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QUESTIONS IN HISTORY.

To Candidates for Situations in the CUSTOMS, INLAND REVENUE, and OTHER OFFICES in which English History is required.

HISTORY OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE.

IN ALL CASES DATES SHOULD BE GIVEN.

1. When did the Union take place between England and Scotland? What were its terms? What benefits has each country derived from it?

2. Mention the most distinguished characters who lived in the reign of Eliza

beth, and write a short account of any two of them.

3. Give an account of Wat Tyler's Rebellion; of the Gunpowder Plot; of

the death of Charles I.; the South Sea Scheme.

4. Give an account of the Star Chamber; the Constitutions of Clarendon ;

the Petition of Right; the Habeas Corpus Act.

5. Mention the most remarkable names in the history of British India, and give an account of any two of them.

6. How did Gibraltar and Malta come into the hands of the English?

7. Give a short account of the wars in Ireland in the reign of Henry II.

8. Mention the dates, the names of the commanders on each side, and the general results of the following battles :

The Boyne, Copenhagen, Navarino, Mortimer's Cross, Vimeiro,
Minden, Killicrankie, Cape St. Vincent, Plassy.
Describe as minutely as you can the circumstances of any three of them.

ENGLISH HISTORY.

2 hours allowed for Questions 9 to 16.

9. What were the chief causes which led Henry V. to invade France? Sketch briefly the events of the war which followed, the terms of the. treaty which concluded it, and the results to England.

10. What do you know of Cranmer, Robert Bruce, Wilkes, John of Gaunt, Sir Walter Raleigh, Lord Nelson?

11. What part did Henry VIII. take in the Reformation, and by what motives

was he apparently actuated?

12. Mention who were the parties engaged in the following battles, and which was victorious, and describe minutely the circumstances of any three of them: Poictiers, Corunna, Edgehill, Navarino, Prestonpans, Barnet, Sedgmoor.

13. Enumerate the most distinguished men who lived in the time either of Charles I. or of Queen Anne; and write a short life of any two of them. 14. Under what circumstances, and by what right, did the following monarchs come to the throne of England :—Alfred, William the Conqueror, Lady Jane Grey, William III.

15. Narrate the circumstances under which the Saxons settled in England? 16. How did England acquire Malta, Gibraltar, Bombay, Heligoland?

2 hours allowed for Questions 17 to 24.

17. Sketch the character of Henry II., Henry VII., Queen Elizabeth, George I., Sir T. More, John Hampden, Algernon Sydney, the Marquis

of Montrose.

18. State distinctly the claims asserted by Edward IV. and his rivals, respectively, to the throne of England.

19. Write an account of the principal events in the reign of either Richard III.

or Queen Mary.

20. In whose reign did the following insurrections take place? What were the objects of the insurgents, and what success did they meet with? Wyatt's, Jack Cade's, Wat Tyler's, The Rye House Plot.

21. Write a brief history of the Popish Plot in 1678.

22. In whose reign did the following eminent persons flourish, and for what were they famous respectively:-Guy, Earl of Warwick, Cardinal Pole, Bishop Latimer, George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, Piers Gavaston, Lady Arabella Stuart, Dr. Sacheverell?

23. Who were the parties engaged in the following battles, and which was victorious :-Aboukir, La Hogue, Poictiers, Malplaquet, Vittoria, Bunker's Hill, Shrewsbury? Describe minutely the circumstances of any one of them.

24. What is the nature of the following ordinances, when were they passed, and by whom:-The Constitutions of Clarendon, the Bill of Rights, the Act of Settlement, the Roman Catholic Emancipation Act?

2 hours allowed for Questions 25 to 33.

25. Sketch the character of Henry II., Henry VII., George I., Sir T. More, John Hampden, Algernon Sydney, the Marquis of Montrose. 26. State distinctly the claims asserted by Edward IV. and his rivals, respectively, to the throne of England.

27. Write an account of the principal events in the reign of either Henry IV.

or William III.

What were

28. In whose reign did the following insurrections take place?

the objects of the insurgents, and what success did they meet with? Wyatt's, Jack Cade's, Wat Tyler's, The Rye House Plot. 29. Write a brief history of the Popish Plot in 1678.

30. In whose reign did the following persons flourish, and for what were they famous respectively :-Cardinal Pole, Protector Somerset, Pandolf, Bishop Latimer, George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, Piers Gavaston, Titus Oates, Lady Arabella Stuart, Dr. Sacheverell?

