, &c. 1. To Multiply Federal Money. Rule.-Multiply as in whole numbers, and place the separatrix 4a many figures froin the right hand in the product, as it is in the unul stiplicand, or given sum. EXAMPLES. $.cts. 8 d. c. r. H. Multiply 35 09 by 25. 2. Multiply 49 0 0 5 by 97. 25 50 Prod. $877, 25 $4753, 48 5 $. cts, :3. Multiply Idol. 4 cts. by 305 Ans. 317, 20 4. Multiply 41 cts. 5 mils by 150 Ans. 62, 25 5. Multiply 9 dollars by Ans. 450, 00 6. Multiply 9 cents by 50 Ans. 4, 50 7. Multiply 9 mills by 50 Ans. 0, 45 8. There were forty-one men concerned in the payment ruf a sum of money, and each paid 3 dollars and 9 mills ; zbow much was paid in all ? Ans. $123 36 cts. I mills. 9. The number of inhabitants in the United States is five inillions ; now suppose each should pay the tritling suni of 5 cents a year, for the term of 12 years, towards .a continental tax; how many dollars would be raised there. aby ? Ans. Three millions Dollars. 2. To Multiply the denominations of Sterling Money Weights, Measures, f'c. RULE.-Write down the Multiplicand, and place the quantity un. edemeath the least denomination, for the Multiplier, and in multiplyer ing by it, observe the same rules for carrying from one denomination to another, as in compound Addition.* INTRODUCTORY EXAMPLES. £. s. d. q. s. d. Alultiply 111 6 2 by 5. How much is 3 times 119 Practical Questions. £0 5 6 price of one yard. Multiply by 9 yards. Ans. £2 9 6 price of nine yards. : QUESTIONS. ANSWERS. £. s. d. £. s. l. 4 gallons of wine, ut 0 8 7 per gallon. | 144 5 C. Malaga Raisins, at 1 2 3 per cwt. 5 11 3 7 reams of Paper, at 0 17 9 per ream. 6 4 64 * When accounts are kept in pounds, shillings, and pence, this kind of multiplication is a concise and elegant method of' linding the value of goods, at s', m:ch per yard, ib. &c. lle general rule being to multiply the given prima hşic quantity, 8 yds. of broadcloth, at 1 7 9 per yard. 1 2 9 lb. of cinnamon, at 011 41 per Ib. 5 2 11 tuns of hay, 'at 2 1 10 per tun. 230! 12 bushels of apples, at 0 1 9 per bush. I 1! 12 bushels of wheat, at 0 9 10 per bush. 5 18 ! 2. When the multiplier, that is, the quantity, is a cri posite munber, and greater than 12, take any two Sul numbers as when multiplied together, will exactly produ the given quantity, and multiply first by one of tho figures, and that product by the other; and the last pro-ly will be the answer. EXAMPLES. £. s. d. 0 6 10 price of one yard. Multiply by Produces 27 10 price of 7 yards. Multiply b - Answer, £!) 11 4 price of 28 yards. ANSWERS £. $. d. 21 yards at 4 3 per yard, 8 17 6 - at 9. 10 0 . 13 5 6 44 - at 12 4 2 - 27 4 6 55 - at 8 3 1 - - 22 14 19? 72 - at 19 '1 0 71.14 20 - at 3 6 2 3 10 13 en 84 - at 18 4 2 = 77 3 5 : 96 - at 11 9 0 56 8 0 63 - at £1 17 6 0 - = '18 20 144 - at 1 4 2 0 :74 0 0 3 When no two numbers multiplied together will exactly make the multiplier, you must multiply by any two whosti product will come the ncarest ; then multiply the upper line by what remained ; which, added to the last prodrict, gives the answer . ANSWERS. EXAM!'LES. What will 47 yds. of cloth come to at 17s. 9d. per yd. 3 £. S. d. 0 17 9 price of 1 yard. 1 15 6 price of 2 yards. £. s. d. 23 ells of linen, at 0 3 61 per ell. 4 1 54 17 ells of dowlas, at 0 1 67 per ell. 6 27 39 cwt. of sugar, at 3 10 6 per cwt. 137 96 52 yds. of cloth, at 0 5 9 per yd. 14 19 0 19 lbs. of indigo, at 0 11 6 per lb. 10 18 6 29 yds, of cambric, at 0 13 7 ner yd. 19 1311 TU yds. broadcloth, at 1 2 6 per yd. 124 17 6 94 beaver liats, at 1 9 4 a piece. 137 17 4 4. To find the value of a hundred weight, by having the price of one pound. If the price be farthings, multiply 2s. 43. by the farthings in the price of one lb. Or, if the price be pence, multiply 66. 4d. by the pence in the price of one lb, and in either case the product will be the answer. |