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COMPOUND DIVISION, TEACHES to find how often one number is contained m1 another of different denominations.

DIVISION OF FEDERAL MONEY. Any sum in Federal Money may be divided as a whole number; for, if dollars and cents be written down as a simple number, the whole will be cents ; and if the sum consists of dollars only, annex two ciphers to the dollars, and the whole will be cents ; hence the following B General Rule.-Write down the given sum in cents, and divide us in whole numbers; the quotient will be the answer 111 cents.

Note. If the cents in the given sum arm ijan 19, you must always place a cipher on their left, or in 1 979. Art the certs ocfore you write them down.

t8IMPLES. 1. Divide 35 dollars 68 cents, by 41. 41)3568(87 the quotient in cents ; and when then 328 is any considerable remainder, you may

annex a cipher to it, if you please, and 238 divide it again, and you will have tłu 287 mills, &c.

Rem. 1 2. Divide 21 dollars, 5 cents, by 14. 14)2105(150 cents=1 dol. 50 cts. but to briny cente 14 into dollars, you need only point off'twn

figures to the right hand for cents, anil the rest will be dollars, &c.

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3. Divide 4 dols. I ets. or 109 cts. by 6. Ans. 68 cts. + 1. Divide 9 dols. 24 cts. by 12.

Ans. 77 cts. 5. Divide 97 dols. 43 cts. by 85. Ans. $1 14 cts. Om. 6. Divide 218 dols. 54 cts. by 125.

Ans. 193 cts. 87.=$1 98 cts. 8m. 7. Divide 24 dols. 65 ct.. by 248. Ans. 9 cts. 9n.. 9. Divide 10 dols. or 1000 cts. by 25. Ans. 40 cts., 9. Divide 125 dols. by 500.

Ans. 25 cls. 10. Divide 1 dollar into 33 equal parts. Ans. 3 cts.

PRACTICAL QUESTIONS. 1. Bought 25 lb. of coffee for 5 dollars ; what is that's pound?

Ans. 20 cts. 1 2. If 131 yards of Irish linen cost 49 dols. 78 cts. who is that per yard ?

Ans. 38 cts. 3. If a cwt. of sugar cost 8 dols. 96 cts. what is that per pound ?

Ans. 8 cts. sati 4. If 140 reams of paper cost 329 dols. what is thai per ream ?

Ans. $2 35 cts. 5. If a reckoning of 25 dols. 41 cts. be paid equally among 14 persons, what do they pay apiece? Ans. $1 81 cts.

6. If a man's wages are 235 dol.s. 80 cts. il year, what is What a calendar month?

Ans. $19 65 cts.

7. The salary of the President of the United States, is lwenty-five thousand dollars a year; what is that a day?

Ans. $68 49 cts. B.' To divide thc denominations of Sterling Money

Weights, Measures, fic. *Rule.-Begin with the highest denomination as in simple divis:u.: ; nd it any thing remains, find how many of the next lower denomi

lion this remainder is equal to ; which add to the next denomination : then divide again, carrying the reinainder, if any, as beforo ; and so on till the whole is finished. · Proof. The same as in simple Division.

EXAMPLES. £ 5. d. Tr. .

£ s. d. Divide 97 3 2 by 5

8)27 18 0 Quo't. £19 8 9 2

£3 993 £ S. d.

£ $. d. 3. Divide 31 11 6 by 2 Ans. 15 15 9 * 4. Divide 22 3 9 by 3 5. Divide 70 10 4 by 4

17 12 6. Divide 56 11 55 by 5

11 6 3 7. Divide 61 14 8

10 5 01 B. Divide 24 15 0.1 by 7

3 10 9 9. Divide 185 17 6 by 8

23 4 11. Divide 182 16 8 by 9

20 0 3 11. Divide 16 LU by 10

1 12 21 1.2. Dividel 19 8 by 11 B. Divide 6 6 6 by 12

0 10 01 *14. Divide 1 2 6 by 9

0 2 0. 15. Divide 948 11 6 by 12

79 Olli 12. When the divisor exceeds 12, and is the product of two

or more numbers in the table multiplied together. RULE.-Divide by one of those numbers first, and the quotient by he other, and the last quotient will be the answer.

EXAMPLES. £ s. d.

£ s. il. 1. Divide 29 15 O by 21

Ans. 1 8 1 2. Divide 27 16 O by 32

0 17 41 3. Divide 67 9 4 by 44

-1 10 8

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£ $. d.

£ s. d. 4. Divide 24 16 6 by 30

0 13 9 5. Divide 128 9 0 by 42

3 1 2 6. Divide 269 12

4 16 3; 7. Divide 248 10 8

3 17 8' 8. Divide 65 14 0 by 72

0 18 3 9. Divide 5 10 3 by 81

0 1 4j 10. Divide 115 100 by 90 U. Divide 136 16 6 by 108

T 54 12. Divide 202 13 6 by 121

. 13 13. Divide 34 4 0 by 144

0 49 3. When the divisor is large, and not a composite nuni her, you may divide by the whole divisor at once, after nian ner of long division, as follows, viz.

EXAMPLES.
• 1. Divide 1281. 13s. 3d. by 47.

£ s. d. £ s. d.
47)128 13 3(2 14 9 quotient.

94

Multiply by

produces

34 pounds remaining.

20 and add in the 13s. 693 shillings, which divided by 47, give 47

[14s. in the quotient.

223

188

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35 shillings remaining. Multiply by 12 and add in the 3d.

. produces 423 pence, which, divided as above

[gives 9d. in the q sotient, 's £ s. d.

£ s. Į d. 2. Divide 113 13 4 by 31

Ans. 3 13 4 3. Divide 85 6 3 by 75

1 2 9 4. Divide 315 3 10! by 365

0 17: 31 5. Divide 132 0 8 by 68

1 18 10 6. Divide 740 16 8 by

8 2 7. Divide 888 18 10

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