31. When and under what circumstances were the following battles fought? Mention the names of the commanders on each side:-Aboukir, Najara, Poictiers, Malplaquet, Vittoria, Shrewsbury, Neville's Cross, Mortimer's Cross, Dunbar, Pinkey. Describe minutely the circumstances of any one of them.

32. What is the nature of the following ordinances, when were they passed, and by whom :-The Constitutions of Clarendon, the Bill of Rights, the Act of Settlement, the Roman Catholic Emancipation Act?

33. Explain the allusions in the following passage:-"The Duke of York, on the other hand, dreaded the meeting of a Parliament, regarded the vanquished Whigs with undiminished hatred, still flattered himself that the design formed fourteen years before at Dover might be accomplished, daily represented to his brother the impropriety of suffering one who was at heart a Republican to hold the Privy Seal, and strongly recommended Rochester for the great place of Lord Treasurer."

2 hours allowed for Questions 34 to 41.

34. Give an account of the chief events that occurred, and the chief persons who flourished, either between 1600-1650, or between 1750-1800. 35. Give some account of the Wars of the Roses, the causes which led to them,

the chief events and actors in them, and their results.

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36. What do you know of Stephen Langton, Robert Bruce, General Monk, Lord Bacon, Bishop Burnet, Milton.

37. Explain the nature of the Reform Bill; the Petition of Right.
38. State briefly the occasions of the following battles, the parties engaged in
them, and their results :-

Bannockburn, Corunna, Cressy, Quatre-Bras, La Hogue, Bunker's
Hill, Prestonpans, Ramillies.

39. Name any men who have distinguished themselves in India, and specify what has rendered each famous.

40. When did England gain possession of the following places, and from whom were they taken respectively:

Gibraltar, Corfu, Ceylon, New York?

41. What do you regard as the most interesting and important period of English History?-Give reasons for your opinion.

2 hours allowed for Questions 42 to 49.

42. Give a list, with dates, of the kings of England, from Edward I. to Henry VIII.

43. What do you know of King Alfred, John Baliol, Lord Somers, Lord Essex, Marlborough, Anselm.

44. Write a short account of the origin of the British Parliament, and of the

growth of its power.

45. Explain the nature of the Habeas Corpus Act, the Catholic Emancipation Act.

46. Give some account of the American War of Independence, its causes, the chief events which occurred in it, the chief actors in it, and its results. 47. Give an account of the leading statesmen in the reign either of Charles II. or of Queen Anne.

48. State briefly the occasions on which the following battles were fought, and their results:

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Flodden, Dettingen, Dunbar, Agincourt, Lexington, Tewkesbury,
Salamanca, Aliwal.

49. Name four celebrated English Generals, and specify what has rendered each of them famous.

2 hours allowed for Questions 50 to 57.

50. Give a list, with dates, of the kings of England from Henry VI. to George I.

51. What do you know of King Edward the Confessor, William Wallace, Protector Somerset, Lord Peterborough, Titus Oates, Prince Rupert, Charles Fox.

52. Mention the principal battles in the Wars of the Roses, and their results. State what dispute led to these wars, and explain briefly how the political and social state of England was affected by them.

53. Who were the Queens of the following kings of England:-Edward III., Henry VI., Charles I., Charles II. ?-Write a short sketch of the life and character of one of them.

54. In whose reign did the following events occur:-The Massacre of Glencoe, the Invasion of the Spanish Armada, the Siege of Gibraltar ?—Give a short account of one of them.

55. What was the nature of the Domesday Book?-Give some account of it. 56. State briefly the occasions on which the following battles were fought, and their results:-The Boyne, Cape St. Vincent, Dunbar, Towton, Talavera, Pinkie.

57. Name four celebrated English Admirals, and specify what has rendered each of them famous.

2 hours allowed for Questions 58 to 65.

58. Sketch briefly the character of the following sovereigns of England: State when and how long they reigned, and who were their immediate predecessors: Henry III., Henry V., James I., and William III. 59. Give the names of the Queens regnant of England. Whom did they marry, and what was the character of their husbands respectively? 60. Write an account of the principal events in the reign of either Richard I.

or George II.

61. With what events in the history of Ireland are the names of the following persons connected:-Ireton, Strongbow, Lord Mountjoy, Sir Edward Poynings, Lord E. Fitzgerald?

62. With what events in the history of Scotland are the following names connected:-Lord Darnley, Marquis of Montrose, Archbishop Sharp, Rizzio, Claverhouse?

63. In whose reign did the following persons flourish, and for what were they famous respectively:-Sir Francis Drake, Sir James Tyrrell, Titus Oates, Newton, Lord Strafford, Lord Peterborough, Lord Essex, Dryden?

64. When and under what circumstances were the following battles fought? Mention the names of the commanders on each side:-Neville's Cross, Mortimer's Cross, Pinkie, Dunbar, Salamanca, Cape St. Vincent, Najara, Culloden. Describe minutely the circumstances of any one

of them.

65. State when the following measures were enacted, and discuss briefly their social and political effect:-The Self-denying Ordinance, the Habeas Corpus Act, the Bill for Triennial Parliaments, the Test Act. The same, with the following alterations :In Question 58, omit "William III.," and add,

66. Describe the state of political parties in England, at the accession either of Charles II. or George II.

2 hours allowed for Questions 67 to 74.

67. Give a list, with dates, of the kings of England from Edward III. to William III.

68. What do you know of the following persons:-John of Gaunt, John Hampden, Dudley, Earl of Leicester, Lord Exmouth, Bothwell, Lady Jane Grey, Addison, William Pitt, Admiral Blake, Richard Cromwell, Lord Clive?

69. Mention the principal battles in the war betwen Charles I. and his Parliament, and their results.

State the chief causes which led to this struggle, and explain briefly how the political and social state of England was affected by it.

70. Write an account of the principal events in the reign of either King John

or Henry VII.

71. In whose reign did the following events occur:-The Siege of Calais, the Siege of Londonderry, the Massacre of St. Bartholomew ? Give a short account of one of them.

72. Describe the state of political parties in England at one of the following periods:

(a) the accession of James II.

(b) the year 1800.

73. When and under what circumstances were the following battles fought ? Mention the names of the commanders on each side:-Shrewsbury, Hexham, Sedgmoor, Assaye, Prestonpans, La Hogue, Evesham, Leipsic. Describe minutely the circumstances of any one of them.

74. When were the following measures enacted?

State briefly the effect of them :-The Constitutions of Clarendon, the Petition of Right, the Bill of Rights, the Habeas Corpus Act.

2 hours allowed for Questions 75 to 82.

75. Give a list, with dates, of the kings of England from John to Charles II. 76. What do you know of the following persons:-Lambert Simnel, Sir W. Temple, Shakspeare, Margaret of Anjou, Lord Halifax, Bishop Bonner, Doctor Johnson, Judge Jeffries, Lord Nelson?

77. Give an account of either of the following periods of English History, mentioning the chief events and persons connected with it:

(1) from 1300 to 1350.

(2) from 1750 to 1800.

78. Give some account of the Peninsular War; its causes, the chief events and actors in it, and its results.

79. Give an account of any of the most important events or chief actors in

the conquest of the East Indies.

80. When and under what circumstances were the following battles fought : Barnet, Culloden, Naseby, Poictiers, Dettingen, Oudenarde? Describe the principal circumstances of any one of them.

81. Give a brief account of the Lollards and the Covenanters.

82. Explain the nature of the Habeas Corpus Act, and the Act of Settlement.

3 hours allowed for Questions 83 to 91.

83. By what title did the following monarchs claim the crown of England:William I., Henry II., Henry VII., William III., George I., Queen Victoria?

84. What do you know of Perkin Warbeck, Titus Oates, Duke of Monmouth, Lord Bute, John Wilkes, Lord George Gordon, Bishop Latimer?

85. When were the following battles fought; who were the contending parties; who were the leaders; and what were their results?-Hastings, Shrewsbury, Marston Moor, the Boyne, Blenheim, Fontenoy, Saratoga, Navarino, Fuentes d'Onor.

86. Sketch the lives and characters of any three of the following :—Lord Bacon, William III., Harley Lord Oxford, Henry Pelham, Edmund Burke, Lord Castlereagh.

87. Give some account of the trials of (1) Charles I., (2) the Seven Bishops,

(3) Warren Hastings.

88. In whose reign was the Union of England and Scotland effected? What were the principal articles of the Act of Union?

89. What wars were ended by the treaties of Ryswick, Utrecht, and Versailles? What were the chief articles of each?

90. Give the names of any celebrated men who lived in the reign of (1) Elizabeth, (2) Anne, (3) George III.; and specify for what they were severally remarkable.

91. Enumerate the leading constitutional changes produced by the Revolution of 1688.

3 hours allowed for Questions 92 to 98.

92. Give some account of the Spanish Armada, the Mutiny at the Nore, the First Crusade.

93. What do you know of Stephen Langton, Sir T. Munro, Bishop Latimer, Strongbow Earl of Pembroke, the Master of Stair, Lord Somers, John of Gaunt?

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